This time, even the morning dew was not. The grass was dry, sonorous, and the sun, unable to rise above the horizon, is thick, as in the afternoon.
Behind me hung assembly of plastic film, which were firing tools, fishing rods, two dozen baked mussels and bottle of shampoo with water. In the hands - Kirk of staples and stick.
I decided to walk along the shoreline. But there were so many stones that, having reached the cliffs of the Left, I am completely exhausted. If this will happen, I have on sneakers is nothing left when I get to the place, and I'll get there only for the night.
After Read more [...]
Thoughts about survival, be it global catastrophe or just breaking away from the city car anyway regularly visit many of us. Many on the basis of these disturbing thoughts try to prepare yourself for such a chance. One day a group of enthusiasts, united by the idea, gathered to hold three training out of survival. About how it is they happen, read on.
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After lengthy debate, it was divided into two phases. The first phase was a pilot, and was to be to try to survive and to evaluate what is important in the event of this kind and to build a more appropriate model for the second Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series, Bear Grylls overcome new challenges - he Read more [...]
One day me an unpleasant incident. After him, I was about to give up thoughts hikes. I then led a group of newcomers to the Caucasus.
The route was quite complex. We descended from the ridge without trails. Gently passed the rock, slowly descended the scree, entered the forest. The slope was steep, densely overgrown with trees and underbrush. In the forest, rocky outcrops - stone cliffs above the hidden bush. We cautiously down the steeply dipping bed of the stream. Sometimes we had to get out of bed, avoiding high levels of waterfalls.
We had to think about accommodation on the slopes, Read more [...]
Annual plant height of 5-30 cm, grayish hairs of stellate hairs, almost spherical shape ("rolling stone") by forked from the base of the stem. Leaves linear-filiform, apex with a strong cusp, the next, but in the forks of the stem - opposite or whorled. Unisexual flowers: staminate perianth with bifid and single stamen collected by 2-5 in the axils of the upper leaves; pistillate - Single, without perianth, hidden in a fully fused bracts oblong-wedge-bract, in fruit with two divergent top long straight ulnar styloid. It flowers from May to July, fruiting in July-August.
Distributed Read more [...]
This is a predatory animal in our country wide area. In the east-west direction it extends from the southern regions of the Komi Republic to the Sea of Okhotsk. Observed fairly rapid expansion of the range to the west, the entire European part of columns populated in the last 70-80 years.
Column habitat is very diverse - from the dark coniferous taiga to the birch and aspen peg in forest-steppe areas. Beyond the forest, settling in the reeds on the banks of lakes and rivers of the steppe and shrub meadows. The forests prefers valleys and streams, particularly in mountainous and semi, littered Read more [...]
Being in the Carpathian mountains, Altai, Kazakhstan, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Siberia, Far East, etc., must be considered unusual for many people of the mountainous climate and await him at every turn dangerous.
Each person walking in the mountains, should have information on the impact on the body of the mountain climate, the dangers and precautions in the mountains and be able to navigate.
Person particularly depressing the following factors:
1. With the rise of the mountain and lower barometric air pressure (Appendix 1) decreases the concentration of oxygen, which acts on the Read more [...]
Sleeping bag used to overnight in cold temperatures and bad weather. Climber often have to sleep in a sleeping bag without a tent.
Sleeping bag consists of three parts: the envelope, bag and liner. The shell is made of waterproof, but breathable material, bag - from a quilted satin and percale down, wool or cotton batting. The best are the feather bags, which are very warm with low weight. Instead sheet is thrust into the bag liner fabric or flannel. Sleeping bag should weigh 2-2.5 kg.
Climber must be placed in a bag over his head. The top of the bag has a cut with clasps. After Read more [...]
If there was a question without bakery baking bread and piles of ingredients, the best option - it is unleavened bread. They do not require any special skill or rare products. In fact, they can be out of the oven only flour and water. To learn how to bake your own bread, read on.
Better to use here these simple recipe: flour, water, a spoon of vegetable oil or any other fat, some baking soda, salt and sugar to taste. Mix all ingredients and add flour until until the dough is thick, as the dumplings. Then dense cakes are obtained, it is easy drying, suitable for long transportation. But Read more [...]
Techniques of insurance on a snowy ridge in the most challenging mountain climbing. Especially their lie in the dynamics of performance. Indeed, carefully mounted ice ax can serve as a basis for detention only top rope, or disrupting the top in pure pendulum, or disrupting normal on slopes up to 40-45 °. In this case, the maximum impact force on the ice pick will be between 30-100 kg and fear can expect to deal with it.
