Frosty day in the campaign are not alone. They may be away from home ten and many more. There is a growing desire to throw off the tension and relax. Should not people finally feel the heat from all sides, and the blind, and to the right, and below, the continued reliability of heat and does not require any care to more frost has not kept?
This fatigue. It affects the mind, creates the mood. Resistance to it is given only to experience winter hikes - a special "winter experience", which did not even get in a stationary polar winter. He properties of polar travelers, Read more [...]
Tea - an integral part of camp life. Invigorates morning tea, afternoon tones, evening creates a favorable environment for communication. In cold weather, warm in hot weather thirst quencher, the word tea is irreplaceable! In campaigns tourists often seek to add to this drink medicinal herbs. Tea is fragrant and useful.
The healing properties of tea are directly dependent on the properties of herbs.
Tea with thyme.
This drink has analgesic and sedative effects, stimulates blood circulation. Increases blood pressure, helps the cough, good for the lungs and bronchi. In addition, thyme active Read more [...]
Perennial, up to 70 cm, with hollow stems, often at the base of purple, black pubescent with simple hairs, glands (reaching up to half of the stem) and stellate hairs (above). In addition to erect stems are almost always thin ascending shorter flowering shoots, flagellates, rarely short creeping underground and aboveground shoots. Leaves lanceolate or broadly, sparsely pubescent with simple hairs and bottom vein stellate, stem leaves 1-3. Inflorescence paniculate-umbrella, with (3) 10-25 baskets. Wrapper leaves 7-8 (9) mm long, usually without membranous border, sparsely pubescent with simple, Read more [...]
Hare - Occupant of open steppe and desert-steppe landscapes. In the forest area, he has penetrated gradually after deforestation and plowing of forest land. Hare habitat covers about two-thirds of the southern European part of the USSR and goes beyond the Urals to Omsk and Kazakhstan to the Kyzyl-Orda. Acclimatized in a number of regions of Siberia and the Far East, but large areas in the new areas have arisen.
In the field, hunting grounds hare drawn to trees and shrubs in the ravines, gullies, river valleys, to polezashchitnym plantings, shrubs and fallow tracts to small pins. In forest Read more [...]
Tents of the most common Gable tents in a "house" (Fig. 2). The most preferred of industrial - "pamirka." She often floor and roof are made of silver rubberized percale and therefore it is also called "silver." Height "pamirki" - 1.2 m, the net weight (without racks and pegs) - about 3 kg. It easily fit three people for the night, and if necessary - and four. Another suitable type of tent - "poludatka." It is slightly higher (1.5 m) and a little wider. But usually made of canvas and therefore weighs between 5 kg b. To it must be done awning Read more [...]
In the mountains of Kyzyl-paradise, and Temirshi Koshubay (Kazakh uplands) surki first appear from holes in the second half of March, the bulk - April 6-7, and the last - April 14 (Afanasyev, 1947 survey data). Some animals come out of the holes, punching solid snow, and in the mass - with the advent of the first green on thawed. Adults surki up from hibernation long before the exit holes, and young - before the exit. This set A. Afanasyev April 3 at digging holes with unopened marmots.
With the advent of green on thawed surki hard feed. In June, July and in early August behavior surkov Read more [...]
All the deserts of North America are mainly located in the western part of the continent, and they can be divided into four groups. The most northern - Great Basin Desert to the south it borders the Mojave Desert and further southwards - Sonora Desert. They form a single unit, but a little bit away from him, mostly in Mexico, is the fourth desert - Chihuahua. It is, in contrast to the three previously mentioned desert, is not in the West, but rather in the middle of the continent, about the same distance and from the Atlantic and from the Pacific Ocean. The northern part of this desert gets Read more [...]
Sapper shovel came over with a knife or an ax, most recently in the Russian army during the last Russian-Turkish war. Corps had to dig into the ground because of the increased rate of gun and rifle fire. Small blade became a satellite of every modern soldier. Her name "Sapper" is not quite correct, officially called a spade "a small infantry", but life has taken root, the term "Sapper". Over time, a shovel was used not only for its intended purpose, but also as a universal multi-tool and a very effective weapon. Using a shovel as a weapon was forced during World Read more [...]
According to my calendar went on Sunday, the thirty-third day of life on the island.
More than a month!
I decided that day to do nothing. In the morning just went down to the spring and washed, and the boat moved something out of the tent. Found in the locker mug to shine kick sand in it and boiled tea from the hips. Fire laid out right on the iron floor cabin, to the right of the door. When the door was opened, the smoke through a hole in the window of a well and pulled out in the cabin can breathe.
Then he began to whet the knife was found in his locker. Drove his brusku hour and a half, Read more [...]
A tree 10-15 m, sometimes up to 30 m in height. Trunk straight, slender, malovetvisty, with good development of up to 55 cm in diameter. The bark is gray, smooth in young specimens, the old cracked lengthwise grooved. Crohn shatrovid-tion or okrugyaoyaytsevidnaya. Twigs and branches are rare, strong, laterally compressed spines, reaching 1-2 cm in length, strongly dilated at the base and curved upwards. Olive-green shoots, with numerous light lenticels. The large leaves are often crowded on short shoots, 5 -, 9 -, and usually 7 palchatorazdelnye, rounded in outline, green above, glossy, lighter Read more [...]
