Everyone who goes camping, traveling or planning an expedition should know more about the situations that may be faced, and what skills and equipment when this may be necessary. Basic common sense dictates the need for training, selecting the appropriate equipment and the most careful planning.
Your emergency kit livelihoods can draw the line between life and death, but many, especially when laying your hand luggage, first take too much, and they have on their own negative experiences to learn what is really necessary, and without which it can be avoided. It's not funny when after the unequal Read more [...]
It grows in the lowland forests of Eastern Siberia and the Far East.
Thick, up to 1 m in diameter, with thin stems and twigs gray at the bottom of furrowed bark are uzkoyaytsevidnuyu crown. Young shoots smooth, cylindrical, yellow-shining. The leaves are elliptical, oblong-ovate, margin toothed. The veins appear to the upper, darker side of the sheet. Sticky buds, leaves and young shoots are very fragrant. Flowering begins almost simultaneously with the opening of leaves. On male trees earrings with red anthers, green female catkins. Ripening continues until July.
Widely used in landscaping, Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, biennials rarely to 100 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contain triterpeioidy (including triterpene saponins) and flavonoids established structure. Found poliatsetileiovye Comm.
Drug (H. vulgaris L.). Therapeutic action - a diuretic, laxative, wound healing, stimulating appetite, expectorant. Indications - diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: dermatitis, infections / infestations: in leprosy.
In the experiment, H. vulgaris saponins have anti-inflammatory properties. Read more [...]
Annual or biennial height of 8 to 30 cm, with many ascending branched stalks. Stems quadrangular, a short cruise. Leaves opposite, rarely collected three, ovate, small, long (0.6) 0.8-1.3 (1.5) cm, sessile, bottom with black dots. Flowers solitary, axillary on long stalks, with fruits bent rejected. Calyx lobes lanceolate, acute, scarious. Corolla rotate, red, blood-or brick-red, with a very short tube and almost totally quinquepartite limb; share limb oval-ovate, obtuse, thin at the edges lined with glandular trehkletochnymi cilia. Fruits - seeded membranous capsule globular, crack across. Read more [...]
We have already learned how to work with the compass on the map are able to delay the segment and in accordance with the scale to find the length in meters. For example, from the site of our camp we have to go on the road for about a kilometer and turn on the trail that goes to the right. Start motion, and suddenly a few minutes walk to the right goes one, then another, then - crossing paths. It is immediately clear that the card is out of date, and new trails, so what is ours? And it is impossible to do without taking account of distance, because until our path about a kilometer. Typically, Read more [...]
Stage of deep mental changes characterized by the development of neuropsychiatric disorders. Relatively high place (20%) in the structure of diseases at polar stations occupied neuroses. The development of mental illnesses in field conditions and in rare cases even be a problem. These patients need specialized care, which requires their evacuation. Only with the U.S. Antarctic stations in 1959 were evacuated six people who developed psychosis 304. Mental illness occurred and the Australian Antarctic stations. 17 from the first Soviet Antarctic expeditions were evacuated 40 305.
Researchers Read more [...]
Les Stroud, known to viewers from around the world as "Survivorman" ("survivalist"), wants to break the stereotypes of a concrete wall separating juveniles from the natural wildlife.
"Do you know that young children are not afraid of spiders and snakes?" - Asks Strode. "Neither one of them! While mom or dad will not force them to believe otherwise. For the first time mom or dad jumps from a spider - this is the first message of the child, which is perceived as'' I have fear of this thing.'' '
Now a highly successful expert on survival attempts Read more [...]
1.SARO "Mole LP." ND - stainless steel, wooden handle. Photo above. 2.SARO "Raven ND." ND - stainless steel, wooden handle. In the picture below.Overview of the knife "The Raven LP."
1.Klinok: tool steel U8; 2.Rukoyat: precious woods; 3.Komplektatsiya: knife, cover, passport 4.Obschaya length blade: 250-320 mm; 5.Dlina blade: 160-180 mm; 6.Naibolshaya Blade width: 64-68 mm; 7.Tolschina butt: 4.5-6 mm 8.Dlina folded: 145-180 mm; 9.Shirina stick in the middle: 38-43 mm; 10.Tolschina stick in the middle of : 18-22 mm; 11.Tverdost Blade HRC: 50-56. Read more [...]
By the end of 1939 the total population of Karakul sheep in the state and collective farms of the USSR was 3,261 thousand units, including farms, 1,171 thousand. and collective farms - 2090 thousand.
Herd of Karakul sheep in state and collective farms of the Central Asian republics in 1939
In the prewar period in state and collective farms was carried out in most of the general breeding. Was organized by the annual appraisal of all Karakul lambs, sheep producer checked the quality of their offspring, increasing the use of artificial insemination of queens best sperm rams.
For 5 years, Read more [...]
Without food a person can live a long time, but no water - just a few days. Tourists often take with them large amounts of water, hoping to replenish its stocks of rivers, streams and lakes. But the situation can be, so that the open water nearby just will not appear. In this case, it will have to look for, and, perhaps, to obtain ground water, which lies at a shallow depth. And loyal assistant tourists become plants that accurately indicate the presence of water and help determine its quality.At the time, I excitedly read notes of the famous traveler VK Arsenyev. In his works, not Read more [...]
