Perennial herb 40-150 cm tall with creeping rhizome. The stem is a single, erect, branched. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, with a long sharp-finite. Baskets in dense panicles. Bracts acute, exterior - light green, membranous, equal to or longer than domestic, typically separated from them. Lozhnoyazychkovye outer flowers, light purple, female, median-tubular, yellow, bisexual. Fruits - hairy ovoid achene with a long crest. Flowers in July and October, achenes ripen in August-October.
European species, penetrating into the western parts of Asia. Cultivated as an ornamental, wild. Read more [...]
Mite dangerous as a carrier-borne encephalitis virus. It is a severe disease of the central nervous system accompanied by severe headache, convulsions, vomiting, paralysis. Ticks like moist dark places with dense undergrowth and tall grass, aspen, raspberry bushes. They are particularly active in the morning and evening. Tick bite is invisible, because it introduces into the wound painkillers. So suck on parasite notice itching and inflammation of the skin is often only 2-3 hours. Mite bites into the most secluded places: armpits, neck (especially the ears), the groin.
To protect themselves Read more [...]
Annual plant with stems 20-100 cm tall, enhanced by nodes and is densely covered with coarse bristles, interstitials also erect bristly hairs. The leaves are ovate-lanceolate, sometimes diamond-shaped, pointed at tip, on the edge of tangy with 5-17 teeth on each side, with a dense or scattered hairs on both sides, with petioles up to 1.5 cm, sometimes winged flattened at the top leaves.
Flowers in rather dense whorls on the tips of the stems. Calyx length 13-17 (20) mm, tubular-campanulate, pubescent, with linear-lanceolate with pointed teeth, almost as long as its tube, glandular hairs on the Read more [...]
Deciduous tree to 15, at least 20 m in height with a round or pyramidal crown, slender trunk, covered with dark gray fissured bark and light brown young branches. The leaves are thick, glossy, with thick and dense pubescence short petioles, oblong or broadly elliptical, 5-14 cm long and 2.5-6 cm wide, bright green above, glabrous or with scattered hairs bloom in April and fall off in autumn with little discolouration.
In May - early June, appear almost sessile yellowish-red, often single or clustered, 2-3 small inconspicuous flowers, male and female flowers are on different trees (dioecious plant). Read more [...]
Below we consider the current state of abundance and fishing opportunities for all kinds of fur-bearing animals of the country.
Altai mole (Talpa altaica), inKazakh: CBD-tshkan, Kara-tshkan. Skins are spring species of fur. Circulated only in the Southern Altai in the East Kazakhstan region. The maximum number of pelts produced in 1930 -260 521 pcs. Later harvested for the season 10-30 thousand skins, and in recent years, only 600 pieces. (1966). Fishing is from late April to September. Produced special krotolovkami. With good organization of this animal for the fishing season could Read more [...]
Parsnips (Pastinaca sativa) - One of the common umbrella of meadows, which differs from other plants of its bright yellow-green color. This plant is in bud and early flowering unsafe. As mentioned in this book Hogweed it causes sunburn. However parsnip was once one of the main food plants in the Slavic "countries. Cultivated and wild parsnip botanically still almost the same and can not be separated, such as carrots, two kinds. Cultural parsnips differ only in the size of the wild root. This many umbrella, biennial plant, forming a rosette of leaves the first year and a fleshy root and Read more [...]
Many people are on duty or other circumstances have often be in nature, to spend the night in hunting cabins, huts, tents and campfires under the stars. This is primarily hunters, gamekeepers, hunters, foresters, geologists, survivalist ... Proper rest in the "comfortable" conditions can quickly recover, protect yourself from hypothermia and many colds. Winter night in the woods in the open, perhaps in severe frost (down to - 40 degrees and below), without exaggeration, can be attributed to extreme circumstances. If we can not exclude such a situation, you need to prepare for it Read more [...]
Barefoot footprints determine the approximate height of a man, as the length of the foot is approximately equal to x / 7 life-size. On the trail of bare feet can detect special features specific to the man: corn, tripe, flat feet, etc.
When a person is, we obtain the following, deeply embedded in the heel. When walking, people consistently leave heel marks, bottom part and socks, as if rolling with heels on socks. When running the prints are only a small part of the foot, usually the nose.
If a person is not left-handed, the right step at it longer, and the angle and width of the right Read more [...]
Perennial aquatic herb, floating in the water and eat small animals. The stem can reach a length of 100 cm Leaves are alternate, 2-6 cm long, two or three times and more divided into threadlike ciliated lobes, carrying large bubbles catching up to 4 mm long, obliquely ovate. Flowers in a loose five-desyatitsvetkovuyu brush, towering above the water. Stems erect, brown, scaly with 1-4 leaflets; pedicels 8-10 mm long, far exceeding the bracts, with fruits arcuately bent, almost elongated. Calyx bilabiate, almost bifid, with ovate obtuse lobes. Corolla length of 10-15 (18) mm, yellow, two-lipped, Read more [...]
In nature food clawed ground squirrels studied by us by eating the inspection or fresh kopanok during search technique and getting them to feed.
Direct observations in the habitats of animals found that in Southern Balkhash this gopher digs and eats roots following plants: sand sedge (Carex physodes), broomrape (Orobanche lutea), bluegrass (Poa bulbosa), white crowfoot (Haloxylon persicum), Ephedra (Ephedra lomatolepis).
