Sequence. the timing of the stages of the route, expressed in tabular or graphics to. form. In the tour. practice distinguish planned and executed. Planned GD GD developed in preparing tour. campaign and in abbreviated form part of the route book; perform. GD is made during or immediately after the trip and is included in report about the campaign. IN on the beginning and end of each stage of the path, its length, time of stages, in hours and minutes, elevation or vertical drop, and the nature of the way to apply the technique of movement and insurance, dangerous places and attractions Read more [...]
Perennial herb 40-80 cm tall stem is erect, simple, from the base of fluffy furry through long tangled hair (mixed with pieces of iron at the interstices). The leaves are wrinkled. Basal leaves oblong or ovate, 5-15 cm long and 2-7 cm wide, finely toothed or crenate at the edges, with long hairy petioles. Stem leaves are smaller, with short petioles, the uppermost - sessile. Total apical inflorescence is formed 10.5 contiguous 4-6-flowered whorls. Calyx campanulate, densely pubescent multicellular simple and glandular hairs, bilabiate, the upper lip is semicircular, with three contiguous very Read more [...]
(From Italian. Rrofilo-shape), drawing, a sectional area of vertical plane, gives a clear picture of the nature of the relief in the chosen direction. In the construction of L. m on the horizontal axis mark the points with known heights, they restore the perpendiculars, length, which correspond to the height of points, and the vertical scale is taken much larger than the horizontal for more visual details and relief (eg, beams, river terraces) . Thus there is the inevitable exaggeration steep slopes. The line connecting the ends of the perpendiculars is L. m (Figure). It can be constructed Read more [...]
Everything connected with fishing, is shrouded in mystery that humanity will never unravel completely. Scientific opinion on this issue expressed in the "Sea ice" known American glaciologist Dr. SR. Kahn. He wrote: "... none of the proposed theoretical concepts is not sufficiently complete and rigorous description of the combination of physical and chemical properties of water, but to explain certain phenomena of a certain theory gives quite good results."
Mysteries that surround and accompany in his passion for fishing, are the issues that define the structure of the Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials 5-200 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain monoterpenoids (including iridoids) seskviterpeioidy, alkaloids, phytosterols, flavonoids, carbohydrates and poliatsetilenovye Comm., Phenolic acids, fatty acids and esters H established structure. Highlighted the essential oil. Found coumarins, tocopherols.
Lekarstvennoe1. Therapeutic action - sedativnoe2 - podz.ch.3 V. officinalis (Гос. registry. 2000), underground. Part V. colchica Utkin, V. dubia Bunge in Ledeb., flowers V. alliariifolia Adams in F. Weber et D. Mohr, antispasmodic - Subtitle. Part V. officinalis Read more [...]
S. renifolius Schott ex Tzvelev - herbaceous perennial to 20 cm high. Distribution: The Far East.
N contains anthocyanins carbohydrates established structure. Detected alkaloids, steroids, fatty acids, saponins.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - antispasmodic, hemostatic, laxative, diuretic - Subtitle. hours, wound healing - Subtitle. hours, inflorescence, sedative - Hopes. hours Statement - infections / infestations, whooping cough - Subtitle. h, pulmonary tuberculosis, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism, injuries: burns, psychiatric illness: in hysteria, diseases of respiratory system: Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, one, biennials 10-200 cm tall. Propagation: All.
Contain alkaloids to 2.9% in the leaves of S. grand identatus Ledeb., mono-, sesqui-and triterpenoids, flavonoids to 5.1% in oversight. h S. nemorensis L., coumarins, karotnnoidy, tsnklitoly, carbohydrates, acyclic poliatsetilenovye Comm., heterocyclic Comm. of furan and phenolic acids and glycosides, fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, tannins to 9.1% of oversight. h S. nemorenis, rubber to 0.5% of the S. erucifolius L. Found steroids, quinones, saponins, organic Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 20-180 cm tall. Distribution: European part (south east). Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain steroids (including phytoecdysteroids, fntosteriiy), sesqui-and diterpeioidy, triterpene saponins, poliatsetileiovye Comm., Hiiony to 6% in the underground. Part R. carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin, flavonoids (including katehniy in H to 0.4% in the underground. hrs R. carthamoides), anthocyanins, carbohydrates and sulfur Comm. (Wei et al., 1997), stilbenes (Hajdu et al., 1998), phenolic acids and 0.7% in the underground. Part R. carthamoides and fatty acids ustaiovleiioy Read more [...]
Danger crossing over mountain rivers due to their fast-flowing, low water temperature, bottom irregularity, steep banks. A torrent and rolling along the bottom of the stones can hurt and mislead people in water depths up to their knees, and the delay at the crossing fraught with fast mortis feet.
