In the journey rather take aluminum spoons as wood sometimes break or float away when washing dishes in the river.
Advisable to take an enamel mug, with 300 grams of water - aluminum burns and lips, and hands.
Bowls and use aluminum and enamel, although the latter is heavier.
Certainly come in handy in the campaigns of folding hunting knife. Apart from the main blade, it has a screwdriver, corkscrew, awl and blade for opening cans.
Thermos flasks and - items are not mandatory in the campaign.
Of essential toiletries toothbrush, floss, comb, soap. Towels should be hand and Read more [...]
Status. Normal, numerous species of the region.
Distribution. Distributed in the Right Bank, numerous in-s razhno-beam and lowland forests. The Saratov Volga The mouse has been noted in the past, only once (Davidovich, 1964), at the end of 1960gg. this rodent in the Left Bank did not show (Larin et al, 1968). At the beginning of this century, The mouse was captured in floodplain forests p. B. Irgiz and state forest zone, 30 km south of the river (Belyachenko, Sonin, 2002a, b). Currently found in this band Chapaevsk - Nikolaevsk 70 km south from the river. B. Irgiz on which comes to the Read more [...]
Somehow difficult to get along with the idea that you can about to die a horrible, senseless death. We sit side by side, the cabin invigorating -10 ° C, the roar of aircraft engines drowns out all other sounds. Despite the cold, sweat flowing from me, and I, as an asthmatic, make quick and greedy breaths in his rubber oxygen mask.
I'll have to jump out of the aircraft, when we reach the mark of 9145 m is the height at which fly passenger planes, is 297 meters higher than Everest, but most importantly - to more than nine kilometers above nothing forgiving surface of the Earth.
No flight attendants, Read more [...]
Evergreen perennial with creeping underground rhizome, which runs erect branched stems up to 20 cm alternate leaves close together in the lower part of the shoot like whorls, and they are thick, prodolgo-Vato-obratnoklinovidnye, sharply serrated, up to 6 cm, with a very short petiole, dark green, shiny, bottom - lighter. The flowers are drooping, on long stalks, gathered at the ends of shoots in umbellate brush (8-12 flowers). Calyx lobes fimbriate-toothed. Corolla pink, to 15 mm in diameter, wide open, petals shortly ciliate. Fruit-flattened-spherical capsule, 3-5 mm long and 5-6.5 mm wide, Read more [...]
Inflatable boat in the closet, a box of canned food on the balcony, protective suit on a hanger - this is a set of "essential" one who considers himself a survivalist. Unusual hobby: preparing for possible disasters is gradually gaining popularity in Russia. Some converted warehouse apartment in useful things, while others were completely equipped refuge away from people.
It is difficult to say when there was a movement of people concerned about the possible consequences of the crises of civilization. Rather, a certain percentage of those who are worried about the future and prepare Read more [...]
Natasha. - Crookshanks. - Plans for the future. - Lizard. - Lepidoptera and Lolita. - Okdzhilan. - And do not leave it in zmeelovy. - Rhubarb. - Rodents kroniruyut saxaul. - Scorpion Sting.
My first gesture in the morning - pull left hand to his eyes, worry not slept there, and in general I time: stopwatch went to wind circles, and I was with him a race, who wins. This here is the curse of our lives, no worse than the original sin. Heyerdahl, when he decided to break away from the lost civilization technologically pigsty and settled with his blond Liv the Polynesian island, the first Read more [...]
Francolin (Francolinus francolinus) somewhat larger in size partridge, its weight ranges from 400 to 500, francolin quite cautious bird. Francolin habits like pheasants, presenting as a connecting form between the latter and partridges. As land bird, francolin well run. When approaching danger francolin first runs along the ground, and then takes off with the noise "candle" up, fly, flies to frequent his wings horizontally, then planning, lands in the bushes and running again. On the move francolin usually cranes his neck, and often moves his head. Plumage coloration of male black Read more [...]
Despite all the measures of preventive safety, in practice, there are cases of accidents general hypothermia one or more victims. In contrast to local cold injuries when only cold limbs or just the face, general hypothermia, if not have time to help, can lead to rapid and irreversible consequences. Especially dangerous hypothermia in the water. In mild cases, the total freezing can advise victims to create out of the materials at hand, "thermo". For example, inside a snow shelter, tent fabric, at least just to "outdoor" tent-bag roll of plastic film and light a candle there Read more [...]
The most frequent type of crossing - the passage of the river ford. The basic condition of crossing the river is the choice of the ford. External signs Wade: expansion of the river on a straight section of it, the ripples on the water surface reaches, shoals, rapids, islands, trails and roads leading down to the river.
The exception is the plain of the river. Here the choice of the ford to establish the absence of a whirlpool, deep pits of mud, slime, snags, submerged trees and other items that the implementation of the crossing can cause serious complications.
Much more difficult to determine Read more [...]
How should behave man lost in the woods? Lost my bearings, it must immediately stop moving and try to repair it with a compass or using different natural features. If this is difficult, it is necessary to organize a temporary parking lot for a dry place, which is not easy to do, especially in the mossy woods where the ground a carpet covered sphagnum acquisitive water (500 parts water to one part of dry matter). Can serve as a temporary shelter canopy tent, dug.
In warmer can restrict the construction of a simple canopy. Two 1.5-m-thick stake in hand with a fork on the end driven into the ground Read more [...]
