It grows almost everywhere in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of Russia and sporadically in Western Siberia, found in the Crimea and the Caucasus. Grows along the banks of rivers and streams, to pour the waters of Spring places, often in wetland soils. Alder are found in Western Europe, in Asia Minor, and even in North Africa.
The trunks are dark brown to black, with a fractured crust to 30-35 m in height. Crohn's cylindrical form, with dark green foliage. Rounded or obovate leaves alder is difficult to confuse with the leaves of other trees: at the top, they have Read more [...]
It grows in the central and southern parts of European Russia and the Caucasus at the forest edges and meadows on the slopes of ravines and gullies.
Thorns up to 2 m in height, with yellowish-brown faceted upright shoots. Serrulate obovate, up to 4 cm long, leaves sit on short shoots like tufts, and the elongated - alternately. Spines usually third least 5-lobed, up to 2 cm in length. Blooms in April - May. Yellow Flowers in hanging brush. At the end of the summer against yellowing leaves stand out bright red brush prodolgovatoellipticheskih berries. The berries have a pleasant refreshing Read more [...]
Perhaps no less dangerous than a wounded, is for a man bear caught in a trap, or a loop-noose. '' Usually the beast with a trap and winds circling the most impassable places. Circles are small - 100-200 m diameter circle and pass lie, then another go. Day is, a night walk in search of food, rarely departs within 5 km of the capture.
Bear trapped aggressive and rushes to every rustle in the bushes, the first attack people. Ryavknuv, rushes, his ears, breaking twigs and clanging trap. Lightning runs 10-15 steps. Known fact, when an animal killed a man, striking his legs, one of Read more [...]
In northern coniferous forests easily catch a foot on the ground creeping Xia long plant. You have it lifted, and it stretches endlessly. The plant has a long stem with diverging branches, densely covered with small leaves, like needles. In July and August at the ends of branches rose up three - five spikes of sporangia from which strewed fine yellow powder - spores. It is called plant moss, or lycopodium (Licopodium), meaning "wolf's foot".
Lycopodium - a descendant of the ancient dying trees on earth. Lycopodium ancestors - extinct-lepidodendrony - Cheshuedrevy, trees, 30 meters Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
Bear Grylls is well acquainted with the extreme situations, Read more [...]
(From it. EIS - ice and Beil - ax), short (length 55 - 60 cm) ice ax with a hammer (striker) instead of the blade. Used in complex rock-ice routes in the mountains for cutting steps on steep slopes, hammering pitons, etc. As a rule, has tselnometallich. handle of aluminum alloy with thermal insulation. cover and it has a sword-knot of nylon tape (see Figure). A convenient because it can be used as an ice pick, and how rock hammer. But
Aysbal 1 - hammer (striker), and 2 - handle 3 - shtychok;
4 - strap, 5 - "beak"
to probe the ice cracks and insurance when crossing them Read more [...]
River, which comes to spawn a noble salmon - salmon, called "semuzhnymi." This does not mean that they are no salmon other fish, but it is a significant amount of the precious salmon and determined, obviously, such a title. Titovka is one of those rivers of Murmansk region. From Murmansk to her two-hour drive on a winding, but a good asphalt road towards Norway. Already by the river guards stop your car, but in this post pass to the border zone is not required, and a young man in green check only your documents.
For salmon, as particularly valuable commercial species, fish for Read more [...]
Very fragrant perennial herbaceous plant with creeping rooting stems up to 50 cm and lift the flowering shoots height of 10-15 cm Leaves rounded-cordate (upper - reniform-cordate) krupnogorodchatye at the edges, with a relatively long petioles (5-6 cm from the bottom and 3-5 cm in the middle leaves). Flowers 10-18 mm long, bluish-purple, are bundles in the leaf axils. Bracts thin, thread-like, slightly shorter peduncles. Calyx narrow, tubular, straight, with 15 ribs and five triangular-pointed teeth, with an oblique throat. Corolla with a swollen throat tube, upper lip short, some concave, Read more [...]
