Others | The survival encyclopedia - Part 37


First aid in the hunt

First aid in case of accidents is important for the health of the victim. It can not replace the medical care provider, so after the first aid to be delivered to the affected physician. Protect the wound from getting infected. In the wound may get harmful bacteria and cause suppuration, blood infections, and sometimes even tetanus and gas gangrene. These complications can prevent injury doctor who handles injury and have been immunized. It is safest to bind up the wound of the aseptic package material first aid or sterile bandage. In the absence of a hands sterile dressing can be prepared by Read more [...]
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Rhode MYRICARIA Desv. — Mericariae.

Shrub up to 4 m high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia. Contain flavonoids, phytosterols, and phenolic acids and their esters established structure. Marked tannins to 17% IE bark M. germanica (L.) Desv. Alkaloids found up to 0.1%, and organic acids to 2.1% in the leaves of M. germanica, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelminthic - M. longifolia (Willd.) Ehrenb., Pobegi1 M. dahurica (Willd.) Ehrenb., Haemostatic, astringent - bark M. germanica. Indications - the immune system disease: rheumatic - M. bracteata Royle; disease of the reproductive system: the women's Read more [...]
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Features catch roach

Roach is one of the most common fish found in the rivers and lakes of Belarus. Catch it can start at the end of April to the end of summer. Time to go fishing is best to plan in such a way as to have time to get to the river in the afternoon. For a trip to collect the full gear: rubber boots with boots, warm wool suit, fins, mask, snorkel, fish tank and spare clothes in which you can change clothes after fishing. Can you bring a fishing rod and bait that you use in the event that the water in the river very cold. Check first, whether the fish are biting the bait. In that case, if it bites Read more [...]
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Everlasting sand or immortelle

Perennial herb, forming dense tufts. Stems erect or ascending, 10-30 cm tall, unbranched, ending common corymbose inflorescence. Besides generative shoots developed short vegetative shoots. The leaves are alternate, lower - lanceolate or spatulate-linear, with short petioles, upper - lanceolate-linear or linear, sessile, flat or rolled to the bottom side edges. Stems, leaves and inflorescence bracts tomentose, why have a grayish color. Inflorescence - small globular or ovoid baskets 4-6 mm long, collected at 10-30 shields. Wrap imbricate, its leaves are dry, yellow or orange. The flowers Read more [...]
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European ash, or high

Tree up to 30 m with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m, the crown held high. The bark is gray, cracked, young branches smooth, gray-green. The leaves are opposite, pinnate. Leaves oblong or narrowly elliptical, sharp-toothed, elongated in the cusp, with short-winged chereshoch kami or subsessile. There are species with simple leaves, when developing a terminal leaflet. Flowers in panicles, which are located in the axils of bunches of buds on the old wood. Flowers bisexual, two stamens and pistil with bifid stigma, rarely without flowers pistil, ie men. The fruits are linear, narrow lionfish. Read more [...]
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Equipment for hunting cartridges

Equipment rounds in cardboard sleeves for the shot (canister), the charge consists of the following operations: 1) inspection and preparation of case; 2) the insertion of capsules; 3) otveshivanie (admeasurement) powder charge and filling it to the case; 4) inserting a sleeve and cardboard pads on dosylka powder; 5) insert and a sleeve of felt dosylka pyzhey; 6) otveshivanie (admeasurement) projectile shot (canister) and filling it in the pocket; 7) and inserting dosylka shot wad; 8) Twist the edges dulcitol case; 9) Labeling equipment for data cartridges (marked); Read more [...]
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Rhode ONONIS L. — Harrow.

