Tent and sleeping bag for comfortable sleep

Indispensable feature of any expedition are sleeping bags and tents. Since this is a journey of the taiga in the warm season, choosing a sleeping bag, you need to focus on its operating temperature within +15 / -10 ° C. Comfortable sleep at such temperatures can provide sleeping bags with synthetic fillers middle class - Aerofibre, Hollo Fibre, Arctic TM. All they do not absorb moisture, dries quickly when wet in the wind, have a high resistance to compression, are more durable than natural analogues or parka. But more important is the exterior material sleeping bag. It should be "breathable" Read more [...]
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Rhode AGRIMONIA L. – REPEYNICHEK.

Herbaceous perennials, 30-100 cm tall. Distribution; European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain flavonoids to 9.2% in the inflorescences A. asiatica Juz. (Including catechins leykoantotsn-aiidiny to 2.8% in the underground. Part A. asiatica), mono-and triterpenoids, coumarins (including izokumari-ies), phytosterols, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm., Aromatic acids, their glycosides and other aromatic Comm., fatty acids, higher alcohols, aliphatic hydrocarbons, and an established structure. Marked tannins to 25.8% of the Subtitle. Part A. asiatica, essential Read more [...]
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Survival in water

Rafts, boats and inflatable boats are designed for a certain number of people. The danger for those in the boat will be higher if the number exceeds the limit. Safety of the greatest number of people should be paramount. Soot in the first boat of the weak, children and the wounded, and then so many people are in good condition as it is safe to place on this craft. The rest must remain in the water. In the boat must be regularly and frequently change places with floating nearby. Fold the extra clothes in all the appropriate places and tie securely. Check that there are no sharp edges that Read more [...]
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Supplementary feeding of birds. Partridge

In the snowy forest and forest-steppe regions of the country increase the number of partridges is only by regular winter feeding. To the snow did not swing feeding, establish various tents and canopies where birds not only feed, but also save themselves from the elements. Winter top-dressing grouse consists of various grain forage and grain waste, weed seeds and chaff. In addition, partridges give finely vegetables: cabbage, beets, carrots, potatoes, and meat-and-bone and bone meal. Concentrated feed consumption is 50-60 g per day per bird. BA Kuznetsov (1967) presents data on which to Read more [...]
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Storm

Moving from the warm air of the valleys, encountering an obstacle in the form of mountains, rising up on their slopes, creating updrafts. With the rise to the height of the warm air mass is quenched, its relative humidity quickly reaches a value higher than the dew point (ie 100%), and rapidly evolved with the droplets of moisture form cumulonimbus thunderclouds. The interaction of air masses moving in them particles of moisture in the clouds formed electrical charges, which potential relative to another cloud or the ground can be very significant. Its category like no other, promote mountain Read more [...]
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Spruce

Spruce Glen Tree up to 40-50 m in height. The trunk is covered with reddish-brown scaly bark, branches form a dense conical crown. Rusty-red or almost chocolate-colored stems are covered with coarse hairs. Malosmolistye kidneys do not differ in color from the shoots. Scales along the edge of kidney supplied whitish fringe scales tip acute, subulate. Needles 4-sided, highly flattened, green on one side, the lighter bands of stomata on the other. Cones cylindrical, with a blunt tip, brown, size 4.5-6.5 2-2.5 cm Spruce Glen grows in South Sakhalin and the southern Kuril islands, and outside Read more [...]
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Sorrel sour

Perennial with a rod, but very short and highly branched root, so that a clustered root system. The stem is grooved, height 30-60 (100) Leaves of up to 13 cm, the sour taste. The plant is dioecious - male and female flowers are formed by different individuals. The flowers are small, pink, red, or pink, collected in a fairly narrow and dense pyramidal-paniculate, cylindrical or oval inflorescence. Fruits are 1.8-2.5 mm long and 1.2-1.3 mm wide, black-brown, shiny. Blooms in June and July, the seeds ripen in July-September. Mostly Eurasian species occurring in North America. In Russia, common Read more [...]
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General statistics of accidents in the mountains

In Fig. 1 shows the general statistics of accidents in the mountains over the past 50 years. Index NA denotes an accident in which one person died. The graph shows that as improving education and training in mountaineering injuries on massive training routes I-II R / T has reduced. However, the increasing complexity and difficulty of climbing itself increase the number of annual passable routes higher categories has meant that in the period from 1945 to 1960, accidents on the routes to the IV-V / t increased. The above picture shows the formation of mountain climbing as a sport from the Read more [...]
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Skerda roof

Annual or biennial plant height from 5 to 70 cm, with a vertical, highly branched root. Stems solitary, erect, thick or thin, hollow, ribbed-grooved or longitudinally striped, branched, sometimes at the bottom purple. Leaves lanceolate, glabrous or pubescent below at midrib soft matted hairs, stem leaves with curled edges, with arrow-shaped base. Baskets are small, many-flowered, clustered in general corymbose or paniculate-corymbose inflorescence, with thin stalks, which under baskets slightly thickened. Wrap uzkokolokolchataya, 7-10 mm long and 3-6 mm wide, pale-green or green, the leaves Read more [...]
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Siberian roe

Status. Regular, widespread species. Distribution. Common in southern Siberia, the Far East, in the mountains of Central Asia, Mongolia, North and East China. In Saratov region is ubiquitous. In the Penza region 22 individuals were released in 1957, and the deer were brought from the city of Vladivostok, and therefore did not belong to the nominative, and a smaller subspecies - C. p. tianschanicus (Denisov et al, 1980; Ilyin et al, 1998 b). Now, judging by the results of measurements of skulls, roe deer populated the eastern and central parts of the Penza region. Number. The highest number Read more [...]
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Sharpening on Lansky: Meeting with sharpener (Part 1)

