Shrubs up to 40 cm high. Distribution: The Far East (P. aleutica (Spreng.) A. Heller - Kamchatka, Kuril Islands), P. coerulea (L.) Bab. - The Arctic, the European part (north), East Siberia and the Far East.
Contain triterpenoids, flavoiondy, phenolic glikoeidy and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Isolated waxes to 2.2% of the leaves P. coerulea.
Medicinal. In the experiment, P. aleutica and P. coerulea has a diuretic effect (Belousov et al, 1996). Read more [...]
Biennials 5-35 cm high. Distribution: European part (east), Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids established structure. Found coumarin, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelmintic, tonic - Hopes. Part A. spinosa (L.) C. Mey. in Ledeb., wound healing - O. malacophylla (Pall.) Fisch., A. spinosa. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: colic, gastroenteritis - O. malacophylla, A. spinosa, diarrhea - Hopes. Part A. malacophylla, hemorrhoids - O. spinosa; infections / infestations: with erysipelas - O. malacophylla, O. spinosa; kidney and urinary Read more [...]
Annuals, herbaceous perennials, 3-20 cm high. Propagation: All. Triterpene found sapoiiiy, alkaloids, flavonoids.
Medicinal. In the experiment, showing antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, M. circassica (Albov) Woronow in Fomin et Woronow and M. oreina (Mattl.) Schischk.
Environmental significance. Need protection AM helmii (Fisch. ex Ser.) Schischk., M. krascheninnikovii Schischk. Read more [...]
Single, dvuletnnkn nln herbaceous perennials, shrubs rarely 10-70 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain higher fatty acids, cyanogenic conn, and lignans (Konuklugil, 1997) established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.1% ne oversight. Part L. catharticum L, fatty oil to 48% ne L. baicalense Juz. Alkaloids found in 0.7% of Hopes. Part L. hypericifolium Salisb, flavonoids, saponins, glntserndy, vitamins C, E, F.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anti - seeds of L. austriacum L., L. perenne L, Hopes. Part L. catharticum, enveloping, emollient - seeds of L. austriacum, L. perenne, Read more [...]
J. montana L. - Biennial 20-40 cm high. Distribution: European part. Flavonoids and carbohydrates established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, saponins.
Drug (nadz. hours). Those therapeutically effect - normalizing metabolism, haemostatic. Indications - pain: headaches, arthritic pain, gastralgia, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin diseases, diathesis in children, diseases of the reproductive system: the women's diseases, diseases of the digestive system: for stomach cramps, mental illness: the neurosis in children and metabolic diseases: Read more [...]
In low-lying marshland, in boggy meadows growing herbaceous perennial vine - rank marsh. Such plants are called lianas, which shoots rise up only if there is a support. Liana wraps support or clings to it. Chin clinging tendrils, which are available on the tips of the leaves paripinnate complex. Separate the leaves of leaf-plates (in their grades 4 to 8) are arranged in pairs on a common petiole, like the side branches on the stem of a quill pen. The antennae are able to make a circular motion, which does not catch our eye. But they can be captured on film at regular intervals of time, and Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 30-200 cm tall. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids to 10.7% in the leaves of F. ulmaria (L.) Maxim. (B including antotsnany, cat-hnny), nitrogen Comm. (Including cyanogenic conn.) Fntosteriiy, carbohydrates, and phenolic glycosides, aromatic acids, alcohols, aldehydes and zfiry, higher fatty acids established structure. Marked tannins to 28% of the buds F. ulmaria, essential oil to 1.2% of F. palmata (Pall.) Maxim., fatty oil and 14% of the seeds F. ulmaria, waxes. Detected alkaloids, chalcones, coumarins, leykoantotsianidiny, vitamin C, p-carotene.
Medicinal. Read more [...]
E. elaterium (L.) A. Rich. - Herbaceous perennial twining or climbing 1.5 dl. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus.
Contains triterpenoids (including kukurbitatsiny to 1.7% in the underground. Hrs), steroids, flavonoids and 1.5% in the stems, lignans, non-protein amino acids, and phenols, aromatic ke-toiy higher fatty acids and established structure. Allocated 33.3% fatty oil from the seeds. Alkaloids found up to 0.9%, organic acids to 0.3% in the underground. h, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelmintic, laxative, analgesic - Subtitle. hours, diuretic - Subtitle. Read more [...]
S. variabilis (Blume) Nakai - herbaceous perennial 20-40 cm tall. Distribution: The Far East.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - detoxification. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: gastritis, pain: for toothache, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with cracked skin - Subtitle. h
The experiment has antioxidant properties (Nikitchenko et al, 1997).
Food. Edible: Subtitle. h Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 10-60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, the Far East. Information available for Ch. virgata Sw.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action — a diuretic, diaphoretic — Subtitle. hours Statement — immune system disease: rheumatism, infections / infestations: the malaria — Subtitle. hours, diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections.
Stern. For all kinds of farm animals.
Environmental significance. Ornamental.
