The most dangerous tropical mosquitoes, as they transmit malaria, yellow fever, encephalitis and other diseases.
In order to best protect yourself from danger, if you have to stop for the night in places where mosquitoes or mosquitoes, we should be guided by the following rules: 1) set up a camp on higher ground away from the wetlands, and 2) sleep under antikomarinoy grid, if possible ( otherwise replace it with any other suitable material), 3) lubricate the face of mud (silt), especially before going to bed, and 4) tuck pants into socks or boots, and 5) Wear all your clothes, especially Read more [...]
By catches, tropleny and visual observations in the settlements of the animal registered 17 species of rodents, five - predatory, one insectivore (eared hedgehog), two - birds, some reptiles and invertebrates. The closest relationship to the yellow ground squirrel burrows are animals, arrange them in their holes, - the average ground squirrel (Betpak Dala South Balkhash), small gopher (West Betpak Dala), clawed ground squirrel and a large gerbil (Muyunkum), red- gerbil (Or the left bank) and Tamarisk midday gerbil. Of the four-legged predators - polecat, of birds - Gavel-dancer and less - Little Read more [...]
Description. An annual or biennial herbaceous plant of the family Caryophyllaceae. Plant height from 5 to 30 cm Stems prostrate, knotty, brittle. The leaves are small, opposite, ovate, about 2 cm long, at the base of cilia. The flowers are tiny and white in the false dichotomies inflorescences. Fruit - box.
It grows as a weed plant near home, in the gardens, river banks, in damp meadows and along roads.
In folk medicine used fresh plant juice and woodlice. Gather materials from May to August.
The chemical composition has not been studied. Know the content of vitamins C, K, carotene, Read more [...]
See the world - one of the strongest motives for traveling. To see and learn. And loyal assistant in the science: local history, botany, geography, meteorology. Well, the experience of people who lived for centuries in constant contact with nature? Using it you can learn the attentive and intelligent view of the world, slowly judgment, accuracy of observation, imagery of expression. Seasons, the frequency of the phenomena of nature, the process of change embodied in folklore, proverbs, sayings, superstitions and beliefs. In winter, the campaign will be useful information about the formation Read more [...]
A tree up to 20 m tall, with white bark (young trees - a reddish-brown), and stretched up or facing branches, annual shoots pubescent. The leaves are ovate or rhombic-ovate, rounded at the base and tapered at the top, lubchatye, young leaves pubescent. Blooms in April and May, before the deployment of leaflets. Seeds ripen in late August and September.
Is widespread in Europe (including European Russia), in the Caucasus and Siberia.
It grows in damp places and relatively well tolerated with stagnant moisture, usually on the margins of swamps and bogs, on moist banks of various water bodies, Read more [...]
Manufacturer or brand
The most famous American manufacturers - Marmot, North Face, Sierra Design, Alexika. However, many decent brands are not known to Europeans. European manufacturers of the most well established in Russia Salewa, Tatonka, Vaude, Jack Wolfskin, Camp, Ferrino. Among Russian producers are those who can easily compete with foreign brands, and those who still gets to his feet, trying to win the domestic consumers in the lowest price range. We draw your attention to brands such as Bask, Normal, Red Fox, Nova Tour, «Equipment."Appointment
For what purpose is you purchase Read more [...]
Biennials or herbaceous perennials, 40-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and the Far East.
Triterpenoid saponins contain up to 5.5% in the underground. h S. europaea L, flavonoids, nitrogen Comm., as well as phenolic n fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.4% NZ Subtitle. hours and fixed oil to 25.2% of the fruits S. chinensis Bunge. Coumarins found up to 0.1% in the underground. h S. chinensis, polnatsetilenovye Comm., vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - hemostatic, wound healing - Subtitle., Oversight. h Read more [...]
Person being on board a rescue boat in the tropics, there is nowhere to hide from the heat coming from all sides: from the direct solar radiation, the rays reflected from the mirror surface of the ocean, from the hot sun shell boats.
In the fight against overheating the body uses all safeguards and especially potovydelitelnuyu system that operates with maximum voltage. Water losses in the sun in the tropical zone of the ocean, sometimes reaching 740-810 g / h. However, with every drop of sweat lost by the increasing threat of dehydration. A paradoxical situation. On the one hand, the body must Read more [...]
For normal functioning of the human body must receive not only from food proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. The lack of food of certain vitamins vitamin deficiency causes a corresponding and related diseases. So for example:
Night blindness occurs when a lack of vitamin A. Its symptoms - reduction of visual acuity in the twilight, night blindness. Body skin is dry, scaly;
in case of boils (ie, multiple abscesses on the body) need to eat more greens and liver of animals;
at the first signs of scurvy, caused by lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid), appears pale skin, cyanosis Read more [...]
