Annual or biennial plant height 5-15 cm, persistent roots. Stems are erect, spreading-hairy, sometimes glandular, simple or branched, often reddish. Lower leaves with short petioles, ovate, slightly toothed (can be edged), early dry up, middle cauline leaves pinnately divided, with 5-7 lobes with linear or oblong lobes, with a larger share of the top, 5-12 mm in length and a width of 4 - 7 mm apical leaves entire, linear. Inflorescence - thick elongated apical brush. Lower bracts trifid, upper - whole. Calyx divided into four unequal linear-lanceolate segments with one vein. Corolla pink-blue Read more [...]
In 1969-1978 he. this error allowed 20. Analysis showed that the lead are athletes II and III categories (70%), which is primarily due to lack of personal experience of walking in the mountains.
When can unclip from the rope? Practice and training literature answer this question unequivocally simple: when the group goes to the fairly safe area, where they accidentally stumbled, fallen man will be in the same place or roll down the slope flattens out, getting in a pinch light bruises and scratches. Despite the simplicity of the concept, the cases of disengagement from the rope persistently Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series of adventurers Bear Grylls and Gil Cardoso Read more [...]
Status. Normal, numerous, sedentary species.
Distribution. It inhabits arid and semiarid Mediterranean region, North Africa, the Middle East, Kashmir, in the south area includes Central Europe, Ukraine, the Caucasus, the Caucasus and the Volga region, locally common in Central Asia. In Russia, found in the North Caucasus, the Caucasus, the Volga-Don rivers, the Central Black Earth and Volga regions. Within the limits of the territory inhabited central and southern Volga, and the right-bank area in the valley. Volga.
Analysis of the literature and current field studies have shown that in the Read more [...]
Avalanche - is snow mass, quickly slipping down the slope of the mountain. The snow that falls in the mountains throughout the year, not to lie still remains: it slowly, imperceptibly, sliding down under its own weight or falls avalanches and ice avalanches. Avalanche can be caused by many different factors: the movement of climbers, the collapsed cornice fall, various atmospheric phenomena.
All kinds of ice avalanches are very serious danger, which is in direct proportion to the size of the collapse. Velocity of the collapse of the ice many times the speed of the avalanche and approaches Read more [...]
Ram and vobla - The massive form of the famous semi-roach. Because of their large number and high quality of these cooking fish - recognized leaders commercial fishing in the Sea of Azov and the Caspian Sea. Feed in the brackish waters and only spawn in the river. Form the basis of nutrition bottom invertebrates: worms, mollusks, small crustaceans. Large specimens may eat fry.
Winter angling roach and roach is massive only in the Azov and Caspian seas, and to a lesser extent in the Black Sea.
Under the ice fish concentrated in the coastal strip of sandy and muddy bottoms, Read more [...]
Animals. Most possible to get small and medium-sized animals: rats, mice, voles, gerbils, ground squirrels, marmots, lemmings, rabbits, squirrels, hedgehogs, porcupines, badgers, okapi, muskrats, etc. All the animals cut off their heads and tails. Used for the preparation of two ways.
The first is a preliminary osvezhevanii animals, that is, to take off his skin and then eviscerated. Flay any size animal as soon as possible after killing. First, because it is better skin removed, and secondly, less chance of damage to the hot weather.
Small and medium-sized animals are hung upside down Read more [...]
Bites excited swarm of bees, wasps or hornets can be dangerous and even deadly. Avoid their nests, but if you have been attacked by them, dive into the thick brush and undergrowth. Twigs, bent you, returning to its original position, driving them away. To bee or wasp stings should be treated seriously, as some people have bees or wasps stings can cause severe general reaction temperature increases. Swelling, burning, redness, swelling of the skin occurs immediately after the bite, and finally disappear in a day or two.
Bee sting carefully removed with tweezers or needle and put gauze soaked Read more [...]
Alaska to survive the latest features / Alaska: Surviving the Last Frontier / The Alaska Experiment / Season 1 / Episode 4
4 groups of people decide to leave their familiar world and try to live in harsh conditions in the wild within 3 months in Alaska. They will be isolated, and face the challenge of survival. They will be 100 km in the most extreme conditions on the planet trying to get back to civilization. This is a tedious trial will take at least a month. They will fight hunger, fatigue, and severe winter. They have provided the necessary equipment and conducted a 3-day training. They Read more [...]
The most common injury in ski travel - frostbitten hands and feet. In the Nordic ski trips feet frosts often than hands.
Hands easily protect from frost. Injuries occur due to negligence, for example, when a snowstorm suddenly lost mitten, fall into the snow, roll, caught by the wind, and catch it with his bare hand. On the warm hand instantly melts snow and frosty wind blows wet hand, its heat output is so great that frostbite occurs within a few seconds (with a hard frost, of course). The situation of the Northern Expedition disciplines, experienced travelers, "northerners" know Read more [...]
Without exaggeration, pike - not only constant, but also the coveted trophy for any angler. Permanent - because caught year-round, in both summer and winter. Welcome because weighty catch perch - it's always exciting and memorable event for every lover of fishing. And the meat of this fish is very tasty and healthy, rich in valuable nutrients. Walleye not gaunt, good in any form - fried, boiled, dried and smoked.
In Unlike pike, walleye avoid shallow areas covered with vegetation, like a clean, oxygen-rich water. Prefers nezailennye reservoir areas with sandy or pebbly bottom, deep holes Read more [...]
During space flight have been violations in perception. Thus, during the flight VV Volkov wrote: "In the typical headset crackling ether ... Below the earth flew night. Suddenly out of the night through the thickness of the air space ... heard a dog barking. Ordinary dog, maybe even a simple pooch And ... then ... was clearly audible cry baby "204. Doctor X. Lindemann on the 31 th day transatlantic voyage on a small sailing boat began to feel that the protective veil began to speak with a human voice. Then he began to hear voices that were heard around and came from invisible things. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, biennials less 5-100 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain alkaloids and 0.8% in the flowers of C. glomerata L., other nitrogen Comm., Flavonoids to 1.1% in oversight. Part C glomerata, coumarins, triterpenoids, steroids (including phytosterols), carbohydrates, tsnklitoly up to 1.6% of Hopes. CS cephalotes Nakai, heterocyclic poliatsetileiovye Comm., as well as phenolic acids and esters H established structure. Marked tannins to 7.2% and 3% rubber leaf S. alliariifolia Willd., Mucus, waxes. Found iridoi-dy, cardenolides, anthocyanins, saponins, vitamins C and E.
Medicinal. Read more [...]