Herbaceous perennials and 100 cm tall, rarely shrubs. DISTRIBUTION: All regions, except the Arctic and Far East Contain flavonoids (including isoflavones, anthocyanins) pterokarpaiy, moio and triterpenoids, phytosterols, tsiklitoly, carbohydrates, phenols and esters ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked tannins to 0.5% of the Subtitle. Part A. spinosa L, essential oil, gum. Detected alkaloids, saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative - podz.ch.1 A. arvensis L. (State registry. 2000), diuretic - Subtitle. Part A. antiquorum L., A. arvensis, A. spinosa, diaphoretic - O. arvensis, Subtitle. Read more [...]
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Ecological niche beaver

The original approach to the economic evaluation of the various ecosystems through energy flows give G. and E. Odum (1978). In this approach, we see a possible solution to the complex problem of feasibility study related to the use of natural resources. These authors suggest the economic calculations made in units of energy consumed instead of the traditional calculation in terms of money. Involves the assessment of both natural resources and human performance, and the resulting energy in the form of "net energy, or useful energy." This is - a value which remains after the full Read more [...]
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Driving on ice-snow slopes

The next group of techniques, the most critical of the National Assembly, we refer to methods of movement of the ice-snow slopes (see Fig. 4b), where often there is such a typical situation. Group climbs on a snow couloir and in its upper part, at the exit to the rock ridge is gradually steep ice-snow slope. Ice ax less punches of the snow, but the group does not change the way of recovery and the method of insurance, hoping to pass the course is difficult, but a short section and go for reliable rock ridge. The next moment slippage presenter who can not samozaderzhatsya on ice. The result Read more [...]
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Origanum

Perennial herb with creeping rhizome and erect branching stems 30-70 cm tall, sometimes purplish colored. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate-oblong plate, the edges ciliate, finely toothed or entire, below light green, with a few pieces of iron. The flowers are small, irregular, with bilabiate pale purple or whitish rim, collected in rectangular, oblong-oval stickers, in turn forming dense-flowered corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Calyx campanulate, about 3 mm long, with 13 veins, with five nearly equal triangular-lanceolate teeth, usually dark purple. Corolla 5-10 mm long, two-lipped, Read more [...]
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Devil is not so bad as he is painted

After reading this memo, nervous person can be afraid, and curse not only bears, but the taiga. That would be wrong. Usually bear finding the man first and goes unnoticed, avoiding meeting. Sometimes he tries to consider the newcomer, but is hiding behind a tree or bush to go unnoticed. In Udmurtia, a hundred encountered bears are aggressive only six. In the Yenisei taiga, observations zoologist BP Zavatsky, over 83% of the bears run away or (which happens very rarely) get on a tree, 15% of animals exhibit curiosity and only 1.6% of animals rush to the man. Bear attack on people - always. Read more [...]
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Chin

Yellowish, quite homely rank grassland (Lathy-rus pratensis) - one of the most common plants of any meadows, not only in the middle band, but also for the whole of Russia, except for the Far East, it is in all the other republics. It is a perennial plant with long thin horizontal rhizomes, which runs adventitious roots and stalks. The rhizomes are shallow, usually no deeper than 15 cm, and the main root bush reaches a depth of 150 cm Leaves at this magnitude with large stipules and a single pair of lobed leaves. Instead of remaining leaves rank has forked tendrils at the ends, with which it Read more [...]
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Dangerous plants: parsnip Sosnowski

Perhaps someone who was in the summer of one-on-one with nature, have to contend not only with mosquitoes and gnats, but with plants. One of the dangerous plants - is Hogweed Sosnowski. This plant is widespread and actively distributed to the regions where it is not. Learn Hogweed Sosnowski is very easy, this is truly a giant plant, up to 3 meters in height. Thickets hogweed seem some alien landscapes, so it is different from other plants. I knew that the parsnip is dangerous and causes burns, but the full details have not been. And, wherever possible digging, I found out why the cow parsnip Read more [...]
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Cuckooflower

Skin and two brothers-cores in general similar. Both have long-petiolate simple rosette of leaves, so deeply cut into segments that they create the impression of compound leaves with small rounded leaves. Both cores erect, sometimes slightly branched leafy stem ends with a brush rather large for a given family of flowers. Both types of love moisture, both in bloom in May and early June. The young leaves of these plants, despite the bitterness, edible. Of them can cook spicy seasoning, as horseradish. In this, perhaps, the similarity between the two kinds of ends. P Core meadow, as the name Read more [...]
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Rhode CLIMACOPTERA Botsch. — KLIMAKOPTERA.

