230 years ago, October 15, 1783, in a balloon, constructed by the Montgolfier brothers on their own risk flown first poor guy. They became Pilatre Francois de Rozier. To increase the chances of survival Francois, the ball kept the cables, and the first held in the air balloonist only four and a half minutes at a height of 26 meters. Just five weeks later, was made the first free flight with humans on board. November 21 Pilatre Francois de Rozier, along with Marquis d Arlanda took to the air for 15 meters on the balloon. Starting from the garden of the castle of La Myuett in the Bois) are tastefully Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western n Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain alkaloids and 0.8% in F. latifolia Willd, steroidal saponins, flavonoids (including anthocyanins in H), and sugar esters, phenolics glikoeidy higher fatty acids and established structure. Allocated fatty oil.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant - Subtitle. Part F. maximowiczii Freyn, F. verticillata Willd., antitussive - Subtitle. Part F. maximowiczii, hemostatic, lactogenic - Subtitle. Part F. camschatcensis (L.) Ker. Gawl., F. ussuriensis Maxim., Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 10-100 cm tall. Propagation: All. Contain phenolic and higher fatty acid established structure. Isolated waxes. Discovered polysaccharides.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - knitting - Hopes. Part E. latifolium Hoppe, E. polystachyon L., haemostatic - fruits (trichomes) E. callitrix Cham, ex SA Mey., tonic - stems E. polystachyon, anthelmintic, diuretic - E. latifolium, analgesic, sedative - Hopes. h, the fruits of E. vaginatum L. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - Hopes. Part E. latifolium, E. polystachyon, stomach ulcers, diseases of the digestive Read more [...]
Biennial plant 50-100 cm in height, with a cylindrical thick root. Stems and leaves densely covered with stiff, bristly, almost prickly, erect hairs. Stems are erect, rather thick and strong, longitudinal stripes. Lower leaves oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, cuneate at base, with short petioles, upper - linear-lanceolate, acute, sessile. Inflorescence long, spicate. Bracts ovate, acute, strongly enhanced at the base, concave, slightly shorter than the flowers. Calyx ovoid-conical, whitish, almost naked, with oblong obtuse teeth. Corolla light blue or light blue, bell-voronchato-ringed, length Read more [...]
Tyanynansky marmot (M. b. centralis) different from the typical animal subspecies of light-colored head (not dark, and usually lighter back), light (sometimes slightly reddish) region vibrissae and more saturated bright rusty-reddish tone belly. Distribution - Jungar Alatau, Tien Shan. However, the color of this subspecies Groundhog highly variable. Apparently, so the descriptions of different authors are significant differences (Bobrin-sky, 1937 Vinogradov and Gromov, 1952).
Marmots Altai and Tien Shan subspecies, according to our observations differ craniologically. The first (copies Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 30-120 cm tall. Distribution: Caucasus, the Far East (South).
Seskviterpeioidy contain (in Hi seskvnterpenovye including lactones), phytosterols, and higher fatty acids and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Allocated fatty oil.
Drug (S. abrotanoides L). Therapeutic action - anthelminthic - leaves, fruit, expectorant. Indications - tumors: tumors - juice, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous adipose tissue: the itching dermatosis - leaves, fruit.
In the experiment, the fruits of S. triste Maxim, exhibit antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Read more [...]
B. erecta (Huds.) Coville (syn. Siella erecta (Huds.) Pimenov) - herbaceous perennial, 20-60 cm high. Distribution: European part (south-east), the Caucasus.
Flavonoids to 0.2%, furokumariny, glycityl and higher fatty acid established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.2%, 21.8% fatty oil from the fruit. Found poliatsetilenovye Comm.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - leaves. Indications - hypovitaminosis: in scurvy - leaves; pain: for toothache - Subtitle. h
Toxicity. Toxic: Subtitle. h Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 10-70 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain alkaloids and 2% in the underground. Part A. olympica Boiss., and phytosterols (Chen et. al., 1999), phenolic acids (Drost-Karbowska et al., 1997; Szaufer-Hajdrych, Drost-Karbowska, Kowalewski, 1998) and higher fatty acid established structure. Marked fatty oil to 22% from seed A. glandulosa Fisch. ex Link, an essential oil to 0.1% of oversight. Part A. viridiflora Pall. Found coumarins, cardenolides, cyanogenic Comm., Vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action Read more [...]
In the forest village, abandoned by people living in the summer two shepherd: Peter and Basil. Village was small. Two dozen homes in a compact group stood by the lake and have been fenced by long tillage and high-fence ogorodom1. Once right after that fence stretched wide strip field. Field, in turn, were also surrounded by a high fence. This was the second ring-fence around the village. And right at this second ring of a forest pastures - pasture.
