In this case, the conversation can only go on an emergency as you move alone, when one partner can not continue with the independent movement along the route. For the purity of the issue, it is advisable not to draw analogies with solo backpacking. This is different. Here we will consider only one aspect of movement in relief alone: an approach to the injured partner in a bundle (in the case of climbing in two), assistance to, and convenient transportation to the venue for his comfortable position. There is a more complicated version - is when a couple will need to go to the base camp for help Read more [...]
The next problem to be solved group - fixing release rope and reliable business insurance, braking for landing, and accompanied by all group members. Usually to secure a fastening prefer a system of several interlocked hooks (Fig. 30a, b), and often do not pay attention to the projections, although three or four loops of rope, wrapped around the protrusion is not as effective as kryuchevaya system. When determining where insurance and fixed ropes we must first look around and try to implement the consolidation of a ledge, only in the absence of suitable projections should begin to resort to kryuchevomu Read more [...]
In the jungle, everything is flourishing, including disease - germs multiply at a frightening speed - and parasites. Nature provides water, food and a variety of materials for the construction of the shelter. Indigenous peoples for thousands of years lived by hunting and gathering, but newcomers may need a long time to adjust to the conditions and the constant activity of nature.
Aborigines are few clothes apart from jewelry, but new to these parts, not used to insects and parasites and mobility through thick jungle, should be as close body. Clothing can be impregnated and then, but it's Read more [...]
Chub - a fish of the carp family, belonged to the dace. Its Latin name - Leuciscus cephalus. Chub and beautiful very attractive to anglers as the enviable trophy in any season. Name fish received a large head with a big mouth. Powerful elongated body covered with large scales, the beautiful, which very original: every silver flake has a black border. Ventral and anal fins are red, chest painted not so intense - closer to orange. Caudal fin with a black border.
Almost meter dainas (about 90 cm) and weight polupudovoy chub can reach the net kormnyh rivers (which is getting smaller). The Read more [...]
Common names: Snitko, snyd, dreaming.
Description. A perennial herb of the family umbrella. Height of 60-100 cm Leaves vaginal, middle and lower dvazhdytroychatye, upper - trifoliate. The flowers are small, white, gathered in cyme. It flowers in May and June. Fruiting in August.
Found in the Perm region in mixed and deciduous forests, clearings, meadows, among bushes, in gardens, often in 1-5 botanical and geographical areas.
Goutweed good honey plant, bloom for about a month, has a high nectar.
In folk medicine used grass goutweed collected during flowering. It contains vitamin Read more [...]
The task of determining the location constantly faces the tourist. I have to constantly monitor your location when driving on the terrain and determine the point of standing at a loss of orientation. The general problem can be broken down into components: map reading, reading areas, ie perception of local objects in terms of topography and orientation and alignment of images with the equivalent area on the map images to them.
Exercises for map reading held indoors year-round, especially in the offseason. It is assumed that the athlete is familiar with the topography, and Read more [...]
C. dactylon (L.) Pers. - Herbaceous perennial, 10-60 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia.
Contains triterpenoids, karotnnoidy, cyanogenic Comm., Carbohydrates, as well as alicyclic and feioliye acids, esters, fatty acids established structure. Allocated fatty oil. Discovered flavonoids, vitamins B | t C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - tonic, diuretic, laxative - Subtitle., Oversight. hours Statement - diseases of the blood and of blood: anemia, polycythemia, hemophilia (in children), diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: with hydronephrosis, nephrolithiasis Read more [...]
Perennial herb with erect leafless stems 40-80 cm tall, pubescent with appressed hairs and korotkostebelchatymi glands. The basal leaves are ovate-cordate, 4-16 cm long and 2-9 cm wide, crenate at the edges, glabrous above, densely pubescent, with otopyrenno hairy petioles. On the stem is a pair of very small lanceolate or subulate leaves. The leaves at the base of inflorescence branches rounded-ovate, suddenly elongated in the tip, which is equal to the length of the plate. Flowers in 4-6-flowered whorls that form at the tips of stems branching general drooping inflorescence. Calyx 4-5 mm Read more [...]
Collective equipment for mountain travel in addition to a kit for walking route includes rope, pitons, crampons, a rock hammer to undergo difficult areas, and with long-term presence in the treeless - primus ("Tourist" or "Bumblebee") and containers for liquid fuels. With a relatively short stay in the alpine zone can be limited by the small margin of dry spirit. Travelling is also desirable to have a pair of binoculars, shovel (in the snow, it is used as a support for Primus), a spare pair of sunglasses. Instead it is better to take the buckets set of three pots. To save Read more [...]
The transition in the jungle is extremely complex. Overcoming thickets, numerous debris of the fallen trunks and large branches of trees, vines creeping along the ground, and disk-roots requires great physical effort and makes us constantly deviate from the direct route. Compounded by high temperature and humidity. That is why the same exercise in temperate and tropical climates are qualitatively different. In the jungles of energy consumption on the march at 26,5 - 40,5 ° and high humidity increase as compared with temperate climate almost 2 times. Increase of energy consumption, and hence Read more [...]
