Perennial herbaceous climber with creeping rhizome. The stem is climbing, up to 7 m, faceted, seated hooked spines. Leaves are opposite, entire or 3-5-palchatolopastnye, krupnopilchatye, dark-green, bottom rough. The plant is dioecious, flowers gay. Male flowers are gathered in axillary paniculate inflorescences female - in capitate inflorescences, bract them grow and cover the fruit, nuts, forming a so-called "bumps." Blooms in June-July, the seeds ripen in September.
Found in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia and North America. In Russia, widespread in central and southern regions of Read more [...]
Significant factors limiting the number of yellow squirrel, consider the activity of birds (buzzards, buzzard, steppe eagle) and tetrapods (polecat, fox, Korsak, Wolf) predators, and the effect of ecto-and endoparasites and they spread diseases. In addition, the dynamics of the ground squirrel with a year only one crop will depend on the intensity of their reproduction - delay the onset of sexual maturity, litter size, and is particularly noticeable on the number of females participating in reproduction. The timing of sexual maturity of females are more prolific relatively minor forms of ground Read more [...]
A great help in ensuring food are the various methods of hunting are available in the circumstances.
Selecting the method of hunting depends mainly on the experience and the availability of hunting. In the absence of firearms can be hunted in many ways, also, some gear can make yourself.
Once in an extreme situation, and being one on one with aggressive outside world in an uninhabited wilderness areas, it is advisable to produce a semblance of primitive weapons, both for hunting and for protection from predators.
This is particularly useful where a man his invasion has not disturbed Read more [...]
In order not to miss anything at the training camp in the road, make a list of things for the convenience of separating equipment for private, group and special.
It should include personal equipment equivalent to the things, sleeping and washing facilities and a few other items for personal use (mug, bowl, spoon, backpack, etc.).
To group equipment include tents, axes, utensils for cooking, route materials (maps, sketches, compasses) and other items for communities.
For special equipment items include both group and personal use, the need for which is caused by the specifics of a particular Read more [...]
Controversy about what is best - down or synthetic insulation, is not the first and is still far from being resolved. Here, for example, the opinion of the famous Russian explorer Vladimir Chukov expressed during his expedition to the North Pole. "More trouble with sleeping gear, warm jacket, gloves. They accumulated condensate and turns to ice. Group sleeping like an ice box, however, we can not sleep, without suffering from the cold. The main thing, of course, is that it is a synthetic insulation, which works in any condition. If we had a sleeping bag and down jackets, fur or wool, Read more [...]
Spring body is particularly pressing need for vitamins. Young leaves of Primula are high in vitamin C is enough to eat them a few pieces to meet the daily requirement of ascorbic acid. Succulent leaves primrose can be put into the soup, prepare a salad but you must remember that in order to protect the nature of collecting Primula around cities banned.
Everyone is familiar with the nettle. Its leaves are rich in many vitamins. Much can be prepared from this plant. Soup and salad of nettle can make in all conditions.If we travel in the late summer or autumn, vitamin deficiency does not Read more [...]
Wolverine has a large trunk, up to 70 cm scalp hard, shiny, hair coloring, dark brown, brown and light brown, from shoulder to rump along the walkway and light stripes.
Wolverines are found in northern European USSR, in Siberia and the Far East, including the Kamchatka Peninsula and beyond USSR - In North America, in northern Scandinavia and occasionally in Manchuria. Extraction usually come out at night. In February and March, a female cub born 02.04.
Food Wolverines - birds and animals, including even such large as deer and elk. Do not give up and wolverines from frogs, fish and carrion. Read more [...]
Pictorial magazine for the whole family. Periodicity - eight issues per year. The first issue was published in 2001. The magazine covers current topics of recreational fishing in Ukraine and abroad. Publishes articles, notes, and photos readers.
Download the magazine: letitbit.net Read more [...]
What should be considered when choosing spinning rod?To choose the right spinning, fisher should know what kind of fish and what bait he was going to catch. In this case it is much easier to determine the class, type, test, length, capacity and systems desired rod. Then before the angler next question: how to choose your favorite model from a large spinning mass, it would seem, the same rod?
As to the quality assembly sometimes there is a noticeable variation of parameters of the same model of the batch rod, then demanding fisher should be able to own several options to pick up a product most Read more [...]
Hunting dogs can easily adapt to a variety of climate conditions, feeding and maintenance. In the big cities, they are usually found in the apartment of the owner, content with a mattress or, more convenient frame for lying in the corner. In rural areas, the dogs usually contain a wooden booth, which in the presence of litter sufficient protection from adverse climatic conditions. Under conditions of prolonged hunting and moving, typical of the Far North, huskies are satisfied with even a den in the snow.
In all cases, the dog the opportunity to provide a relaxing stay at a designated place, Read more [...]
