Shrub or tree 4-10 m tall, with broadly crown. Young shoots are thin, bare, green, later reddish-brown perennial branches are covered with dark brown bark. Numerous short shoots end spines. Leaves elliptic or ovate, 5-10 cm long and 2-6 cm wide, dark green, glabrous, pale beneath and pubescent on veins, lemon-yellow in autumn. In March - May, along with foliage or earlier appear white solitary (rarely 2) flowers like snow covering the entire plant. Fruits are up to 3 cm long, yellow, pink, cherry red or almost black, with a light wax coating, ripen from June to November.
It grows in the Caucasus, Read more [...]
Status. The small species with relatively stable habitat and stable numbers.
Distribution. Inhabit the forests of southern Europe, on Russian territory in this species does not exist a continuous range. Western section covers the left bank. Dnieper River in the Central Black Earth region, East - South Ural region and the great bend p. Volga Samara Bend (on the left bank, just in the Samara region), South - North Caucasus, Talysh and Lankaran in a small isolated area (Gromov, Erbaeva, 1995). In the Saratov region lives in the northern part of the Right Bank, where there are continuous tracts Read more [...]
At home, in the eastern part of North America, grows in lowland forests on the slopes of the Allegheny Mountains, reaching a height of 3 m. The culture has moved far to the north beyond its natural range. In Russia, many from the XIX century. Southern Crimea and the Black Sea coast. Growing in Odessa, Dnepropetrovsk, Kiev, Lvov, Ashgabat, Tashkent, Fergana.
Ornamental tree with a rounded crown and highly purified stem from branches covered with dark gray bark with longitudinal and transverse cracks. Leaves thin-coriaceous, elliptic, rounded base, in the late summer splash in a bright golden-purple Read more [...]
Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev.
Series 14. Trace the tracks of deer.
In this series, you'll learn about the features of the tracks of the smallest deer - roe deer, and the biggest - elk. Will see that, oddly enough, the Read more [...]
Very large, up to 3 m biennial plant. The stem is thick, glubokoborozdchaty rarely pubescent. Basal and lower leaves are trifoliate, three-lobed leaf lobes. All the leaves glabrous above, redkoschetinistye. Inflorescence - cyme, very large, up to 70 cm in diameter. Rays inflorescences bristly. White flowers, the petals of flowers extreme enlarged. Fruits are flat, obovate, 10-12 mm long, 6-8 mm wide.
In the wild parsnip Sosnowski is found only in the Caucasus. It has been widely introduced into the culture as a silage plant, easily running wild, quickly forms extensive thickets in fields, Read more [...]
The bulk of this species is in the Ethiopian region. In the USSR, it covers southern European and Central Asia. In Kazakhstan, distributed in southern and south-eastern regions. Very rare. Previously, according to the EI-beam rail (1939) And E. R. Heller (1939), Is more common. Pulse area, apparently caused climatic factors or reduce breeding sites in relation to the development of cultural districts.
According to EA Pletnev (1943), is an attraction to mountain areas. ER Heller (1939), by contrast, found it in flood plains of rivers. We showed up at a constant low-reeded shallow pond. Read more [...]
Low-growing perennials creeping long shoot apart and baskets sitting in the axils of stem leaves (where they are laid, but not always develop!). Stems ascending, 10-35 cm tall, 1.5-2 mm thick, from abundant to scarce with simple dark hairs 4-5 mm long, graying of stellate gun with moderate or poor upper glands. Basal leaves in which 7 (2-14), lanceolate, obtuse, up to 11 mm in length, top with single setae 3-5 mm long, the edges sparsely scattered bottom with simple hairs 1.5-2 mm long, stellate hairs available only from the bottom of the plates, stem leaves may be absent or 1-2. The inflorescence Read more [...]
Gs. is carried out by the tablet with a compass and target line. Plate (a piece of cardboard or plywood, size 30x40 cm with an attached sheet of paper, a rum made of the magnetic meridian) at T, p. held horizontally and orient the compass. Lower. edge line of sight is applied to the application point of standing at the top. edge endorse the subject, making sure to sowing. Undocking end of the compass needle was against zero limb, and draws on the bottom. ridge line ahead of the occupied point. Distance to the object is to the eye or measured steps and lay this scale plan. Position remote Read more [...]
1. The definition of the northern latitudes
Measure the longitude of the day of the onset of the top solar disk above the horizon of the ocean at sunrise until it disappears completely beyond the horizon when approaching. Found on the left scale figure resulting longitude of the day and connect it to the relevant date on the right scale with a ruler or a stretched string. At the intersection of the line or string with a horizontal scale of latitude is required latitude.
Example. August 20 measured length of the day 13 hours 54 min. Breadth of the nomogram 45 ° 30'' s. sh. Read more [...]
In this video series family McPherson introduces basic skills of survival in the lap of Nature.
In this video, John teaches us how to work with stone, process and grind it. And also shows how to make different tools made of stone.