Biennial (rarely annual) sparsely pubescent, grayish plant height from 5 to 80 cm, with erect stems, spreading branched at the top. The leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate, 3-8 cm long, flat or folded lengthwise, green, erect hairs or gray hairs from nearly adjacent, densely arranged on the stem, the lower as it narrowed into petiole, upper sessile. The flowers are small, clustered in long curls that form a racemose or corymbose total inflorescence. Calyx at flowering to 9 mm in length, almost to the base into linear lobes, with fruits fraction longer and stellate folded down. Corolla blue Read more [...]
The phrase "winter zherlitsy"Is not to everyone. Some call these winter gear zhivtsovymi rods on the grounds that they are placed on the surface of the ice near the hole, fisherman watches a strike notice and strike the fish, grab a live bait. Structurally, they can be very diverse, but essentially it zherlitsy with all its attributes - point of attachment on the ice, fishing line with a sinker and leash, which goes Zywiec. In the manufacture of zherlitsy to keep in mind that the activity of predatory fish in the winter is much lower. And this in obschemto known fact allows Read more [...]
Ukrainian magazine for fishermen, which is published in Russian. Founded in 2006. Magazine "Pro Angler", this magazine is not just about those who made fishing interests of the profession, but also of those who seek to understand all the details of this special way of communicating with the world, to become a professional.
Download the magazine: letitbit.net Read more [...]
Under normal conditions, almost all shellfish that inhabit the seas and oceans, are edible. However, in some cases, some of them are dangerous to humans. This strange transformation - the result of a bacterial infection or shellfish due to the fact that eating toxic dinoflagellates, they become toxic properties.
These mollusks are cockles (Cardium edule), donaks (Donax ser-ra), spizula (Spisula solidissima), blue shell (Schizothaerus nuttalli), Mia (Mya arenaria), the California mussel (Myti-lus californianus), the edible mussel (Mu -tilus edulis), volsella (Volsella modiolus) and dr.Otravlenie Read more [...]
Threshold - this is a short section of the river with a large drop and the velocity of water, usually complicated by numerous rocks or ridges and standing waves of converging jets. The approximation of the threshold can be found to slow the flow and the roar of falling water. Thresholds can be a little difficult to meet the tourists already on the routes I-III levels of difficulty. Therefore it is necessary to know at least the general rules for their passage. A simple threshold apparently overcome fairway as rapids, with a positive speed boats (ie, the presence of its own speed ahead in the Read more [...]
The transition in the desert during the hot daytime extremely exhausting. Physical activity during the march cause increased sweating and water losses lead to rapid dehydration. In addition to this direct solar radiation creates a risk of rapid overheating of the body, a thermal or heat stroke.
That is why the day's march in the desert is only allowed in extreme circumstances and only under the condition that the location of the village, artesian well or oasis precisely known distance to no more than 10 - 20 km, and the health of people can overcome it for 3 - 4 hours . With a take only Read more [...]
Spiders probably on my offense. Them, I almost did not paint, and here's me anything about spiders is not written. I knew very little about spiders: they did not have six legs, like insects, and eight that they have not engaged in entomology, and her sister - Arachnology (Arachne
- Spider) that some science benefit, killing flies and mosquitoes, and even made sure once the hard way how painful bite living in earthen burrows tarantulas. And only. But, seeing spiders, many times come across a strange and incomprehensible.Once remarked, spider's web, spread out between two tall cliffs. Read more [...]
C. intermedia Boiss. — Herbaceous perennial 40-150 cm tall. Distribution: European part (south), Western Siberia.
Contains seskvnterpenovye lactones established structure.
Medicinal. In the experiment, the amount of sesquiterpenoids exhibits antibacterial activity.
Stern. For cattle.
It happened in April, one of the many Astrakhan Eric. For these southern locations mid-spring - a time when the fish is just beginning to move away from its winter slumber and out of deep hibernation pits. But not all. This turns out to depend not only on the weather, but also the depth of the fish, and, perhaps, of how this or that individual is prepared for the winter. Almost like bears or raccoons.
Perhaps Victor found just such a catfish. He was lying in the open, without a deep place, as it turned out near the wintering holes. For some reason, the fish left its still dormant, and Read more [...]
Traffic on the river
In unfamiliar territory any river can be used as a guide or as a way of transportation, because this way provides a fairly precise route and usually brings to communities. The river can be a source of food and drinking water, and provides the possibility of movement in a boat or on a raft. In this case, your movement will be open, you may soon discover. But if necessary, be prepared to move masking river ford, go round, rising through the jungle on the banks. If you follow the river to the mountains, be guided by the waterfalls, cliffs and streams. On the plain of the Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, biennials or annuals 10-150 cm tall. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia.
Contain seskviterpeioidy to 3.7% in fruit (including sesquiterpene lactones), and tri-terpenoids to 0.5% in oversight. Part C. squarrosa Willd, flavonoids (including anthocyanins to 4.8% in the flowers of C. depressa M. Bieb.), coumarins to 0.5% and to 0.3% karotinondy in oversight. Part C. depressa, fi-tosteriny, carbohydrates to 8.4% in the flowers of C. solstitialis L., tsiklitoly, acyclic and heterocyclic poliatsetilenovye Comm., polynuclear Read more [...]