P. spina-christi Mill. - Shrub to 3 m high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contains alkaloids, flavonoids, 2.5% in the fruit, as well as carbohydrates established structure. Marked tannins. Found steroids, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - Subtitle. hours, leaves, fruits, hypotensive, laxative - fruit. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - bark, leaves, diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension - fruits, diseases of the respiratory system: the diseases of the lungs - the seeds, diseases of the eye: the eye disease - bark, leaves, diseases Read more [...]
N. fumarioides L. (Syn. Leptopyrum fumarioides (L) Rchb.) - Annual plant up to 30 cm high. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contains cyanogenic Comm. established structure. Alkaloids found up to 0.2% in fruit, vitamin C.
Drug (nadz. hours). Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the stomach, intestines, liver and gall bladder diseases of the vascular system in diseases of the heart, blood vessels, infections / infestations: with typhus, symptoms and syndromes: in fever, ascites, diseases of the reproductive system : in women's diseases, Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 15-100 cm tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.
Contain moio-, sesqui-, di-and triterpeioidy, flavonoids to 4% in L europaeus L (among them antopiany), phytosterols to 0.1% in the oversight. Part L. exaltatus L. f, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm., phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.5% and tannin to 10% of oversight. Part L europaeus. Detected up to 0.2% alkaloids, coumarins to 0.1%, and organic acids to 6.7% in iadz. Part L europaeus, cardenolides, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically Read more [...]
Perennial herb 60-150 cm tall, containing latex, with a thick spindle-shaped root. Stem erect, glabrous or slightly pubescent, the bottom of the cylinder at the top - slightly ribbed. The leaves are alternate, paler beneath than above, the edges crenate-toothed, usually with scattered pubescence of appressed soft hairs, more densely pubescent below and along the veins, lower - ovate, ciliate on the edge, with winged petioles, medium - broadly, the upper - lanceolate, sessile, nearly entire. The flowers are large, clustered into a long apical brush. Calyx glabrous, pyriform, with five long-pointed Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 100 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids and 0.7% in the flowers of N. minor Mill, phytosterols, carbohydrates, aromatic mnogoyader-iye Comm. (Including antrahinoiy) and nitrogen Conn., phenolic acids, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and aldehydes established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.4% of the flowers N. minor. Alkaloids found to 0.7% in the flowers of N. minor, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - wound healing - oversight. Part H. fulva (L) L., N. flowers lilio-asphodelus L., N. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, annuals nln 10-15 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids to 2.4% in the leaves of G. parviflora Cav., coumarins, phytosterols, carbohydrates, acyclic polnatsetnlenovye Comm., as well as phenolic acids established structure. Marked tannins to 2.4% from the leaves of G. parviflora, rubber. Triterpene saponins found up to 1.6% in the leaves of G. parviflora.
Drug (G. parviflora). Therapeutic action - wound healing, haemostatic, uterotonic. Indications - oral disease: with gingivitis, stomatitis, lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth, Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 5-60 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids (including anthocyanins) tsiklitoly and phenolic acids established structure. Found alkaloids.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analgesic - Hopes. Part E. juncea (M. Bieb.) Fenzl. Indications - infections / infestations: pulmonary tuberculosis - Subtitle., Oversight. Part E. capillaris (Poir.) Fenzl, Subtitle. Part E. juncea; respiratory system: pneumonia, lung disease - Subtitle., oversight. h (complete) E. capillaris, Subtitle. Part E. juncea.
Stern. For large and small cattle: E. saxatilis Read more [...]
In high-risk life-threatening situations are big changes in mind, one begins to divide his life into two parts - before and after the event. Many people have the feeling that other people can not understand his feelings and emotions. Help a person cope with the crisis situation in the following ways:
♦ Help the victim to express feelings about experienced events (if he refuses to talk, ask him to describe what happened, your feelings in a diary or in the form of the story);
♦ show the victim, even at the most horrible event can draw conclusions that are useful for later life (even if the Read more [...]
S. benedictus L. - Annual 5-50 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contains seskviterpeioidy (including seskviterpeiovye laktoiy) moio Mr. triterpenoids, phytosterols, ligiaiy, flavonoids, acyclic poliatsetileiovye Comm., And phenolic acids, aldehydes and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil. Discovered vitamin C.
Medicinal. Those pa ne Tues ich e with e to action - an expectorant, cross-dative - Hopes. hours, inflorescence, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, tonic, wound healing, stimulating appetite - Hopes. hours, diaphoretic - inflorescence. Read more [...]
Woody shrubs or vines up to 15 m long. Distribution: The Far East.
Contain seskviterpeioidy, flavonoids (including catechins), karotiioidy, hiiony tsiklitoly and established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 46.1% S. orbiculata Thunb., Tannins.
