Bird of medium size and very solid build, weigh 300 to 700 grams. In all habitats it is resident birds. In the CIS, nine subspecies inhabits partridge, which are slightly different from each other in size, plumage color and habitat. However, ornithologists NA Gladkov, N. Kartashov, S. Mikheyev said conditional existing laying chukars into subspecies. Now recognize the following subspecies of rock ptarmigan: Caucasian partridge, living in the mountains of the Caucasus and acclimatized in the mountains of Crimea; kopetdags-cue partridge, living mainly in the mountains of Turkmenistan; zapadnoturkmensky Read more [...]
Testing and an overview of low-cost Chinese knife Viking Nordway, bought for ridiculous money-420r. Held a knife with me for about a month on the pocket, before I decided to do a little test. Quality sharpening of the box-perfect, all the time never rules (although, nothing serious, and they did not cut). The exact center of the blade in the closed position, no hint of backlash. The only drawback is the rather tight opening, but it is possible to close your eyes, for such and such a price :) Read more [...]
We have already mentioned that no description of the terrain can not create in the reader a correct idea of it, which gives a topographic map. That map is a guide surface on roads and no roads, day and night on unfamiliar terrain. Knowledge of and ability to use it it is necessary for all, but especially to travelers, tourists, prospectors, geologists, surveyors, military. We must be able to compare it with the area, but most importantly, to be able to navigate the terrain on the map.
Recall again, but that reference map (aerial photographs) is composed of orientation maps, identifying her Read more [...]
Everyone knows that the work dull knife - this is sheer torture. It turns out that knife sharpening is very important. Do not be sorry time for this occupation. Believe me, much longer it takes to work with a blunt instrument. In order to professionally sharpened knife requires patience, a quality steel blade, bars appropriate granularity. Generally see the video and you will succeed. Read more [...]
A perennial herb with prostrate or ascending rooting shoots up to 25 cm, glabrous or short-haired. The leaves are opposite, rounded to lanceolate, 5-22 mm long and 3-10 mm wide, obtuse at apex, shiny, entire or obscurely crenate, lower at netsvetuschih shoots with short petioles or sessile, sometimes converging at an outlet, the upper leaves are oblong-lanceolate gradually become the bracts. Flowers in many-flowered lax racemes, terminal and axillary, with small bracts, pedicels equal or half the length of them. Calyx glandular-ciliate, with four oblong-ovate obtuse lobes. Corolla pale blue Read more [...]
This refers to cases where the process of alternate motion of the second had all the conditions for the organization of the self, but did not due to negligence or misunderstanding need it for safety (15 ns).
Leads in cases related to the error, II level (67%) when operating on routes to IV / t Case studies show that fear does not consider self-insurance required. Elements of such a relationship can easily be seen in other cases of infringement of the insurance, in Fig. 7: Insurance 4-8 people in one hook (10 ns), the beginning of the second movement before the first arrange insurance (6), Read more [...]
Members of the family of new eelpout (Zoarcidae) - fish that inhabit the northern seas, and in their study only the first steps. Known 40 species of fish, most of which are available (not only for science, but for the angler on the ice) is the European eelpout. The most abundant species of this family in the waters of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea. If you follow the biological dogma, it is their homeland. Eelpout - fish with a snake-like body, characteristic of the eel, burbot, and to some extent for catfish. Cycloid scales are very small. Located almost the entire length of the body Read more [...]
Unusually rich vegetation along tributaries of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers in South America. Not long ago, botanists studied the species composition of the vegetation of tropical forest near the city of Manaus. On an area of 2000 square meters, they described more than 500 species of plants belonging to more than 50 families!
In these impenetrable thickets grow different types of plants, from which the famous Strelna poison curare. It is believed that the name given to him after the river Kurvary flowing in Guiana.
Europeans first encounter with the poison was in the XVI century. the conquest Read more [...]
In the absence of benchmarks. In the tundra, steppe, where no guidance, or in poor visibility can move by the alignment. Steering tourist traffic control direction, while at the end of the group, he sees the whole chain of tourists can compare it with a given azimuth direction and - to warn of deviations.
In the presence of the sun (moon, stars), you can move in measuring the azimuth angle of the direction in relation to these heavenly bodies. Every half an hour of their position in the sky should be specified with the help of a compass. Of the techniques of the most common orientation orientation Read more [...]
In 1962, near the village. Ili Almaty region repeatedly were caught specimens conventionally attributable to us Aedes leucomelas. View and compare these instances with the collections of the Zoological Institute of the USSR have shown that this Aedes simanini, described AV Gutsevich (1966) on charges of Uzbekistan. The morphological structure and ecology of the larvae remained unknown, which served as the basis for their detailed study. In Kazakhstan, found only in the basin. Or. Traced the spread of the Ili to the border with China.