Gardens, hedges were not allowed to cattle from pasture to crops and livestock produced in the fields of the village. To get from the Read more [...]
Synonyms: Spermophilus brevicauda, Citellus musicus relictus. Russian book title: Talas gopher, gopher Tien Shan.
In Pushnikov: common ground squirrel.
Notes on taxonomy. Systematic relationship relic gopher with other long time remained insufficiently understood. Kashkarov DN (1923), originally described as a gopher relic as a subspecies of small, calling it S. pygmaeus relictus, and only after a comparative study identified a separate species - C. relictus (Kashkarov, 1925). The same conclusion was arrived and SI Obolensky (1927). Under this name already this gopher is listed in all Read more [...]
Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people.
The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
Tamarix - shrubs or low, no more than 12 m, and often 6-7 m height, the trees. Trunk diameter less than 50 cm bark of old trunks and branches gray or dark gray, annual shoots are green, reddish, dark purple, gray and purple. The leaves are very small, 1-7 mm long, membranous, often with a bluish tinge. Pink, purple, lilac, or rarely white flowers clustered in panicles. Fruit - small boxes. Tamarix bloom in spring and summer. It is often a secondary bloom in late summer or early fall. Flowering shrubs tamarisk form bright colorful spot on the background uniform reddish or brown steppe and Read more [...]
Quick Reference tourist
Author: Shtyurner YA
Size: 9.29 MB
This handbook specifically include all the information that may be needed to tourists during travel. There are given different advice regarding: training equipment, nutrition, first aid and many other things that you usually need a tourist. The report contains a summary of which can be useful to tourists when organizing and conducting amateur multiday trips. It provides practical tips and advice on recruiting group, preparing equipment, catering, movement and orienteering, rest stops and overnight equipment, conduct Read more [...]
Spices. How many of you can name the spices and, in any case, to say, what good are they? Pepper, which is put in the soup - bitter, bay leaf - hard.
Few people know that the taste and smell of gingerbread depends nails ki and cinnamon. And everyone can be concluded that the spices in the human diet are not important and we can well do without.
However, the old saying says: "In the food without spices no benefits, no joy." And it turns out that the plants that give food only flavor or bitterness, valued at all times for all people.
Since ancient times, known for onions, garlic, Read more [...]
Often the cause of bear attack is the behavior of the man himself - his extreme courage, or, conversely, cowardice. According to circus animal trainers, working with bears importantly, that the beast in man feel superior, dominant, the creature standing over him. Therefore, the first commandment - do not lose confidence, not to show cowardice, or spur aggressive animal. This is entirely appropriate, and at a meeting with a bear in the wild.
When meeting with a bear you can sweep fear. It is an instinctive feeling, it covers the human soul against the will, but the symptoms of fear can stop. Read more [...]
In connection with the development of man is changing the distribution territories of bears in some regions: animals away from the area of development of large projects, from land, where human disturbance and direct persecution by man sharply. However, if forests are preserved with good protective properties and feeding conditions, the bears are gradually getting used to the neighborhood of man and machinery, and here their existence depends on the direct persecution by man. In the lowland forests of the bear followed by large forest areas, providing him a good defense. The main factor determining Read more [...]
D. sibiricum (Turcz. ex Kunze) Sa. Kurata — herbaceous perennial 15-70 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contains phytoecdysteroids established structure.
Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action — anthelmintic, normalizing metabolism. Indications — infections / infestations: dysentery, influenza, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: in nephritis, diseases of the digestive system: the enterocolitis.
In the experiment, the leaves show antibacterial activity.
I woke up from the ram, and the mosquitoes. Lodchonku skidded into a vast field of lilies, inhabited by these hungry creatures, and I have long itched and mothers until they got to blow. And talk that beauty will save the world. Feature bald. Always close to the beauty of some bloodsucker, just take a lily, though the woman. Incidentally lily in English water nymph, and Latin kind of nymph. Ophelia, my nymph, amplitude 'em, unless it makes the brush ...
While I muttered, ahead on the right bank more clearly draws a silhouette of beauty at all, well, a different kind. I hurried on, Read more [...]
For bedding, above all, is a sleeping bag. (In warm weather, it is permissible to replace blanket.). He should be a little longer-it growth of its owner. Well established rectangular (without hood), unzips completely bags (about 2 kg). Two of these bags are usually combined in a multi-seat sleeping three people. If the "lightning" are different, then resorted to using laces or buttons. They are sewn so that the edges overlap bags na5-10cm
Sleeping bag modern tourist - is case of a parachute or equivalent light fabric with sewn uniformly filled - natural or artificial batting. The Read more [...]
Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev.
Series 6. Winter camp.
In this series, you'll learn the rules of resolution of the device of the winter camp, learn how to go to sleep in a tent, in which direction to look in and the fact Read more [...]