Trees up to 30 m high. Distribution: The Far East.
Contain alkaloids and 2% in the cortex Ph. amurense Rupr, steroids (including phytosterols) moioterpeioidy, limoioidy, flavonoids, lactones, carbohydrates and acid feioliye ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked tannins up to 18% of the cortex Ph. amurense, essential oil, slime. Found coumarin, sapoiiiy, vitamins C and R.
In the experiment, the tincture Ph. amurense enhances breathing alkaloid preg-Berean normalizes blood for anemia, has a curative effect in sepsis model hyperthermia reduces body temperature, the leaves Ph. amurense, Ph. sachalinense Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 40 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins in H) and nitrogen Comm., Phenolic clay kozidy and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil. Found seskviterpenondy, alkaloids.
Medicinal. Indications - tumors: tumors - Subtitle. Part A. insectifera L Read more [...]
M. trifoliata L. - Herbaceous perennial, 15-35 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contains alkaloids to 0.3% in the leaves, iridoidy.triterpenoidy (including triterpenoid saponins), flavonoids, coumarins, steroids and carbohydrates established structure. Marked tannins to 5.4% of the leaves, a fatty oil. Discovered vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - antiseptic, cholagogue, stimulating appetite - leaves (State registry. 2000), laxative, anthelmintic - leaves, sedative, diuretic, antipyretic.
Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the hypo-secretion of the stomach - Hopes. hours, leaves, Read more [...]
Herbaceous mnogoletinkn 20-200 cm tall. Distribution: European part (east), Siberia, the Far East.
Contain seskviterpeioidy (including seskviterpeiovye lactones) moioterpeioidy and benzofuran derivatives ustaiovleiioy structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil and rubber. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - wound healing - oversight. Part L. glauca (L.) O. Hoffm., L. sibirica (L.) Cass., tonic, anti-inflammatory - the leaves of L. glauca, antipyretic - inflorescence L. fischeri (Ledeb.) Turcz. Indications - infections / infestations: infectious diseases Read more [...]
Unfortunately, history is replete with examples of accidents where the inability to signal distress cost people lives.
Meanwhile, there is an arsenal of tools to attract the attention of rescue teams, and happened to be in the affected area of aircraft, helicopters, ships. We will not describe complex distress, requiring the use of special radio and lighting equipment. Tell you about the simplest.
Pyrotechnics. Few emergency kit, the kit which would include not one or more of the rocket parachute flares. In order to bring the rocket in place, it is necessary to clamp it in your left hand, pull Read more [...]
G. squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal - odioletiik to 70 cm high. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus and the Far East.
Diterpeioidy contains up to 9.3% in oversight. hours, monoterpeioidy, flavonoids and feioliye acid established structure. Highlighted the essential oil.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant - Hopes. hours, disinfecting, detoxification, sedative. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: pneumonia - Hopes. hours, cough - Subtitle. h, infections / infestations: syphilis, smallpox, measles, tuberculosis, lung tumors: gastric cancer, tumors, diseases of Read more [...]
F. galbanifera (Mill.) WDJ Koch - herbaceous perennial up to 120 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus.
Contains coumarin to 1.1% in similarity. hours (including piraiokumariiy), flavonoids, monoterpenondy and higher fatty acid established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 5.5% of the fruits, fatty oil 36.3% of the fruit. Seskviterpeioidy found.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - obstetrical - Subtitle. hours Statement - diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: in-dizu
theory - fruits, diseases of the reproductive system: the women's diseases - Subtitle. Read more [...]
Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials rarely 5-50 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain alkaloids, isothiocyanates and other nitrogen Comm. established structure. Discovered flavonoids, saponins, vitamin C.
Drug (D. nemorosa L.). Those pa n and Th with EBT to th action - hemostatic, diuretic - the seeds. Indications - tumors: in leukemia, diseases of the immune system: the lymphatic system disorders, trauma: with traumatic brain injuries, fractures, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin diseases, infections / infestations: whooping cough - seeds, purulent resorptive fever , Read more [...]
Single, biennials and 30 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus. C. didymus (L.) Sm. flavonoids and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 41% NZ seeds.
Drug (C didymus). Indications – tumors: malignant neoplasms, hypovitaminosis: in scurvy (De Ruiz et al., 1994), infections / infestations: the gangrene (De Ruiz et al., 1994), symptoms and syndromes: in fevers (De Ruiz et al. , 1994).
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, head-high-boots, protective helmet (helmet).
Personal equipment - ASC, 2 - 3 carbine repshnur (5 m), backpack, ice-ax.
Equipment group - rope core (4 x 30 m), the rope supporting (1 x 30 m), 5 - 6 rock pitons, 5 rifles, 3 - 4 rock hammer kit.
Introductory talk: "The principle of the safety chain, its components, conduct a safety rope, work lead and fear."
Explain the difference between simultaneous and alternating traffic tangles in two and three. Principles of insurance and self-insurance when driving bunch. The interaction between Read more [...]
