Viburnum opulus

Common names: Kalinin, Kalyn, snowballs. Description. Shrub or small tree of the family Caprifoliaceae. Height 1.5 - 4 m Bark gray-brown, cracked. The leaves are opposite, broadly, three-, five-lobed. Inflorescence umbellate, white flowers. Fruits - oval, red drupes. It flowers in May and June, fruits ripen in September. In Perm viburnum found in deciduous and mixed forests, forest edges, glades, meadows, among coastal scrub, often in 1-5 botanical and geographical areas. Kalina - good honey plant. And, bisexual (median) more nectar flowers. In medicine use bark, fruits, Read more [...]
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Herbaceous perennials, 20-150 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins) tsiklitoly and feioliye glycosides established structure. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, saponins, vitamins B, C, R. Medicinal. Those pan Jevtić eskoe action - a diuretic - O. vernus L. (Syn. Lathyrus vernus (L.) Bernh.), Normalizing the blood - A. niger L (syn. Lathyrus niger (L.) Bernh,), haemostatic - O. lathyroides L (syn. Vicia unijuga A. Br.) , O. vernus. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - O. Read more [...]
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Puts necessary things NAZ

We continue to lay the necessary things our emergency bag. Mirror. It would seem not to be an admiration in an emergency. But the mirror in the sun, you can use "sunbeams" to signal distress over a long distance. It was so in ancient times for the transmission of information, instead of using mirrors (they still did not have) polished copper. Sewing kit may also be useful. And places are few. Preferably nylon thread. They are much stronger than usual and they can sew up the wounds on the body. Needles should be several different sizes. You can buy a ready-made sewing kit. There Read more [...]
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Herbaceous perennials and 45 cm high. Distribution: Western Snbnr. Drug (I. tataricum (Pall.) Roem., Schult. Et Schult. F.). Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea in children, diseases of the oral cavity: with stomatitis, symptoms and syndromes: with ascites - Subtitle. h In the experiment of Hopes. h has a diuretic effect. Read more [...]
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Skerda Biennial

Biennial plant height of 50-120 cm, with rather short, woody, highly branched root. Stems solitary, erect, branched at the top, the bottom half of a purple color. Bottom leaves pubescent erect stiff hairs, especially on the midrib, stem leaves with flat edges at the base with jagged ears, not swept. Baskets are generally collected corymbose inflorescence. Bracts with a diameter of about 10 mm, gray pubescence, inner leaves pubescent sparse yellow or almost black, with simple hairs and shorter glandular. Flowers are yellow. Branch yellow column. Fruits - fusiform achenes, straw-yellow or Read more [...]
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F. sibiricum (L) Kitam. - Herbaceous perennial, 20-60 cm high. Distribution: Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Flavonoids, mono-and seskviterpeioidy, acyclic poliapetilenovye Comm., And esters of phenols and aromatic ketones established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.6% of iadz. h, rubber. Found alkaloids. Drug (nadz. hours). Therapeutic action - normalizing metabolism, wound healing. Indications - metabolic diseases: gout, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: kidney disease, diseases of the respiratory system: cough, infections / infestations: the anthrax disease of Read more [...]
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Skullcap squat

Shrub or perennial herb with a woody or oblique creeping rhizome. Stems numerous, ascending, 20-50 cm tall, the bottom of derevyaneyuschie, with long sinuous branches, purple, like the stem, and covered with small white curved hairs (inflorescence - with thick straight hair and stalk glands). The leaves are ovate, 1,8-3,5 cm long and 0,7-2 cm wide at the base truncate or cordate, crenate-toothed at the edges (with 11.6 teeth), on top of almost naked, with the bottom of the dot-iron , with prominent veins, upper leaves are narrower, short sharp-toothed, with fewer teeth. Inflorescence - four-sided Read more [...]
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Trees or shrubs up to 8 m high. Distribution: European part (south and south-east), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain flavonoids to 2.3% in the leaves of C. monogyna Jacq. (Including catechins to 0.2% to 0.6% anthocyanins in the fruits of S. curvisepala Lindm, leykoantotsianidnny, proanthocyanidins), triterpenoids, phytosterols, karotiioidy, alkaloids, and other nitrogen Comm. (Including cyanogenic Conn.,), to 9.4% of carbohydrates in the leaves of C. monogyna, glycityl and phenols, phenol-n fatty acids, higher alcohols, aliphatic hydrocarbons, and an established Read more [...]
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Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Contain seskviterpeioidy (including seskviterpeiovye lactones seskvnterpenovye dimethyl-ry and make-up artists (Kawabata, Fukiishi, Mizutani, 1998), and nitrogen-containing coumarin Comm. Established structure. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - irritating - Subtitle. h Ch. japonicus Siebold. Indications - diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with ringworm - Subtitle. h Ch. japonicus, Ch. serratus (Thunb.) Roem et Schult. Toxicity. Toxic (irritates the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth): Ch. japonicus. Environmental Read more [...]
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Rhode CAPSELLA Medikus — shepherds purse.

