S. pratensis Moench - herbaceous perennial, 15-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (south).
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelminthic - Subtitle. hours, leaves, emetic - Subtitle. hours, anesthetic - Hopes. hours, diuretic - Subtitle. hours, expectorant - Subtitle. hours, wound healing - Subtitle. hours, in veterinary medicine - Hopes. hours Statement - infections / infestations: the sexually transmitted diseases, rabies, scabies - Hopes. hours, diseases of the digestive system: the gastric colic - Subtitle., oversight. hours, diseases Read more [...]
Annual height of 60-150 cm, with simple or branched stems. The lower leaves are opposite, upper alternate, all stemmed from the triangular-ovate to lanceolate, krupnovyemchato-toothed, rarely entire, green above, from below with a whitish powdery bloom. Flowers in spike-like inflorescence, which together form a pyramidal panicle. Pistillate flowers are of two types: a five-membered (or three-term) without perianth bracteole (such flowers less) and without perianth, enclosed in two round-oval, entire naked bracts. Seeds from both forms of the flower are also different: the first - horizontal, Read more [...]
Perennial herb 40-80 cm tall, with a many-headed rootstock and erect furrowed stem, usually branched at the top, covered with hairs at the bottom facing downwards. Leaves are opposite, pinnately lyrate or sometimes entire, usually stiff, lower petiolate, upper sessile. Numerous small flowers clustered in inflorescences-head, very similar in appearance to the basket Compositae. Bracts lanceolate, acuminate, margin ciliate. Corolla funnel-shaped, five fused petals, blue-purple, occasionally pink or white. Outer row of flowers in the inflorescence is very different from the rest of the flowers Read more [...]
Single, biennials or herbaceous perennials, 10-140 cm tall. Propagation: All.
Contain iridoids, diterpeioidy, alkaloids and other nitrogen Comm., Phytosterols, flavoiondy to 5.2% in iadz. Part L album L, carbohydrates and phenolic and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked tannins and 10% of L album, essential oil to 0.5% of iadz. Part L. album, fatty oil to 40.5% of the fruits of L. purpureura L. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, antopiany, saponins, organic acids to 3.4% in the leaves of L. album, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - haemostatic - leaves L. album, Hopes. Read more [...]
N. monorchis (L.) R. Br. in Aiton et W. T. Aiton — herbaceous perennial 8-25 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action — analgesic — Subtitle. hours Statement — diseases of the reproductive system: infertility — Subtitle. h; pain: for toothache.
Herbaceous perennials and 70 cm high. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain fitoekdnsterondy established structure. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, saponins.
Medication (including nadz. G. brachypetala (Hornem.) Tolm. Et Kozhanch.). C o Punishment - diseases of the digestive system: gastritis, diseases of the ear, nose and throat: rhinitis.
Environmental significance. Needs protection G. soczaviana (Schischk.) Tolm. et Kozhanch. Read more [...]
Single, dvuletinkn nln herbaceous perennials 5-200 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids and other derivatives from acyclic N-pyrone poliatsetileiovye Comm. established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.4% of oversight. Part E. acris L, rubber. Found alkaloids.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic - Hopes. Part E. acris. Indications - infections / infestations: dysentery - E. alpinus L, abscesses - Hopes. Part E. acris; diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - E. alpinus, heartburn leaves E. acris; ear, nose and throat: with angina Read more [...]
D. cannabina L. - Herbaceous perennial 60-250 cm tall. Distribution: Caucasus.
Flavonoids to 17.2% in the leaves, triterpenoids, phytosterols and higher fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Marked fatty oil to 40.9% of the seeds, tannins up to 8.1% of the Subtitle. including alkaloids detected 0.3% in the stems and leaves, chalcones, saponins, carbohydrates and 11% in the underground. h, organic acids to 4.4% in the stems and leaves, vitamin C and carotene.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - diuretic, antipyretic, expectorant, laxative - Hopes. h (State registry. 2000), Read more [...]
Curly herbaceous perennials and 200 cm long. Distribution: The Far East (Amur, Primorye, the Kuril Islands (o-in Kuiashir).
Contain alkaloids and other nitrogen Comm., Flavonoids, hiioiy, di-, and triterpenoids, steroids, heterocyclic Comm. of furan, carbohydrates and polnatsetilenovye Comm. (Noerr, Wagner, 1994), phenolic glycosides and other aromatic Comm., Higher fatty acids, aliphatic stsirty, aldehydes and keto established structure. Highlighted the essential oil. Found coumarins, saponins, fosfolitsidy, polysaccharides, vitamin PP.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant - Subtitle. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 80 cm high. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain alkaloids to 0.3% in the underground. Part D. caucasicus (Fisch. et S. Mey.) Grossh., coumarins (including furokumariny) lnmoioidy, flavonoids, phytosterols, tsiaiogeiiye Comm. and other nitrogen Conn., and seskviterpeioidy (Zhao et al, 1998c, 1999) and esters of phenols established structure. Marked tannins to 2.5% from the leaves of D. angustifolius G. Don ex Sweet, fatty oil to 21% of the seeds D. gymnostylis Steven, essential oil to 0.3% from the Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 30-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia. Information available for B. ischaemum (L.) Keng.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect — hemostatic, sedative. Indications — disease of the reproductive system: the metrorrhagia, symptoms and syndromes: anorexia, pain: when stomachalgia.
