Zmeegolovnik Ruysha

Perennial herb with branched rhizome. Stems few, they are erect, 20-60 cm tall, with short shoots in the axils of the leaves. Leaves are lance-linear or linear, entire, with revolute margins, sessile, dark green, shiny, beneath lighter, strike glands. The flowers are large, with bright blue corolla 2-2.8 cm long, clustered in whorls, which are close to each other at the ends of the stems in a dense spike-like inflorescences. Bracts lanceolate, acuminate, ciliate on the edges. Calyx 8-1 1 mm long, short-haired, clear bilabiate, with sharp teeth, middle tooth of the upper lip 1.5-2 times wider Read more [...]
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Ragwort packed, or Arctic

Biennial (sometimes annual) plant height of 30-60 cm stems glandular-hairy, sticky, thick, hollow, densely leafy. The leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, sinuate-toothed, sessile, semiamplexicaul base. Baskets collected in total corymbose inflorescence. Wrap-row of adjacent leaves. Ligulate flowers, light yellow. Fruits - tonkorebristye bare achenes with long, at several times the length of the achene, pappus. It flowers in May and August, achenes ripen in June and September. Europe and North species spread in the European part of Russia, Siberia and the Far East. In Central Read more [...]
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Ortiliya sided

Zimnezelenoe perennial 5-25 cm tall with long branched rhizome and numerous fine adventitious roots. Annual growth rhizomes can reach 1 m in the upper part of the stem is small (up to 8 mm long), greenish or brownish-ovate scale-like leaves. The plates of the lower leaves are about 4 cm long, 1.5 cm wide, usually longer than the petiole, but sometimes his peers. Light green, oblong-ovate leaves are sharply serrated focused on the lower part of the stem, but not crowded at its base. Drooping flowers, gathered in a thick-sided 8-18 flowered brush. Calyx with five lobes broadly triangular, finely Read more [...]
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Boil water with no utensils

Most universal and yet the greatest volumes consumed substance on the planet without which life is impossible any living organism is known water. It is part of 70% of the human body. Every day for various purposes is its heat treatment. Invented for this very large range of different dishes and appliances. Everyone is so used to them that probably hard to imagine how you can boil water in a simple .... paper. In terms of survival, this method is very useful. We need to take a piece of paper and it is better if not from the newspaper, but something closer to one for a longer period of operation. Read more [...]
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Catfish

Catch som giant somewhere in the lower reaches of the Volga - the case may be, and heroic, but not as difficult as it might seem. In my view, much more needs to show the ability to specifically catch the fish, even if small, in the rivers, located relatively close to the capital. Withnd wakes up in the middle of April. Flood forces him to leave the dregs Chosen riverbed hole and go in search of clean water sites located upstream or spills. Such movements fatten sluggard appetite, and with the return of "in the place of residence" and a significant warming of the water it can penetrate Read more [...]
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What to choose — gas or liquid fuel?

Advantages of gas as a fuel are obvious. Does not require pre-heating burners. Burners themselves structurally very simple, do not litter, do not smell, it is very easy to use. Do not break, unless, of course, do not beat on them with a hammer, is relatively expensive. All provide precise power control flame ... Disadvantages of gas too. For large negative temperature burner becomes unstable and require pre-heating of the gas and the gas cylinder. Not only that, during burner gas evaporates, cooling the pre-tank, and it is sometimes necessary (if the length of the tube) heat tank to the burner, Read more [...]
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Weather conditions and signs of change

Winter Frost, cold crows circling flocks and sit on the tops of trees; tit morning peeps; Trees crack; wind; Smoke from the fire pole; Morning dawns soon burn out; Stars shine strongly; see the northern lights. To sustainable, fair-weather tan dawn; night frost, which weakens the afternoon, in the evening, with full windless sky completely covered by low stratus clouds.   A strong wind, the Buran the wind blows, and no frost, thunder in the winter; beak bird hide in the sand; Birds sit on the lower branches of trees.   Read more [...]
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By Enmyvaam boat

It was early morning when we started to load the boat. The plan was that the "Pelican" We are sailing with Slava, and the lander will be Uncle. There also we add up all his belongings, which still had accumulated more than a few. Boat we will lead by the reins, on the course, as thought Glory, a motor pulls.After drinking tea, we started to drag things on shore. Kharitonov strict watch over all. At the beginning of the road to sail among the tundra, where you will not find a tree and fire pit. I gathered enough wood for a good week, but ordered to leave the glory of wealth Read more [...]
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Voice flute

We continue our exploration of water in search of bread races ences. In Carr lake, and sometimes on the edge of the swamp thicket of towering etsya slender plants with thin black velvet cones and linear, like grasses, leaves. You call this plant cane, and sometimes reeds. In fact it is neither one thing nor the other - is cattails. You probably will not again used its stems, up to 2 mW ditch as spears in the game, and did not suspect that this is an edible plant. Back in 1868 in Astrakhan baked from flour Rogozov delicious biscuits and cakes. Cattail or Coogan is the scientific name: typhoid Read more [...]
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Venomous animals

