Perennial herb 40-120 cm tall stems are erect, branched at the top. Leaves pinnately or pinnatilobate, bottom with long petioles, upper part sedentary. Large baskets. Outer and middle bracts with black-brown or nearly black, large (2-6 mm long) appendages and long cilia on the edge. The flowers are pink, outer flowers in the basket a little bit larger medians. Fruit-achenes 3.5-4.5 mm long, whitish tuft with brownish-gray tint, 4-5 mm long. It flowers from June to September, achenes ripen in July and October. Europe and North view. In Russia, common in many regions of the European part, Read more [...]
A tree 25-30 m tall with a very slender trunk and highly attached crown. The bark on the trunk and older branches brown-gray on young light gray. Rounded, very flexible young branches and long (10-16 cm), light green, thin needles adds elegance crowns pitsundskoy pine. The buds are quite large, pointed, malosmolistye or not resinous. The ends of the scales pointed, separated or even bent back. Scales reddish or brown with white fringed edge. Hairs forming fringe very long, mixing up with each other, as they wrap Nochka felt.
Pitsynda very warm-and pine grows in the coastal zone and in the Read more [...]
Observe basic rules of personal hygiene will save a lot of trouble and create a feeling of comfort and will relax. People in any, even the most difficult, the conditions must be a man.
At long periods when necessary to take care of the place for the toilet and pit for food waste. Place it should be removed from your parking space to avoid attracting flies. From time to time, these facilities need to sprinkle a layer of earth, not to the smell and germs.
Water from a stream or river should be taken upstream from the location of the camp, and to bathe and wash dishes - downstream. Daily Read more [...]
In the forests of the south-west of the European part of Russia, in the mountain forests of the Caucasus, the Crimea, and Central Asia, the Far East, there are different kinds of pears - wild relatives and ancestors of cultivated varieties.
Especially a lot of pears found in the Caucasus and Central Asia. In the Caucasus, for example, in the lower and middle mountain belts grow more than 20 kinds of pears. Large forests and pure pear trees almost do not form, but in the Caucasus with occasional pear plantings on the edges of oak and hornbeam forests, mainly in the river valleys. Grushevniki Read more [...]
C. nobile (L.) All. - Herbaceous perennial to 30 cm high. Distribution: European part (south and south-east).
Flavonoids. triterpenoids, acyclic poliatsetilenovye Comm., as well as fatty acids and fatty alcohols established structure. Highlighted the essential oil.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - tonic - flowers (essential oil), wound healing, diaphoretic - leaves. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: cough - flowers (essential oil), diseases of the digestive system: stomach cramps - flowers (essential oil).
In the experiment, the essential oil has anti-inflammatory and behold Read more [...]
- Why did the flowers in the sanctuary all summer crawl only some wingless grasshopper larvae? - I asked Leonid student Omsk Agricultural Institute, passing along with other kids practice "entomoparke." - When, finally, they become adults grasshoppers? After all, it is soon to fall, and they have wings and are not shown. Besides, I noticed that the larvae of these - all with the rudiments of ovipositor, then the larvae of females. Why is that?
Leonid done: Supervisory guy! Observant and industrious: ready to sit for hours at shmelinyh nests, watching and recording every detail, willingly Read more [...]
Devices for hanging utensils
One of the main functions of a fire in a campaign or expedition - cooking. Most of the food is cooked in special boilers. Hang the boiler on a fire can be a variety of ways. The classic way to hang a boiler - hang it on a long stick, bent over the fire. Hang together 2 or more pot can be hammered into the ground on either side of the fire two spears that are necessary to put the crossmember, previously threaded through bow boilers. This method is not very useful, as it is necessary to cut down spears and cross to score spears. In addition, to remove the pot from Read more [...]
Passage of a group of a particular route is not the goal. It is important not only to climb the route, but also get pleasure from it. The team leader should constantly monitor the well-being of children, time to stop the group on a halt to rest, to help children to organize accommodation for the full restoration of power. This is one of the components of the safety of the route.
The first rest after a morning out on the route it is advisable to do in 10-15 minutes after the start of the movement. This so-called technological halt. The fact is that in the morning is quite cool and tourists Read more [...]
Catching on equipment that include fancy "fly", has long been used successfully.
When casting rigs, during the fall in the water, in order to avoid overlapping of the leash to the front sight and sinker, the line slows down slightly. Regardless of the amount used in a snap flies zander always responds to the largest of them, the location of the front sight (up, down, to the weights) does not matter. Pike are more interested foresight, more staggering when wiring (Figure 82). Walleye - only large bait.
In practice, of the thirty-bites "fanged" all thirty occur on the largest Read more [...]
Among the huge number of plants that bring a person invaluable, saving him from starvation and disease, there are poisonous, with the use of which may develop severe poisoning, paralysis and even death (Fig. 78, 79) with poisonous plants and characteristics of poisoning some of them are related many superstitions and legends. Typical signs of poisoning individual plants from different nationalities were the creation of special rituals and entered into their life. Thus, the population of New Guinea have long been applied by the local plant Maraba, to cause a "prophetic vision" before Read more [...]
