Others | The survival encyclopedia - Part 14


"Cereal" plants that can prepare porridge are not limited to Manica and previously described mountaineers, now in fields violently Cousteau foxtail. They are also in Russian and Latin names mean the same, by the way, they are called in Polish vlosnitsami also clearly heard the hair bristles. The Germans even called bristly plant millet. And quite rightly. The closest relative of marijuana - panic - the Italian millet (Setaria italica). The seeds of this culture when they are purified from the shell, it is very similar in appearance to conventional wheat, only smaller. Those who Read more [...]
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Rhode PANCRATIUM L. Pancrazio.

P. maritimum L. - Herbaceous perennial to 60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains alkaloids to 2.9% in the underground. hours, chromones, flavonoids 0.4% in the leaves, and the Hulk-HN, aromatic ketones (Youssef, Ramadan, Khalifa, 1998), higher fatty acids and fatty alcohols established structure. Drug (podz. hours). Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections, asthma, diseases of the blood and of blood: in diseases of the spleen. Toxicity. Toxic to pigs. Environmental significance. Ornamental. Needs to be protected. C. coggygria Scop. - Shrub or tree Read more [...]
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Flint. Overview of the various companies

Flint will help you build a fire in any weather, in rainy and cold weather. The rod is made of a special alloy, durable (up to 12,000 hits), the temperature cut out the spark reaches 3000C. The spark is cut with a knife or any sharp metal object. With Flint is easy to ignite paper, dry grass or other flammable materials. Flint "Expedition": Sparks from flint cut out with a knife, the temperature of 3000 ° C spark With Flint you can easily set fire paper, dry grass and bark. Flint is enough for 12,000 hits. Flint length - 11cm.Flint "Primus": Flint different water resistance, Read more [...]
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The position of the icon of the USSR I step climber

1. Eligibility for the icon are workers of the USSR have all the rights of citizens of the USSR. 2. To obtain the icon "Climber of the USSR", you need: 1) pass rates on the icon TRP I stage; 2) to climb to the top, climbing section of the approved decisions Union Committee for Physical Education and Sports, SNK, as the top of the 1st "B" category of difficulty; 3) learn the basic techniques of mountaineering equipment, to be able to deal with climbing equipment, know the escort with a rope, to be able to overcome the talus, rocky, icy, snow and firn slopes; Read more [...]
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Gulyavnik - another crucifer for spring salad, or rather another kind of cruciferous because gulyavnikov only four in the suburbs, and all of them are edible. Frankly, that from this point of view, met with some of the most common herbs in gathering material for this book. And not just in theory. Although the determinant of plant Moscow region and stated that gulyavniki occur occasionally, do not pay attention. This applies to the whole territory of the region, and gulyavniki chosen for its location close to the existence of man, in the same determinant for each one and the same note: weed, Read more [...]
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Features gear bullet cartridges

When arming bullet rounds, regardless of the type of bullet and powder grade (smoke or smokeless), is recommended for indoor cap sleeve type Zhevelo. Muzzle selected gear of the same weight. Cardboard wad not put a bullet in order to avoid jamming the bullet in the barrel. Equipment feature round bullet rounds is that the bullet is placed in the pocket between the two pyzhami felt greasy. One felt wad in height from 72 to 2 / s caliber is placed, as usual, laying on a powder (a bullet), - and the other is superimposed on top of the bullet. Free edges of the liner (5-6 mm) twist. Before Read more [...]
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Exit to settlements, making fire and fires

Making the decision to move to the village can be in populated areas. In sparsely populated areas to make such a decision can be with the knowledge of the location of the village, the distance to it. In the desert regions can move away from the point only when sure of the proximity of housing and water sources. Unmanned space, cold and lack of roads in the north, the heat and lack of water in the desert in the south of the difficult conditions for the transition. When deciding on the transition, select direction, develop a transition plan. When leaving a loss of orientation, you must specify Read more [...]
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Hunting for grouse. Part 1

It is customary to describe the hunt begins with a description of appearance and size of the object of hunting, I think that in this essay all known details of these can be omitted, but because right from the beginning to identify the main traits and lifestyle capercaillie. Capercaillie bird primarily sedentary, their movements during the year in connection with the change of seasons, the kind of power and status of the body, makes it generally within a relatively small area, which elects such a way that it had all the necessary for him elementy.Etimi elements are the following: first, strong and Read more [...]
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Waybread - a perennial herb with a fibrous root system and short shoots outlets. Plates are simple leaves in outline or broadly elliptical, tselnokroynye with arcuate veins. Petioles very flexible, so the leaves good mechanical load: being pressed to the ground rails cars, bicycles, pedestrians soles, leaves remain almost intact. The plant lives up to its name: it grows on the edges of roads and paths, where there is less competition. Psyllium seed dispersal help of which the skin upon contact with moisture, covered with mucus, and the seeds stick to the wheels, shoes, animal paws. After the Read more [...]
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Coltsfoot common

