Dried mushrooms only in dry, sunny days. It is best to dry the hat young mushrooms as dry feet slowly, and then soak them badly. Mushroom most suitable for drying white aspen, boletus, boletus, mossiness mushrooms and early mushrooms.
First mushrooms are sorted out, removing the ground, pine needles, leaves, moss, then sorted, making sure that the food did not get inedible. After that, cut the lower part of the leg or the entire foot and brush, carving knife damage by rodents or insects.
Sliced mushrooms do not just string together and hang on a thread. First of all they need to carefully spread Read more [...]
Life and customs of these hunters, fishermen and ordinary villagers described simply, but with great love and even envy, admits director Dmitry Vasyukov.
"Happy people - is the name without any hidden meaning, without Aesopian language, without any interpretation. Just like that - happy people. Because they are really happy. I never thought it would ever be, so can feel and live people in our country, "- said director of" Happy People "Dmitry Vasyukov.
To show the beauty and truth of life in the village of Siberians Bakht Turukhansk district, a group of filmmakers from Moscow Read more [...]
The proportion of poisonous plants in the tropics is not higher than in other regions of the world. Pay attention to the following - they are poisonous by eating or cause irritation in contact?
1 Avicenna sea (Avicennia marina) is a slender tree up to 6 m, growing in the mangroves and river deltas of tropical Africa eastward to Indonesia and Australia. His light bark, much similar to a pencil roots, leaves from oval to arrow-shaped, yellow flowers and small white berries. Sap causes blistering of the skin and can blind if it enters the eye.
2 Laporteya (Laportea) common in the tropics, often Read more [...]
In the Far East found five species of hellebore: Lobel Daurian ostrodolnaya. Maak and Ussuri. All of them looks quite similar to each other and are plentiful in mixed grass meadows and damp meadows of raznolesya. Their direct and thick, up to five feet stems seated large, broadly leaf longitudinal "embossed" folds. The top of the mature plant has been highly duster numerous greenish-white flowers. A hellebore blooms only in the fifteenth year of life.
From an early age, barely emerged from the earth, not like lily, not the wild garlic. Thick, short rhizome hellebore covered a lot Read more [...]
That ended with a short tour of the forests of the world. We were able to visit only four or five types of forest communities, and went over to him in a hurry. It is unlikely that readers were able to experience a kind of fragrance tropical rain forest, or taiga, resinous smell, here and there laden with the intoxicating scent of rosemary. And remember the more "in your face" all the inhabitants of the forest thickets mentioned on these pages. Now let's make a short halt, to summarize what they have learned about the life of the forest animals.
We have seen that within the forest Read more [...]
Annual plant height of 30-150 cm, spiramidalno branched stems, green or reddish in the autumn. Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, flat, sharp, usually trehnervnye, naked or with short appressed hairs on the edges dlinnoresnitchatye. Inflorescence spicate-spaced, of 1-2 (up to 5) five-membered bisexual or dioecious flowers, sitting in the axils of bracts. Perianth segments along the edges with a long ciliated hairs, with fruit transversely keeled with tubercle or wings in the middle of the keel, the keel in the female flowers are usually not developed. Blooms from July to October, fruiting Read more [...]
It is difficult with no experience to start a fire, even with a large supply of matches, and without matches, magnifying glass, how? Especially if you can not make a magnifying glass from the two time windows, connected together by clay, with poured in water (as the authors are so fond of writing adventure novels) or by using the lens of the camera. After all, you are one and even watches will not allow you to make a magnifying glass!
In various tourist and other popular literature, travel and adventure is often described method of obtaining fire by friction. Indeed, to get the fire in this Read more [...]
Annual green plant height 15-50 cm, pubescent semiadherent hairs. Stems usually numerous, branched. The leaves are oblong, pinnate into narrow, linear-cuneate, acute lobe, which in turn are wrong pinnatipartite. Baskets solitary on long, somewhat thickened stems. Stiff wrappers, their leaves are ovate-oblong, outside - sharp, and the interior - blunt, the upper edge suhoplenchatye. Receptacle conical. Films bed baskets lanceolate, entire or toothed hardly the top, gradually pointed. Outer flowers are white, lozhnoyazychkovye, female, median - yellow, tubular, bisexual, conical receptacle. Read more [...]
By fur raw materials are also lambskin, lambskin, sheepskin, skins of goats, Zherebko, opoyka (calf), dogs and domestic cats.
Most valuable to the fur industry are lambskin (especially gray), lambs Ukrainian and Moldovan astrakhan and dairy sheep. Prof. BA Kuznetsov wrote: "Ukrainian astrakhan sheep are among the oldest native breeds of sheep in Ukraine. They probably removed by selection for fur quality lambs local unimproved dlinnotoschehvostyh sheep.
For a long time Ukrainian astrakhan sheep to improve the breed with a curl astrakhan sheep. Our skins are from astrakhan lamb Read more [...]
Virtually all "forest" people completely agree with me that without a bath - not life. Written a lot of good and not so good books about the benefits of the Russian bath. I want to add something. Phe first and, perhaps, the main purpose of a bath in the field - is the basic hygiene. The lack of hot water can take a shower every day and especially the bath. And like. Bathing in the river or shampoo in a basin of hot water can not make the natural craving of the human body in its heating. As a way out of this situation, in the absence of bath as a separate room? There are a number Read more [...]