Drug (S. orbiculata). Indications - diseases of the cardiovascular system: the poor circulation - Subtitle. h; injury: with festering wounds - Subtitle. h
The experiment shows antiviral activity against herpes viruses and influenza.
Toxicity. Show antifidantnuyu Activity: seskviterpeioidy S. orbiculata (Wang, Chen, 1995, 1996).
Environmental Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 20-80 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Information available for B. maritimus (L) Palla.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - Subtitle. hours, astringent - Subtitle. hours, stems, lactogenic - Subtitle., oversight. hours Statement - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea, gastritis, gastric hypofunction - Subtitle. hours, stems, diseases of the reproductive system: menorrhagia, amenorrhea - Subtitle. h; tumors: cancer of the uterus, cervix - Subtitle., oversight. hours, malignancy, leukemia (in the camps), infections / infestations: Read more [...]
Butcher or ruskus - a curious plant. This is a shrub with long creeping rhizome, which runs straight melkoborozdchatye tough stems. From the stems or branches of the next order depart shoots shaped leaves. They are called phylloclades. The leaves are also underdeveloped and as small, a few millimeters, triangular-subulate plenochek sit on midrib phylloclades. In the same image of the flower, and later - the fruits butcher.
Height does not exceed 1 m, and the average is 30-50 cm phylloclades broadly or oblong, 12-25 by 10-15 mm, hard, leathery, the tips of their elongated Read more [...]
When in broad daylight from the dark underground labyrinths goes like house, so that's a bug-ballad, and his feet slowly, embarks on a journey around the apartment, not per se is not only a dog. There is something in his appearance strange, evil - the gloomy black, pointed rear body: long legs, slow gait ... All this caution makes avoid suspicious stranger. And it is as if no cracks in the floor, no holes, and after sometime the same ballad crawled and now walks the room, catching up fear in children and even adults.
In one old book of Entomology, I read about the ballads and the like: "... Read more [...]
Roe - The most prolific species of the deer family. Adult females annually bring two kosulenka, vykarmlivaya their milk to almost 6 - 8 months of age, and leave only when preparing to become a mother again. Young animals have not yet reached 1.5 years, involved in the reproduction and the age of 2 years bring first offspring, usually consisting of one kosulenka. Is not so rarely recorded instances where old females bring three or four cubs.
Observations at the zoo found that there are two European roe deer rut: sist essentially - in August and an additional - in December - January. In the Read more [...]
Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people.
The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
The simplest and most effective method of controlling the deer population - is rationing shooting. To establish rational standards of getting an animal in any sector should determine the quality of land.
In assessing the land into account many factors that affect the strength Roe: relief, soil, climate, forest cover, there is a field and areas of shrubs, predator numbers, the location nearest towns and fields, contamination and disease, etc. In the end, determined by site class, which is characterized by the appropriate animal population density and the coefficient of the expected product Read more [...]
Annual up to 100 cm with straight or ascending branched stems. Leaves petiolate, silver-mealy, triangular-ovate or oblong-ovate, sinuate-toothed or lobed, upper lanceolate. Flowers in leafless end spike inflorescence. Pistillate flowers are wrapped in intergrows half diamond-bladed lancet or bracts, upper tooth which sometimes almost three times longer than the side. Blooms from July to October, fruiting in August.
Common in the southern half of Western and Central Europe, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Mongolia and India.
Growing in Russia in European, mainly Read more [...]
It is very important to organize bed hunting in the open, a good rest for the night.
A place to stay should be chosen if possible protected from the wind, dry, close to the water (except the winter time), where you can get enough fuel. It is not recommended to organize bed under an overhanging snow, dirt or rock slope because of the possible-collapse. Should not stop at the bottom of a ravine or valley basin: in case of rain, the place will be flooded overnight further down the gorge is always wind.
Before dark all the work for the organization need to be completed overnight: fuel for the fire Read more [...]
Reflux usually do upstream or across (in other words, catch bait for demolition). While important is not only the place of fishing tackle and equipment ownership, but also how spoon entered the water.
Some experienced spinning argue that burst from spinners often encouraging asp to her grasp, and therefore do not pay special attention to slack line when casting. Still appropriate to recommend it to stop flying bait directly on the surface, so that it is soft and almost silently dropped into the water. This cast is preferable because in an immediate grasp of a predator, and it is one of the characteristics Read more [...]
Perennial herb 60-180 cm tall with creeping rhizome. Stems branched. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate dissected into three segments. Numerous baskets, form a common corymbose inflorescence. Involucre cylindrical, of 2-3 rows of imbricated located lanceolate leaflets. In each basket 7.3 bisexual flowers with a tubular-funnel-shaped purple or dirty pink aureoles. The fruit-oblong achenes with 4-5 ribs, black, crested with white hairs. It flowers from June to September, achenes ripen in July and October. European-West Asian look. In Russia in the European part and the Northern Caucasus. Read more [...]