Polar Urals. Rivers, lakes and glaciers

River. Polar Ural is cut by a dense network of rivers, streams and ephemeral streams carrying their heavy water to the west - in the Pechora, to the north - in Baidarata Bay and to the east - the Ob. So far, most of the rivers of the Polar Urals, except Kara, Sobi, Kozhim, Lemvy, Voikar and some other tourists do not go. Nevertheless, many of the major rivers and their tributaries are very picturesque and are of great interest for water tourists. Places rivers are relatively close to the railway, they are readily available for navigation on them kayaking and shallow-draft boat almost to the headwaters. Mountain Read more [...]
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Polar Urals. Flora and Fauna

The vegetation of the Polar Urals is very diverse: in the southern part, especially in the Urals, -taezhnye forests consisting mainly of larch and spruce. On the plains of Urals larch replaces birch and fir sites. Among the abundant forest moss and sedge-moss bogs, which grows abundantly in blueberries, blueberries and cloudberries. In summer, the spruce taiga gloomy, stuffy smell of rot and damp, many trees withered on the vine; moss everywhere - on land, on the trunks and branches of trees. Hard to go through the taiga: gray-green pieces of moss and swirls cling to clothing, wet moss buried feet. Read more [...]
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Polar Urals. Terrain features

Polar Ural - one of the most sublime pieces of ancient Ural Mountains. Crests of ridges here rise to 1100-1300 m above sea level, and the individual peaks reach even greater heights. The axial zone of the Polar Urals is mainly composed of ancient metamorphic rocks, broken through the powerful outpouring of granites and granodiorites, which are associated with rare-metal mineralization and deposits of rock crystal. Many mountain ranges stacked quartzite and quartzite conglomerates. By the nature of the relief and geological structure of the Polar Urals is divided into northern and southern parts Read more [...]
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Polar Urals. Climate and weather

The climate of the Polar Urals severe, sharp continental; cold, rainy autumn is quickly replaced by the winter, and short, cool spring - summer. Usually in early September tops of ridges dress snow coverlet, and in June in the mountains starts to descend the snow. Winter with heavy snowfall, strong blizzards and snowstorms, long and very frosty. In December - February in the piedmont plains sometimes the temperature falls to -50-54 °, and in July, rising to + 31 °. In the mountains - on the most elevated plateaux, ridges and massifs winter for about a month longer than in the plains; she is going Read more [...]
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Polar Urals from the river to the top of the Sob River Khulga

Rai-Iz massif, which begins on the south-western part of the Polar Urals. From Salekhard to the eastern foot of the Paradise-Iza about 45 km. With an array of limited NE Valley Sob, a left tributary of the Ob River, SW 3 and is adjacent to the north-eastern tip of Sobskogo array. In up to 25 km across. Height - up to 1177 m. Well-known geologist, academician AN Zaw-Ritsuko characterizes views of the Rai-Iz from Salekhard: "In the panorama of mountains unfolding to the west of the Ob, the array Rye Iza stands out among the whole chain of the Ural Mountains with its majestic views. Pai-Yar much more Read more [...]
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Polar Urals from the Kara Sea to the river Sob

Konstantinov Stone Mountain (492 m), the northern tip of the Ural mountain range. Along with the more southern peaks MINIS MINIS Konstantinov and Big Stone ridge forms Minis that was pointed out by John F. Yuriev, topographer of the expedition EK Hoffmann. Later, in the early XX century, wrote about the same OO Buck Lund, whose conductors - Khanty - the name applies Minis Minise or to the entire mountain range Konstantinov Kamen - actually Minis - Big Minis, or Arkopay. Title Konstantinov Kamen appeared in the following circumstances. In the summer of 1848 detachment Severoural'sk expedition of Read more [...]
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Polar Urals

Name of the Polar Urals proposed famous traveler AI Schrenk to separate the unique and very severe extreme north of the Urals with its treeless mountains and tundra of the softer of the Northern Urals. Currently, under the Polar Urals to that area of ​​the Ural mountain range, which starts off the coast of the Kara Sea Mount Konstantinov Kamen and ends at the upper reaches of the river Khulga where begins Ural Mountains. By Dividing Range Polar Urals is the border between the Komi Republic and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District. On the eastern slope of the imaginary line separating Polar and Read more [...]
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Mikhail Polyakov Haritonovich