Meeting was held. The bear was small: only seven pounds, to use Basil. I sat in the same herringbone pattern. I listened to the cries of blackbirds. Thrushes did not stay in one place, jumped on Rowan loudly and quickly, quickly, quickly grabbed the fruit and so hastily flew to the other mountain ash, although berries around was enough.
For other voices shouting blackbirds forest were lost, and I probably just did not hear the indignant wren, before I learned of the approach of a bear. Still all was calm. As the bear came to a clearing, I have not noticed - I have not heard a crackle Read more [...]
The rivers I start catching on with an elastic silicone vibrohvosty tail, but do not equip bait jig-head, but in terms of the usual foam fish"Eared" load through groovy ring. Hook in this design put a double (sorry, that in such a snap to put nezatseplyayuschee device is almost impossible).
In this version of tooling, due to additional degrees of freedom (frame groovy ring), the bait appears side game, sometimes the deciding factor that attracts fish. Well proven and silicone "Fish" with protivozatsepnym device on one hook, also made on a "porolonki" (Fig. 53). Read more [...]
Fire - is a blissful heat, rest, hot food, life in the frost-bound forest. And how ridiculous, sometimes tragic mistakes makes beginners zagotavlivaya in forest firewood. Often, the issue of a fire, the heat - it's a matter of life and death. And in fact, if you spend the night around the campfire, the fuel quality is critical. Firewood should be lit, long and hot. No smoke, no fire embers. Our country is huge. The number of tree species, is used as a fuel, is very large, but probably should first focus on the vast Siberian taiga.
Of conifers in this belt make good firewood pine, cedar, Read more [...]
Perennial herb 30-120 cm tall, with a thick rhizome. Stem erect, single (less than one), slightly leafy, branching at the top. The leaves are alternate, pinnate, generally oblong. Baskets are assembled in a rather loose corymbose inflorescence. Bracts usually with white membranous margins. Receptacle broad, its width is 2-3 times the length. Outer flowers are white, reed, reed length of more than 10 mm, median - yellow, tubular. Fruit - achene with prominent longitudinal ribs. Blooms in June-August, achenes ripen in July-September.
European-West Asian look. In Russia, widespread in the Read more [...]
Hare-sandstone (Tolai) is similar to the gray hare, but smaller in size. Body length of 36 to 55 cm, weight - 2,5 kg. The coat is lower than that of other birds, ne-juicy-brownish color.
Hares are found in sandstone wall areas of the southern Baikal region, in the south of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, and Central Asia. Out USSR are found in Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Mongolia and China.
Happy sandstones are at various shelters in the evening come to feed. Eating grass in summer, in winter the bark and branches of bushes.
Females give birth to cubs sandstones 2-3 Read more [...]
Compass - this goniometer, which measures the magnetic azimuth on the ground (not on paper, not on the map, but in space.)
Compasses are available in various designs, but the most common in our country has a compass, designed in the last century Russian military topographer captain Peter Hadrian. This compass is called - Hadrian's compass. Previously, these compasses are entirely made of metal (brass), and are now made of plastic.
Compass Hadrian (fig. 60) consists of five parts:
1) building a compass;
2) sighting ring;
3) the magnetic needle;
4) dial (dial);
5) Read more [...]
Perennial herb covered with flaky white wool or cobwebby pubescent. Stems erect, 50-100 cm tall, simple. Almost all basal leaves, ovate or oblong, crenate-toothed at the edges, sometimes lobed, incised to half the plate, belovoylochno pubescent, petiolate, stem leaves sessile, oblong-ovate, bracts at the base of the inflorescence branches amplexicaul, bent down, broadly, long drawn on top. Total inflorescence - large pyramidal apical brush of 4-6 contiguous 6-10-flowered whorls. Calyx with subulate-pointed teeth, belosherstistaya, bilabiate, the upper lip with three teeth, of which the average Read more [...]
Encyclopedia of survival. One on One with natureAuthor: Kudryashov B.
Size: 12.6 MB
Almost daily press, radio and television tell us about distress aircraft and ships. Accidents, and natural disasters claimed tens of thousands of lives. Lost on the routes tourists die in the desert and taiga wilderness stray travelers. What should a person, will the fate of being one on one with a severe nature, away from populated areas, in the open sea, the mountains or the desert? What must be done to save lives? How to signal distress, get water and food when supplies ran out, Read more [...]
Dobychlivost to hunt elk on the experience and skill of the hunter, its technical equipment, local knowledge, quality zverovoy dogs, weather conditions, type of land, population density and moose lodge, determined their persecution, etc.
In order to reduce errors in the analysis of the effectiveness of the fishery in the Kirov region was held timing indicators best groups of hunters with similar qualifications, and trade in the most productive areas (Table 12).
In amateur teams fishing efficiency is not taken as a basis, where the value of other, yet useful to know what it is with different Read more [...]
Annuals or herbaceous perennials 5-50 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain thioglycosides, izotiopiaiaty and higher fatty acid established structure. Isolated mustard oil to 1% and fat oil to 33% of the seeds of T. arvense L. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic that increases the potency, astringent, haemostatic - Hopes. Part T. arvense, wound healing - oversight. Part T. perfoliatum L. (Syn. Microthlaspi perfoliatum (L.) FK Mey.), Toning, detoxification - the seeds of T. arvense, expectorant - T. cochleariforme DC. (Syn. Noccaea Read more [...]