Gopher digs most succulent roots sand sedge. In shoots of the plant, he breaks the dry outer leaves and eats succulent centerpiece.
After the rains, due to the Read more [...]
Every walk is not only a movement in the area, but the accommodations that make up 35% of the time marching. Depending on how well people rested on so many active it behaves on the route. Accordingly, providing a comfortable overnight important part of preparing for the trip in the first place for that you need good equipment, including a sleeping bag. What kind of sleeping bag you choose? In today's market a huge number of tourist equipment models, types, colors. How is such a variety of select exactly what you need? In this article we will discuss the main aspects that should be followed Read more [...]
Perennial 30-100 cm, with short rhizome and thickened adventitious roots. The stem is straight, square, covered with sparse hairs. Leaves lanceolate, tapering at the top, the lower 3-5 pairs of leaves by flowering die, the leaves in the middle part of the stem is shorter internodes opposing them. Inflorescence usually of 3-5 flowers in corymbose or capitate inflorescence. The flowers are large. Calyx campanulate, densely tomentose pubescent, up to 20 mm and a width of 4-6 mm. Corolla brick-red, 3-4.5 cm in diameter, limb lobes deeply incised into oblong-linear lobes, appendages petals oblong, Read more [...]
A perennial plant up to 120 cm, the bottom of the bare, above pubescent with glandular hairs. The stem lifts vvrehu simple or branched. The leaves are ovate to oblong-ovate, 3-8 cm long and 1-4 cm wide, acute, sometimes cordate, lower - on short petioles, upper - sessile. Inflorescence - spreading Semiumbels; bracts green, leaf, pedicel up to 2.5 cm, after flowering is folded down. Sepals 4-6 mm long, ovate, herbaceous. Petals 1.5-2 times as long as sepals, white, almost to the base bifid. Stamens ten. Five columns. Fruit - ovate or oblong-ovate capsule, dehiscing five dvurasscheplennymi Read more [...]
Antarctic covered with ice. In the Arctic Ocean over the North Pole floats thick layer of ice, and to the north of the forest zone of the whole land frozen. There are only two seasons: the long winters and short summers - longitude of the day varies from clock darkness in the middle of winter to 24 hours of daylight per day in the middle of summer.
Summer temperatures in the Arctic may rise up to 18 ° C, except for areas with glaciers and frozen sea, but in the winter drop to -56 ° C and never rises above zero. Summer temperatures in the northern forests can be up to 37 ° C, but the height Read more [...]
View until recently was nearktichesknm. For the Soviet Union for the first time specified Sazonova O. (1959), which considers that due to the similarity pmaginalnogo Ae. communis, larval and - with Ae. pullatus this view held previously under any diagnosis. It is suggested that reports of many authors of finding Ae. pullatus in more southern lowlands are Ae. pionips. According to Matheson (1944), this view is a variant Ae. communis.
Ecology Ae. pionips poorly studied both here and abroad. ON Sazonov (1959) noted only that the larvae were found in the forest reservoirs upstream Klyazma Read more [...]
A perennial herb with creeping rhizome. Stems erect, 30-100 cm tall, branched, acutely quadrangular, whitish, densely pubescent, sometimes almost felt. Leaves ovate-oblong to lanceolate, 5-15 cm long and 1.5-3.5 cm wide, often thick, the top blue-green or grayish, bottom belovoylochnye, pilchatozubchatye the edges, sessile or subsessile. Numerous small flowers clustered in whorls, which together form the tops of stems elongated spike inflorescence. Pedicels densely tomentose hairs. Calyx campanulate, almost equal to the corolla tube, pyatizubchatym, with linear-subulate teeth close together Read more [...]
Imported from Japan and China. In Russia it is very widespread in crops even in Murmansk.
Shrub 1.5 m in height with a reddish-brown hairy stems. The leaves are elliptical, margin double serrate, acuminate, cuneate at the base. Pink inflorescence panicles appear in June - July. Autumn leaves to decorate in different colors, from green to purple.
Grows in North America. Bred in the cities of the Crimea, the Caucasus, Ukraine, Belarus, Moscow, Leningrad, occurs in West Sibiri.Kustarnik up to 1.5 meters high, with reddish-brown pubescent branches. The leaves Read more [...]
The very word oregano and hear - the spirit, the smell. Indeed, this is one of the most fragrant plants. In central Russia, it is not uncommon, and in the mountains of Central Asia and in the Tien Shan are often completely covers the slopes, during flowering painting them in purple. However, there is growing different species, but it is very similar to our Oregano (Origanum vulgare). I myself walking around in the bushes in the Alma-Ata reserve. Shrubs reach me almost to the waist, and the inflorescence was in diameter with a good dish. Alas, we oregano reaches this size. Look for it in Read more [...]
Most often, we get out on the nature of the summer course. Sun, air, water and woods beckon us away from the city with its bustling streets, crowds of concerned about people who you do not have to, absolutely, no case. We all dream of yummy kebabs, a glass of wine, sun bed, and of course peace. Silence. It is pleasant, when you know that a car or a bus stop nearby. When the food so much that it's a pity throw. When warm, heated Zaden nice breeze blowing aroma of herbs.
And suddenly, this pleasant silence is ominous. You realize that you do not hear the voices of his friends, the wind Read more [...]