Durian. This is a dangerous and strange-tasting fruit. The smell of the fruit of this tree grows in Malaysia, with nothing comparable. At maturity it attracts wild animals from the most remote parts of the forest. The best results, of course, gets the elephants, with their large and growing long-snouted, and remnants enjoy tigers, deer, wild boar, gaur, rhinos, tapirs and monkeys. In those places where durian is common, Malays are building high platform in the trees, did not get to the elephants, and gather fruits as soon as they fall.
Durian - a high thick tree with strong roots discoid. Read more [...]
The first thing I want to say, despite the seeming conventional wisdom is that when making a fire to observe fire safety rules. Especially dangerous fires in dry grass and dry coniferous forest, where the flame even in light winds can spread rapidly. Fire, divorced on peat soil, easily ignites the peat beneath the turf and put out a fire is very difficult: the flame can reappear from the ground only a few days. Just fire penetrates deep down, diluted with pine roots. In such places, the fire is not recommended to breed. But if the choice is limited, it should raise a layer of gravel, rocks Read more [...]
Usually the blades used steel, designed entirely for other purposes - for instruments for the medical industry, and even the kinds of structural steel, such as steel for bearings. Specialized materials for blades quite a bit, and they tend to have historical roots of origin. So, from the North came ply steel, East and South - Damascus and Bulat. Ore type and the presence in it of natural dopants also largely determines the technology, and the quality of the metal. Now the knife specially designed steel grades, primarily in Japan. Used and rare materials, such as high-strength titanium alloys Read more [...]
(German Bergshrund, from Verg - mountain and Schrund - crack), PodgornyI crack, break of the sea ice and firn slopes at the base of the mountain Glacier.Bergshrund.
Separates fixed, primerzshuyu the rocks of the glacier from the mobile. Edge AB can be at different levels, forming a wall of ice and firn height. in several. m (Figure). B. with a hanging wall - a serious obstacle for tourists and mountain climbers. B. overcome by snow (firn, ice) bridges, alluvial fans avalanches or in traffic jams and snow stranded blocks of ice or rocks. In their absence has come down to Read more [...]
Creeping evergreen shrub with stems up to 1.3 m in length. The leaves are oblong-obratnoyaytsevid in kind, entire, leathery, dark green, shiny, beneath lighter on both sides with a clear network of veins. Inflorescence - short apical brush, consisting of several drooping white and pink flowers. Calyx persistent, five-round cut into the share, margin ciliate. Corolla urceolate with pyatizubchatym limb, inside hairy nearly limb. Fruit-berry-like drupe globose, powdery pulp Pyatignezdnaya, bright red. Blooms in May and June, fruits ripen in August and September.
Common in the tundra and taiga Read more [...]
A. graveolens L. - Biennial or annual plant up to 100 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, widely cultivated in other regions.
Contains kumariiy (including furo and piranokumariny) moio and seskviterpeioidy, flaveo Noida (including anthocyanins), phthalide, acyclic poliatsetilenovye Comm., Heterocyclic Comm. of furan glycityl and phenols fenilpropaioidy, phenols and higher fatty acids, glycerides, phospholipids, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers and keto established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 3.6% of the fruits, fatty oil to 32.9% of the fetuses. Vitamin K Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series, Bear Grylls is in the wilds of Alabama, Read more [...]
You already know that the azimuth - the angle, and all sorts of angles can be, first, measure, and second, to build. Measure and building corners can not just pencil on paper, but the sighting beam directly on the ground. For tourists it is very important.
Azimuth - a special corner in which one beam (direction) always looks at the geographic pole of the planet (in pole North or pole South).
On paper (map) to measure and it is possible to build a common azimuth angle measuring tool - a protractor (Fig. 58). On the map, as you already know, there are many vertical lines - the western and Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 150 cm high. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain steroids (including steroidal saponins, phytosterols), flavonoids to 4.4% in A. persicus Baker, other derivatives of y-pyrone, carbohydrates, and higher fatty acids, aromatic alcohols and aldehydes established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil to 14.7% of the seeds A. officinalis L detected carotenoids, polysaccharides, vitamin B2.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - A. davuricus Fisch. ex Link, A. officinalis, Read more [...]
In addition to these hardy Arctic plants in the Far North in the summer you can find a lot of plants of temperate climate. Lichens are an important food source for distress, not only in the Arctic regions - although there are literally become vital, as is likely, more nutritious all the other Arctic plants. Researchers and scientists sometimes survive for a long time with the "Stone of the fungus." But be careful! Lichens can cause painful phenomena, if they be eaten raw, as they contain the bitter acid. Remove it by soaking in water overnight and then cook thoroughly. If you like Read more [...]
In 1980, the Ministry of Forestry and Forest Industries of the Latvian SSR received a number of applications of the damage to agriculture and forestry from the activities of beavers. The number of beavers republic at that time was estimated at 7,000 animals. The second half of the summer and autumn of 1980 has an exceptional abundance of precipitation and summer floods that made it very difficult objective assessment of the damage caused by beavers.