Flint will help you build a fire in any weather, in rainy and cold weather. The rod is made of a special alloy, durable (up to 12,000 hits), the temperature cut out the spark reaches 3000C. The spark is cut with a knife or any sharp metal object. With Flint is easy to ignite paper, dry grass or other flammable materials.
Sparks from flint cut out with a knife, the temperature of 3000 ° C spark With Flint you can easily set fire paper, dry grass and bark. Flint is enough for 12,000 hits. Flint length - 11cm.
Flint different water resistance, Read more [...]
Although the march tourists usually little sick, though, going on a trip, it is necessary to know how, if necessary, to help himself and his companion.
First aid - perhaps the only section of tourist training, where the amount of knowledge to be known more widely than would be necessary simply marching practice. And, yet, it is the practice had largely guided, by selecting the material for this section - otherwise it could grow, threatening to drive out all the rest. Therefore, the information set out below does not replace the need for familiarity with first aid on the books specifically dedicated Read more [...]
Single biennial height 15-45 cm Stems quadrangular, brown. Lower leaves are 4-6 cm long and 4.5-6.5 cm wide, triangular-ovate, the base of wide, double-toothed on the edges, with large triangular-ovate teeth of the first order and second order sharp-toothed, with long petioles 5 - 8 cm to the top of the stem leaves are reduced in size, as the length of petioles, bracts sessile, all the leaves are thin, bright green. Stems, leaves and stalks from the bottom covered with long glandular hairs. Flowers are arranged in terminal pyramidal inflorescence. Calyx quinquepartite, with oblong-oval obtuse Read more [...]
Contrary to popular belief, folding knives are not a European invention, the second half of the XIX century, when the pocket knives, including a multi-disciplinary, began to produce and sell in Europe quite active. It was then that the Russian language has appeared and caught on the phrase "pocket knife", owing its origin is most often done with this knife work, namely "ochinyaniyu" goose feathers, which at that time were still using. But folding knives were in use in the countries of southern Europe, such as the south of France, in Spain and in Italy, in the XV century. Read more [...]
V. Dyakov (1975a) provides an overview of methods used in the Soviet Union to address livestock river otters. All existing methods he brings to four main: statistical, environmental, statistical, and for detecting Morphological and ecological capacity of settlements. According to the author, the statistical method is the most simple and gives a rough idea of the number of animals (Dyakov, 1975a, p. 339).
The essence of this method: in the first phase - to specify number settlements, on the second - using conversion factor to determine the number of animals in the study area (provided that Read more [...]
Status. Presumably living in the region view, whose authentic status needs to be clarified.
Distribution. Range of the species covers almost the whole of Europe - as far north as Sweden, south to Spain, Italy and Greece, and to the west of the UK, as far east as the Urals, Siberia and Altai. Inhabits almost the entire forest and forest-steppe zones of Russia. In the north of the Volga NN distribution is not known. In the middle of the XX century. European mole is very rare in the north of the right bank of Saratov in Petrovsky and Bazaar-Karabulak areas (Gora-lev, Larina, 1969). View is Read more [...]
Synonym: Spermophilus erythrogenys.
In Pushnikov: common ground squirrel.
Notes on taxonomy. SI Ognev (1947) noted that as a kind of red- gopher is well differentiated. He is closest to C. major, from which it differs in structure and characteristics of the skull painting. Especially close to C. major subspecies of C. is ungae. Quite close to the red-cheeked gopher smaller blednohvosty C. brevicauda.
Thus, another SI Ognev (1947), examining the systematic position of gophers, was a chain of similar origin of species: the largest western - S. major, smaller - S. erythrogenys and even Read more [...]
In hunting elk farm is considered one of the most important target species and amateur hunting. Game wardens spent great efforts to protect and restore it and now try to keep the number of the beast at the proper level. Forestry - elk one of the most serious pests, preventing forest regeneration, which reduces the sometimes time-consuming and costly no silvicultural activities in many areas of the country.
In 1969, according to the AG Bannikov (1970), in our country, there were almost 500 thousand elk, including in Russia, 440 thousand, Latvia-14-20 Belarus, Estonia, 8, 6, Ukraine, 10, 15, Read more [...]
Among the green things are trees, shrubs and herbs used for food and medicinal purposes. Only in the forests of the European part of Russia, there are more than 50 food and 30 species of medicinal plants.
In the forest, grow in abundance strawberries, raspberries, cranberries, blueberries and other berries.
Cranberries and blueberries grow in pine, red bilberry, blueberry, pine forests, and even in damp pine-dolgomoshnikah. In the northern taiga-berry cranberry forests cover about 11 million km2. Cowberry forests - rich feeding grounds for the inhabitants of the forest. Capercaillie, black grouse Read more [...]
We are pleased to electronic journal "great fishing" - Journal for the fishermen and the fishermen. Magazine "Big Fishing" will be interesting to professional fishermen and amateurs. On the pages of our magazine readers will find stories about the fish place, describing methods, techniques and subtleties of fishing, interesting photos, and information about the habits of the fish. In the "great fishing" you can read about how, where, and what better gear to fish. Professional fishermen in the magazine will share with you fishing tricks, secrets and tips. Interesting Read more [...]