Teresken ordinary

Shrub or small shrub up to 100 cm with simple stems, densely covered, as well as leaves, stellate hairs. Leaves are ovate-lantsetnyhdo linear-lanceolate, short, narrow at the base, entire, margin slightly zavorochennye, with one central vein. Unisexual flowers clustered at the ends of branches in a short spike dense inflorescence, bearing pistillate flowers at the bottom and at the top - staminate. Male flowers with four-membered perianth divided by the rounded-ovate share, pubescent with stellate hairs, and four stamens. Female flowers without perianth, enclosed in fused bracteoles, upstairs Read more [...]
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Canine. Korsak

Korsak in appearance like a small steppe fox, but differs from it in the color of hair, color of fur on the back corsacs silver-gray or gray-sand. The fur on the lower body - white and yellow-white. At the tip of the tail is not white tassels, which has fox ears are gray, not black as in foxes. Body length corsacs 50 - 60 cm, tail 25-35 cm, height at withers approximately 30 cm Korsak are found in steppe and desert regions of Central Asia, Kazakhstan, the southern regions of Siberia, Orenburg and Chelyabinsk regions, the Lower Volga and the North Caucasus. Outside the Soviet Union and China Read more [...]
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Survival in water

The most useful advice that you can give, goes something like this: the less people in an emergency situation, "bathes" the longer he lives! Any water, no matter - it's the ocean, the sea or a river, is potentially dangerous. If the spassredstve even the most inexperienced person can resist the elements for weeks, as evidenced by numerous facts, without even a very experienced and physically fit people die in a matter of hours, in exceptional cases - days. If he have the strength and ability to keep from drowning, he later inevitably perish from the general hypothermia, even Read more [...]
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Supplementary feeding of birds. Pheasant

In the native range pheasants often have feed and winter. The only exceptions are some snowy winters. But in the more northern areas, where hunting grounds are working on acclimatization of this bird, winter top-dressing needed. For winter feeding pheasants use approximately the same feed, and partridges, but the rate calculations per bird doubled. Pheasants and winter feed needs vitamins, so fertilizing sites periodically need to add sprouted seeds crops. Need pheasants and mineral top-dressing (Lime, crushed shells, chalk). Read more [...]
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Universal spinners with a propeller at the bow

If the fishing is applied from the bottom of a large number of different baits in design, the universal spinners, especially capacity as it hangs in the water (a typical example - the octopus), the competitors do not have, extending the impact of predatory fish close to magnetic. Spinners fishing in the upper layers of water are not considered, since their construction differs little from the streamers of similar import. Especially, If the bow is present baits such detail as the propeller. Read more [...]
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Spruce or European

One of the main tree species in our country. 30-35, sometimes 50 meters high and 1 meter in diameter. Trees of this size usually have an age of 150-200 years. The increase in height does not stop for the entire life of the tree, so spruce up to 250-300 years remains peaked, conical crown. Very Shade-tolerant, but in the thick forest crown is maintained only at the top of the tree. The trees growing in the open, the crown begins almost from the ground. Prickly needles, 4-sided, green, shiny, kept on shoots 6-7, sometimes 12 years. With 15 years in the dark places from 25-30 years in the forest Read more [...]
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Arctic roll feeds

Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) - this is one of the most common fish of the family Gadidae, living in the seas of the Arctic Ocean basin. It occurs everywhere here, even goes into much desalinated water of river mouths. Scientists call these fish euryhaline - able to live in salt water, and in very desalted. So, roll penetrated the Gulf of Ob and Yenisei Bay, and catch the small fish around "ledovitomorskomu" coast. Of coast-dwellers of the Russian North, it has long been known as the polar bib. Her unassuming appearance, however, as the majority of the cod fish. And the size Read more [...]
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Solar and heat stroke

Heat stroke is the result of a long stay in the sun with his head uncovered. Often sunstroke can occur in calm weather, especially with high humidity. Heat stroke occurs due to overheating of the body under the influence of excessive ambient temperature and body temperature regulation disorders. For example, heavy exercise increases heat production by 4-5 times, and if the clothes tight, it prevents heat. In conditions of high humidity and lack of ventilation, this leads to a rapid overheating of the body. Solar and heat stroke are more common in people unaccustomed to the heat, tired long Read more [...]
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Sketch

(French croquis - sketch), the drawing of the terrain with a detailed mapping of the major elements. Normally is produced by the visual K. shooting. K. basis in advance can be made by topographicalCoy map or aerial image. 8 round. C. to form areas of particular interest (eg, difficult to pass passes obstacles in rivers, crossing the possible places, etc.) as well as to correct and clarify the routes. Conventional scale K. - 1:100 000 - 1:25 000 and larger. K. cause local landmarks, ways to overcome obstacles, the scale, the direction of the magnetic meridian, the shooting date. C. Pass perform Read more [...]
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Siberian Skerda

Perennial herb 50-150 cm tall, with short thickened woody rhizome. Stems solitary, rib-grooved, erect, branched in the upper part, pubescent like the leaves from the bottom, erect, pale or less stiff, almost black wavy hair. The leaves are very large, up to 40 cm long and up to 10-13 cm wide, oblong-elliptical, wrinkled; radical and lower stem - with shirokokrylatymi petioles, middle and upper stem - cordate amplexicaul base. Baskets are a few, large, generally collected corymbose inflorescence. Involucre campanulate, 1.2-2 cm in diameter, bracts outside the midline seated long stiff simple Read more [...]
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Sharpening on Lansky: Rough Stone (Part 3)