Perennial herbaceous plant with long horizontal rhizomes, which had original development cycle. Early in the spring grow low erect stems, covered with brownish scaly leaves. Each inflorescence stem ends, the basket diameter and 2.5 cm flowers in a basket of two types: edge - Reed, women, and the Mid-tubular, bisexual, but functioning as male. Fruits - oblong ribbed achenes, equipped hoholkom.Tsvetenie and fruiting takes place in spring (coltsfoot, one of the plants of our flora ranotsvetuschih) - in March-April, individual bloom in May ripe seeds fly away at the end of May - early June of flowering Read more [...]
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 Many people know how painful toothache. It may begin suddenly after exposure to cold, bathing in the river, a long stay in the rain. More of the recipes will help to temporarily relieve pain. In the ear, on the side with a toothache, put back plantain. Necessary to keep the abatement of pain. Usually the pain subsides after half an hour.Finely chopped garlic to make the hand in the place where you would normally detectable pulse, on the opposite side of the aching tooth and bandage. On hand for a slice of garlic applied cloth or gauze. This method helps to safely get rid of a toothache. The Read more [...]
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Drug smuggler

Chamomile has a different use: to improve digestion, as a remedy for colds, coughs, and as a poultice. Species and genera of daisies a lot, but they all belong to the family Asteraceae. Friends since childhood, native daisies ... Here's an easy "daisy" in our rivers. The white stars in the pink clover, The bouquet shine its petals. He "loves - not like" we can answer And would look kindly yellow eye. Here is the camomile familiar to us, too - Her we "another drug" call. And if you happen to catch a cold, Bind cough, fever rises, Pridvinie to his mug in which Read more [...]
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Distillation of sea water on the march

What to do in the campaign, when the way is not provided drinking water? For example, will swamps, lakes and rivers (such as the Dnieper), estuaries and sea. But not to be clean and fresh water. Usually tourists take with them special disinfecting water pills, remember Grandma's recipes of herbal water disinfection, disinfection of water peroxide or potassium permanganate. It's all good for fresh and relatively clear water. So, basically, you can just boil for about twenty minutes and quietly in her cooking. But what if in the campaign included meetings only with salt water? For example, Read more [...]
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Winter emergency

Winter emergencies - a common emergency in tourism. Suffice it to say that 12-15 per cent. travelers who died in accidents, the immediate cause was hypothermia. Most of all, I'm cold man at risk in the high areas of the country: in the vast Arctic Ocean, in the tundra, forest tundra and the taiga, in the highlands, steppes and adjoining semi. But all of these areas, of course, are a mixed temperature characteristics. Even in the same locality, at one and the same time, the thermometer may vary by ten degrees or more. For example, in the river valleys, canyons and other low-lying areas Read more [...]
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Submission requirements for badges and ranks

Submission requirements for badges and ranks is a direct continuation of the previous work - preparing a passport or a report about the campaign. Only upon presentation of one of these accounting documents with the route book hike may count all the participants to design their badges and ranks. Unfortunately, the leaders of this work does not always pay enough attention. Meanwhile, badges and ranks, usually meaning for young tourists is much higher than for adults. And there is nothing wrong in wanting children to consider themselves formalized tourist, and for good leaders prepare for registration Read more [...]
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Float rod

"In the evening we prepared thoroughly. Built of snow bricks walls of our home-made dens protects against low-energy, but this piercing at 26-degree cold night breeze. Dim lights, made of candles and a plastic bottle attached to this exotic abode such comfort, that if not for this merry company of three noisy young people, it was the time to go to sleep peacefully on a fishing box, looking mesmerizing brilliance of black holes. My mood was shared by the eldest of us - his grandfather Garkavy. He said nothing more, and only smiled in his mustache. Long did not bite. But here was a nod Read more [...]
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P. dichotoma (Pall.) LW Lenz - herbaceous perennial up to 100 cm high. Distribution: Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Flavonoids (including isoflavones), xanthones Mr. carbohydrates established structure. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative, tonic, analgesic, obstetrical - Subtitle. hours Statement - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system, diarrhea, gastric and intestinal colic in children, diseases of the blood and of blood: for anemia, diseases of the cardiovascular system: the disease of the blood vessels - Subtitle. hours, diseases of the musculoskeletal Read more [...]
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Rhode EUPHORBIA L. — Spurge.

Annuals, herbaceous perennials and 2 meters tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain di-and seskviterpeioidy, triterpenoids and 3% in the underground. Part E. condylocarpa M. Bieb, flavonoids (including catechins) to 15.9% in the leaves of E. soongarica Boiss, coumarins up to 1.6% of Hopes. Part E. falcata L, steroids (including phytosterols), carbohydrates, tsiklitoly, Conn. nitrogen and phenolic acids and their esters, higher fatty acids, hydrocarbons, alcohols and other aliphatic Comm. established structure. Isolated rubber to 7.6% of oversight. Part E. seguierana Neck, Read more [...]
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(From Arabic. Sayle - rapid flow), strong, Moore, mud or gryazekamenny flow, suddenly appearing in the beds of mountain streams as a result of sudden flooding caused by heavy rainfall or heavy snowmelt in the accumulation of large quantity of the products of weathering on the slopes. Usually there in mountain and foothill p-tries with a continental climate. Characterized by a sharp short-term (1 - 3 h) increase in the level of the current mass and its pulsating movement in the absence of strict periodicity.                   With mudslide tourists can meet all mountain areas Read more [...]
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