Stern. For all types of farm animals, leaves (basal).
Environmental significance. Pochvoukreplyayuschee.
Hunting with a gun-dog on grouse begins in August. At this time, broods kept in the grass and berries, for cutting and forest glades, the edges of deciduous young and field margins, the banks of forest streams, near the places where they were hatched.
Hunt better in the morning when the dew dries just a little, and at night - for 2 - 3 hours before sunset. At this time, broods feed and leave many traces (nabrodov), prominent in the morning in the dewy grass. In the middle of the day when the rest broods in remote places, it is advisable to take a break in the hunt.
Only cloudy weather with little Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 10-60 cm high. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Information available for A. fruticulosa (Ledeb.) Poljakov.
Contains moioterpeioidy, flavonoids, lactones and seskviterpeiovye (Wang et al., 1994) and acid feioliye established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.8% of oversight. h
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelmintic, tonic.
In the experiment of Hopes. h has myotropic, antispasmodic, vasodilator, diuretic, leaves exhibit anti essential oil - antibacterial activity.
Environmental significance. Ornamental. Read more [...]
The surface of our planet is very rarely even. On any so-called plain always have at least a small rise and lowering hills, mounds, valleys, ravines, ditches and slopes along the river banks. All of this together is the topography of the area. Relief - a set of uneven ground. All irregularities can be divided into two types - convexity and concavity. Convexity is considered to be a positive form, and concave - negative forms of relief.
The terrain can be divided into simple (plain) and complex (mountains). To a greater or lesser extent, the relief is always an obstacle to the tourist Read more [...]
Synthesis Papers on reacclimatization beaver in Russia IV gives Zharkov (1969, p. 10-51). He writes that in the late 20's - early 30's. this century beavers in the Soviet Union were a rarity. Work on artificial dispersal of these animals was started in 1934 (in Latvia - in 1927). In the first stage the only source of breeding material was Voronezh Reserve, from which from 1934 to 1947 exported more than 700 live beavers. In the second phase, starting in 1948, was used along with the Voronezh Belarusian native colony. Winter 1963/64, I. Zharkov said beginning of the third, the final Read more [...]
Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people.
The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
In the forests of the ants form Lazius nigga live in freedom. Their "palaces" rise sometimes almost a meter above the ground. And it is even so - that no step, anthill. On a small forest clearing houses huge ant state. If anyone had planned to do a census of nests laziusov edge of the forest in the area at least a quarter of a hectare, are unlikely to cope with the problem: sometimes literally no invisible colonies of young, not yet having the bulk of the dome. Such domes only old anthills. In contrast to the red wood ants that make these buildings from the needles and twigs, earth Read more [...]
Fighting harming activity of hunting animals in the forest - not only timber and ohothozyaystvennaya, but also a serious economic problem. Experts on forest protection indicate that the system control activities harming mammals should be flexible and comprehensive. Single universal method exists.
One of the oldest and most common method used to protect the forest foresters from wild ungulates were, of course, the hedge. Their usefulness is not in dispute in the present. For example, in Scotland, 95% of all forests fenced to protect them from the deer (the density of its population in the Read more [...]
Avalanches are sometimes called "tiger in the skin of the lamb." This is a figurative comparison is largely true. Avalanche that came in motion, and rushing snow masses - the most terrible, the most insidious danger of mountains in any season. Caught in an avalanche of dry snow, man gasps from penetrating into the airways of tiny particles of snow dust. Avalanches of wet snow, which has a huge weight (1 m3 of powdery snow weighs 60-80, wet - 200-300, wet - up to 800 kg), literally buried alive, caught in their rights.
Moreover, in the fall of dry snow avalanches, which speed Read more [...]
Fear. Total darkness and loneliness are perceived by each person differently. A large number of people feel an instinctive fear of the dark, so you can easily explain their aversion to the caves. Fear of the night, probably as old as mankind. We inherited this feeling of our prehistoric ancestors. In those times at night the man was unarmed in the face of danger and could not repel wild animals. At night, every noise seems suspicious, anxious, threatening. Night fears overwhelm a person more than a day. What really scared in the dark? One scared to be alone, while others are afraid of Read more [...]