Anyone who travels to Kamchatka, excites dangerous meeting with clubfoot. What to do in that case? How to protect yourself and your companions?
Before the campaign, we heard plenty of advice and been reading all sorts of diverse information, which in addition to inflation nerves little help. Fortunately, in a sense, we were lucky, and the bears we saw only three times (how many times we have seen bears, I do not know, but I think that much more). And this despite the fact that our route passed through Kuril Lake, the most bearish place in Kamchatka! And there are tourists here earlier, and Read more [...]
In 1986, the author applied geology from Central Integrated territorial expedition requested to make a statement that would "provide safety during the field work" - and humanly speaking - the instruction, observing that you would be guaranteed to be eaten by a bear. Studying brown bears, from a professional point of view - as hunters and as a biologist, I am well aware that the task assigned to me is rather complicated. Therefore, in his lectures on "bear risk," which I had read, I usually start with a not very comforting assurances that most of my written instructions - nonsense, Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series, adventurer Bear Grylls tests his survival Read more [...]
To complete the consideration of issues related to orientation, it is necessary to consider another question. In the preceding discussion, we assumed that the direction of the north, as shown on the map and direction to the north, determined with a compass in the field, is one and the same. In reality this is not true, so you need to make the appropriate update. (The essence of the described methods of orientation does not change, they just add one simple computational operations that tourists need to know.) It is a true translation of the magnetic azimuth and back.
We have defined the azimuth Read more [...]
One of the most common tree species in the northern hemisphere. Occurs at the boundary of the forest and the tundra at the 40th parallel, growing in forest and steppe zones throughout Russia. Found in Kazakhstan, Crimea, and "in the Caucasus. Outside Russia grows in Western Europe, China, Mongolia and North Korea, in the Alps rises to 2,000 m above sea level, in the Eastern Pyrenees - up to 1600 m Mostly grows with conifers ( pine, larch, spruce) and deciduous (birch, alder, oak) trees, but also forms and pure aspen.
Short-lived, but a fast-growing tree with a cylindrical gray-green trunk Read more [...]
The relief of the Arctic islands is quite diverse. North and the New Earth, Wrangel Island are mountainous, hilly character. All others are flat character or are low-lying plateau (200 m above sea level). The islands are widespread ice sheets and glaciers dome.
Special attention should be on the largest island of the Arctic world - Greenland, an area of 2176 km2. The island is located between 59 ° 46'' and 83 ° 39'' s. sh. and is a huge lifeless desert, almost 85% of the ice sheet covered. Along the edges of the ice cap stretching numerous deep cracks, hardly covered Read more [...]
First, if pohodnik already been to this place before, and kindled a fire here (even if wrong), you must use the old fire to ignite a new fire. land around the location selected by the fire, be careful handling.
You first need to clear the space location was chosen by the grass, especially dry and old. all tall-shoots must be removed over a radius of about five feet around the site of a future fire. from the area and the nearby carefully removed, swept away by all kinds of dry, wet and even vegetable waste in the form of leaves (needles), twigs, fallen travy.Dalee need to create a so-called Read more [...]
Neither injury or illness in extreme situations do not cause others such confusion, unnecessary and dangerous actions such as sudden loss of consciousness to the victims. Any stage or form of loss of consciousness is really very terrible symptom of a life-threatening injury or condition. By itself, the loss of consciousness can lead to sudden death in the absence of an emergency. But at the same time, simple, quiet and right action can save lives such victim.
The causes of unconsciousness in victims can be varied, and in descending order of importance, they are:
often loss of consciousness Read more [...]
Mosquitoes, midges, mosquitoes and other blood-sucking flying insects - a scourge for the traveler. They were all called in one word - midges.
In recent decades, chemists and entomologists (scientists who study insects) have joined forces in the invention repellents - odorous compounds that repel biting.
Such formulations are already quite a lot: dimethyl phthalate, repudin, repelin and others.
Opinions are divided about lice: some say that repellents repel them, others that midge with pleasure all these ointments "eating." Obviously, under the collective name of midge involve several Read more [...]
"- These freaks just do not find! - Shouted the helicopter pilot.
-Why? - I asked.
-And they hide the sheets that we do with a broken ice not removed. Hope to do to get out, catch some fish.
-Well, as - true hope? - Come True ... In the past year, three were drowned. "
This dialogue is a correspondent and pilot involved in rescue fishermen in distress on the Baltic Sea, in the space needs no comment. Indeed, anglers are often covered so excited that neglect their own safety. But maybe they're right, and, after sitting at the hole is "slightly", you Read more [...]
Sleeping bag on drumming rain. He was not strong, and half asleep, I thought you can not get up, wait till it Kukule. But the rain did not stop, and soon became a trickle of water to get to the face. I had to climb. I spread stronger fire in the fire, dragged Kukul wood. Chopped branches, lay them on the lower branches of the tree, a good all-new canopy over my bed. Raindrops did not molest, near fire crackled cheerfully, it was warm - in Kukule could wait out the rain at least a week. But not sleepy, was daylight. I thoroughly dried the boots, cooked breakfast. I thought: waking up in Read more [...]
Just beyond the deep lake was a new wide road. Its paved apparently recently through rotten swamps overgrown with raspberries, birch curves and hollow willow. Road went further into the forest. Under the feet of gravel, large, tight and dusty dry summer. From the dust of the road turned white raspberry bushes in the roadway. Grayer in abundance - rain long gone. By noon the sun got so hot so that the drag on the open ground a heavy backpack, I could not stop no more than thirty - forty minutes. The next twenty - thirty minutes, I was sitting on the edge of the road, leaning back on Read more [...]