From the point of view of the origin of the cave is divided into natural (karst, lava) and artificial (mining, mines, mines, quarries, salt mines).
The caves are very different. They are horizontal, vertical, and are divided into dry and watered, plain and labyrinth.
As a rule, the caves, both natural and artificial, attracted the attention of the opportunity to escape from the weather and predators and detect water. The main danger in the survey of caves is that they are very easy to get lost, even with their small extent, because the cave can be a maze, the failures that are difficult Read more [...]
This fish has a special place among other water inhabitants. The name itself sounds to those who have tasted the beauty and poetry of its catch, almost magically. The question will be, first and foremost, about the brook trout, called flycatchers. In addition there is a wild species and other artificially bred in fish farms - rainbow trout. According to ichthyologists, "Iris" is incapable of natural reproduction in our latitudes. In flycatchers, in turn, there is another form due to habitat. Trout caught in a big body of water rich food, be it sea or a large lake, goes mainly to Read more [...]
The key to success of the tourist group - cohesion and competence of each. In any event, each team member must be at least a small thing, it allows everyone to feel their involvement in the cause.
An important factor in their children's education, the formation of a sense of responsibility to the team for the assigned work is to perform duties in the tourist group. They can be permanent - for the entire trip, and may be temporary - work as a receptionist or a stand-by position. Playing the role of understudy, a child in one campaign can work and commander, and repair wizard, and conductor. Read more [...]
river, part of the river with a relatively large drop in the water level and high velocity. Formed, as a rule, at the intersection of the river rocky ridges, outputs trudnorazmyvaemyh rocks, clusters of boulders, debris, rocks, etc. Simple P, already found in the water routes 2 - 3 COP. The characteristic elements of PA are weirs to-rye, depending on the angle of incidence of water - more than 45'', ca. 45'' or less 45'' - classified acc. at the falls, and just plum vodoskaty
- Usually the most free from stones, and therefore Read more [...]
Bitter cold, piercing, knocking down the wind, blinding blizzard, many of the obstacles are many difficulties in the campaign, the overcoming of which requires all forces and stamina. In preparation for the transition to focus on fit and protect shoes from moisture, as the legs - the most vulnerable point of the polar traveler. For insulation shoe insoles are commonly used all sorts of felt, felt, hay grass, etc. In the autonomous existence of highly effective protection against moisture shoe booties. This bags or cases of a fabric that is worn over shoes and formed through the airspace retain Read more [...]
In Russian is a plant called amaranth, and its Latin name means "immortal." Indeed, the hard, spiky inflorescence Amarantov long retain their color and shape in dry bouquets. The British call it pigvid (pigweed), which means pig weed. Indeed, amaranth readily eaten by all pets. Herbs and seeds of many species of amaranth has long been used as food. In America before the arrival of Europeans, amaranth was the second most important cereal crop after maize. And here and there, and the first. Amaranth is much less thermophilic than corn, so the more severe areas, it became a staple. Read more [...]
These parasites are found in the fresh waters of the slow tropical areas of America, Africa, Asia, Japan, the Philippines and other Pacific islands. In the salt waters of the fluke are not found.
In case of contact with the fluke penetrates through the skin or through the swarming of the water used for drinking or bathing. They feed on red blood cells and lay eggs in the cells of the blood or intestines.
Purely wash it will help you to avoid contact with these parasites. Read more [...]
The beginning of all beginnings of human life is bread. By bakery will man so accustomed that without him for a long time it was difficult to manage. Outstanding Russian scientist Clement ARCADE evich Timiryazev in one of his lectures, said of the bread:
"A lot of it really came up with the idea that lo mot good baked wheat bread ... is one of the greatest inventions of the human mind, one of those open ... ty, which later research effort is necessary only to confirm and explain ... to make the invisible culture of another organism - yeast, which the German botanist Rees rightly called Read more [...]
Boreal species. Distributed in the forest zone of the Palearctic and Iearktikn. In the RSFSR range covers not only the forest area, but tapers off further south (Sazonov 1959). In Kazakhstan, distributed in the northern plains and in the mountains. Imago captured in East Kazakhstan, Pavlodar and Aktyu binskoy-fields, and the larvae are found in the Pavlodar and Kostanai regions. Known from adjacent areas of Western Siberia and the Altai (Zhelohovtsev, 1938 Kukharchuk, 1965).
Monocyclic late spring look. Insignificant number in all regions of Kazakhstan, except Bayanaul, confirms the view Read more [...]
The study of literature and research progress in the development of Beaver resources do not allow to doubt the necessity and the possibility of organizing a beaver management.
As for the reintroduction of beavers and further use of resources, there is an extremely wide variety of opinions, covering both fundamental approaches - to be or not to be beavers and Bobrova economy - and details, such as the issue of the number of licenses issued by the same hunter. There are different opinions about whether the required intensive form of such an economy, or rather regulate beaver population by catch Read more [...]