The water level varies depending on the intensity of the melting and weather conditions in the source. The smallest in the night and early morning. Most rapidly during the middle and end of the day. The necessary degree of security ensures the correct choice of place, time and manner of crossing. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 15 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids and fatty acids established structure. Found vitamin Kg
Medication (including nadz. O. acetosella L.). Therapeutic action - anthelmintic, hemostatic, wound healing, diureticheskoe1, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the liver, jaundice, dyspepsia, diarrhea, heartburn, hyper-peratsidnom gastritis - Hopes. hours, diseases of the reproductive system: the meno-and metrorrhagia, orchitis - Hopes. h, kidney and urinary tract: in enuresis - leaves, jade - Hopes. hours, oral disease: Read more [...]
M. aquaticum (L) Moench - herbaceous perennial to 70 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contains flavoiondy established structure.
Drug (nadz. hours). Indications - diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: eczema, skin diseases, diseases of the eye: the diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat: with tonsillitis.
Stern. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 70 cm high. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East (invasive). Information available for the L chinensis Benth.
Contains seskviterpeioidy and aromatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.5% of oversight. h
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - restorative, normalizing metabolism. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system, stomach hypothyroidism, liver disease, diseases of the nervous system: in paralysis, including the facial nerve, parkinsonism - Hopes. h
Stern. For cattle. Read more [...]
(Eskimo), light is not blown jacket with a hood. Made of dense thin tissue (eg, parachute nylon, nitrone) usually bright colors, highly visible from a distance. Worn over the head, below contracted elastic or string, has one large pocket on the chest with Velcro "zipper", closed valve. A good protection from the wind, but getting wet in the rain. A. and trousers of the same material are very comfortable for hiking in winter or season: wear under storm suit they complement it, keeping warm.
Herbaceous perennials, 10-50 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia.
Contain alkaloids to 0.7% and to 2.2% coumarin (including piraiokumariny) in the underground. Part N. davuricum (L.) G. Don, as well as flavonoids and lignans ustaiovleiioy structure.
Medicinal. In the experiment, the amount of coumarin Subtitle. Part N. davuricum antitumor, ether extract - cytotoxic.
Melliferous. N. thesioides (Fisch. ex DC.) G. Don (syn. H. suaveolens (DC.) G. Don?). Read more [...]
G. lactiflora (M. Bieb.) Schulkina — herbaceous perennial up to 150 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Flavonoids established structure. Marked tannins to 2.5% and 0.6% of the rubber leaves. Alkaloids found to 0.6% in the leaves, steroids, poliatsetilenovye Comm., Saponins, vitamin C.
Food. Edible: the stalks (young). Stern. For cattle. Melliferous. Perganosnoe. Environmental significance. Ornamental.
Special, or staffing, safety equipment is mandatory for each rescue points. Set it is strictly regulated.
Rope equipment. Includes basic cables with a diameter of 5 mm, and support, with a diameter of 2.5 or 3 mm.
According to the requirements of the International Commission for the rescue in the mountains (ICAR) on wire equipment, the design tensile strength of the 6-millimeter rope is not less than 1990 kg. In accordance with the recommendations of ICAR during the descent and ascent of the rope needs fivefold margin of safety, so that the load is equal to 250 kg. In organizing the Read more [...]
C. daurica L - herbaceous perennial 8-20 cm high. Distribution: Eastern Siberia. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - hemostatic, anthelmintic - Hopes. hours Statement - infections / infestations: pulmonary tuberculosis, anthrax, erysipelas, diseases of the respiratory system: pneumonia, kidney and urinary tract: in nephritis, diseases of the ear, nose and throat: the nosebleeds symptoms and syndromes: the fever, trauma: the wounds, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: ulcers of various etiologies - Hopes. h
In the experiment, water-alcohol extract Read more [...]
There is a division of backpacks on their scope and purpose. With a number of features and differences are classified as assault, the amount of backpacks not prevyshet 55-65 liters and shipping volume of 65 liters and above. Assault backpacks used for short outputs including ascents, where the number of equipment is small, with have to travel the path impassable areas as forest debris, rock ledges, cedar, etc. For longer routes to carry large amounts of equipment, personal items, food, etc. used more spacious expedition backpacks.
For easy access to equipment loading chamber has not only access Read more [...]
Single, biennials and 100 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Information available for C. lanatus L.
Seskviterpeioidy contains, as well as flavonoids and hinohalkony (Kazuma et al., 1995) established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic - leaves, laxative - fruit. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the jaundice - leaves, ear, nose and throat: with angina - leaves, psychiatric illness: in hysteria - the leaves.
In the experiment, the extract exhibits cytotoxic and antibacterial Read more [...]
Avalanches also inseparable from the mountains, as storms from the seas and oceans. Mountain residents call them "white death" is not accidental. Calm, silent snow slope can suddenly turn into a seething, roaring cauldron. Giant shaft snow, dust, debris, rocks and trees swept away everything in its path, and hide from it is often not possible. Sometimes the amount of avalanches in the hundreds of thousands and even millions of cubic meters. Picking up speed and mass, an avalanche every moment becoming more powerful, bringing death and destruction.
One of the most terrible tragedies Read more [...]