Down the camp

 In the morning, when there is no rain, all things immediately pulled out (on oilcloth coat) not to interfere with each other backpacking. Start it, without waiting for breakfast, otherwise you can not make it, and exit the route delayed. After the removal of items from the bottom of the tent pegs loosen and lift it off the ground with the side extensions. This will enable the dry bottom of the tent. Folding tent, start from the bottom, placed in the middle stretch. This is especially important in bad weather, when the stretch of wet and dirty. Tent insert into the case. If it is set right Read more [...]
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Rhode ARISTOLOCHIA L. – Kirkazona.

Herbaceous perennials, rarely woody vines. Distribution: European part (except the north-west), the Caucasus, and the Far East. Contain alkaloids and other nitrogen Comm., Mnogoyaderiye aromatic Comm. (Including fenaitreny), monoterpenoids, seskviterpeioidy (including sesquiterpene lactones), phytosterols, tsiklitoly, and phenolic acids, esters, alcohols, aromatic and aliphatic ketones established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.4% of the Subtitle. Part A. clema-titis L detected flavonoids. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - diuretic, adap-pathogenic - A. clematitis, A. Wood Read more [...]
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Overkil

(Dutch overkeil), a revolution of the vessel up the keel (bottom). DOS. cause 0. - Lack of lateral and longitudinal stability of the vessel is blocked by the difficult navigation conditions in rapids plums, standing waves, etc. The lack of stability may depend on the structure of a ship, but it can also occur in by pouring water in the cockpit, and when properly executed tech. reception of navigation.                   Overturned vessel must quickly return to their normal position - put on an even keel. Inflatable boats and catamarans can be put on an even keel with their Read more [...]
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Definition of cardinal

I'm sure many own simple devices of the north, south, east and west. Knowing the position of at least one side of the horizon, it is easy to identify and all the others: If one faces north and hands out to the sides, the left point to the west, the right - to the east and south is behind. Determine the side of the horizon can be the compass, the sun, the stars, the natural signs. Compass. It is best to carry a compass with a mobile vizirkoy, dial with luminous at night and arrow. In order to determine the side of the horizon, omit brake magnetic needle compass and set horizontally. He Read more [...]
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Alaska to survive the latest features – no turning back (Season 1, series-6)

Alaska to survive the latest features / Alaska: Surviving the Last Frontier / The Alaska Experiment / Season 1 / Episode 6 4 groups of people decide to leave their familiar world and try to live in harsh conditions in the wild within 3 months in Alaska. They will be isolated, and face the challenge of survival. They will be 100 km in the most extreme conditions on the planet trying to get back to civilization. This is a tedious trial will take at least a month. They will fight hunger, fatigue, and severe winter. They have provided the necessary equipment and conducted a 3-day training. They Read more [...]
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Crossing the water

Small rivers, mountain streams can sometimes be overcome jumping, but without the backpack, not to get a leg injury (sprain, dislocation, etc.). In this case, you should use the insurance on a pole. Pole is placed in the middle of standing water, upstream. Leaning on him to push off from the shore and jump to the opposite shore. Coverage can be achieved with the help of rope railing or pole, used as a handrail. Can crossing shallow rivers by projecting stones, if they are in step or a short hop, which can take from a place (with or without a backpack). But before you use this method, you must Read more [...]
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Cheeked ground squirrel – citellus erythrogenys brandt. Enemies

Infectious diseases. Epizootic and epidemiological significance. Diseases of the gopher is not studied. Epizootic significance red-squirrel is not clear. Parasites and diseases caused by them. Pas razitofauna this gopher is not studied. In the literature, there are indications of a general nature that the main enemy of the squirrel are polecat, Fox and Korsak, of raptors - various eagles, kites and harriers. Young squirrels can destroy crows and gulls (Belyaev, 1955, Tolebaev, 1958). In the forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia and north-east of Kazakhstan remains of red-cheeked Read more [...]
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Concussion

A concussion can occur as a result of head injury from impact with a heavy object. In this case, there are dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, tinnitus, a person loses consciousness. Sometimes such events do not occur immediately after the injury, and after a while. Therefore, even in minor head injury should be taken very seriously. In all cases of head injury victim needs rest. The patient's head must be lifted, apply a cold compress. If a head injury was not accompanied by loss of consciousness, pain, and other phenomena are not amplified, bed rest lasts 4-6 days. You can Read more [...]
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Collective hunting

To collective forms of hunting is battue (pen), hunting with flags hunting surge. Battue hunting takes on a hare, wolf, fox and ungulates. The very process of raid is that bypasses part of the forest ranger, detects the presence of an animal in salary and puts the line shooters, followed by the beaters, who cries or any noises drive the beast on the line shooters. Beaters go straight line, except in extreme, which are ahead of the line of beaters at a distance of 50 meters to the line when the shooters is about 150 - 200 m, the beaters are stopped and added value to vote. Thus, the animal put on Read more [...]
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Clawed ground squirrel – spermophilopsis leptodactylus lichtenstein. Changes in the number

Number clawed ground squirrels are more or less stable and relatively high. Lower it strength Kazakhstan can be explained, first of all, the habitat on the periphery of the area, especially for the population of Muyun-godmother and Southern Balkhash, where sandy tracts are less developed. The population density of animals in Kyzyl Kum and Karakum much higher. Stable character clawed ground squirrel population can be linked to the features of its habitat and species status in the biocenosis. Animals are adapted to living alone in the desert. Only in a relatively small area of the range of their Read more [...]
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Chistyakov spring