Tradition has it that winter, triumphant at the lake with the appearance of ice, is a stern test for all living things. But this is only partly true. Plants and animals are prepared differently and in different ways to spend this time of year. The first mostly die, leaving the seeds (annuals) or viable roots (perennial plants). Some of them continue growing season, even in severe frosts. Water with its "mysterious" properties makes possible the existence of this "evergreen" vegetation even in northern latitudes.
Certain kinds of animals and fish also lead an active Read more [...]
Pika - Small mountain and steppe animals (body length of 15 to 30 cm). Winter fur thick and soft, but the membrane is thin and fragile, the tail short.
In the USSR, are found several species of pikas: red - in the mountains of the Kopet-Dag in the Turkmen SSR, red - in the mountains of the rest of Central Asia, the Altai - in the mountains of Altai and Sayan, North-North Urals and East Siberia, Transbaikalia, in the Southern Baikal , prairie - in the steppe regions of Northern Kazakhstan, Trans-Urals and Volga. Abroad pikas are found in western North America, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Read more [...]
SAS: A Survival Guide
Author: John "Lofty" Wiseman
Size: 60 MB
SAS (Special Air Service, Special Airborne Service) - Air Force special forces. The soldiers of this elite are trained to carry out the most difficult part of the operation at any point of the globe, usually alone and away from regular troops. Working in small groups, often in enemy territory, they have to be their own surgeons and dentists, navigators and chefs. Operative situation often makes it impossible to replenish all stocks, and they live literally "to grass." They have to deal Read more [...]
Rybachte us - float fishing
Language: Russian Format: pdf
Size: 57 MB
First tackle most anglers had the usual float rod. Over time, all defined with their preferences and choose your favorite type of fishing, but devotees float fishing is still the majority. Modern float gear allows you to catch a wide variety of conditions: how to "get" the fish from a distance of more than fifty meters, and submit fastidious carp seed corn for almost weightless rig. Different fishing conditions outlined ways of "float" techniques. This customary fishing Poles and more modern and increasingly Read more [...]
In the Soviet Union clearly two groups of deer subspecies: the European and Siberian: The latter include the Siberian, the Tien Shan and the Far East (Manchu) and North-Caucasian subspecies.
The European roe deer inhabit the Baltic republics, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, the Caucasus and in some central and north-western regions of Russia. Deer, the second group of subspecies inhabit the eastern part of the European territory of the country, part of the Urals and Siberia, forest-steppes of Kazakhstan, Primorye, Amur, Tien Shan, the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Range. The total number Read more [...]
Today I have a chance, I discovered (of course, only for myself, because I'm sure that it's long been known to entomologists), one of the many mysteries of the insect world. Secret of deciphering which struggled for many years.
Every summer, I bring up the tracks. This is very interesting work: we must be able to pick up food, may create more natural conditions for life, to pupate, and then patiently wait for the adult insect. And most of the advance and do not know what kind of butterfly comes out of the pupa and when that happens, a month or a year. Usually all goes well caterpillars Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Contain steroids (including steroidal saponins), called flavonoids seskviterpeioidy established structure.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - haemostatic - Subtitle. Part T. camschatcense Ker Gawl., uterotonic - Subtitle. Part T. rhombifolium Kom. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the bowel disease, hypothyroidism stomach - Subtitle. Part T. camschatcense, T. smallii Maxim.
In the experiment, T. apetalon Makino exhibits antiprotozoal activity.
Toxicity. Toxic: T. camschatcense.
Environmental significance. Decorative: Read more [...]
First of all, the shoes should perform its intended purpose, that is to be comfortable, durable, able to endure the conditions of travel, as well as to provide easy movement and to create a comfortable temperature for your feet. As a result, you can call the two main factors that should be in the first place to look for when choosing. First, the shoes should be chosen, considering the features of the upcoming trip.
For example, for light trekking in summer Crimea sneakers are fine for summer trips in the Carpathians can wear sneakers, but if you are going to a sports trip, and your map Get more Read more [...]
Annuals 8-40 cm high.
Contain flavonoids, coumarins, mono-and griterpenoidy, phytosterols, and phenols, esters, higher fatty acids, aliphatic aldehydes and ketones established structure. Highlighted the essential oil and fatty oil up to 7% of the fruits of S. pecten-veneris L detected poliatsetileiovye Comm.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant - S. pecten-veneris, S. stellata Banks et Sol., laxative, diuretic - S. stella-ta. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections - S. stellata; tumors: tumors - S. pecten-veneris.
In the Read more [...]
P. granatum L. - A tree or shrub up to 5 m high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contains alkaloids to 2% in the cortex, triterpenoids, fitosternny, flavonoids (including anthocyanins (Nawwar, Hussein, Merfort, 1994), glntsity, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm. (Nawwar, Hussein, Merfort, 1994), triglycerides (Yusuph , Mann, 1997), phenolic and higher fatty acid established structure. allocated tannins to 32.7% of the cortex, 17.1% fatty oil from the seeds and waxes. proantotsianidnny detected, organic acids and 9% in the leaves, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action - anthelmintic, Read more [...]