In the Ural forest, steppes, meadows and mountain slopes grow a variety of plants. Some of them are valuable medicinal raw materials and have long been used in medicine. Usually during the campaigns in the Urals tourists collect herbarium. Below we give a summary of the most important kinds of medicinal plants of the Urals. On the rules of collection and delivery of medicinal herbs can be found at any drugstore or read in the literature.
Henbane. Annual or biennial poisonous plant. The height is 60 inches. The stem is covered with soft hairs. The leaves are sticky, foul smelling. Flowers Read more [...]
The largest ground squirrel. The fur of the back with a predominance of sandy-yellow tones, shaded blackish-brownish ends of guard hairs, without any trace of ticking-chatosti. Top of the head is colored like the back. Colouring sides grayish-yellow, abdomen - light, ocher-yellow. Throat lighter colored belly. Coloring the upper side of the tail of sand-yellow, the bottom light rusty. Pre-end rim of the tail is black. Limbs pale ocher. By the end of molting fur thins, volosyanoypokrov
The main factors determining the spread of yellow squirrel, are the nature of the relief, soil and vegetation Read more [...]
Magazine "Fly" - Russia's only agency from fishing to artificial flies. Fly fishing - One of the oldest methods of fishing. This beautiful, versatile and sporty fishing is rapidly gaining popularity among a wide range of fishing in the country and provides everything you need to catch a variety of species of fish in different ponds. Pike, perch, pike, whitefish, trout, grayling, trout, salmon - and it's only a small fraction of the fish that you can catch fly fishing.
The journal publishes articles in the world's most renowned experts on fishing the artificial fly, current Read more [...]
Author: V. SemenovMoscow - Leningrad, State Publishing House, 1929ContentPreface Proletarian Literature tourism - a tool of the Cultural Revolution Clothing Footwear tourist duffle 1. Group equipment 2. AccoutermentsVacation attract more and more working people of the Soviet Union. The October Revolution opened the masses all the roads leading to the knowledge and the new socialist culture. In the struggle for this culture, in the difficult struggle for a new world proletariat to re myself and the whole mass of the working people. They become conscious of the cultural revolution Read more [...]
Textbook of survival in extreme situationsFormat: djvu
Size: 19.1 MB
The book talks about how to survive in a variety of emergency situations: in the desert, the forest, the jungle, in the far north. You will learn how to find food, build a fire, first aid himself and his friends, as well as other useful information drawn from special forces allowances. For more pictures, explaining the creation of the simplest of weapons, trapping and more. At the heart of survival are simple things: your mental preparation, the clothes you wear, and all take along. To survive, you need to master the art Read more [...]
Pooh, by far, the best insulation to weight ratio - insulation. You have to understand that things are not "warm" you, and vice versa, and it can only be to reduce your heat loss. Heat loss, the smaller the thickness of the layer of air between the inner and outer walls of the sleeping bag. Recall the thermos, double glass windows, etc. So, down the least weight, filling the air and a specified amount - plus it first. That is why the down sleeping bags are so popular around the world. The second big plus - less than similar synthetic heater temperature, the size of a pack-packed Read more [...]
If ants running around the nest quickly, and quietly closed mink matter - to the rain ... In good weather the next few days will not change
1. At sunset and sunrise dawn yellow, gold, pink. The greenish color of her ukazyvaetna maintaining the character of weather for a long time. 2. After bad weather gradual weakening wind cessation of precipitation, reduction of cloudiness, summer night cooling, 3. At sunrise there cumulus clouds. By noon, the amount of their increase. By evening, the clouds spread and after the sun completely disappeared. 4. Summer night over the low places (swamps, Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, annuals least 20-150 cm tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.
Contain flavonoids (including leykoaitotsiaiy), phytosterols, and karotnnoidy higher fatty acid established structure. Found saponins, catechins.
Medicinal. Those pa ne w and s to th human action - knitting - Subtitle. h S. lacustris L., S. mucronatus L., sedative - S. radicans Schkuhr, diuretic - Subtitle. h, seeds, haemostatic - Subtitle. hours, the coating - S. lacustris. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea, gastroenteritis, colitis, dyspepsia, colitis, symptoms and Read more [...]
Annual dark green pubescent plant height from 5 to 30 cm, with filiform roots. Stems prostrate or ascending, slender, simple or branched. Leaves round-ovate, crenate edges serrated or toothed, with short petioles. The flowers are arranged singly in the axils of leaves on long stalks, leaves almost equal, with fruits arcuately bent. Calyx with four ovate or almost spatulate lobes, with fruits divergent. Corolla blue or dark blue, with a diameter of 3-4 mm, with four blades, slightly higher than the cup. Fruit - a box with a kidney-shaped blunt wide notch and two rounded lobes keeled, with Read more [...]
Content veloaptechki: chain, 3 axis for the front and rear wheels are, 4 pedal axis (the axis of the cones and nut-mi), a set of cups for the front fork, 50-spoke, 3-4 over-lap for the circuit, 2-3 chamber and the lid.
General repair kit contains: a large hammer, pliers, hand tisochki, large screwdriver, a set of wrenches, two nipples, motorcycle pump, balls for bearings 3, 4.5 and 6 mm, rubber cement, rubber for patches thread "Mocha" ( or severe), 2-3 darning needle, awl, thin and strong twine, and in case of breakage of frames or forks, soft wire, rawhide straps, thin, strong Read more [...]
