Tactics - a set of tools and techniques to achieve the goal. The main objective of the tourism campaign - ascent with minimal effort and with maximum safety. Around the two main defining goals depending on the situation, any other goals and objectives, but the choice of tactics they do not have a decisive impact.
Choice of tactics determined by the physical and technical preparation of tourists. It is impossible to build a tactically correct route without considering the actual physical, technical, moral and volitional training team members. Choice of tactics of the campaign carried out Read more [...]
It is first necessary to dwell on the sex ratio at birth, which we determined from the last stage of embryo development. Scan results 1633 embryos showed that among females predominate (53%). Predominance of females was also observed in the period of life strive to animals, but the sex ratio at older ages vary from year to year, depending on the habitat. In the end, young to hibernation, ie, obtained at the age of three months, the previous sex ratio - females predominate over males. At this time the animals lead an independent life. If a high percentage of deaths of male embryos can explain Read more [...]
In this video, Ron is sent into the jungle to teach and show you all the tricks and secrets of survival in the jungle. Learned to hunt and trap, how to catch and cook alligators. As you meet with the indigenous people of jungle.
Series 7: Jungle Living Skills - Survival skills in the jungleDownload:letitbit.net Read more [...]
In winter, wolves live near human settlements, feeding on carrion thrown or tearing animal burial and landfills.
They often come in the night in the village, kidnapped dogs, cats, get into bad indoor and unprotected farmyard.
Fed the wolf in the morning goes to a nearby forest to maturation and the day is fast asleep.
Finding the morning trail Wolf, who had gone to the forest, hunter determines the suspected seasoning and passes him around, covering an area of 1 - 1.5 km 2.
Having established that wolf lying in a circle, carefully walking around the track, coming to lezhke and finding kplkya. Read more [...]
Homeland white mulberry - China, Japan. Imported to Europe in the VII century. along with silkworms. Bred in Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Crimea, in the south of the European part (up to the line Volgograd - Belgorod - Chernigov).'' There are fruit trees in Moscow and Leningrad.
12-20 m tall tree trunk bark brown and fissured. In young trees, rounded crown with age it becomes spreading. Young branches are light green or reddish-brown with light lenticels, bark, branches covered with fine hairs. The leaves are quite large, 1-3-lobed, serrated on the edge, cordate at base, acute Read more [...]
All beings on this planet can be divided into snakes poisonous and venomous. Naturally, the most dangerous of them are poisonous, which not only bite, but let the wound of the victim a number of toxic substances.
All danger of this extreme situation is that the snake bite, not monitored by the emergency medical care, can within minutes cause death.
Snake can bite into the most unexpected moment, and where people can not immediately draw attention to the fact that he was bitten by a snake is. And if the snake bite is not always able to recognize the adult, what about the baby?
Snakes do not usually Read more [...]
Prediction of hail
Note: hail rolled narrow (only a few kilometers), but wide (more than 100 km) strip of only a pile of rain-clouds with strong vertical development, hail usually occurs during thunderstorms.
Over the Clouds
Especially if a large cumulus cloud with a strong vertical development becomes "anvil" or "mushroom" (that is expanding with height), while throwing vane cirrus and / or cirrostratus clouds (a kind of "brush" over the "anvil") - possibly hail. Moreover, the probability of hail is higher, the higher the altitude Read more [...]
Petrol Primus widely used in sports campaigns. Despite its apparent simplicity and ease of use, they require careful and thoughtful treatment. First of all you need to learn how they work.
In a cold Primus petrol rises by hygroscopicity wick from the reservoir into the column. Primus column to fuel heated by burning under it (in a special cup or in a groove on the tank) any combustible material (alcohol, benzene, hexene, tallow, etc.), the flame and burner covers. Gasoline in the wick evaporates, couples are heated in a column. Breaking out of the nozzle, it is mixed with air Read more [...]
A perennial herb with faceted stem height of 20-100 cm, covered with stiff hairs erect, usually branched at the top. The leaves are lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 1 cm wide, fairly gentle, soft, shaggy bristles erect, sitting on a small white bumps on the edge wavy, angular-toothed. Basal leaves up to 18 cm, narrowed into petiole dry up after flowering, stem - up gradually decreasing, upper - sessile, slightly amplexicaul. Flowers with soft bracts ovate-lanceolate, almost sessile, in dense capitate, later rectified loose curls up to 10 cm long calyx bristly, almost half cut into five lanceolate Read more [...]
A perennial herb with long, thin rhizomes and stalks of 8 to 50 cm Stems weak, ascending, rooting at the bottom. The leaves are opposite, linear or linear-lanceolate, up to 5 cm and a width of 5 mm, sharp, finely spaced, with teeth toward the base sheet and the glands under the teeth, sessile. Flowers in rare flowered brush, located in the axils of leaves (only one of the two opposite). Pedicels filiform, several times higher than a cup. Bracts lanceolate. Calyx with four lobes lanceolate, 2-3 times shorter than the corolla and boxes. Corolla pale blue or off-white, with pink or dark blue Read more [...]