The larvae of the last stages in the neighborhood of Read more [...]
According to scientists on Earth are about 300 plant species, including species on the mountain tops and bottoms of oceans, of which 120 thousand are edible. Plant foods contain full of nutrients that can support the forces of man, even in the Arctic. Some plants to ensure normal operation can supply the body with enough protein, others - calorie carbohydrates.
Products are a rich source of harvested field corn and other plants. This applies to the potatoes, corn, turnip and pea fields of European and Asian countries with temperate climates. If you find a potato Read more [...]
Lynx - typical taiga predator (up to 1 m, weight 8-15 kg), a fairly large size, with a flexible body and a short tail (20-30 cm), blunt tip is as if chopped off. Like other wild cats have retractable claws sharp trot, long legs with large paws. Webbing between the fingers developed, allowing travel in deep soft snow without sinking into it. On the sides of the head at the trot developed tanks, and at the ends of ears - brush.
Lynx found in remote, heavily cluttered mature coniferous forests. Lynx spotted coat makes invisible the day of the incident on the earth from solar flares lit trees and Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, hat, high boots.
Equipment personal - ISS, 2-3 carbine repshnur (5 m), the main piece of rope (3 m), protective helmet (helmet).
Equipment group - rope core (4 x 30 m), 2-3 hammer, 5 rock pitons, 5 carbines, rope auxiliary (1 x 30 m), a backpack for two, first aid kit.
Introductory talk: "Rope - the basis of security of any of climbing and trekking in the mountains."
Rope - the important thing that has become familiar not only for the traveler and mountain climber (Promalp, application forms). The thing is so familiar that it is often Read more [...]
In the north (Kazakhstan) of the range groundhog marmot lives only in the subalpine and alpine zones at an altitude of 2100-3300 m above sea level. m It is like most "alpine" among Central Asian marmots, but generally inhabit very diverse habitats, from rarefied creeping juniper bushes and thickets of high umbrella plant habitat in the lower zone to almost lifeless blocky talus glacial cirques.
The most favorable areas for habitat marmot mountains with rounded relief and at the same time with a distinct mesorelief. Here, in most places, there is a thick layer of fine material of Read more [...]
Size - from the domestic cat to a tiger. Are found on all continents except Australia and Antarctica, but never widely distributed. Secretive and largely nocturnal animals, avoid the person. You can see lions on the reservation, but rarely see cats in other places. All are potential food - but do not touch the big cats. You can use the production of large cats, if not near its owner - but BEWARE: It will be somewhere nearby. Meat can be stringy, cook thoroughly, but the meat of small cats taste like rabbit. Tendons are tough, well-used to bow.
Traps: Powerful lifting eyes, traps are triggered Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]
The Journal "Modern Fishing" You can read exclusive articles, incredible stories from the life of fishermen, reviews of various events, tips, fishing secrets and more - much more. Here you will learn a lot about fishing and all that it involves. On the pages of this magazine you are waiting for the fishing actual materials and stunning illustrations.
Download the magazine: letitbit.net Read more [...]
S. herbacea Willd. - Creeping herbaceous miogoletiik to 150 cm long. Distribution: Caucasus.
Flavonoids, alkaloids 1.5% in the leaves, izotioiiaiaty and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked fatty oil from the seeds of up to 36%, mustard oil, zfirioe oil. Carbohydrates are found in fruits 32.9% sapoiiiy steroids, vitamins C and E.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative, antiseptic - Subtitle. hours, stimulating appetite, wound healing - flowers. Indications - infections / infestations: the infectious and toxic hepatitis - Subtitle. Part of the drug Liv-52 (Mashkovsky, 2000), Read more [...]
Magazine "Fishing in Russia"- A full-color trade magazine for amateur and professional fishermen. Edition of the rich become the most advanced anglers in our country, not only repeatedly won national competitions, but the world championship! The magazine is designed for a wide range of readers, and contains a large number of columns: "School of Excellence", "Theory and Practice", "Tourism", the Arsenal, "Survival School", "hands", "The opinion of ichthyology", "Sports", "Cooking "etc.
Download the magazine: Read more [...]
Mesmerizing spectacle: the Volga wedge at speed under the "hundreds" could be heard over a dozen watercraft. Standing on the bank of granny crossed ...
The main purpose of personal watercraft - pokatushki along the beach or transporting skiers and wakeboarders. But sometimes they go in a trip. So, last year I was in the company of like-minded drive around Lake Baikal. Incidentally, as I write these lines, my comrades in this journey move along the coast of Chukotka and will soon be overcome jet-Bering Strait.
Cruisers flagship watercraft perfect for pokatushek, and for a long trip. Read more [...]