Of the oceans, in the coastal zone, among rocks, in quiet lagoons of coral atolls and swampy thickets of mangroves found many poisonous fish, reptiles, jellyfish, clams, representing more or less dangerous to humans. Meeting with them is often unexpected, and the consequences severe. Poisonous jellyfish. It happened on the fifth day of the experiment in the ocean. At 12 o'clock in the boat life becomes unbearable. The only escape from the burning rays of the sun was water. True, the swimming was out of the dream, because together with the boat circling sharks, but scooping up handfuls of Read more [...]
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Distress signals

Currently, there are a lot of special equipment and systems delivery and reception of signals of distress. This includes the International Space System for Search of damaged vessels and aircraft (COSPAS-SARSAT), automatic radio beacons and other radio systems. Widespread various pyrotechnic signaling equipment - signaling, lighting, smoke missiles. However, in situations of forced autonomous existence is unlikely that these funds may be at hand. Therefore, we will explore how signaling distress for possible implementation without special hardware. Signal fires. This is the simplest Read more [...]
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Try to repair the spinning rod

Since then, both went on sale lightweight durable carbon fiber tubular rods with relatively thin walls, the fishermen who use such gear, with obvious advantages in catching, there was also the problem of repair. The fact that the tubular structures are more sensitive to shocks, compression, congestion than monolithic and therefore more likely to break. This usually occurs during transport rods overload tests, etc. Most often repair top of the rod - it can break even tap on a tree branch during a careless casting lures.Eliminate this damage can be yourself at home. But, of course, is first Read more [...]
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Traffic on the river

Most of the settlements in the Arctic region are confined to rivers or are on the beach, as the waterways - the main means of communication in the area. Also, along the rivers and on the coast quickly find fuel and food, as on the coast have fins, and along the river channel is more common shrub. The movement of the rivers is dangerous not only because that way because of their extended tortuosity, but rather, because of the possibility of failure. During the Arctic rivers constantly breaks the ice underneath. Snow helps this process, and therefore under the drifts, especially in the cliffs, Read more [...]
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The concepts of topographic map and sports

The term "topography" is derived from the Greek word "topos", which means "country" and "The Count" - "description." Topography - the science that deals with the study area in order to make maps and plans. Surveyors using special optical instruments photographed terrain from aircraft, were measured on the ground and put on paper all relief. Populated areas, individual buildings, rivers, roads, forests, hills and mountains, power lines, etc. All these elements are called local objects. The word "map" has been known since ancient Read more [...]
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The transition in the forest

Those who have been in the forest, knows how difficult it is to move among the rubble and windbreaks in gustolese, overgrown with bushes. The apparent similarity of the situation - the trees, terrain folds, etc. - can completely disorient a person and he often moves around, unaware of his mistake. A similar case described Arsenyev, lost once - in the Ussuri taiga:. However, even without a compass to navigate to the cardinal can be through a variety of features. For example, the trees on the north side have a rough bark, thick overgrown with moss and lichen at the foot. The bark of birch and Read more [...]
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The rise from the bottom

If the victim is in the lower part of the wall or run on top of difficult terrain or the nature of its complexity motion of the head and deliver rescue equipment to the top of the wall, the rise from the bottom to the victim. It usually uses the path of the victim: it is already known, it can be left hooks, and in the upper part of the tour group prepared a railing. Movement of the head group can be two options. 1. Lead group is divided into two parts. The first (2 - 4 people), less loaded, rapidly moving up, pulls the end of the auxiliary cable. This rope she pulls the main 5-mm rope Read more [...]
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The movement of the sledge

To transport cargo to 45-55 kg per participant in the Far North are needed sledge. The presence of light sledges, each participant can move at a speed of 12-15 km. In the middle of the route, when the load is reduced significantly and participants perfectly master the technique of the movement to ski with sleds, the rate can be increased to 25-30 km. Proper packing sleds and rational distribution of load between the backpack and sled is an important condition for the rapid movement of tourists and the least fatigue during the day. General layout of each participant, based on the location Read more [...]
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The severity of the environmental situation and the role of beaver edificator

Throughout its existence, the beaver was a powerful edificator environment - active control of river flow (in their own "interests" and for the benefit of the ecosystem). Improving living conditions for all life, he made a significant contribution to the economy of nature. Centuries in the territories occupied for centuries beaver, man hunt for him, getting nutritious meat and skins for clothing, and for a long time, a unique remedy - castor. There was a time when the wealth derived from hunting beaver, affecting the economy and politics, and even a cause of war. Greedy thoughtless Read more [...]
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The density of population of brown bears

Determination of the density of bears in the grounds provides for the establishment of the last available capacity for this species. In this context, indicators of the overall density is not always justified, as it does not reflect the true density of the species in particular land. For an overall view of the population of bears certain large surface area for more helpful to provide indicators of population throughout the territory, especially since in many cases it is not possible to determine the number and type of resources in selected areas, as the authors often do not result in clearly defined Read more [...]
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Blueberries

Low, up to 0.3 m, usually highly branched shrub with ostrorebristaya green shoots and long creeping rhizomes. Leaves elliptic, 10-30 mm long, serrated at the edges, on both sides sparsely pubescent. Flowers solitary or arranged for two in the axils of the upper leaves. Calyx entire. Corolla globular urceolate, schetyreh-pyatizubchatym limb, green or slightly reddish. Fruit - juicy berry spherical diameter of 1 cm, black and blue, often with a touch of blue, reddish pulp, juice staining. Beloplodnaya rare form. Blooms in May and June, fruits ripen in July and August. Common in the northern Read more [...]
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