Ribbed light gray trunk is thick, dark-green crown. Dense pointed ovate leaves on short stalks appear depressed on top of the corrugated ribs. It flowers in May - June, along with foliage. Male and female flowers are collected separately in drooping catkins. The fruits appear in mid-summer, but finally ripen until late autumn, it odiognezdnye, one-seeded, slightly flattened ribbed nuts, sitting at the base of the enlarged three-lobed leaf cupule. Seedheads in autumn fall and often remain on the tree all winter.
Extended to the west of the European part of Russia, the Baltic States, Belarus, Read more [...]
Wounded bear attacks man in four situations: immediately after the shot, finding a bear in a thicket zalegshego, at the approach to the seriously wounded beast, similar to the dead, while in pursuit of a bear, which still has the power away from the people. Least likely to befall sad stories in the first case, more often - to follow. Doomed animals have nothing to lose - attacks almost every one of them.
After the shot the wounded bear most of the runs, but some of the animals (about 4%) in this situation strikes a hunter. Known fact, even when the bear ran into the river to get the man Read more [...]
Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people.
The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
From very ancient times, people used to make a variety of dishes of wild plants. In looking unsightly leaves, shoots, flowers and roots of wild plants are almost all essential substances and chemicals. They are primarily carbohydrates, mineral salts, organic acids, vitamins and other biologically active substances that can replenish spent energy, restore and regulate the body the blood supply, stimulate the brain, heart, digestive and excretory functions. Every plant, be it a tree or a blade of grass has its, its specific impact on people, sharing with them the vital juices.
Before you can use Read more [...]
Only then everything went from bad to worse. Victor hunting ground - a pair of bleached koy-kak turluchnyh walled cottages of hundred kilometers from Nukus on the edge of the world, but there is no edge and no, it absolutely endless. On one side of the steppe-desert, rarely covered with camel thorn and dzhingilom and studded with lakes, swamps, on the other reeds stretching for tens of kilometers, and perhaps into the hundreds. President of the "maize" flew.
When we are at this very Toguz tere got it turned out that there was already a whole sharaga people - seven men and one woman. Read more [...]
Shrubs, bushes up to 2 m high. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western n Eastern Siberia and the Far East.
Contain flavonoids to 5.4% in oversight. CS frutex (L.) K. Koch (including isoflavones in H), coumarins (including furokumariny), steroids (including phytosterols), carbohydrates, and higher fatty acid established structure. Marked tannins to 7.8% from the leaves of C. jubata (Pall.) Poir, fatty oil to 15.8% NZ seed C. arborescens Lam., Essential oil. Detected alkaloids, saponins, phenolic acids, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - protivovospalitelnoe1 Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this episode, Bear demonstrates survival skills in the Read more [...]
As you know, there is no life without water. The human body must be constantly replenished with water, especially in the campaign, when a tourist on the move, which results in excessive sweating. At home, the replenishment of the body often occurs due to water vegetables, juices and other sources, which is practically devoid of tourist campaign. The ability to find drinking water in the field is very important for the traveler. Best water - spring, but in a way more common rivers, lakes, ponds and reservoirs. Dig a hole next to the water and wait a few minutes until it is full of cleaner, Read more [...]
Of direct branches of shrubs and plants growing near the pond, you can make a simple vertex. In the beginning of the harvested branches going frame consisting of 5 - 10 laps and 3 - 4 straight zherdin. Circles to zherdinam tied with wire, twine, strips of fabric, bast.
The resulting framework is interwoven thinner branches in such a way that the distance between them, depending on the size of fish, no more than 1-3 cm Login Bring performed in the form of a funnel with a narrow opening-neck. It turns peculiar trap of the same shape ink-neprolivashki. Inside the vertex of small leashes hooked Read more [...]
Hunting without a gun, and onions - with a device known samolovami. We need to know the device samolovov - to use their own, and not to suffer samolovov set by other hunters.
Danger to stumble upon someone else's agile adaptation, especially great if you are moving on animal trail. A well-defined animal tracks generally lie near water holes. A threat can be from any side, including from above and behind. Triggering can occur samolova tripping stretched cord, twigs or sticks. The cord is usually located very low and masked by fallen leaves and manufacturing pr.Dlya samolovov from materials Read more [...]