Branched evergreen shrub 40-100 cm tall, with a shallow root system, the representation of a collection of several orders of adventitious roots formed on the trunks submerged in peat moss. Young shoots are scaly-fluffy. The leaves are leathery, oblong-ovate or oblong-lanceolate, with both sides covered with small whitish and rusty scales, dull green on top, bottom, rusty-green, with short petioles. Drooping flowers, gathered in one-sided leafy racemes at the ends of branches. Calyx small, remains quinquepartite. Corolla white, urceolate-campanulate, pyatizubchatym. Fruit - a flattened-spherical Read more [...]
Morning on TV reported that day that the Orthodox Church is being linked with St. Nicholas. He is called Nicola-saint, and he supposedly protects all mariners and fishermen in particular. In those days we were on the big hunt in Astrakhan and the coincidence inspired us healthy. Especially as the previous days, to say the least, were not very successful: in the vast majority of the water from the Volga ilmens not come and fish, respectively, too. Day May 22, 2006 was sunny, and it was another reason to go to the farthest one, hard Ilmen. This is where, according to our friends Liskinskom, Read more [...]
Under normal conditions, almost all shellfish that inhabit the seas and oceans, are edible, but in some cases, some of them are dangerous to humans. This strange transformation - the result of a bacterial infection or shellfish due to the fact that, pi-hiding toxic dinoflagellates, they become toxic properties.
These mollusks are cockles (Cardium edule), donaks (Donax serra), spizula (Spisula solidissima), blue shell (Schizothaerus nuttalli), Mia (Mya arenaria), the California mussel (Mytilus californianus), edible mussels (Mytilys edulis), volsella (Volsella modiolus), etc.Shellfish poisoning Read more [...]
Without pre-planned route hiking trails do not exist.
"Let us go into the wide world" - this principle can be good for a walk in the woods or a park where people just want to be among nature, get some fresh air or find mushrooms, berries, and nuts. But this principle is not good for the tourism campaign because the campaign have other tasks - the achievement of sporting and educational purposes, and for which people go to campaign. But these tasks require that the movement occurred at certain points of the area of the campaign - and the knowledge of local history objects sport overcome. Read more [...]
Below we consider some types of berry plants, listing them in order of maturity. Rare, exotic species in Siberia in the list are not included.
Strawberries. One of the most widespread and well-known species. Wild strawberry grows mainly in pine forests on fresh soils with moderately developed herbaceous cover. It also occurs in forest glades and clearings, forest edges, clearings and garyam. This plant does not produce sites with solid cover, growing in small groups or individual instances. Therefore collect a strawberry difficult, besides its maturation strongly stretched. The maximum Read more [...]
Appraisal beaver land - water and coastal zone - was held in 1975 (890 units.) In 1976. (321 u). The results are reflected in the summary view the article numbered 3.21.
The table shows that the second site class received the vast majority (83%) of all bonitirovainyh sites, and if you select a particular type of "streams", ie, to exclude section 103, the ratio of yield classes becomes 4:87:9. On a scale V. Dyakova second site class has the largest range of scores - 8 (15 to 22), while the range of the third site class - 6 points (9 to 14), and the first - only 3 (23 25) points.However, Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, hat, protective helmet (helmet), high boots.
Personal equipment - ASC, two carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the insurance.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 30 m), the auxiliary rope (1x30 m), rock hooks - 6, carbines - 6, rock hammer - 3 pack for two, first aid kit.
Techniques of movement on the rocks. Practiced techniques of climbing up and down the organization of insurance above and below. Carried out on the cliff tops with different terrain, up to 15 m Before working out specific methods of climbing instructor provides participants offices Read more [...]
In the shadow of fun, full of bird calls of the May meeting of the forest with blooming lily of the valley is always perceived as a precious gift. It seems that one has only to listen and catch as quietly as if on velvet scatters pearls, white bells are ringing it when the wind gently swing stalk. Each bell like a lantern hanging from the stalk, and the smooth shiny leaves - on light boats. Around lilies pour delicious flavor. In Germany, this wonderful plant is dedicated to the goddess of the rising sun and radiant dawn - Ostara.
In medieval times, the healing properties of plants is determined Read more [...]
Mountains live a kind life. Seemingly dead and real estate from afar, they are in constant motion. Silent silence followed by the roar of thunder storms and landslides. A warm sunny day changes harsh freezing night.
When a person falls in the mountains, he has to join the fight against the elements - a force many times greater than the physical power of man. And in this struggle man emerges victorious only when he is stronger than the mountains. Climber armed with technology, experience, knowledge, and the power of his mind with these powerful tools to deal emerges victorious.
At every Read more [...]
In Chapter 3, we have analyzed the causes of forced autonomous existence in nature. These reasons are due to natural disasters, accidents and emergency situations in the environment.
As in any other emergency situation, in a situation of forced autonomous existence of a favorable outcome depends primarily on the correct action from the first moment of its occurrence.
The main condition that determines the success of survival or death - spirit person (group) of a successful solution to this situation, his desire to return home, moral obligations to loved ones, the community, the knowledge Read more [...]