The least favorite boys work is daily brushing. They recognize that it is necessary to brush your teeth, but at every opportunity seek to avoid this unpleasant lesson. Well in the woods - no need to brush your teeth: there is nothing to clean! Well, sorry for the forest people also need clean teeth and rinse their tonic, and for this there are opportunities.
The most simple - clean teeth powdered charcoal to torogo many in the fire. Coal - Good disinfectant and kills bacteria. Through charcoal filter nutrients, bleached sugar. Coal holds poison gas masks. Slices sprinkled with crushed coal Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series, Bear Grylls tries to survive in inhospitable Read more [...]
Shrub 30-120 cm leaves are thin, obratnolantset in kind, tapering to short petioles, are located at the ends of the shoots. The flowers are small, pink or cherry, rarely white, sit close to the stem, fragrant, appear in April before leafing. Fruit - drupe, juicy, bright red or orange-red, densely sit at the ends of the shoots below the crowded leaves, ripen in late July. Wolf's bark is common in the forests of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, growing on forest edges and in damp places, large shrubs not formed.
The whole plant, especially the fruit and bark, Read more [...]
Small creeping thyme or half-shrub creeping thyme at first glance grass, and so his name is - Bogorodskaya grass (Thymus serpillum). But after looking on this small (15 cm) plant height, you will find that barrel and branches, except the young leafy and flowering tips of his woody, became hard and dark brown or even black. In appearance all thymes are very similar, but differ in the shape of the stem, hairs, inflorescence structure. If you're wondering how much thyme exists to this question is no answer. There are several hundred species growing throughout most of Eurasia (except the tropics) Read more [...]
You never thought that a person with any passion, rich in soul? The desire to know more about passion pushes a person to purchase all new theoretical and practical knowledge. By a certain age, having a purpose in life - love of nature and its preservation, I have accumulated experience that gives you access to a new, higher "level" in the hobby. I decided to search for ginseng. Again and re-read a book on healing the root. Malyshev, Grushevitskaya, Elizarov, but I have not enough information and I refer to the old kornevschevikam. It is very difficult to get information Read more [...]
Frequently asked questions: "What to teach in mountaineering?", "How to teach mountaineering," and "Who will teach mountaineering?" With all of the content of the answers are incorporated in the "Program." If the "Program" in the form of wood, and its trunk to take home for the purpose of (direction), the strong twigs and branches will be the first level of subordination of the dominant goal. But wading through the branches, twigs, you can easily get lost in a spreading crown and did not see the barrel. This construction has to do with how the Read more [...]
Having mastered the method of extracting oil from the seeds, you can get oil even from the tree branches.
Four-year linden or birch twigs (age branches known by the number of layers that are visible in cross sections of branches) crush on a grater.
Crushed pulp is poured sulfuric ether or gasoline, and insist closed for two days. After a lot of squeeze, ether or gasoline poured into the flask or cup and at Greve in hot water, driving them away from oil. To make sure that we got a really oil, soak a piece of paper or their fleece, cloth, and light the wick, oil burning.
The oil is obtained Read more [...]
Scope of this extremely rare mountain animal confined southern part of the Far East. And there goral found only in some places. North of the Sikhote-Alin gorals not anymore. Outside Russia, the goral inhabits Mining-rocky areas of Korea, Japan, and most significant, though fragmented pockets, spread in China (from Khingan to Tibet and the Himalayas).
In appearance and habits of the Siberian mountain resembles European chamois, found only in the mountains of Europe (Alps, Balkans, Carpathians, Caucasus). Often called the Amur goral chamois. But it is different from chamois thicker and elongated Read more [...]
Even before the dark to look for place to stay, noting the route sections that are suitable for construction, if necessary, on the trail you can go back to them.
If it was possible to detect the depth of snow puffing 1.5-2 meters, it is likely that there will be appropriate to dig, and not to build. In this case, using a knife, saws, blades, bowls and other available tools, you can build the simplest shelter - a snow trench or cave.
Snowy trench is dug in deep, sheltered from the wind the snow. Trench width determined by the size of the material, which will serve as a roof. If the material is Read more [...]
If a bear on the way forward by luck turns fallen tree or ka-something-something different obstacles (eg, stream), then the person should be thankful, as noted, it can stop the beast, which he hesitated to attack or even stop. Perhaps this is because each individual has a protected personal space, which in the presence of a specific benchmark as it materializes, becomes the border, and the beast, used to comply with "etiquette" in dealing with their own kind, instinctively takes this rule to the person.
With the expected bear attack man useful to jump over a hurdle, if it close. Read more [...]