Dress code - storm or jogging suit, gloves, hat, high boots, protective helmet (helmet).
Personal equipment - ASC, 3 carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the descent, garden furniture.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 40 m), the rope supporting (1 x 40 m), rock hooks - 5, carbines - 5 - 6, rock hammers - 3 pack for two, first aid kit, a set of pitches to work with the chock, chock weighing 75 - 80 kg.
Belayer to create more opportunities for maneuver in securing post, for it is desirable to have at least two samostrahovochnye loops of different lengths, and none of them should not extend Read more [...]
Mole-rat in appearance like zokor but mole rats have hair lower, light gray with yellow. Tail Spalax not, body length - 35 cm
In USSR is found several species of mole rats. They live in the southern regions of the European part of the USSR and the Caucasus. Outside the USSR are found in some parts of South-Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa.
Mole rats dig for living in the virgin lands, on the slopes of ravines, forest edges and gardens with many moves deep hole. Cubs are born in the spring of 2 to 5 units. in the litter. Mole rats eat about the same as zokor; shed in the summer. Read more [...]
Severe cold and strong winds can frostbite unprotected body in minutes. Protect the whole body, hands and feet. Keep the hood, it should have a drawstring to close and the face. Framing fur hood will not let moisture from the breath freeze on the face and protect the skin.
Outerwear should be windproof and tissue dense enough to snow is not packed into the material, but to miss out the evaporation of moisture from the body - NOT water resistant, which can lead to condensation under clothing. The lower layers of clothing to trap air for insulation. Skin, the skin - ideal for outerwear.
Holes Read more [...]
Herbaceous miogoletiikn 50-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain naftohnnony to 3.2% in the underground. Part L. erythrorhizon Siebold et Zucc, flavonoids, phytosterols, tsnklitoly, carbohydrates, tsianogeinye Comm., and phenolic acids to 0.2% in the underground. Part L. erythrorhizon higher fatty acids and established structure. Shown in bold mascho to 26% of the fruit L officinale L, tannins. Vitamin E is found
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - Subtitle. hours, leaves L. erythrorhizon, L. officinale, obstetrical Read more [...]
One of the most common types of deserts are rocky, gravelly, gravelly-pebbly and gypsum desert. They are united by roughness, hardness and density of the surface. Water penetration stony soils are different. The largest pebble kovye and gravelly debris lying quite loosely, easy to pass water, and precipitation quickly percolate to great depths, are not available to plants. But more often, however, the common surface, where the gravel or crushed stone cemented sand or clay particles. In these deserts are rocky fragments tightly, forming the so-called desert pavement.
Relief rocky deserts Read more [...]
The two-year herb. The stem is up to 1.5 m, striated, completely naked, at base with dark red spots. The leaves are dark, below light green, triangular, troyakoperistye, with oblong pinnatifid-governmental shares. Cyme with seven to ten rays, slightly convex. The plant blooms from May to late autumn. Flowers are white. Fruits ovoid-globose, slightly compressed laterally, mericarps with five wavy edges. The whole plant with a heavy "mousy" odor. Hemlock spotted distributed mainly in the European part of the USSR and the Caucasus, is sometimes found in Siberia and the Far East, Read more [...]
Annual plant with shoots in length from 30 to 100 cm stem is weak, square in the nodes thickened, stiff, tenacious through the ribs lined spines facing down. Leaves linear-lanceolate, up from 15 to 50 mm and 25 mm wide, apex abruptly acuminate, narrowed to the base, the edges and bottom with spines, glabrous or with scattered hairs, sit at 6-8 in a whorl. Flowers in axillary 2-3 (rarely 5)-flowered semiumbels. Corolla white, with oblong lobes, anthers yellow. Fruits with hooked hairs sitting on tubercles. It flowers from May to September, the fruit ripens from June.
Range of the species has Read more [...]
It is best to do in a taiga snow cave. Dig it man can for one to two hours. For all its structural simplicity cave protection from the cold is not worse than the needle.
Dug a snow cave on the slopes with deep, a minimum thickness of 1.5 meters of snow - there is no possibility of an avalanche, even quite small. In malozasnezhennom area suitable for the construction of the snow cave can be found near any natural barriers: the lonely rocks, stones, slopes of ravines, steep banks, a large fallen tree. In these places, the wind and pressed shovel snow masses in dense monolith.
Before Read more [...]
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Sahara. Part 1
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Alabama
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Iceland
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Ecuador
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Alaska
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Siberia. Part 1
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Siberia. Part 2
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Africa
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Australia
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Swamp
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Ireland
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Jungle of Costa Rica
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Sahara. Part 2
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Kilauea Volcano
Bear Grylls: Man vs. Wild - Read more [...]
Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev.