Annuals 5-60 cm high. Propagation: All. Information available for C. bursa-pastoris (L.) Medikus. Contains coumarin to 0.1% in the oversight. hours, flavonoids, thioglycosides, phytosterols, gliiity, carbohydrates and 7.1% in the oversight. h and azotsoderzhashie Comm., phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Marked tannins to 3.3% of oversight. hours, fixed oil to 38.1% of the seeds. Alkaloids found in 0.7% of Hopes. hours, kardeiolidy, saponins, vitamins C, K, fi-karo-ting. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - hemostatic, uterotonic - Hopes. h (State registry. 2000), diuretic, Read more [...]
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Rhode STTPA L. — Hobbling.

Herbaceous perennials, 30-50 cm high. Distribution: European part (south and south-east), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain pnanogeiiye Comm. established structure. Found catechins, vitamin C. Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: the lung diseases - S. capillata L.; disease of the reproductive system: the women's diseases - Hopes. h, kidney and urinary tract: pyelonephritis - Hopes. h (complete), infections / infestations: gonorrhea - Hopes. h (complete), diseases of the endocrine system: with goiter - Hopes. h S. pennata L. Stern. Read more [...]
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Rhode ANTENNARIA Gaertn. — Cats paw.

Herbaceous perennials and 30 cm high. Distribution: Arctic, the European part (north), the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Information available for A. dioica (L.) Gaertn. Contains triterpenoids, phytosterols, flavonoids, and phenolic acids established structure. Isolated rubber. Found anthraquinones. Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action - choleretic, haemostatic. Indications - infections / infestations: whooping cough, tuberculosis, skin, dysentery, gonorrhea - Hopes. hours, diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections - the leaves, diseases of the Read more [...]
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Rhode ACONTTUM L. — Akon, or a wrestler.

Herbaceous perennials, 15-200 cm tall. Propagation: All. Contain alkaloids and 27% in the underground. Part A. chasmanthum Stapf (among them diterpeiovye (Wei, Wei, Zhang, 1996; Feng, Liu, 1997; Feng, Liu, Zhao, 1998) and iorditerpenovye alkaloids (Mericli etal., 1996), phytosterols, and higher fatty acid established structure . Allocated fixed oil to 37% from seed A. barbatum Pers., tannins to 4.2% of the Subtitle. including A. confer-tiflorum (DC.) Gayer., waxes (Khomov, Gusakova, Glushenkova, 1996). detected flavonoids , coumarins, organic acids, and 1.4% in the flowers of A. fischeri Rchb., Read more [...]
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Refrigeration systems

It has long been firmly established opinion that the heat of the equatorial regions of the planet, the more direct sunlight, it is not portable to the Europeans. British colonized in the past century vast territory lying between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, are firmly convinced that without a protective cork helmet be the day in the open air or in any case impossible. Meanwhile, a huge number of animals to adapt to the conditions in the tropics and, apparently, feels good in these parts. It may seem that the heat is easier to fight than to cold: to minimize heat in the "furnaces" Read more [...]
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Ray Mears: The Art of Survival — Rogers Rangers

Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people. The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
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Ragwort spring

Annual or biennial plant height of 15-50 cm, usually arachnoid-pubescent. Stems erect, simple or branched at the top, tonkorebristye. The leaves are alternate, oblong, lower petiolate, upper - sessile, broad leaf lobes, toothed. Baskets collected in total corymbose inflorescence, with edge reed pistillate and median tube bisexual flowers, ligulate flowers are 1.5-2 times as long as the wrapper, yellow. Outer bracts almost half are black. Fruits - cylindrical hairy achene with pappus. It flowers in May and June, achenes ripen in June and July. European-West Asian look. In Russia, found mainly Read more [...]
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Puzyrnikov Sudeten

A perennial plant with a thin creeping rhizome. Single leaves 15-35 cm long, almost triangular in outline, with long petioles scaly. Leaf blade thrice pinnately. Lanceolate segments of first order, the lower pair longer than the other, second order - oval or ovoid. Shares of segments trapezoidal or oblong-ovate, obovate bidentate cuts; finite fraction with 3-4 teeth. Sporonosit in June and July. The mountains of Europe. In Russia we know in a few places in the European part, the Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East. In Central Russia found in the Nizhny Novgorod and Bryansk regions where it Read more [...]
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Group equipment: compass

An important type of tourist equipment is the compass. It is believed that 2-3 compasses to the group is sufficient. Indeed, so many compasses can do in a campaign. Still need to strive to ensure that every traveler had his compass. If a person wants to learn how to navigate the terrain - and without this skill can not be a real tourist, - that he should use every opportunity to practice. Young tourists somehow believe that this opportunity has only one who currently leads the group. Wrong. Such an opportunity is provided for all members of the group. It is only necessary to release or Read more [...]
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Prediction of frost

Freezing need a clear and calm night, when the effective radiation from the surface is large, and the turbulence is low and the air cooling of the soil, is not transferred to the higher layers, and subjected to prolonged cooling. So clear and calm weather is usually observed in the inner parts of areas of high atmospheric pressure - anticyclones. Frost usually occurs in the lowlands. If the wind is amplified by the night - the threat of frost is minimal, and it is smaller, the stronger the wind. If in the evening or at night there was fog and not quickly cleared, morning frost will not. Read more [...]
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