A. minima (L.) Schweigg. et Koerte — Annual 5-30 cm high. Distribution: European part.

Medicinal. Indications — the immune system disease: rheumatism, metabolic diseases: gout, diseases of the digestive system: hemorrhoids, diseases of the nervous system: the sciatica.

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Rhode ORTHANTHELLA Rauschert (syn. ORTHANTHA (Bernth.) A Kerner) — ORTANTELLA.

O. lutea (L.) Rauschert - Annual 6-40 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus. Contains nrndoidy, flavonoids, carotenoids, glntsity and sugar esters established structure. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, steroid saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analgesic. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the intestinal colic. In the experiment, the amount of flavonoids oversight. h increases the amplitude of heart rate and volume rate of coronary blood flow, has a vasodilatory effect, the sum of iridoids exhibits antibacterial activity. Melliferous. Read more [...]
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Cattail (narrow-leaved and broad-leaved)

Common names: reeds, chakan, cane, devil stick. Description. Perennial herbaceous marsh rhizome plant up to 1.5 - 2 m thick stems, cylindrical. Leaves are linear, long, vaginal, located at the base of the stem. Flowers unisexual, clustered on the cob. Pistillate - at the base, they are black-brown, staminate - above them at the top. Fruit - nut. Blooms in June and July. Characterized by the following features Rogoza. In broadleaf cattail leaves broadly linear (up to 1.5 cm wide.), Stamen part cob directly adjacent to the pistil. Typha angustifolia leaves have already (0.5-1 cm wide.), Read more [...]
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Rhode LIPARIS Rich. — Snails.

Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part, Western Siberia, and the Far East. L kumokuri F. T-shirts, contains alkaloids established structure. Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action - fever - Hopes. Part L. japonica (Miq.) Maxim. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections - Hopes. Part L. japonica; kidney and urinary tract: in diseases of the urinary tract - Subtitle. Part L loeseli (L) Rich. Food. Edible: leaves of L. japonica. Read more [...]
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Hunting in the feudal society. Part 2

At the end of the XV and XVI century, at the beginning of the educated Russian centralized state (final abolition of feudal fragmentation ended in XVII c.). The growth in the circulation of commodities and money economy, increase the exchange between regions, formation of the national market demand for furs increased significantly. The sharp increase in demand for fur in both domestic and overseas markets stimulated hunting. Despite the growing flow of furs on the market, the demand is not fully satisfied and prices for furs increased. With the expansion of Muscovy to the north and Read more [...]
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Rhode HALENIA Borkh. — Galen.

N. comiculata (L.) Cornaz - annual plant up to 50 cm high. Distribution: European part (east), Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contains xanthones, flavonoids and iridoids established structure (Rodriguez, Wolfender, Hostettmann, 1996). Highlighted the essential oil, tannins. Alkaloids found 0.3%. Drug (nadz. hours). The therapeutic effect'' choleretic, sedative, stimulating appetite, antipyretic, diuretic. C o Punishment - diseases of the digestive system: the hypo stomach, gastritis, enterocolitis, cholecystitis, jaundice, liver, bile ducts, psychiatric illness: the neuroses, Read more [...]
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Rhode FOENICULUM Mill. — Fennel.

F. vulgare Mill. - Or biennial herbaceous perennial up to 200 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Widely cultivated in the southern areas. Contains coumarin to 1.3% in iadz. hours (including furokumariny), flavonoids and 0.9% in the oversight. hours (including anthocyanins). limp, and moio triterpeioidy, fitosteriiy and phenols and esters H, feiilpropanoidy, aromatic aldehyde, ketone, and fatty acids feioliye ustaiovleiioy structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 5% of iadz. hours, fixed oil to 26.G% of the fruit. Found poliatsetilenovye Comm., Triacylglycerides, vitamin C. Drug (the Read more [...]
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Dishes from small animals and birds

Rabbit on a spit Prepare rabbit carcass and sustain it in the marinade overnight. Then wash, lard slices of bacon and fry, putting on a spit over hot coals is not very occasionally greasing. Collect in a cup, to the extent possible, that ran down a hare when roasting sauce. Place your roast rabbit with the sauce. Hare or rabbit on a skewer (first method) Cut the flesh from the bones and pickle. Small pieces of low-fat string on skewers alternately with onion rings, fatty cuts of meat and whole or sliced vegetables. Then all products pour hot oil and herb sauce and cook over coals for 10-15 Read more [...]
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One-, herbaceous perennials biennials PLD 10-150 cm Distribution: Arctic, the European part (north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain sesquiterpene laktoiy, triterpenoids, phytosterols, karotnnoidy and phenols and their derivatives (Kisiel, Barszcz, 1996), higher fatty acid esters of n established structure. Isolated rubber. Flavonoids are found. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - wound healing, haemostatic - S. rhoeadifolia M. Bieb., Fever - S. tectorum L. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: for stomach - Hopes. Part C. sibirica L., pecheni1, diarrhea Read more [...]
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Annuals, herbaceous perennials, and 40 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Snbnr, Far East (invasive).

Found alkaloids karotnnoidy, triterpene saponins, vitamin C.

Food. Salad: S. tenella (Pall.) DC.

Stern. For sheep and cattle: S. tenella.

