Others | The survival encyclopedia - Part 11


Cotoneaster melanocarpa

It occurs in almost all of European Russia, in Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East, the Caucasus and Central Asia in the undergrowth sparse forests, hills and rocky slopes, climbing in the mountains to the subalpine zone. Spreading, up to 2 m high shrub. Young shoots voylochnoopusheinye, old branches are bare, shiny, covered with red-brown bark. Leaves with a blunt, and often notched apex, ovate, dark-green, slightly hairy, bottom belovoylochnye. Pink flowers, located in the axils of leaves, collected 5-15 pieces on pubescent peduncle in loose brush. Almost spherical, with a blunt, just Read more [...]
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Rhode CAULOPHYLLUM Michx. — Cohosh.

C. robustum Maxim. - Herbaceous perennial up to 150 cm high. Distribution: The Far East (South Primorye). Contains triterpenoid saponins, alkaloids 0.1% in the leaves and stems, as well as heterocyclic Comm. furan groups established structure. Highlighted the essential oil. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - haemostatic - Subtitle. hours, leaves, sedative - leaves. In the experiment, saponins have a stimulating, cytotoxic and antioxidant properties, triterpene saponins - anthelmintic; kaulozidy saponins A and C exhibit antitumor activity, triterpenoid saponins - antifungal and antiviral. Read more [...]
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Bleeding

Bleeding - a very dangerous situation, as to compensate the loss of blood and there is no way to stop in an emergency situation - is the most important. On the speed of the action and its effectiveness depends on life. With injury of large vessels such as the aorta, inguinal or femoral artery, there is severe bleeding, which can lead to the death of the victim in a matter of minutes. In analyzing the causes of death on the roads of Europe took first place deaths from blood loss untimely applying tourniquet and bandages. Read more [...]
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Hiking homemade bath

Bath in the campaign takes off as cold, and general fatigue, the recovery forces. Here are a few ways to make a bath in the field. The first method (with a fixed frame) First we need to do a campfire. Fireplace consists of logs (wood) about a meter long with a spacing less than the smallest stone collected for a bath. The first row of wood are laid stones, too, with a gap. Then perpendicular to the first layer of wood is put another layer of wood and stone, and so has not yet run out of one or more drugie.Kamni collect black, because the most common in the Karelian granite scattered in the Read more [...]
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Rhode AGRIOPHYLLUM M. Bieb. ex C. And Mey. — KUMARCHIK.

Annuals, 20-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (south). Allocated fixed oil to 20% from seed A. squarrosum (L) Moq. Detected alkaloids, saponins. Patient (A. squarrosum). Those ra n s t ich it to th action - Anat Jazirah, antipyretic. In the experiment, the seeds of A. squarrosum prevent the development of liver disease and improve in her metabolism. Food. In the form of flour and cereals: seeds of A. squarrosum. Stern. For sheep and cattle: A. squarrosum. Environmental significance. Peskozakreplyayuschee: A. lateriflorum (Lam.) Read more [...]
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Representatives of other toxic buttercups

For the first time in the history of warfare chemical weapon of mass destruction used in 600 BC. e. Greek troops led by Solon, who opposed sirgariytsev. Solon and his men settled on the banks of the river Pleystus, which flows through proud Tsirru engaged sirgariytsami. Solon first ordered to dam the river to keep the enemy out of water. However sirgariytsy not give up and kept long siege: the city had been drinking water wells, which were filled after the rains. Solon then instructed to start collecting hellebore root, or "black hellebore". A large number of these roots were thrown Read more [...]
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Ray Mears: The Art of Survival — The heart of the rift valley

Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people. The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
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Rationing fishing boar

The shooting of a boar conducted under license. Standards are set for each fishing year based on annual increment. Hunting rules can not be the same everywhere. In fixing the use of hunting organizations should consider in addition to the annual increment fodder capacity, as well as damage caused by animals to the environment. If the land may, without prejudice to feed more animals than in their lives (for example, in the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia), it should shoot a smaller number of animals, the percentage of withdrawal from the population must be below the annual increment. If Read more [...]
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Rhode NEOTTIANTHE (Reichenb.) Schltr. — NEOTTIANTA.

N. cucullata (L.) Schltr. — Herbaceous perennial, 10-30 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contains antotsnany established structure.

Drug (nadz. hours). Therapeutic action — a diuretic, diaphoretic, laxative. Indications — diseases of the cardiovascular system: the heart disease, hypertension, symptoms and syndromes: in fevers.