In conditions of constant publicity in many of our subjects actualization need for privacy. To actualize this need during the long flight group also point to the astronauts. VI Sevast'yanov writes that in space flight, "along with communication a person must retreat, meeting needs to be alone with you" 246.
D. Lindsley others believe I provide each individual astronaut compartment for sleeping and leisure essential for the successful implementation of long flights. Referring to the experience of Antarctic groups, and other similar situations, they argue that the long-term sharing Read more [...]
Stock mussels helped me survive two days.
During this time, time to stock up saranok, berry-like dogwood, and wild rose, which was already dark red and soft. Dried in the sun Sarankov bulbs can be stored for long.
I tried to dry the tent and a good mattress and Japanese cut fresh branches for litter. In addition, stacked stone fireplace for a bit of fire. Now, if you charge the rain, the fire would not flood.
Life at the station seemed very far away. I'm rarely recalled school books, friends. There was no time. From the moment you wake up, start to think about food, then it was necessary Read more [...]
Anyone who has ever been to a hike or a picnic understands invaluable good knife. Quality and most importantly properly selected camping knife will be your great assistant in the wild, so with it you can do, or just to get everything you need for a comfortable life in isolation from civilization.
For travel and camping purposes better to have two knives, one a folding pocket universal, multi-tools, and the second, a working knife, not expanded, with one blade. This article will talk about the choice is working knife. When purchasing a knife, you need to know what is required of marching knife, Read more [...]
The main part of the area is located in the Oriental region. Along with this fairly common in Palearchaearctic subdomain Palearctic. In the Soviet Union occurred in areas adjacent to it Transbaikalia and the Far East. In Kazakhstan, the larvae are found in the Almaty and East Kazakhstan regions.
The absence in the adult collections and clearly separated from Cx. pipiens information on its ecology not give grounds to assert with confidence that this species lives in Kazakhstan. Read more [...]
The water traveling mode depends on the particular route, weather conditions and used boats. For example, traveling to rain on open boats or rafts better "break" mode and do not go to the night before the rain.
In canoeing adventures in the simple river, on the contrary, we can recommend the daily output of the transition and in bad weather, waiting for a little clarification, to gather and put things in a kayak.
The resumption of the rain and even moving it to oblozhnoy not terrible for water tourists if they have reliable capes and kayaks - watertight decks and aprons. In these circumstances, Read more [...]
After rendezvous and direct contact with the victim predator kills it. In the brown bear serious weapon are equally claws and teeth. In the methods of killing the victim in this species can be seen fairly broad personality, and there are, apparently, and regional differences. GF Bromley notes that ". Brown bear trying to crush the skull of the victim with his teeth, taking his legs, "[p. 12,
We know of many cases of bear attack on cattle in the Krasnoyarsk region (in 1960-1962)., Most of them are predators attack from behind, hold on tightly to the large claws of the victim and tried Read more [...]
Alert is not as easy as it might seem. Your alarm may go unnoticed. In addition, the inability to properly generate signals with certain types of time &and attendance could cost you your life.
All means of signaling distress and are divided into standard-issue at hand (kind of), as well as audio, visual and radio (the principle of signal). Their main goal - to specify your exact location for subsequent evacuation and emergency assistance in the form of relief from the aircraft of food, medicine, weapons and ammunition.
Mayday (SOS). The distress signal SOS (Save Our Souls (... Read more [...]
Bed in a suburban forest categorically excludes any sort was damage living trees. Regardless of the depth of the snow pit is to the ground, where a fire of dry twigs. Over the fire stretched piece of metal wire, long ropes tied to trees. Buckets of water or snow hung on the rope hooks.
Shovel snow for the tent is not: it is time-consuming and thankless job, which does not give any advantage to the "heat" from the bottom and connected with the possibility to get to the stumps, hummocks, fallen trees, etc. The platform for the tent as tight as possible to trample down Read more [...]
Man, woman, nature / Man, Woman, Wild - "Mexico" / "Mexico" (Season 1, series 1)
In this program you will see how an experienced former special ops officer and his wife went to different places in the world to show how to survive in different conditions. Only on past their survival, it also helps to survive his wife.
Survival expert Mike Hawke and his wife Ruth go to the most remote corners of the planet. When Ruth falls in a faint in the wilderness, their adventures take a serious turn.
Download:letitbit.net Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, annuals 8-60 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and the Far East. Information available for the G. officinalis.
Contains triterpenoids (including in Hi kukurbitatsnny (Rothenburger, Haslinger, 1995), flavonoids and carbohydrates glycityl established structure. Alkaloids detected up to 0.2% in the fruit, cardenolides, saponins.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative - Subtitle., Oversight. hours, vomiting - seeds, diuretic, anthelminthic - Subtitle., oversight. hours, obstetrical, hemostatic, choleretic - Hopes. h C o a s a a n i Read more [...]