This is where a lot of growing trees. The answer, of course, true if we consider the geographical landscape from a bird's flight. But anyone who has ever been in the forest, it is well known that under its canopy of live in different shrubs, grasses, flowers, mosses, horsetails, ferns, club mosses, mushrooms (sometimes referred to as a special realm of nature). All of these plants - typical satellite trees, and most of them are so closely related to the wood that it is home to rare.
To the satellite trees are also blue-green algae (it grows on wet leaves, branches, tree trunks and in the Read more [...]
Status. Rare, sedentary species.
Distribution. Occurs from Spain and North Africa to South-East China, spread north to the Baltic Sea and the Wed Volga region, south to India and Indochina. In Russia, inhabited central and southern regions of the European part, the North Caucasus, the Volga region and the south of N. Wed Volga. In the Volga region late Kozhan represented by two well-differentiated subspecies: the European (E. s. Serotinus) and Turkmen (E. s. Turco-manus).
Coming to the borders of the region finds representatives of these two forms were confined until recently to the Volgograd Read more [...]
Properly organized food is one of the most important factors in human life. Plays a particularly important role food the organization and execution of complex tourist trips when the load requires daily replenishment of consumed energy. It is important to know how best to distribute food throughout the day and the whole campaign which key nutrients should be administered in the diet, which products would be best to take in campaign.
In difficult hikes difficult replenishment products in transit. Weight of the products should therefore be minimal. At the same time, the supply should be sufficient Read more [...]
A. calamus L. - Herbaceous perennial 40-120 cm tall. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (south), the Far East.
Contains mono-and seskviterpeioidy, flavonoids 3.2% iade. hours, fntosternny, fennlpropa-Nonda, benzohnnony, heterocyclic Comm. of furan, carbohydrates and saponins trnterpenovye (Rai, Siddiqui, Singh, 1998), nitrogen Comm., fatty and aromatic acids, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 5.8% and 4.6% fatty oil from the Subtitle. hours, tannins. Found kumarnny to 0.1% of Hopes. Read more [...]
Short winter daylight hours, and need to think about accommodation in advance. Organization of long-term (a few days) or temporary (for one night) overnight is fundamentally different from one another.
Stationary, long, Camp involves building a serious, as insulated cover.
Criteria for location of the camp:
protection from the wind, as the wind, even weak, sharply increases the effect of the cold, so it's best to stay in gustolese or small hollow, avoiding open areas, hilltops, large meadows, bare slopes, fire preferably arranged so that the windward side was located any natural Read more [...]
Chosen on the opposite bank of any visible object, such as a boat. Become against it, and at right angles to this direction, along the coast, counting a number of steps, for example, 50, put the stick here, then in the same direction again now reckon half the number of steps (in this case 25), and from this place go under right angles from the shore as long as no one will be on the line with a stick and a boat. Twice the number of steps from the shore to our stop in alignment, that is, 30 X 2 = 60 steps, is the width of the river.
If you install the stick, as well as before it was installed, Read more [...]
Perennial herb 60-200 cm tall with creeping rhizome. Stems erect, simple or branched at the top, hollow inside, densely leafy, ribbed, arachnoid-woolly. The leaves are narrow, linear or lanceolate, narrowed to the base, the edges sharp-toothed or serrated, bottom tomentose, sessile. Baskets collected in total inflorescence - panicle corymbose. Baskets are large, up to 3.5 cm in diameter Outdoor bracts 8-10, they are shorter than inner half. The flowers are yellow or orange-yellow. Lozhnoyazychkovyh 12-18 flowers on each basket. Fruits - bare cylindrical ribbed achene with pappus. It flowers Read more [...]
It grows on dry sunny slopes in the bushes, and juniper of pistachios or under a canopy of oak forests in the lower mountain zone of the Crimea and the Caucasus. Typical of areas with a subtropical climate.
Evergreen shrub of 2-4 m Seroopushennye leafless stems bearing short or long leafy spikes. The leaves are small, 2-5 cm long, prodolgovatoellipticheskie or lanceolate, leathery, glossy top and bottom lightly pubescence in his youth. In May - June, there are abundant flowered plates, composed of white or pinkish flowers voylochnoopushennyh. In October - November yablochkoobraznye mature minor, Read more [...]
Along with the organized way of hunting for deer, which is done by special permission, in some places still apply barbaric, destructive ways of destruction of these valuable animals. Such methods include zaganivanie deer on frozen snow, destruction their packs of dogs, podmaniva-tion on a decoy, especially during the rut, digging holes in the ways the passage of animals, etc. All of these methods have nothing to do with sport hunting and poaching are malignant and lead to the destruction of deer. Read more [...]
Do you think why people are afraid of bears, why on ethyl animals piled so many various horror stories? Probably because the bear - big and strong animal ... But then our wolves - big and strong animals, besides wolves more often drop to the settlements of people, to a flock of sheep, herds of deer and gives a person a lot more trouble than bears. And people are angry wolves, wolves sometimes even hate, but fear not particularly afraid of and at a meeting with the wolf is not so quick to rush to their heels, as when meeting a bear.
The first time I saw the wolves, when I was a little Read more [...]