Mikhail Polyakov Haritonovich (31/08/1884, ECAT. Late 1930s), it is watered. figure. In 1903 he graduated from the ECAT. high school and enrolled in the Tomsk Technological Inst. Soon transferred to the Kazan University, where he was expelled for org-tion of the strike. Since 1904, the party was in the Socialist-Revolutionaries., Participated in advocacy work in the creation of fin. Cross. Union in Vyatka Province. Repeatedly arrested by the police. In 1917 he was one of the hands. SR org-tion, the mountains. Duma and the Council of Chelyaba. P. was elected member. Constituent Assembly of Orenbah. Read more [...]
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Polyudov stone or Poljud

Polyudov stone or Poljud - mountain in Krasnovishersky district of Perm Krai. Mountain Poljud is 7 km from the town of Krasnovishersk. The mountain is 527 meters above sea level. The mountain is part of the hill Polyudov logs. Gore has extended character, the top tapering. The slopes of the peaks are quite steep, especially from the north. The mountain is covered mainly coniferous forest. On the slopes polyude originate river tributaries Black and Petruniha. From the mountain top Poljud overlooks the beautiful stone Vetlan Pomyanenny and stone, as well as panoramic view of Krasnovishersk and Tcherdyn. About Read more [...]
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Poluyanov Nikolai Andreyevich

Poluyanov Nikolai Andreyevich (1952, der. PARFENOVA Komi-Perm Autonomous District), the governor of the Komi-Perm Autonomous District. He graduated from Perm. Financial College, then the economic factor-t Perm. State. Univ. 10 years working in the financial org-tions Kudymkarsky district and county, has gone from an ordinary inspector to head. county finance department. In 1983 was promoted to the position before. Yusvinsky executive committee. Since 1986 Deputy. prev. Permian Komi District com-ta on agriculture. In 1988 was elected before. Executive Committee Kudymkar. In March 1990, elected Read more [...]
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POLUDENSKAYA CULTURE

POLUDENSKAYA CULTURE archaeological. Culture Avg. Zauralye Late Neolithic (IV th. BC. E.) Titles. in the village. Poludenka I have, the Nizhny Tagil. In addition it seems, has the primary role belonged to the early stage of culture Kozlovskoj Zaur. Neolithic. Synchronous farmstead Perm Culture and boborykinskoy Zauralye. ANBalandin took memory. PK to Yurinskaya-Gorbunov, and Bader to poludenskomu step ur. Neolithic V.T.Kovaleva to PK (See .: Neolithic D). Development of PK reflected in a number of successive types of ceramics: poludenskoy, sosnovoostrovskoy, but there are others. viewpoint: poludenskie Read more [...]
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I POLUDENKA

I POLUDENKA archaeological. memory. Sverdl. region., 12 km west of the city Nizhny Tagil, p. Poludenka. Bader excavated. Memory. destroyed road quarry. Preserved h. Excavation size 4,5h_6 m rectangular semi-dugouts with timber walls. Second home was badly damaged, it must be assumed third home has been preserved. Home, according to ON Bader, contained in a common diameter of the log fence approx. 20 m to the paradise traced the groove with traces of holes from the pillars. Bader believed pos. single layer, although noted dec. in the color of the upper and lower horizons. V.M.Raushenbah assumed Read more [...]
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Striped pole

    From any point and where starting to make measurement of the distance from the Lower Tagil to nearby communities?     If you walk down the street K. Marx to plant them. Kuibyshev to the bridge over the source of the river Tagil, on its right bank from the street. K. Marx Street begins. Papanina, the former Lower Erzovka). Here, on the corner of the streets, standing two-storey Stone White house. It lived dams (Caretaker of the dam). He watched the state dam and watched the water level in Tagil pond. Later, when Plant has been called by the name Kuibyshev, this Read more [...]
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Striped pole