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Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials 10-100 cm tall. Propagation: All. Contain thioglycosides, flavonoids and higher fatty acid established structure. Isolated mustard oil, fatty oil to 36% from seed S. impatiens L. Detected alkaloids, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - the seeds of C. impatiens, C. parviflora L., S. pratensis L., S. uliginosa M. Bieb., Tonic - C. impatiens, S. pratensis, cholagogue, anthelmintic, diaphoretic - flowers of S. pratensis . Indications - hypovitaminosis: in scurvy - S. amara L., leaves of C. impatiens, S. parviflora, S. pratensis, Hopes. Read more [...]
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Herbaceous perennials and 75 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Contain alkaloids and flavonoids established structure. Found steroidal saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - diuretic, de toksikatsionnoe - flowers, seeds A. liliago L., A. ramosum L Indications - poisoning: insect bites, diseases of the reproductive system: the AME-Norrie - flowers, seeds of A. liliago, A ramosum; kidney and urinary tract: kidney disease - flowers, seeds of A. liliago, A. ramosum. In the experiment, the ether extract A. ramosum antitumor activity against Ehrlich carcinoma, Read more [...]
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Orientation in the Arctic and Antarctic

It is known that albatrosses escorted ship in clear water before it approached the multiyear pack ice and only leave the ship. Snow petrel usually flies in the pack ice, so its appearance - the first sign of heavy ice conditions. The appearance of the ship near the Arctic eiders, long-tailed ducks, loons, murres, guillemots, razorbills small, three-toed gulls suggests proximity ice-free spaces, where they feed. Meeting with Lyurik and scrapers to clean water mist on the ground proximity warning or the edge of the ice, as these birds do not fly away from land or ice for more than 15-20 Read more [...]
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Regional Studies and Community Service

In the campaign of any category of problems are the greatest opportunity for local history and community service. The scope and content of the work area defined travel, the main tasks of the group and its composition. Local history is in the comprehensive study of a particular territory, region or area, is "the study of the productive forces and natural resources of the country. raising additional local resources that could be used for the development of socialist construction and the acceleration of the cultural development of the country ... "(from Sovnarkom decree of 30 March Read more [...]
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Ray Mears: The Art of Survival — Sahara

Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people. The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
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Zazharku universal quot;Elbrusquot;

On the one hand, this zazharku nothing special. But on the other - before you had to guess, and someone did. "Elbrus" I called her and why. We recently vacationed at the confluence of the Seversky Donets and Oskol. Place - wonderful, from time immemorial used it for a wild vacation. Here during the warm half of the year are huge tent camps. In the summer, of course, sold out. But tourists are mostly experienced, many have long known, though from different cities of Donbass and Slobozhanshchina. And it's funny, when in the morning from one river bank to the other rushes, "Good Read more [...]
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Poisonous Mushrooms

Higher fungi are divided into edible, conditionally edible, relatively toxic and poisonous (including deadly poisonous). It must be emphasized that the fruiting bodies of virtually all edible mushrooms are usually poorly absorbed because of their content of mitsetina - indigestible protein substance. During certain periods, the growth of fungi fruiting bodies can concentrate a metabolic products, which increases the toxicity of the fungus is damaged by insects, fungi, bacteria (especially in the dry hot weather.) Mushroom growing near industrial plants and roads, can accumulate toxic heavy metals, Read more [...]
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Law — the taiga. Chapter 1

I remember that like to eat so that the bread and lard melted in the mouth like chocolate, and with voluptuous gurgle flew into young throats. And his eyes - his eyes devoured the taiga of the river, just kind of dragged passionately. With cliffs above the harbor survey was like in the song, or a movie, or a dream-half-asleep, and could not believe that all real. Distinct gap got between me and reality. I swear I just doubt overpowered - I or I, and what am I, why am I, why am I in particular - here, although in general it was a home boy, if I remember correctly. Dislocation of a get with Read more [...]
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Preliminary organizational and preventive measures

Leaders mountaineering activities in the process of taking a number of preliminary organizational steps to facilitate and accelerate the rescue. They are: 1) forming spasotryada events and that training of its members so that rescuers caught up in the incident, were not able to lead the team from the bottom part of the rescue operation in a small group; 2) the development of tactical schemes of certain types of rescue operations on the main climbing routes in the area. Tactical scheme is a graphical representation of the route (using international symbols UIAA), broken into stages with Read more [...]
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And in the icy cold of bream cautious and quiet

Bream (Abramis brama) - one of the most popular fish among anglers and gourmets. The range is very extensive and it continues to expand with the help of man. Today you can catch bream in all the rivers, lakes and reservoirs of the Black Sea to the White Sea, and to the eastern coast of the Barents Sea. Bream spread eastward to the Irkutsk region, beyond which the rivers there are already so-called Amur bream. Common bream - the most important commercial species, which occupies a solid position among the freshwater catch. Therefore, it is well known to most, even far from the fishing people. Read more [...]
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Site "Survival in the wild nature", glad to see you. If you come to us, it means you want to get complete information about survival in a variety of extreme conditions, in emergency situations. Man, throughout the development, sought to preserve and protect themselves from the various negative factors surrounding it - cold, heat, hunger, dangerous animals and insects.

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The Survival in the wild nature - how correctly to behave, it having appeared in an emergency situation. Ability to find a way out from any situation: to kindle a fire, to put traps, to prepare food, to arrange dwelling and a lodging for the night; to learn to knit knots, to clear water, to be guided by districts, correctly to choose equipment, a knife. Also you can download directories to tourists, encyclopedias survivals, video Bear Grills to Survive at any cost (Man vs. Wild).