Series 7. Winter camp 2 - tent camp.
In this program you will learn how to put the tent camp in the winter, as it accommodates a large company and how to change the geometry of the camp based Read more [...]
In this group of fifteen major topographical signs that need to be familiar with the tourist.
Sami settlements - villages, villages, farms, villages and cities - complex structures consisting of various buildings and structures. Therefore, there is no simple topographical signs of the village - it is made up of various local topographical signs of objects that make up what is called a settlement.
First, it is separate residential and non-residential buildings. They portrayed nemasshtabnym black rectangles (Fig. 13 a). If the structure (The house) is very large in size, and map large Read more [...]
Search tactics in an avalanche is different depending on the avalanche from the slopes or out of the gully.
In the case of a powerful storm to search for the maximum number of people involved, and often the equipment, such as bulldozers. Search tactics are determined by the capabilities of the organization and security of a large number of rescuers, which required them to split into separate groups and the establishment of zones of work, shift work, etc., requires intelligence overlying slopes and if necessary, challenge the artificial secondary avalanches, which, however, does not exclude Read more [...]
SAS: A Survival GuideAuthor: John "Lofty" Wiseman
Size: 60 MB
SAS (Special Air Service, Special Airborne Service) - Air Force special forces. The soldiers of this elite are trained to carry out the most difficult part of the operation at any point of the globe, usually alone and away from regular troops. Working in small groups, often in enemy territory, they have to be their own surgeons and dentists, navigators and chefs. Operative situation often makes it impossible to replenish all stocks, and they live literally "to grass." They have to deal Read more [...]
We are pleased to electronic journal "great fishing" - Journal for the fishermen and the fishermen. Magazine "Big Fishing" will be interesting to professional fishermen and amateurs. On the pages of our magazine readers will find stories about the fish place, describing methods, techniques and subtleties of fishing, interesting photos, and information about the habits of the fish. In the "great fishing" you can read about how, where, and what better gear to fish. Professional fishermen in the magazine will share with you fishing tricks, secrets and tips. Interesting Read more [...]
Small and medium-sized mammals (the size of the mouse to a porcupine), is very different in body shape. Limbs five, less than four-and three-fingered, the last phalanx usually armed with claws. The coat is developed, often differentiated into hair and beard undercoat, guard hairs may be modified in the needle. Clavicle usually present. Small and tibia fused in their lower part, or free.
The front section of the skull is shorter than cerebral. Orbit without bone behind the arc open, highly inflated auditory bulla. Very mobile articulation of the lower jaw (the adaptation to chewing and Read more [...]
Major in working with young arresters - differential treatment to all classes and climbing on the basis of quality of preparation.
The difficulty in determining the location of a spark gap in education, training or sports group is to identify the level of their training. Indeed, to judge the preparation of the arrester can basically only be based on his self-esteem and the fact that it is written in the "book climber" in past seasons. Therefore, the first series of classes devote rock engineering and engineering insurance, work on the stand and belay skills with a rope. Driving Read more [...]
Annuals, herbaceous perennials, 5-40 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Information available for T. peduncularis (Trevir.) Benth. ex Baker et S. Moore.
Contains fatty acids established structure (Fujita, Nogami, 1996). Found anthocyanins.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action — a diuretic, wound healing. Indications — diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea.
S. gracilis (Besser ex Trevir.) K.-Pol. — Biennial 50-120 cm tall. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contains mono-and seskviterpeioidy and flavonoids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 1.3% NZ fruit. Coumarins found up to 0.5% in the underground. hours, saponins.
Medicinal. In the experiment, an extract of Subtitle. including antitumor, essential oil — antibacterial activity.
Materials. Flavor of the perfume: Hopes. hours (essential oil).
Herbaceous perennials, rarely single, biennials 15-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (south).
Triterpenoids contain up to 10.7% in the underground. h S. ochroleuca L (Baykal et al. 1997) (in H including triterpenoid saponins (Baykal et al, 1998), flavonoids to 6.1% in S. ochroleuca, coumarins to 0.4% in the flowers of S. comosa Fisch. ex Roem. et Schult. ( among them furokumariny), carbohydrates and their derivatives, as well as phenolic acids and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. allocated essential oil to 0.3% and tannin to Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 3-45 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain triterpenoids (including triterpene saponins to 5.6% in the underground. Including P. patens (L.) Mill.), Phytosterols, flavonoids, and other derivatives of y-pyrone and y-lactones established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 17.4% P. campanella Fisch. ex Regel et Tiling, tannins to 7.5% of the Subtitle. Part P. violacea Rupr., essential oil. Alkaloids found to 0.1% in the underground. Part P. campanella, coumarins, anthocyanins and 2% in the flowers of P. grandis Wender, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic Read more [...]