Knives are divided, by and large, into two categories - knives that can be carried (in a pocket, on a belt, in a bag, in the "glove box" scooter) and cold steel, for wearing that "sodyut" in prison. And immediately forget all the nonsense that you rubbed your friends on shpanistye loft - about palm blades and other nonsense. Determines whether the knives seized from a police officer you opener, expertise, and for a variety of parameters, such as the hardness of the metal, the presence of guards (Ephesus), channels Krovostok etc, etc, etc. As to the prison, we do not want considered Read more [...]
Before cooking meat rabbit, squirrels, rabbits, as well as kidney and tongue of large animals should all wash well and soak in cold water for at least an hour. We hare, rabbit, muskrat and other small animals must-cut gland located under the front legs on the sides of the sacrum, which give the meat an unpleasant odor.
Brown bear meat (especially fat) in cooked form has a bitter taste, so it is better to fry or stew. Polar bear meat smells blubber. Liver and lungs of these animals are inedible. In the division of mascara to separate the fat from the meat.'' You can eat the meat of Read more [...]
One of my favorite methods of finding food while honing survival skills - what I call "food on the go." This simple but effective way requires a little extra energy on the part of surviving, in exchange for a generous and nutritious reward.
BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLICATION OF "POWER on the move" :
You are going from point A to point B, perhaps, seek help. Seeking food should be right on your way, and take a minimum of time and effort to collect. You do not deviate from the course for the prosecution if production suddenly slipped from your destination. In this way we eliminate Read more [...]
In recent years, decided on a very topical educational aim - the formation of psychosocial competence of the younger generation, namely, the ability to operate effectively in daily life, meet its requirements and changes, that is, maintain a high level of mental activity and adequately communicate with others in different, including extreme situations.
To solve this problem it is necessary to form and develop in children the vital skills. These should include the ability to:
make decisions and solve problem situations, critical thinking, creative thinking;
put yourself Read more [...]
Summer float rod. Consists of rods, reels, crossing rings, fishing line, floats, sinkers and hooks. All of its components can be made from readily available materials, but it would be good to have a fishing line in the campaign and fishing hooks. Especially because they do not take up much space. A good rod should combine properties such as lightness, elasticity, flexibility, strength. Masters such rods of juniper, mountain ash, birch sprouts. If the rod is warped, then you can make the desired shape. It's enough to steam the whip cut down on fire and hung out to dry in the shade for Read more [...]
For studying the spatial orientation of the astronauts in zero gravity, playing in a two-jet, we carried out the following experiments. The subject was sitting in the back of the cabin, wear your seat belts to a chair. Pilot flying in the area of weightlessness created right or left heel to 60-65 °.
In front of the "hill" and the onset of weightlessness cosmonaut team pilot closed his eyes and radios device described his impressions of the plane's position. With eyes closed, none of the astronauts could not determine the true nature of the aircraft. Komarov, such as talking Read more [...]
In such a variety of environmental conditions may exist a variety of mosquito species. The total number of species is 53. Among these, six members of the genus Anopheles, six - sort of Culiseta, 31 belong to the genus Aedes. eight - to the genus Culex and one - to leave Uranotaenia and Mansonia.
Analysis of the species composition and ecology of mosquito fauna of Kazakhstan allowed include composing it to the four types of eco-faunistic complexes: the forest, steppe, steppe and desert. The basis of allocation of the principles of geographic homogeneity, uniformity of distribution and ecological Read more [...]
Mole - underground dweller, and his body adapted to this way of life. Head animal ends proboscis. Strong front legs are twisted foot. Unobtrusive eye, vision is weak. The coat is low, but dense and silky, blackish or dark brown color with a steel shade.
Mole Ussuri, or Far East, lives in the Ussuri region. Large size of the animal, the hair thick, gray-brown color.
Mole Siberian is found in Siberia (except for the areas of the tundra and steppes) from the Urals to Lake Baikal and the Lena River. Pubescence dense, black or dark gray. Size large.
Mole Europe lives in the forest Read more [...]
How much fish disease can be dangerous to the health of humans and domestic animals? This is a serious topic, a little scary, but treat it with understanding: Booked - is forearmed!
Today, the article focuses on a couple of nasty parasites, such as fluke parasite and cat.
Parasites, or, in other words, kolyuchegolovye - are small worms, the length of which can be up to two inches are a bit flat elongated body, which is part of a broad head, and they are covered with thorns. In color may be red-orange, white or brown, so they are easy to find at cutting ryby.Vstretit them only in the intestine. Read more [...]