Warning: predicting the weather in the dew are only valid in the absence of wind, because the wind is not produced at the dew.
Signs of bad weather
If, after the sun goes down there is no dew at all or it is very weak - we should expect bad weather.
If evening and / or morning dew dries long - possibly a thunderstorm.
Before the night's thunderstorm in the evening mist appears, does not fall out and the dew.
Signs of improvement in the weather
If in the morning heavy dew and fog - it's a good weather and clear day.
Signs of preservation of good Read more [...]
On the banks of the Amazon rainforest in Brazil to grow orchids.
In the forest, darkness and silence, only occasionally heard a slight rustle of falling leaves. The air is hot and humid, as in a hot bath of the division. Ribbed trunks - green with overlying crust mosses, epiphytes and entangling vines. In the tropical forests of small flowering plants. Among the green tree trunks can immediately see a big, beautiful color and graceful shape of a butterfly. You come closer, you want to catch it - to your surprise, butterfly does not take off. Here is a butterfly and orchid. Since the end Read more [...]
Volcanoes in all continents except Australia, even in Antarctica. But mostly they are located in seismically active areas, crustal faults and at the junction of tectonic plates. In Russia volcanic activity seen on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. Here are not only valid, but also so-called "dormant volcanoes." The latter are not as dangerous as they can wake up at any time. The most active volcanoes erupt every few years, and all the action - every 10-15 years.
increased allocation of emissions;
increase in temperature Read more [...]
Yet the most likely way to gain space melittobiyami - is a sprawling place of birth of females foot. With its vast numbers of such horde can learn meter by meter, while one of the lucky women do not pochuet coveted shmelinogo heat or smell bee nest cell. But a special good luck she will, if it is not a one-slot, and the colony. After many wild solitary bees (galikty, leaf cutter, antofory, dazipody) settle side by side, forming a small area a city bee. Often they nest in the hollow of dry reeds, which in some places is Croutes roofs and sheds. The population of the city of cane thrives and Read more [...]
Shrubs 0.5-2 m high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western n Eastern Siberia.
Contain higher fatty acids established structure. Marked fatty oil to 52% from seed A. nana L., essential oil. Discovered vitamins a and y-tocopherol.
Drug (seeds). Therapeutic action - sedative, analgesic - essential oil A. nana, A. pedunculata Pall., laxative-fat oil A. pedunculata. Indications - diseases of the cardiovascular system: the heart disease, diseases of the respiratory system: the lung conditions - essential oil A. Pope; injury: with festering wounds - seeds, diseases of the musculoskeletal Read more [...]
South thermophilic species. In the south Kazakhstan The northern limit of its range. Single copies are found in the floodplain of the Syr Darya River, south of Kyzyl-Orda. According to Beklemishev Zhelohovtseva and AN (1945), in the north-west, does not go for the Kyzyl-Orda, and in the north-east ridge does not move at Carat. On a more widespread An. superpictus EA indicates Pletnev (1943). He found it in Alma-Ata and in the basin. Or. Subsequent researchers, these findings have not been confirmed.
Information on the breeding sites of the species Kazakhstan rather contradictory. EI Read more [...]
Wood - the greatest accumulation of organic matter. In principle, everything is good for eating. Huge trees, not to mention the small bushes or grass, from the tips of the roots and the top, to the very top of the head are edible. Yet even forest vegetarians, feeding the seemingly most affordable food, often in a state where "even seeing eye, but the tooth itching. " It is important to emphasize that it is not specific to such situations as described in Krylov's fable "The fox and the grapes." Sometimes the "tooth itching" in the most literal sense. The vast Read more [...]
The full Latin name of the species of our naezdnichka - Melittobiya Acastus. There are other types melittobii, they too are parasitic on insects and also have their particular habits. To your knowledge with melittobiyami was more complete, can not do without official titles, that is, the names of higher categories, which include our heroine. So, kind of Acastus, born melittobiya, family evlofidy, Chalcid superfamily, suborder stebelchatobryuhie, order Hymenoptera, insect class. Bulkiness of these ranks and categories - a consequence not only of a large number of insect species, but different Read more [...]
If necessary, rescue chief PCB or spasotryada event ensures readiness of rescue units to the output. Usually work a spasotryad event, which was an accident, but can be any climbing units in the area, and in coordination with the local authorities - the local population.
PCB chief or spasotryada know your situation, develop organizational and tactical plan for the rescue operation. According to the plan chosen its leader (who may be an employee or supervisor spasotryada PCB), appointed by the chiefs of divisions that define the output groups, the order of interaction and communication. Read more [...]
Magazine "Fishing Compound" designed both for professional anglers and beginners. High quality articles are written well-known athletes of the country and abroad to order edition on topics of interest to our readers vividly. Articles on the subject okolorybolovnuyu intended for a wide range of readers. Each room includes fishing market news, test gear and a story about Russia and the waters of the North-west.
Download the magazine: letitbit.net Read more [...]