Annuals 5-75 cm high. Distribution: European part (south). Caucasus. Western Siberia (south). Contain triterpenoids, flavonoids and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 16% NZ seed S. crassa (M. Bieb.) Botsch. Alkaloids found in 0.5% of Hopes. h S. lanata (Pall.) Botsch., coumarins, saponins, vitamins C, E, F. Stern. For sheep and goats: S. crassa, S. lanata, S. transoxana (Iljin) Botsch. Environmental significance. For culture on salt marshes: S. lanata. Read more [...]
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Construction of parking and accommodation

Ability to properly prepare a parking space - an important element of camp life fisherman and hunter, because with a well-organized night's sleep in the open air is directly linked luck, with trophies to be the next day. Choosing a place to stay overnight If possible, choose a section of the coast, or edges, clearings and meadows, which would be protected from the wind, dry, but at the same time near the water, where they could gather firewood and wood for the fire to warm, dry clothes and cook food . You can not choose a place to stay and set up a camp at ground slope, a steep bank, under Read more [...]
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Euonymus broadleaf

Found in beech, hornbeam, spruce and fir forests of the Crimea, the Caucasus, Western Europe and Asia Minor, rising in the mountains up to 1800 m Large shrub or small tree up to 7 m in height. Old branches covered with gray-brown bark with black lenticels, young shoots are round, yellowish-green. Light green naked large (12 cm by 6 cm), broadly elliptical leaves with short petioles. In May, after leafing appear inconspicuous small greenish-white or slightly brownish flowers in poluzontichnye blossoms and hanging on long thin stalks. The flowers have a strong and unpleasant odor, which is irritating Read more [...]
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Cypress evergreen

Conifer common in Russia only in culture. Motherland - the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Has high, up to 30 m, and a very slender trunk. The shoots are covered with green, skintight needles. Rounded, less short-oval cones formed thyroid scales, irregular hexagon shaped and are usually shiny, brown or gray. At the young age of cypress growing rapidly, especially with sufficient moisture, but it can make and summer drought, grows well on well-lit areas and at the same time put up with long shading. With 3-4 years begin each year and produce seeds abundantly. Can reproduce by seeds, Read more [...]
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Choosing a backpack

1. Konstpyktsiya. Backpacks are soft, polyzhestkie (with armor, V-обpазными plates, solid back of the foam, etc.), and mounted (with rigid pamoy). Tyt vkysa deal. I love machines, push the kayak ydobnee soft polyzhestky something s.pedney mezhdy soft and machine. 2. Volume and sizes of. Depends on kyda walk. In summer, the large amount of gopah nor chemy, winter tyndpe Backpack chyt if not more people. If Backpack soft, you will not need too much bpat - polypystoy soft wear ppotivno Backpack. We can assume that the density s.pedney itemization ~ 0.5 kg / l. What is the maximum Read more [...]
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Cheeked ground squirrel — citellus erythrogenys brandt. Nutrition and how to quench thirst

Data on feeding red-squirrel Kazakhstan has only in Tolebaeva AK (1958), which during the active period of life gophers analyzed 870 stomachs, looked cheek pouches have caught animals and study them eat. As a result, they compiled a list of herbs eaten gopher, containing up to 30 titles. The most preferred were: Astragalus espartsetovy - Astragalus onobrychis, alyssum line - Alyssum lineatum, buckwheat bird - Polygonum aviculare, Grechishnikov ordinary - P. patulum, winter cress - Descurainia Sophia, klopovnik weed - Lepidium ruderale, prostrate summer cypress Read more [...]
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