Spearfishing - very unusual hobby person. And, above all by the fact that the action takes place in an environment alien to man, that is in the water. There's a fast-paced and pressure, and the ability of water to take away human heat 25 times faster than in air, and a drop in visual acuity of 100-200. All that we have learned in some way quite successfully overcome. But here are some of us and these problems seem not enough: they walk into the realm of Neptune at night, in the pitch dark. And then there is everyone. No, I will not talk about the accident, which, alas, is not so rare Read more [...]
Annuals, shrubs, or rarely shrubs 5-160 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids to 0.5% in oversight. Part A. tatarica L, and other nitrogen betatsiaiiny Comm., carbohydrates and phospholipids to 0.4% in the seeds of A. patula L, phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, saponins.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect - laxative - A. Seeds calotheca (Rafti) Fr., A. hortensis L., A. littoralis L., A. patula, A. prostrata Boucher ex DC, A. sagittata Borkh. (Syn. A. nitens Schkuhr), A. tatarica, diuretic - A. hortensis, A. littoralis, Read more [...]
Muddy, stagnant and polluted water
If scouts saw all the water sources and still without water, it is necessary to drink water from ponds with muddy and stagnant water, even if it is the smell.
For the filter housing using waterproof barrels, tanks, boxes. As the filter material used river sand size 0.5-3 mm, charcoal same size, fabric, wood chips, cotton (cotton). With appropriate materials for the device filter is required from 1 to 5 hours. For clarification of muddy, but colorless water use sand and fabric filters, and to lighten the muddy and colored water - sand-and tissue-carbon coal. Read more [...]
Trees up to 70 m high. Propagation: All.
Contain mono-, sesqui-, di-, and triterpenoids, lignans, flavonoids (including catechins), karotiioidy, phytosterols, and y-pyrone derivatives, phenols and Their Esters fenoloaldesh-dy, fenoloketony, phenolic acids and Their Esters higher fatty acids, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, other aliphatic aromatic N conn. established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 9% from the bark of A. sibirica Ledeb, zhnvntsa, tannins to 7.7% from the bark of A. nordmanniana (Steven) Spach, fatty oil, waxes. Found vitamins C and E.
Medicinal. Therapeutic Read more [...]
Common names: Malva rotundifolia, up, prosvirki, rib grass, slime-grass, mallow low.
Description. Annual herb 15-40 cm tall Stem prostrate or ascending. The leaves are small, rounded-cordate, slightly lobed. The flowers are small, white and pink. Fruits reticulate-rugose, dry, prefabricated. Blooms in June-September.
Occurs in housing and roads, in weedy areas, wastelands, vacant lots, in fields. Often in 2-4, rarely 1, 5 phytogeographical districts of Perm region.
Chemical composition. In the leaves of mallow found vitamin C, tannins, carotene. Fruits - vitamin C mucus.
Read more [...]
Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people.
The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
(From the French. Amortir relax, soften), a safety tool in the form of a particularly strong stranded rope or tape to alleviate a safety rope tug on stripping and falling off a cliff into the crack of the glacier, on a steep icy slope. With the steep drop impact force rigidly attached a safety rope is 1500 - 2000 kg, with breakdown on the icy slope (with a slope of -600) - 600 - 700 kg (using ropes homelands. Pro-wah). Such loads without AA not stand any body, any components of the safety chain - rope, carabiners, hooks, bookmarks. A., fastened between the insured and strapping a safety rope Read more [...]
Single biennial with procumbent and ascending, weak shoots up to 35 cm, branched, glabrous or appressed bristly-haired. The leaves are soft, shadow, drying easily turning black, oblong-lanceolate, 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, the lower - spathulate, narrowed into petiole, opposite, upper - alternate. Flowers solitary, located in the axils of leaves and stalk branches on long thin stalks at flowering even more elongated and arcuate bend. Calyx slightly pubescent with appressed hairs, split into five lanceolate or pro
dolgovato teeth, increasing in fruit and becoming stellate-stretched, up to Read more [...]
Shrub up to 1.5 m in height with thin branches. Stem bark is smooth, matte, light gray, round lenticels. Thin light-brown young branches covered with hooked hairs. Leaves elliptic or obovate, leathery, with cuneate or rounded at the tip pointed, dark green above, below slightly bluish. Inflorescence fragrant, paniculate, pyramidal, 15: dyainy cm and 8 cm wide, blooming in June - July. Flowers, yellow-green, - scented. In August ripe fruit - berry-shaped black drupes.
Distributed in South Sakhalin and Japan. Grows mainly in mountain forests. Can be used as an ornamental Read more [...]
Most nations of the USSR primitive communal farming changed in VIII-IX centuries. feudal relations, avoiding the slave mode of production.
Hunting for fur animals under feudalism, as well as in primitive society, was of great importance, especially for the common people, bringing him meat and fur, which went on sale or rent in the form of tribute and taxes.
The leaders of the military team practiced hunting for his men to prepare them for battle; lords hunted not only for fun, but also for meat and fur skins for their own consumption and for sale on the side. Fond of hunting, and many Read more [...]