Episode 4: Breaking Rock 1 - Manufacture of stone tools and instrumentsDownload:letitbit.net Read more [...]
Annual densely pubescent hairs plant height of 5-20 cm, branched from the base of the stem, causing it seems mnogostebelnym. Lower leaves are lance-spatulate, 1-4 cm long, the upper - oblong or lanceolate, much smaller. The flowers are very small, clustered in terminal curls. Fertile wrist straight, with a thick shaft and very short spreading bushy stalk, sticking up, the lower stem are located in the axils of upper leaves, inflorescence why it seems like foliage. Calyx narrow, up to 2/3 cut into lanceolate-linear, pointed teeth, elongating in fruit and converging at the top, densely pubescent Read more [...]
The distribution pattern of the National Assembly on the ice-snow slopes in Fig. 4b. Of the 90 National Assembly on these slopes of 38 people (42%) died in avalanches, and the overwhelming number of avalanches caused by the teams. Athletic skills in distress in avalanches covers discharges: III - 4 people, II-10, I - 9, masters and candidates for the master-15. This gives reason to believe that in this case we are dealing with a mass that is typical for all the flaws.
Analysis of the behavior of groups, caught in an avalanche, shows that we are talking not about the mistakes in the Read more [...]
The main part of the area lies in the Mediterranean subregion, and comes in the Oriental region (Stackelberg, 1937). In Kazakhstan, is found only in the foothills (Almaty, Shymkent), is much more widespread in the Central Asian republics (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan).
Extremely rare. Larval development occurs in the hollows of trees, thus breeding places are extremely limited. Hence it is a rare occurrence and a mosaic distribution. In the conditions of Turkmenistan are usually found in the hollows of walnut and elm (Petrischeva, 1936). In the basal tree holes, located near the Read more [...]
Withhowling experience not considered to be comprehensive and the right one. Just successfully catching bream four decades in different seasons. The accumulated knowledge helps to catch bream, where other anglers can not catch it. By the way, bream - is the lake-water fish, ie is found in almost any body of water with fresh water. In reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers, canals and quarries ... Its number is significant, and the catches of fishermen everywhere negligible, it can be argued, are random. For example, did not see the mass of fishing in rivers Oskol Oskolets, Kotel, Ublya (Belgorod Read more [...]
Herbaceous mnogoletinkn 5-75 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain alkaloids to 0.1% in the underground. Part T. altaicus SA Mey., other nitrogen Comm., flavonoids and other heterocyclic oxygenated Comm., carotenoids and phenolics and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 32.9% of the seeds of T. europaeus L. Found coumarins, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - tonic - flowers T. asiaticus L., haemostatic - Hopes. Part T. ledebourii Rchb. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the jaundice - flowers T. asiaticus, Hopes. Part T. europaeus, Read more [...]
Status. Rare, sometimes common species.
Distribution. In the Saratov region flycatcher inhabits the steppes east of the Volga and the right bank, is found in semi-deserts. In neighboring Penza region - a rare species, found in the south and southwest of the five administrative regions (Ilyin et al, 2006).
Number. For a species characterized by sharp fluctuations in numbers. In some years, the share of mass breeding flycatchers in catches of up to 16% of all small rodents, with high population makes migrations. Sometimes, in the following years as the abundance of lemmings falling, it disappears Read more [...]
Going to Markovo ancient village that stands in the middle reaches of the Anadyr, I had no other purpose, as to meet with Arseny V. Kretschmar - known ornithologist, Wildlife Photography, a master in manufacturing of automatic cameras to take pictures of animals and birds, and now, as I learned from newspapers, and even electronic identikit that enable scientists to conduct experiments on the unique bird life.Was the height of summer. In Magadan was a thirty-heat, and in the streets, as in the Black Sea resorts, lined up at the barrel of kvas and ice cream stalls. The Institute of Biological Read more [...]
Tree up to 8-10 m in height or shrub. Trunk diameter of up to 25, rarely up to 45 cm trunk and stems are flexible, often, especially on the slopes, you can see the plants with arcuately biased barrel. Side shoots branching off from that trunk, directed vertically upwards. The bark of the trunk and older branches brownish-gray, rough, flaking plates. Young shoots are dark green, hairy at first, later naked, with poorly scheduled faces. The leaves are opposite, ovate or elliptical, with elongated and pointed top, top matt green, paler beneath, on both sides with appressed bristles that easily Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]
Perennial herb 8-30 cm high, with thick brown rhizome and numerous adventitious roots. Basal leaves cordate-ovate, hard-bristle, abruptly narrowed into a long petiole, stem, alternate, oblong, acute, slightly decurrent. Flowers on short stalks collected in few-often paired curls, sometimes collected at the top of the stem in the shield. Calyx campanulate, cut into five short triangular teeth. Corolla up to 20 mm, in early bloom pink, later turning blue, broadly limb it is 10 mm in diameter. Erem black, shiny, 3.5-4 mm long. Blooms in April and May, the fruits ripen in May and June. Development Read more [...]