"From what point and where to begin to make measurement of distance to nearby settlements?" Ask the readers "Tagilki." If you walk down the street of Karl Marx to plant them. Kuibyshev to the bridge over the source of the river Tagil, on its right bank from the street. Karl Marx Street begins. Papanina (formerly Lower Erzovka). Here, on the corner of the streets, standing two-storey brick house white. It lived "dam" (the caretaker of the dam). He watched the dam and watched the water level in the pond Tagil. Later, when the factory was renamed by the Kuibyshev, this building was at the bottom Read more [...]
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POLOMSKIE Boneyard

POLOMSKIE Boneyard archaeological. memory. sowing. Udmurt VI-XI centuries. UDM. Rep., Kezsky rn, p. Paul Ave. Shore p. Bonnets, lion. tributary of the river. Vyatka, etc.. Tributary. Kama. Max. Math. PM I learned in 1905-06 and P.G.Tarasovym V.D.Emelyanovym, which revealed 173 burials. Concurrently. Inst. P. M. II under the name. Red Hill, where excavated 22 burials. At the same time held a small excavation P.G.Tarasov late PM XVII-XIX centuries. Danchashay (10 burials) Chabyashay (4 burials). In 1987, VA Semionov studied 83 burial P. I MM The burial ground compactor, burial occurred in simple Read more [...]
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POLOMSKAYA CULTURE

POLOMSKAYA CULTURE archaeological. Culture unites memory. the end of the V-IX in. located preim. in the upper reaches of the river. Bonnets. Titles. the burial grounds near the village. Paul (Polomskie burial) Kezsky district UDM. Rep. VF Gening highlighted. Max. Math. Varninsky (486 burials) Polomsky (173) Mydlanshay (86), Tolensky (134) burial. Mind. buried according to the rites of inhumation graves, sometimes wrapped in birch bark, dressed in the best costumes with a variety of ornaments. In the tomb down their arms, tools, household items, as well as clay or metal container, in a rum is sometimes Read more [...]
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Polovtsov Alexander

Polovtsov Alexander (31/05/1832 9.09. 1909), state. activist and business leader, from the nobility. After graduating from Uch Jurisprudence from 1851 official Senate, Senator from 1876. From 1883 to 1892 he held the post of state. secretary. In 1884 acquired Theological mountain env., Where 1894-1896 was built the biggest W. Nadezhda met. zd, in 1894 it was bought Sosvinsky zd with the forest cottage, created in 1895 on the Joint Theological-in. Despite the favorable government contracts and State support. Bank financial position of the Society was unstable and gradually worsened. Polovtsov Read more [...]
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HALF

HALF with., p-tion n. Coorg. region. Located 96 km from Barrow. Established in 1870 krest. settlers. From 1894 to 1923, p. Polovinskoy par., From 1924 to 1963, p. Polovinskogo district, from 1963 to 1964, p. Polovinskogo village council, with 03.03.1964 p. Polovinskogo district. At the end of the XIX century. with. was 255 yards, 1,739 people worked 1 shoe zd, 29 windmills, 4 stores, 1 school, held annually autumn yokes. Regular. occupation of us. husbandry, Naib. common fisheries pimokatny, forging and metalwork. In the XX century. intensive growth with. delineated in the 1950s. C. Built-up Read more [...]
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POLICE

POLICE State. law enforcement agency. Created in 1733 in the province. c. (Including Tobolsk) and large, the Ts Russia. For example obschegos. PA police forces have appeared as part of the mining and metallurgical control U. In October. 1734 ECAT. was established by the office of rural and dispensations (Yustitsky) Minister in charge, along with obscheadm., and police affairs. Second pers. the presence of the office, headed by Ch. judge (Voivod), was the chief of police (a lieutenant). The direct authority of police affairs was carried out in the vessel and search povyte clerical office. The powers Read more [...]
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POLITICAL PARTIES

POLITICAL PARTIES bringing people together to achieve common watered. purposes (software installations) on regular. cooperation within the org-tion. W. the first anti-government circles appeared at the end of the XIX century. It was a populist, socialist, Marxist, Social-Democrats. group. They acted in Perm, Vyatka, Zlatoust, Orenbah., Kungur, Kamyshlov and others. 1893-95 in Perm was an attempt to create org-tion on the platform of the People's Party right. In 1895-98 there was a Lv. slave. Union that are in transition org-tion from populism to Marxism. In 1895, the Social-Democrats. the group Read more [...]
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