Nettle

Familiar to us in the scientific literature nettle known as nettle. It belongs to a vast family of nettle, there are about 60 genera and over 1000 species of plants. The scientific name of the nettle Urtucace-ae from the word yoke - burning plants, and given a lot of stinging hairs covering them. In nettle sting is a type of medical vials, installed in the "holder" of the small cells. Ampoule itself - it is very large (a hair visible to the naked eye) cell, in which the upper end of a thin silicon impregnated with salts. On the tip of the cell envelope quite thin at it as though Read more [...]
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Revived images

If it is impossible to meet sensory needs in unusual circumstances activated processes of imagination, as the impact on the shaped memory. One of the subjects after the experiment surdokamernogo said: "The first night I said some, I would say, romantic images. Specifically, from the bed to the top mirror to visualize the sight glass - a black oval. Two holes in it, which highlights two eyes (bottom crescent of light.) and looks at you kind of mask with the eyes. eyes just light up. Fantomas ... or something close to Russian folklore. " In the isolation chamber subjects began to Read more [...]
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Lichens

Besides trees, herbaceous plants, shrubs, dwarf shrubs and mosses, in the woods, there are simple plants, which are a useful example of cohabitation (symbiosis) marsupials fungi with algae. The two plants have a mutual services in the life process, and are collectively called lichens. A popular place for lichens - a shady forest. In the old spruce forest can often see large gray stripes ("beard") hanging from the dry branches. In dry places mounds in sparse pine forest can sometimes see large cushions of silver-gray lichen - reindeer moss. In dry weather, its brittle twigs crunching Read more [...]
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Bat-dwarf

Status. Peregrine probably thin and sporadically distributed species. Distribution. Until recently, P. pipistrellus sensu lato seen as holistic view. In the last few years based on bioacoustic, morphological and genetic criteria was divided into two separate - the actual bat-dwarf (P. pipistrellus sensu stricto) and a small bat (P. pygmaeus). The area covers the dwarf almost all of Europe (except for the northern regions of Scandinavia and Russia), North Africa, and Central Asia Minor, the Caucasus, the Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India. Distribution in the European part Read more [...]
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Rhode SICYOS L. — SITSIOS.

S. angulatus L. - Annual curling up to 6 m long. Distribution: European part (south-west). Contains triterpenoids (including kukurbitatsiny) established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 27.8% of the seeds. Detected alkaloids, saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - Subtitle. hours Statement - tumors: malignant neoplasms. Read more [...]

ARUM L. Rhode — Arum.

Herbaceous perennials and 100 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus Contain flavonoids, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids established structure. Detected alkaloids, saponins and 13.5% in the underground. Part A. elongatum Steven. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - sedative, gemosta-matic, wound healing - Subtitle. Part A. elongatum. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: for stomach - Subtitle. hours, diseases of the reproductive system: the impotence, infections / infestations: pulmonary tuberculosis - Subtitle. Part A. elongatum, abscesses - Subtitle. Part A. albispathum Steven Read more [...]
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Animal tracks

Knowledge and understanding of traces of different animals, birds, insects and reptiles will not only determine with whom you are dealing with, but also the direction of its movement, the duration of the track. All this makes it possible to more efficiently and directed to hunt, do not waste time in vain for a long time past the beast and avoid unwanted encounters with predators. Most mammals are secretive and very careful. Search and prosecution difficult and often malorezultativny, and sometimes impossible. But the traces of their activity and movement, with the skillful use help not only Read more [...]
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Water vole

Status. Regular, widespread species. Distribution. Russia has a wide range, from which excluded the north-east and east of the country. On the right bank of the Saratov region of the water vole lives on floodplains Dipper and Khoper. Confined in their distribution, as a rule, to the left bank, more flat and leveled the floodplain, where it occurs on the banks of oxbow lakes and small streams that flow into the river, flooded the lowlands and zakustarennym meadows. To p. Bear usually in places where it flows into rivers Idolgi, Balanda, Karamyshev; known settlements at the village New Sands Read more [...]
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Trap for birds

Net Fine-meshed net stretched between trees in the areas where the birds usually spend the night, is one of the easiest traps for birds. Instead of the network can be used thin braids, twine rope, pulling them crosswise across the normal route of the flight of birds, which will bring down those who will fly to the obstruction.Birdlime The use of bird adhesive is an ancient way of catching small birds. Boil in water holly leaves or arrowhead and any starchy grain and simmer until you have a sticky mass. Spread it on a branch or other places to perch the birds fly in the night, and when the Read more [...]
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AE Berman Young Tourist. Mountain snow and mountain sun. Part 31

What is most interesting in the mountains? It depends on whose taste. When I first got into the high mountains, I was most pleased by summer snow. After the green forests, flowering meadows, after the heat and stuffiness on the rise and there was a sharp transition fantastic flowers, earth, grass, and suddenly ... Snow! He was completely white. I stepped on it with some apprehension, as if under it have to be an abyss. He was a hard, cold, and ... very tasty. Especially with condensed milk - the traditional tourist ice cream. It was in the Western Caucasus in Dombai valley. There's Read more [...]
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Accidents on the nature

FROSTBITE and frostbite BURNS Thermal (solar) BLOW Lightning stroke Food poisoning Bites of mosquitoes and midges SNAKE BITES Swimming in water bodies with currents and whirlpools of Life Saving Embedment FROSTBITE and frostbite fall and spring campaigns, especially in the early hours, fraught with such disastrous consequences, as frostbite (total freeze) and frostbite (local freezing). manifested in the freezing chills, fatigue, weakness, slow reaction, apathy and drowsiness. victim warm clothes and wrapped in a hurry to deliver heat. transportation is admissible only if the person Read more [...]
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Predicting the weather in the clouds

Signs of bad weather If on the horizon thin cirrus clouds in the form of elongated filaments with curved ends (clouds with "hooks" and "claws", see Fig. 7) - this shows that at a distance of several hundred kilometers is a warm front. • If the cirrus clouds are located on the left hand to the direction of wind, with high probability, a warm front will cover the observer, bringing heavy rains come the period.     • If the clouds are located on the right hand to the direction of the wind, it can bypass the front and side. In any case, Read more [...]
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10 letters of Robinson. Tenth letter

The last envelope required open in the first half of the coming day. The weather has improved, but it was windy and cool. Therefore, the device overnight in the place where I found the gathering dusk, I paid attention. Chose among a tight group of birches framed thickets of hazel, carefully tied plastic cape over a hammock and spun out of the branches of "flap", which turned into a hammock tent, protected on all sides from the wind.I could not resist the temptation to get warm by the fire, the benefit of nearby lay a pile of brushwood. Deadwood, as you know, is a shelter for many Read more [...]
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