Conflict checking carried out on site with representatives of timber industry, representatives of the land user and expert on Bobrova economy. Read more [...]
Tree, in favorable conditions, reaching 28-30 m tall, with a trunk up to 160 cm in diameter, as a young man covered with light gray, then dark-gray bark with longitudinal winding cracks. Large (7-17 cm by 10.4 cm), glossy leaves are egg-shaped, sometimes irregular in shape and a heart-shaped base. Early spring revealed male catkins, at the top of the branches. Female inflorescence - cones - in the form of small, woody knobs at maturity (up to 2.5 cm in length) are placed singly or 2-3 at the base of the shoots. Fruits - one-seeded nutlets small flattened, fringed wings - mature late autumn, Read more [...]
Often talk about superstitions: what cloud to rain, which to land. And here it is, of course, on what clouds accompany the front of cyclones and anticyclones - the line separating the weather. But where to move this front? ..
We see the sky at a distance of tens of kilometers. What's going on - the naked eye does not see. Pressure change, we can also see just where it has already begun, people notice it the barometer, animals - in their internal biological barometers. People also have an internal barometer: pain in older fractures or headache; many unaccountable anxiety accompanies the Read more [...]
Man recovering much faster when recovery attributes to its own efforts, not drugs. For example, if a smoker to stop smoking by itself, and not from the action of tablets, then it is much more likely not to start smoking again. It's the same with any other disease: the effect much stronger, adapting faster and more stable results when healing a man to be the result of their own efforts, and not outside influences.
One important factor in adaptation after trauma is to find sense of control over the future, in this case, how will this control - real or illusory, is not important. During the Read more [...]
The modern world is available to almost everyone at any point. Modern sea, river and air transport for a short time will take you anywhere. Not uncommon, and long-distance road trip. And not too much left in the world places where no man has gone before. However, a healthy mind and a pioneer researcher, romantic wanderings, finding the unknown and the desire to test himself not only attract tourists, climbers, cavers, but simply lone adventurers. Annually in travel and expedition sent a large army of geologists, surveyors and naturalists.
At its core, people discovered and instructive, Read more [...]
Only members of the crew in space long before the flight to know each other (sometimes within 5-10 years). A completely different situation is developing in the formation of expeditions to work in remote areas of the globe. In some cases, people are beginning to establish contacts already in the extreme conditions.
In this connection, the work of VD Tkachenko, who investigated the relationship between crew members seiners fishing for fish at the South Polar Circle. It should be noted that 95% of sailors to swim did not know each other. The main feature of the study was that the sailors Read more [...]
Perennial herb 25-90 cm tall, with a spindle-shaped root. Stem erect, simple or dichotomously branched in the middle, at the bottom and a capitate inflorescences with curly white hairs. Leaves in a basal rosette, and 2-4 (5) pairs on the stem, covered with short hairs. Lower leaves are lyre-shaped, medium - once or three times pinnately or ne-ristorassechennye. Flowers pale yellow, clustered in dense apical inflorescence-head diameter of 2-3 cm Wrap-lanceolate or narrow linear green pointed leaves, usually densely pubescent, especially beneath. Bracts scarious, pale, linear-lanceolate, with Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, one, biennials, rarely shrubs 5-120 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain iridoids to 1.2% in oversight. Part V. officinalis L, flavonoids to 2.2% in oversight. Part V. longifo-lia L. (Including anthocyanins) fitosternny, cardenolides, carotenoids up to 0.2% in the leaves of V. gen-tianoides Vahl., carbohydrates glycityl, heterocyclic Comm. of furan. and seskviterpeioidy (Su, Zhu, Jia, 1999), feniletaioidy (Aoshima, Miyase, Ueno, 1994), nitrogen Comm., feioliye acid and other aromatic Comm., alicyclic acid called higher aliphatic hydrocarbons ustaiovleiioy structure. Read more [...]
Perennial with zimnezelenymi leathery leaves, thin branched underground rhizome bearing adventitious roots at the nodes and developmental stalks. Leaves collected in the rosette; plates rounded or rounded-oval, leathery, glossy, ploskogorodchatye, at the upper end of the town there is a small papillary clove, which is the end of rib;, petiole longer than the plate. Petioles and peduncles almost always with a reddish tint. Flowering arrows 10-35 cm tall, with 6-10 flowers, in the middle of the left or slightly below, there is one sharp scaly leaves. Calyx lobes triangular, reddish. Corolla Read more [...]
Those who are caught in early childhood, "the then" 20-inch minnows, has always been clear that this is a worthy trophy fishing, because the meat of this fish has a great taste in hot and very nutritious. Today, these trophy minnows - a rarity. Somewhere marred their unfiltered foolish masters, drove somewhere rotan, because this "Far plague" are happy to devour the eggs minnow, but also actively pursuing his youth.
Gudgeon named this little fish, because she loves the sand and kept it all year: even in winter looking for a hole with a light washed down and a noticeable Read more [...]