Herbaceous perennials, 20-150 cm tall. Prevalence in the European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East (invasive).
Contain iridoids, alkaloids to 2.1% in the flowers, other nitrogen Comm., Flavonoids and 1.6% in the leaves of P. tuberosa (L.) Moench, karotiioidy, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.1% of oversight. Part P. tuberosa, fatty oil to 30.2% NZ P. laciniata (L.) Kamelin et Makhm., tannins. Found triterpenoids, steroids, coumarins, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Read more [...]
To the people who found themselves in an autonomous existence, from the first minutes, a number of key areas:
- overcoming the stress state of a panic situation - first aid to the victims; - protection from the adverse effects of environmental factors (low or high temperatures, direct sunlight, wind, etc.) - providing food and water - determination its location - communication and preparation of the alarm. However, not all people who find themselves in an emergency situation (shipwreck, plane crash, fire, flood, etc.), are able to take immediate, vigorous, appropriate action. Most of the approximately Read more [...]
M. germanica L. - A tree up to 6 m high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Flavonoids (including catechins), triterpenoids, glycityl, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids, alitsiklncheskie acid and aliphatic aldehydes established structure. Marked tannins to 2.6% of the fruits, fatty oil and 10% of the seeds.
Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - bark, leaves, fruits, seeds, hemorrhoids - leaves, infections / infestations: dysentery - bark, leaves, fruits, seeds, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: kidney disease - leaves, diseases of the ear Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials to 1 m high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Snbnr Far East.
Contain up to 1.6% alkaloids and flavonoids to 3.6% of Hopes. Part L martagon L., karotnnondy, carbohydrates to 23.1% in the pollen L. lancifolium Thunb., and neprotennovye amino acids and other nitrogen Comm. (Satou et al., 1996), phenolic glycosides, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons glnieroly established structure. Found saponins.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anti-inflammatory, wound healing - Subtitle. hours, leaves L. martagon, L. pensylvanicum Ker Gawl., L. pumilum Read more [...]
Single, biennials or herbaceous perennials, 20-120 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western n Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids, thioglycosides, phytosterols, and nitrogen Comm., Phenolic acid esters of n, higher fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 32.8% I. tinctoria L. (Syn. I. japonica auct.). Detected alkaloids, saponins, vitamins B and C.
Medicinal. Indications - infections / infestations: the measles - I. tinctoria, typhoid - Hopes. hours, influenza, sepsis, dysentery, polio, meningitis Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contains xanthones and phytosterols established structure. Isolated waxes. Carotenoids are found.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analgesic - leaves G. dryopteris (L.) Newman. Indications - injuries: the dislocation of the shoulder joint, bruises, wounds, in veterinary medicine at dislocations in horses, infections / infestations: in scabies, diseases of the respiratory system: Veterinary respiratory infections in horses; pain: with arthralgia, diseases of the reproductive Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 30-75 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contain thioglycosides and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 12% of the seeds F. clypeata (L) Medikus. Flavonoids are found.
Medicinal. Indications — diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin rashes — E clypeata.
Shrubs, up to 8 cm high. Distribution: Arctic, the European part (north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids established structure. Marked tannins. Discovered vitamin C.
Drug (leaves D. octopetala L.). Therapeutic action - astringent. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea.
Food. Substitute for tea: leaves D. octopetala.
Stern. For deer: D. octopetala.
Environmental significance. Decorative: D. octopetala. Read more [...]
Shrub 0.5-2 m high. Propagation: All.
Contain anthocyanins to 9.5% in the leaves and fruits of S. melanocarpus Fisch. ex BlyH, cyanogenic Comm., as well as phenolic acids established structure. Found catechins polnizopre-Noida, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - the fruits of S. integerrimus Medikus, S. melanocarpus, gastroenteritis, jaundice - the branches of S. integerrimus, flatulence - the fruits of S. melanocarpus; infections / infestations: dysentery - the fruits of S. integerrimus, S. melanocarpus , sepsis - fruits, scabies - branches S. Read more [...]
Another interesting way of getting the fire - this time with the help of aluminum cans. It turns out that with a can of Coke and a chocolate bar can make a fire. This is of course advice on survival rather for American teenagers, but they drag around with such crap (I mean soda, chocolate - horoshaya.Nahodim thing any American teenager. Give the neck, pick up can of Coke and a chocolate bar. Bank overturn. Bottom in She slightly concave, frosted, polished and perfectly chocolate. ten minutes of work, and in the mirrored surface of the banks may see their distorted reflection. Now you just Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, annuals, shrubs, bushes 10-70 cm high. Distribution: European part (except for the north-called north-west), the Caucasus, Western Siberia.