Description:Attention to all the "experts"! - This is not a guide to what is official and not the correct way to work with sharpener. THIS IS MY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SHARPENING I checked and choose for themselves. The first video in the series. In this video series I share their experience on the sharpener for sharpening known firm Lansky. I spent many hours in working with her and I am sure that my advice will be useful for those who choose to undertake this sharpener.In this video, I'll introduce you to all Read more [...]
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Hound

The most widespread species of hounds bred in this country, are Russian hounds and beagles Russian piebald (Fig. 116 and 117). The main objects of hunting with hounds - hare and fox. Use them as hunting for wolves, badgers, raccoon dogs and ungulates. Along with the use of these basic objects of some hunters train their hounds feeding ducks, and sometimes the dogs are not inferior to duck hunting cops. Properties hounds - a passion for the persecution of game, polazistost, distinctive voice timbre, fed them on the trail of the beast, a well-developed sense of smell, viscosity (persistence Read more [...]
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Saving water

How not to leave the ship to the bottom? For the salvation of the vessel meet the captain and crew. But "for God helps those who help themselves." If you do not want to move in with the mermaids on the ship during training on safety, listen carefully and remember information. Know where to go in case of disaster (for each passenger seat is fixed to a certain boat or raft), go this way several times with his family. Often in critical situations, smoke, panic, and so on, people are lost and forget about everything. Leaving the ship, put on a life jacket, and under it, warm clothing Read more [...]
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Bell lilielistny

Perennial herb 60-100 cm tall, with a thick spindle-shaped or redkovidnym branched root. Stems erect, simple or branched, cylindrical, glabrous, longitudinally striped. The leaves are alternate, ovate-elliptic or lanceolate-oblong, toothed edges, glabrous or pubescent on the edges and veins, sessile or short, basal leaves wither early. The flowers are drooping, with a pleasant smell, collected in many-apical pyramidal panicles, each branching inflorescence and each pedicel has one serrated or entire bract. Calyx oval, much shorter than the corolla, quinquepartite with narrow-lanceolate, pointed Read more [...]
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ROSA L. Rhode – Hips.

Shrubs up to 3 m high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids (including catechins to 18.3% in the underground. Hrs R. amblyotis SA Mey., Antotsi Ana, proanthocyanidins leykoantotsianidiiy), carotenoids, mono-and seskviterpeioidy, triterpenoids to 5.2% in the underground. Part R. canina L., phytosterols, chromones, glitsigy, carbohydrates and sugar esters, phenols, phenolic acids and their esters, fatty acids, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters and aldehydes established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.5% from the leaves of R. rubiginosa L, tannins to 21.8% of Read more [...]
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Rings

Rods on the little-known companies are the most common crossing Ring: -Porcelain (cheapest); -of ceramics (silicon oxide and lithium); -of aluminum oxide and zirconium (suitable for use braided); -     rarely silicon carbide SIC (Ring expensive and obviously cheaper models are set very rare) On the more expensive materials shall not tell. The simplest example is the cheapest Ring of cermets are much more expensive than the unpretentious rod. And if the model for 500-600 rubles. installed Ring, for example, Hardloy firm Fuji, it is a wholly fake. Read more [...]
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Rhode TUSSILAGO L. – Coltsfoot.

T. farfara L. - Grassy mnogoletink 10-15 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East (invasive). Contains seskviterpeioidy (including seskvnterpenovye lactones (Shi, Han, 1996), triterpenoids, alkaloids and other nitrogen Comm., Carotenoids, phytosterols, flavonoids, carbohydrates, and phenolic acids, higher fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons ustaiovleiioy structure. Allocated tannins to 8.5% of the leaves, essential oil and rubber. polysaccharides were found to 6.9% in the flowers, pectin, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant Read more [...]
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Hieracium prevysokaya

A perennial herb with a short rhizome, without flagella. The stem is 50-70 cm tall, green at the base, with 1-3 leaves, with simple hairs, above, isolated glandular; stellate pubescence practically absent. Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, hairy bristles and bottom vein - rare stellate hairs, basal-including 3-10, stem-no more than 2-3. Inflorescence paniculate with 10-30 baskets. Bracts 5-6 (7) mm in length, with an expanded base, covered with scattered stellate hairs, blackish simple hairs (from scattered to moderate) and single glands, centered at the top. Stigmas yellow. Blooms Read more [...]
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Rhode CARDIOCRINUM (End.) Lindl. – KARDIOKRINUM.

S. cordatum (Thunb.) Makino – herbaceous perennial up to 2 m high. Distribution: The Far East (South Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands).

Medicinal. Therapeutic action – fever. Indications – injury: burns, diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections.

Toxicity. Exhibits insecticidal activity against Drosophila hydei.

Environmental significance. Needs to be protected.

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Rhode QUERCUS L. – OAK.

Trees up to 50 m height distribution in the European part, the Caucasus, and the Far East. Contain triterpenoids (including triterpene sapoiiiy (Romussi et al, 1994), mono-, sesqui-n diterpeioidy, phytosterols, flavonoids and 1.2% in the branches Q. rodur L. (among them catechins leykoantotsianidiny, proanthocyanidins (Kuliev et al , 1996), coumarins, lignans, tsnklitoly, carbohydrates, polynuclear aromatic Conn., as well as nitrogen-Comm, phenols, phenolic acids and glikoeidy, efnry H, aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, higher fatty acid n cyclohexanecarboxylic Read more [...]
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