For tents choose the place is dry and smooth, without bumps and humps (which, incidentally, can be cut with a shovel), protected from the wind. Think about when, this, just a convenient platform for the other tents remained. Then removed twigs, stones, lumps. On hard-packed clay soil or on the perimeter of the tent (under most of its walls) dug a shallow (4-7 cm), the groove for water drainage, which would otherwise be numb under the bottom of the "House" and its wet out. Home, try to position the rear wall to the wind and - a must! - Away from the entrance to the close ravines, Read more [...]
(The experiment, participants put "hungry" campaign (from the conversation master of sports tourism G. Ryzhavskogo with Nekrasov and V. Insurance. - "Soviet Russia", February 14, 1986)
Imagine this: you're in deep woods, and in a backpack - not a crumb. First of all try to find a food - mushrooms, berries ... And nothing, says the master of sports tourism G.Ryzhavsky. He is the organizer of two unusual campaigns, is convinced that a person can do without food for quite some time without any harm. The first campaign took place in 1981. It was attended by nine men and Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, hat, high boots, safety helmet.
Personal equipment - ASC, 3 carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the descent, universal harness loop, ice ax, backpack.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 40 m), the rope supporting (1 x 40 m), repshnur (6 x 5 m), sleeping tags, carrying bag, first aid kit and the required amount of equipment for system set-up pull, lift, railings etc . etc.
Introductory talk "Methods of transportation of the victim by means of improvised by a small group in the process of ascension." Participants must know first aid for victims Read more [...]
Morning, just got up, went to see the river. Dirty yellow water, rushes and boils. Compared to yesterday's level it has risen by about 70 centimeters, to the edge of the coast there are still 50 centimeters. Well, the rain has stopped at night, and then we went to.
After tea breed huge fire and begin to dry up their belongings. Stretch tent directly over the fire, and she, like a balloon blown up and torn.
Show the sun. Enthusiastically welcomed him. By 12 o'clock all dried up and we are moving down the flow. The trail is so good at the pass, was again good for nothing. Read more [...]
Tree, reaching a height of 25-30 m, with a rounded crown and a cylindrical columnar trunk with a greenish-gray bark. The leaves are rounded, dense, unequally, constantly wiggling and shaking and rustling through long flattened petioles, hesitant at the slightest movement of air. Floral scales dark brown, incised-dentate, covered with long hairs. Purple-red anthers. Ovary light green, conical, with two purple stigmas. Flowering in March-May, before leafing, fruiting in May.
Is widespread in Western Europe, the Caucasus and the Near, Middle and Central Asia. Growing in Russia in the European Read more [...]
The first feature of this method is different relation to the azimuth. He ceases to be regarded as an ideal line of motion, which shall be kept as close as possible. Here, the azimuth is considered only as one of the areas that a tourist mentally accounts while on the ground.
The other two are on the side of the horizon directions (north, south, west, east), forming a right angle, inside which is the azimuth. Moving to the area, the tourist all the time mentally, imagine two main areas, which are limited to a quarter within which the traffic moves. Since moving to the north-east, he always Read more [...]
Travelers spend on halts marching about two-thirds time, that is a big part of the route falls on parking.
Tourist camp - a place halt, where travelers relax, eat, sleep, prepare for further way; is the base camp for radial route organization, and this shelter from the weather, it is a fire, the hearth, the center of communication, comprehension and planning traversed the road ahead. Camp - a house in which we live during a hike.
For the duration of halts small share (for the rest, changing clothes, repairs), halts dining, accommodation, dnevki.V arrange day trips and a small lunch break. In Read more [...]
Neither I nor Sergei nor daughter Olga (now they have also biologists and artists, too) do not forget the two summers - 1983 and 1984. Quite small kolochek near Novosibirsk, in it - prostetsky shelter from the rain, at the edge - plants for insects of our construction (about them - just below), all enclosed by a neat fence, on the posts which clearly natrafarecheno: "Do not enter: bees!" K pchelopitomnika south - so we called it - a big field pestreyuschee thick brushes colors: white, yellow, blue, purple: it is - alfalfa. To the east - an array of flowering sainfoin: bright pink waves Read more [...]
While I myself nakipyachival water in small portions, I sat quietly and heard the sound saw chipmunks 3 meters away from me ... Dale rode by himself, but I began to reproach himself for his mistake. What makes a bow in my way? Sitting quietly and just saw a chipmunk / squirrel / bird, I could shoot and not straining to provide themselves blooded meat. And I went to work ...
Chose the semi-dry aspen
(In this regard, I was very lucky, drying is not necessary.)
Now the original recipe of the onion Rimbaud.
Pay attention to the ends of the bow!
Always sharpen both ends of the bow!
The idea is Read more [...]
Annuals and 25 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Information available for E. chi-norossicum Kosh.
Medicinal. Those pan e Tues ich e with some effects - anti-inflammatory, diuretic. Indications - ear, nose and throat: laryngitis, tonsillitis, kidney and urinary tract: with cystitis, eye disease: conjunctivitis, pain: for headache - stems, leaves, flowers, diseases of the oral cavity: with gingivitis.
In the experiment, stems, leaves, flowers, exhibit antibacterial activity.
Environmental significance. Needs protection E. chinorossicum, E. komaro-vii Tzvelev. Read more [...]