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Protection from hail

Grad - is precipitation in the form of ice particles of irregular shape, falls in the warmer months, usually with heavy rain or storm. Most often, rainfall and hail fall in the middle or at the end of August. To get to this extreme situation you can in the most unexpected place. Hail can overtake you and the rest, and on the way to work, or when you're at home or in your car. But in any case, hail can cause not only material, but also the physical damage. Hail mostly afraid field workers and those who keep suburban land. For them it is one of the worst natural disasters that could deprive Read more [...]
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Preparing the boat for the trip

If water travel using local wooden boat building, the group must take all that you might need for its repair: a resin for sewing the seams, hemp, rags, urine, moss, cotton wool for konopatki, nails, screws, pieces of sheet metal, sandpaper, an ax, a whetstone, a hacksaw on wood, screwdriver, chisel, chisel, pliers, pincers, mallet, plane. If the group goes on a journey to yalah, you should take with oil paint, chalk, linseed oil, oil paint, brushes. Using Travel collapsible kayaks them if they are new, before launching two people gather, label parts dooboruduyut. If the hike on used Read more [...]
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Farming

Farming is one of the livestock industries, which aims at breeding valuable fur-bearing animals for their skins. There are several forms of farming, but the main one is now a cell that gives all countries the largest number of fur pelts to market. This form of farming includes both the content of adult animals and the cultivation of young animals in cages. Is also used in semi-shape farming when adult animals (eg, nutria in the USSR and other countries, as previously muskrats in the U.S.) are kept in cages, and the young are produced in isolated areas - on the island, in particular water, Read more [...]
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Pod TORILIS Adans. — TORILIS.

Single, biennials 10-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, the Far East. Contain mono-n seskviterpeioidy, flavonoids (including anthocyanins in Hx) glitsnty and higher fatty acids, aromatic alcohols and efnry established structure. Identified essential oil to 8% of the fruits of T. arvensis (Huds.) Link, fatty oil to 22.8% of the fruits of T. japo-nica (Houtt.) DC. Coumarins found to 0.3% in the fruits of T. japonica, poliatsetileiovye Comm., Saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - astringent, anti-inflammatory, tonic - the fruits of T. japonica, a diuretic - the leaves Read more [...]
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How to build a fire in any weather without the aid of matches?

There was a time when many people go to nature, hiking, picnicking. In such situations, often resort to the help of fire, we make a fire. Bonfire - this focus, which can warm up and dry the wet clothes and shoes. Smoke from the fire protection from mosquitoes and midges. Going camping. Going camping, put in a backpack old newspapers, dry splinter, so you can build a fire in the toughest conditions. Grab a piece of birch bark, on the way it will fall a lot. We must also remember that helps ignite the fire thrown into a pinch of salt. Defending matches. To avoid problems associated with the Read more [...]
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Personal equipment: trivia

After we covered the basic equipment of the individual tourist (clothes shoes, bedding, backpack), will focus on a few selected items, the so-called little things. Let's not only sets the reader to the fact that this section will talk about minor things or even unnecessary. In the campaign is important, as we know, any little thing. So, the first such change - matches. Without matches can not pass any campaign. Loss of matches in any difficult hike - it is a hard case, and sometimes tragedy. Packaging and storage of matches in detail in the section "campfire in the rain," Read more [...]
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Under the constant gaze

One reason for the emotional tension in isolation is that people are always on the front of each other. "... One of the greatest torment, - said Russian psychiatrist Korsakov - is not able to be alone forever be under the eyes ..." 230 Conditions for the isolation of group R. Baird wrote: "People can work in perfect harmony with the light of the sun, when the labor absorbing their energy, and living conditions can move away from each other, if any random reason will cause their nervous irritation. Quite different case in the polar night. Go nowhere. All life is limited to four Read more [...]
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Passage ice slopes

On ice and firn slopes of up to 15 - 20 ° slope climbers climb in boots Bound Tricon. On the steeper slopes Tricon do not hold, and must wear a cat. Walking on cats requires a well-developed, flexible ligaments and muscles of the ankles, smooth movements, attention to every step. When walking in cats should be raised a few feet above and set them wider than during normal walking, not to cling to the teeth for the irregularities of the slope or his pants and socks. It should be possible to go more smoothly, keeping your feet on the ice sharp jerks, not hit the hardest cats in slope and tight Read more [...]
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Leatherman MUT in Omegatool

Description: Russia's first multitool Leatherman MUT obtained the exclusive distributor for information - LLC "OMEGA TOOL." Multitool designed as additional equipment and tools for maintenance of small arms the U.S. military units. Includes: a knife (blade - 7, 62 cm), a saw, pliers for cables, universal pliers with replaceable tips made of steel 154cm, pliers, punch, brass scraper to remove the sludge, a set of bits (Torx, Allen, and flat screwdriver cruciform), hammer, hook knife, belt clip, carabiner-opener, a cover for the type of vests razgruznyh Molle. Read more [...]
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Organization of tourist life. Halts and sleep?

Passage of a group of a particular route is not the goal. It is important not only to climb the route, but also get pleasure from it. The team leader should constantly monitor the well-being of children, time to stop the group on a halt to rest, to help children to organize accommodation for the full restoration of power. This is one of the components of the safety of the route. The first rest after a morning out on the route it is advisable to do in 10-15 minutes after the start of the movement. This so-called technological halt. The fact is that in the morning is quite cool and tourists Read more [...]
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