Description:Attention to all the "experts"! - This is not a guide to what is official and not the correct way to work with sharpener. THIS IS MY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SHARPENING I checked and choose for themselves. The third video of the series. In this video series I share their experience on the sharpener for sharpening known firm Lansky. I spent many hours in working with her and I am sure that my advice will be useful for those who choose to undertake this sharpener.In this video, I'll introduce you to how Read more [...]
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How to break camp

For the location and arrangement of the bivouac should be treated carefully, with skill. Bivouac areas tentatively scheduled on the map when the route is developed, over the same exact place of bivouac is determined directly in the campaign. It should be a safe, dry and protected from the wind, even, to be close to sources of fuel and drinking water. Preferably stay on a high (but not too high) bank, not by the water, in a forest clearing and forest edges, and not in the forest, in the coniferous, not deciduous forest. You should not stay in the lowlands, canyons, dry river beds of streams Read more [...]
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The spatial illusion

In the study of the functions of perception in people involved in the first airplane flights with playing weightlessness (parabola Kepler), revealed a number of violations, are reduced to a distortion of spatial relations, size and shape of the perceived objects. Here is self-observation the author: "In the second 'hump' I had to" float "in weightlessness ... Weightlessness came suddenly, and I, not having time to recover, he felt that flew up, and then in an uncertain direction. Was complete disorientation in space . I then started to some degree understand the situation. Read more [...]
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Safety equipment

For the safety of movement and overcome the obstacles on the water, mountain, ski and speleological routes important to the quality of equipment. low buoyancy, poor stability, low seaworthiness of vessels selected for the trip, their lack of tools that provide unsinkable, or strong enough, improper width, flexibility, and material moving surface skis, skis without metal edging Mountain ice crust, with a small bend Noskov in deep fresh snow - all of which can cause an accident. Since two thirds of travel time has on a halt, overnight bivouac and work for injury prevention does not fit for purpose Read more [...]
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Rose

Rosa genus includes about 400 species. This deciduous, erect or sometimes prostrate shrubs with thorns on new growth (and therefore often called rose) growing in the bushes along forest edges, in clearings and meadows, along rivers and lakes, on the slopes of the mountains, at least in the undergrowth. The leaves are alternate, compound, pinnate, of 5, 7, 9-toothed leaves. Flowers bisexual, 5-blade, single or collected several in corymbose or racemes, petals painted in pink, red, yellow, or white. Fruit - small nuts enclosed in a fleshy orange, red or black shell, which is often used as a vitamin Read more [...]
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Rings Witch

Mushrooms hiding under leaves, moss, twigs. If you go to the white mushroom, do not hurry on, and looking around, second, third. They grow in a circle. In open clearings, forest edges can see a perfect circle no one pluck grebes. In these circles, no grass grows. Only if the circle great, then in the middle of its island green grass. Mushroom ring around the outside, as it were trampled path. In ancient times, people do not know the reasons for this phenomenon of nature, gave him the most fantastic explanations. All the peoples of mushroom circles evoked curiosity. In France they were Read more [...]
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Rhode TYPHA L. – Cattails.

Herbaceous perennials, 30-300 cm tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain flavonoids (including catechins), steroids (including phytosterols (Takatsugo, 1997), liklitoly and their esters, carbohydrates to 81% in the underground. Including T. latifolia L., ieproteiiovye amino acids, and triterpenoids (Liu, Lu, 1998), phenolic and higher fatty acids and their esters (in H including phosphatides), higher aliphatic alcohols and hydrocarbons established structure. allocated tannins, fatty oil. detected carotenoids, anthocyanins, leucoanthocyans, polysaccharides, lignnn to 18% in the Read more [...]
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Rhode STRATIOTES L. – TELOREZ.

S. abides L. - Water herbaceous perennial to 50 cm long. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Snbnr. Found flavonoids (including anthocyanins in Hi, lenkoantotsnany), vitamin C. Stern. For cattle, pigs, waterfowl, fish, muskrats (leaves). Environmental significance. Battery radioisotopes. Read more [...]

Rhode SCROPHULARIA L. – Figwort.

Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials, shrubs rarely 2-100 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain iridoids to 1.2% in the underground. h S. nodosa L, triterpene saponins to 22.5% to 5.6% flavonoids and alkaloids to 0.2% in oversight. h S. chrysantha Jaub. et Spach, phytosterols, glycityl, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm., phenolic acids and glycosides, higher fatty acids and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Marked tannins to 2% of the Subtitle. h S. nodosa. Found coumarin, vitamin C. Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to th action-laxative-S. Read more [...]
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Rhode RABDOSIA L. – RABDOZIYA.

Herbaceous perennials, 50-150 cm tall. Distribution: The Far East. Contain di-and triterpenoids, phytosterols, flavonoids, lignans, and esters of phenolic-tion and higher fatty acids established structure. Medicinal. In the experiment, a diterpenoid glaukokaliksin leaves R. japonica (Burm. f.) Naga inhibits platelet aggregation, diterpenoid plektrin oversight. including antitumor, underground. hours, leaves, flowers - antifungal, tincture - antiamebnuyu, oversight. h - antitrihomo-NADH, alcoholic extract of R. excisa (Maxim.) Naga has antioxidant properties. Melliferous. R. japonica (also Read more [...]
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