Contain monoterpeioidy (including iridoids in H), sesqui-, di-, and triterpenoids, flavonoids to 4.1% in oversight. Part T. poliuni L, phytosterols, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm., phenols, federal nilpropanoidy, phenolic and higher fatty acids, aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols and aldehydes established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.3% of oversight. Part T. montanum L., tannins to 4.1% of oversight. Part T. hircanicum Read more [...]
Perennial herb 20-50 cm tall, naked or nearly naked (but with pautinistym pubescence in the inflorescence), slightly rough on small spines located on the edge of the leaves. Stems are usually few or solitary, erect, uniformly leafy, branching at the top, with obliquely erect branches, ending with one or more baskets. The leaves are alternate, linear-oblong, with one vein, 1-3 mm wide, entire. Baskets are small, cylindrical, collected in terminal corymbose inflorescence. All baskets without ray flowers, with 15-40 tubular yellow flowers. Outer bracts linear-subulate or narrow-linear, acute, Read more [...]
Shrubs, herbaceous perennials, 7-40 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contain alkaloids and 0.8% in the underground. Part A. S. rotundifolia Mey. ex Eichw., flavonoids, phytosterols, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols established structure. Allocated resin rubbery substance
Patient (A rotundifolia). Those therapeutically effect - astringent. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system, symptoms and syndromes: with hyperhidrosis in veterinary medicine.
In the experiment, an alkaloid andrahnin stimulates respiration, showing hyper-tenzivnye, Read more [...]
A. japonica (Miq.) Nakai (syn. A. bidentata auct.) - odioletiik to 100 cm high. Found ua Far East (in the vicinity. Vladivostok).
Contains triterpenondy (including triterpene sapoiiiy) antrahiioiy and ECDIS-teroidy, financial toaster and iy and higher fatty acids (Wei et al., 1997) established structure. Discovered polysaccharides (type et al., 1995).
Drug (podz.ch.). Therapeutic action - diuretic, uterotonic. Indications - kidney and urinary tract: kidney disease, diseases of the reproductive system: infertility, diseases of the digestive system: for gastroenteritis, oral disease: with stomatitis, Read more [...]
Reference mushroom pickerAuthor: Klepinin ZA
Size: 5.2 MB
In Russia, more than 300 species of fungi that can be eaten, but the basket gets only 15-20 of them. But in nature there are no toadstools very often and unfairly applied the term to a raincoat, umbrella, shaft and so on for nutrition and taste, they are not inferior to aspen, boletus and even white. A detailed description and some 300 color illustrations will make you a real connoisseur of mushrooms. In addition, from this book you will learn all about the mushroom calendar, as well as the intricacies of mushroom Read more [...]
Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people.
The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
Bezrozetochnoe perennial herbaceous plant 90-160 cm, with a creeping rhizome. Stems are erect, densely leafy, branching at the top, ribbed. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, tapering to the base cuneate, glabrous on both sides, the edges serrate-toothed. Baskets 2-2.5 cm in diameter, numerous, generally corymbose inflorescence. Outer bracts 4-5, equal in length or slightly shorter than the inner them, internal bracts lanceolate, ciliate at the top, with a black spot. Lozhnoyazychkovyh flowers in each basket of 6-8, they are bright yellow, limb them up to 1.2 cm long Read more [...]
Bite in 90 cases out of 100 should be considered as any rod tip deviate from the standard. Most bites fisherman on the tip of the eye-spinning, and they are perceived as strikes (the tip of a sharp nod) twitch (quiver tip) or a sudden and premature weakening of the fishing line.
Stroke occurs when a predator attacks the bait in front, opposite to the motion. These bites are often "empty", ie ineffective because, grasping jaws load bait and not very "porolonku" and felt something was wrong, perch just get rid of him, not even caught on the hook. Bite is effective only when Read more [...]
Accident on land transport. The vehicle is completely broken, turned over or fallen off a cliff. In these cases, the most common syndrome is compression of the body or its individual amputees, simple and compound fractures, lacerations, severe bruises, separation of limbs, head injuries. At fire vehicle can lead to burns of varying severity.
Emergency, an unsuccessful landing of the aircraft. Aircraft or helicopter during a landing can dig into the trees, rocks, split in half, burn and explode. Injuries happen in this variety, and their degree depends on the force of impact. Quite serious Read more [...]
Signs of bad weather
If the color of the moon at night cloudy, pale, wait for the next day of rain, and winter - heavy snowfall.
In the winter time. If the moon at night like a blush, - expect tomorrow wind, heat and snow.
In the winter time. Clear sharp-horned moon - to frost.
By halo (circles around the moon)
If the rising moon red fringed, long vanishing circle - we should expect rain with wind.
If the background of thin cirrus cloud cover, prolonged moon appear large, thin little glowing circles - it talks about cloud cover and Read more [...]