Common name: zhabnik, rabbit salad kuroslepnik, salad bowl. Description. This herbaceous perennial spring plant of the buttercup family with beams tuberiform thickened roots and delicate branched stems. Leaves orbicular-cordate, shiny, thick, margin sinuate-crenate with long petioles. Plate of juicy, tender. Flowers solitary bright yellow, golden. Lobes at the base nectary, disguised scales. Many stamens and pistils. Fruit - achene team. Plant height 15-30 cm Flowering in April-May (cover photo). Grows in the Perm region along the river banks, wet meadows, deciduous and mixed forests, Read more [...]
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Bream

Bream caught in the Sea of Azov and the Caspian Sea, as well as in some estuaries of the Black Sea. Search Search sea bream has its own peculiarity: there fish often changes place feeding. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the sea is generally more dynamic environment, it is very rare fish for a long time kept at the same place. However, the general rule for finding bream in the pits and acts at sea. Thus, the sandy bottom of the blue pack can be found only in the 20-30-cm deeper. While angling Caught during the winter season. During the day often get up in the morning, perhaps Read more [...]
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Private and group camping equipment

Conduct tours for schoolchildren - necessary, interesting to do. Thus the main objective is always to ensure the safety of children, which is subject to all: the selection of equipment, and the development of the route and the technical obstacles to overcome, and more. Therefore, considering all aspects of the organization of campaigns, we are first going to pay attention to the safety of young tourists. Committing tourism campaign, like any other activity, requires the need, in this case tourism, equipment. It can be divided into personal, group and special. Personal equipment - it's Read more [...]
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Cats

metal. device, worn on the shoes (sometimes on skis) to facilitate and ease of movement on the slopes, covered with ice, firn or wet grass, and on the slopes of the solid surface of the conglomerate. The simplest design "K" is an oval frame - base steel sheet thicknesses. 2.5 - 3 mm, located on a path 10 - 14 spikes - the teeth, the shape of the frame has a foot tour. shoe and fastened to it with rubberized cotton or synthetic. belt or a thin metal. cable. Pointy teeth "K." (length approx. 35mm) provide a good grip shoe coated slope allow confident enough to move on a Read more [...]
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Care of the bike on the road. Repair

Cyclists on the road should be lubricated regularly. Vegetable oil is not suitable for this purpose, because it dries quickly and bonds part. All friction parts, especially ball bearings should be lubricated with grease - grease or petroleum jelly. Sleeves, parts, carriage, in case of heavy pollution, can, without distinction, rinse liquid oil. To do this, tilt the bike in the right direction and the liquid oil is poured into the polluted site, rotating it. Washed up to a slight stroke. The chain is washed after every 500 km. To do this, it is removed, washed in kerosene or gasoline, Read more [...]
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Camp quot;power socketquot;

Hikes require serious preparation. Along with ammunition and supplies modern tourist is equipped with multiple electronic devices that consume electricity. In the campaign can not do without communication navigator GPS. Take hiking and lights, radios, players, photo - and video equipment, and even laptops. Batteries of all these gadgets without recharging do not last long, and the power outlet in the mountains, tundra and the forest is not found. Amateur tourists have always been inventive. And on the power in the march today they have fully implemented ways to generate electricity, solar Read more [...]
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Bell Bologna

Perennial herb 40-120 cm tall, with a short spindle-shaped root. Stem straight, at the bottom of a cylindrical at the top - ribbed, softly hairy, usually simple. The leaves are rough, dark green above, whitish below velvety melkogorodchatye to the top of the plant to shrink in size, the lower - with long petioles, heart-shaped, pointed, middle of the stem, oblong-ovate, sessile, with a rounded or slightly heart-shaped base, the uppermost - usually polusteble-enveloping. The flowers are drooping, on short stalks, gathered in spiky brush. Calyx nearly round, blackish, with five-lanceolate uzkotreugolno Read more [...]
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Breakdowns and repairs

1. To fix the whistle, you need to shake the water out of this unit due to the rapid rotation of the rotor is very dry. Then lubricate: drip 1 drop of lubricant in the front and rear clearance roller lesoukladyvatelya. Or if possible, analyze site, rub and rub, then re-assemble. If no suitable lubricant can be used, for example, the fat from the sausages, etc. (Fig. 3).   Fig. 3. Whiz roller lesoukladyvatelya during fast wiring bait   2. Bad coil rotation after falling into the water. Shake out the water from the external node, then open the lid, drain and dry the main transmission Read more [...]
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Bluebells

"My Bells, the flowers steppe" - who does not know this? Did you know that among the bells is one species that quite officially divorced as a vegetable, and several species that are eaten, so to speak informally? Starting to write about another family of plants, natural looking through the literature, not to miss anything important. Open multi-volume edition of "Plant Resources of the USSR" on the family of bluebells and begin to view a row of one genus, the second, third, fifth straight - are suitable for food, the rest almost all drugs. Thank God that no one except the Read more [...]
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Bits of plant origin

In the winter season is acceptable and packing plant. Flakes of "Hercules", and steamed spiced flavors, this time attracting bream, roach, rudd and other white fish. These species can be caught on dough, prepared with the addition of various components, such as cream of wheat, pea puree, proprietary mixture of white fish. On hook be mounted dough balls or extruded mixture of a special syringe, containing a semi-liquid dough and which very conveniently stored in your pocket top clothing. If the dough is cooked properly, using formulas intended for this kind of fish, angling to be effective. Read more [...]
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The Survival in the wild nature - how correctly to behave, it having appeared in an emergency situation. Ability to find a way out from any situation: to kindle a fire, to put traps, to prepare food, to arrange dwelling and a lodging for the night; to learn to knit knots, to clear water, to be guided by districts, correctly to choose equipment, a knife. Also you can download directories to tourists, encyclopedias survivals, video Bear Grills to Survive at any cost (Man vs. Wild).