However, in all other cases, the tug will be stronger, so that the fear can not keep the ice pick and a proper balance on a snowy ridge. Therefore, it should always be Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, biennials rarely to 200 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, phytosterols, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm., Phenolic glycosides, phenolic acids (Syrchiia, Semenov, Ziichenko, 1997), and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols established structure. Marked fatty oil to 27.2% of the fruit C. arvense (L.) Scop., Essential oil, tannins, rubber. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, vitamins C and K.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - disinfectant - Hopes. Part C. arvense, wound healing - oversight. Part C. arvense, C. esculentum (Siev.) SA Mey., S. heterophyllum Read more [...]
Campaign begin at the start of training and can be consummated only when the group will report to the tourist section of the collective physical education and sports society, before the establishment of an organized group, and has passed a written report. Only then route the commission may issue a certificate of tourists spent their campaign and take it to a set-off for a particular category.
Summing up the results of each tourist hike is necessary not only for the promotion of tourism. The main purpose of the campaign is conducted analysis summarizing experience on engineering and community Read more [...]
Single, biennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus. Contain steroids, triterpenoids (including kukurbntatsnny in H), flavonoids and thioglycosides established structure. Detected alkaloids, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic, expectorant - seeds I. umbellata L., wound healing - oversight. Part I. amara L Statement - diseases of the cardiovascular system: the heart disease - Hopes. h, seeds, myocarditis, endocarditis - seeds I. amara (Vavilov, 1994), diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: kidney disease - Hopes. hours, diseases of the respiratory Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 70 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain fatty acids established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 31% from seed A. spicata L. Oiaruzheny alkaloids, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - sedative - Subtitle. Part A. spicata, normalizing metabolism - fruit laxative - Subtitle. Part A. spicata. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: for stomach - Hopes. Part A. erythrocarpa Fisch., fruits of A. spicata, intestines - Hopes. Part A. erythrocarpa; pain: for headache - Hopes. Part A. erythrocarpa, fruits of A. Read more [...]
N. nucifera Gaertn. - Water herbaceous perennial. Distribution: European part (delta. Volga), the Caucasus (delta. Kuban), Far East.
Contains alkaloids to 1.2% in fetuses, other nitrogen Comm., Mono-and seskviterpeioidy, fntosternny, flavonoids (including leykoantopnanndiny) and nitrogen Comm., Higher zhnriye acids, aliphatic alcohols and aromatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - spasmolytic (Selected med. Plants, 1999), a cardiotonic, tonic - Subtitle. hours, benefits, antiseptic - Subtitle. hours, diuretic - Subtitle. hours, Read more [...]
Zimnezeleny perennial 10-30 cm tall with long, slender branching rhizomes that develop adventitious roots and stalks. Stems ribbed, sometimes slightly twisted, reddish. Leaves collected in the rosette, their plates rounded or broadly, 1-2.5 cm long and nearly as wide, leathery, dark green, notched, serrated at the edges is not clear; petiole usually 1.5-2 times as long plate. Above 3.1 on the stem are small scaly brown leaf. Flower brush rare of 9.2 flowers on stalks up to 10 mm, in fruit arcuately bent downward. Calyx lobes broadly ovate, shortly acuminate. Corolla green, wide, 10-15 mm Read more [...]
Annuals and 60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contain flavonoids, phthalide, and higher fatty acids and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.1% of oversight. hours and fixed oil to 49.5% of the fruits B. radians M. Bieb. Found poliatsetilenovye Comm.
Drug (leaves). Indications – infections / infestations: hepatitis, abscesses, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous adipose tissue: in diseases of the skin – B. radians.
Nutritional supplements. Spice: V. radians.
S. laevigata (L) Maxim, (syn. S. altaiensis (Laxm.) Schneid.) - shrub to 1.5 m high. Distribution: Western Siberia.
Contains triterpenoids and tsianogeiiye Comm. established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones.
Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the cardiovascular system: a stroke, infections / infestations: in hepatitis, symptoms and syndromes: in fevers.
Food. Substitute for tea: leaves. Environmental significance. Ornamental. Read more [...]
Proper staffing group - one of the main conditions of successful and trouble-free trip.
In the preparation of complex campaigns need to be very careful selection of participants, preferably from the same production team. It is very important knowledge tourists characters, skills, aptitudes and physical endurance of each other. From the practice of the tourist sections known that some tourist groups in the same part of the route goes first, second, and then a third category of difficulty. Such groups are easily overcome, complicated.
However, this is not always possible. Most often, there is Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]