Analgin - a pill 3-4 times a day with bruises, fractures and other injuries. At the time of injury to the patient immediately give 2 tablets.
Aminopyrine with headache, dental pain, as well as traumatic injuries to 1 tabletke3-four times a day as an antipyretic and analgesic.
Besalol - 1 tablet 3-4 times a day with the pain associated with food poisoning, painful menstruation.
Citramon - 1 tablet for headache.
No-spa - 1 tablet 3 times a day with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Read more [...]
Only young people may like that, without careful study of the route and clear the ultimate goal, without proper technical training, to travel to distant and long journey. We just such were: three newly artist, recent graduates Film Institute, and a young wife of Nicholas, one of us. Heard from someone that all lakes in Karelia transparent and literally teeming with a variety of fish. And we are keen on underwater hunting and fishing, that's all you need not. So, without hesitation, threw the car travel and scuba gear, fishing gear and hit the road.
The reality was not quite so rosy as we Read more [...]
I devote an entire chapter to the snow huts, not because of their construction - an exciting experience for children and adults (although it is), but because the ability to build a "needle" is important for the safety of the winter road. No less important than the ability to make a fire in the forest. But the hut save where there is no forest.
You're still a long way to go winter hiking on treeless, but the point is that you need to master the skills to build a "needle" before they go out into the tundra in the snow-covered wilderness, windy expanse of the frozen seas Read more [...]
Her first symptoms can occur at the height of 1600-2000 m, and people weakened by having individual instability to hypoxia (approximately 2-6% of cases) - even earlier, at the height of 100Q-1200 m, however, altitude threshold may be even following the sudden change in temperature, strong wind. This will contribute to excessive exercise, psycho-emotional stress, hypothermia, malnutrition, dehydration, fatigue, respiratory problems, loss of blood.
The most dramatic symptom of acute mountain sickness feel excruciating headache, shortness of breath that occurs during exertion, pale skin and Read more [...]
Before a fire and light a fire, you should prepare a place for a fire. It is thoroughly cleaned from the wood waste: grass, dry leaves, etc. It is even desirable to remove the top layer of sod, exposing the soil to the site more than take the fire itself, and possibly impose this place rocks. This is done to prevent accidental spread of fire to the dry vegetation and the creation of conditions of forest fire. It is very dangerous to make a fire in the vicinity of the dry grass and dry coniferous forest, where the flame in low breeze can quickly spread.
Fire, divorced on peat soil, easily Read more [...]
If you suspect a chance to use the poisonous food plants should immediately, without waiting for signs of poisoning start providing first aid. Its effectiveness depends on the speed of removal of the poison from the body. Even if there was a spontaneous vomiting affected should drink four to five cups of warm water, children - an estimated half a cup for each year of life. This usually occurs vomiting. If not, you need to put pressure on the tongue with a teaspoon or your fingers (if the person is unconscious, vomiting can cause).
You then need to take substances that prevent the absorption Read more [...]
By way of life pike has some similarities with pike. He's as ferocious predator, the second year is not giving no quarter even their own young. Having an elongated snout and a narrow mouth, it feeds on small fish: roach, bleak, Leucaspius, loach, gudgeon, golavlikom, dace, small ruff, perch and carp.
Walleye like clean, fresh, oxygen-rich water. It is more common in unpolluted rivers and flowing lakes. Obviously, for it is very favorable to the regime of the reservoir and water channels.
Walleye avoids heavily overgrown areas of shoreline, preferring areas with sandy-rocky bottom and deep Read more [...]
Let's say you go for a hike or nature and are fully confident that equipped with everything necessary. Unfortunately, you realize that you forgot the matches! The ability to make fire by friction can save your life in a situation of extreme survival.
This article provides a detailed description of one of the most interesting and complex methods of making fire with bow-shaped spindle ("Indian Violin").
Find tinder. As a rule - it is dry, fibrous, flammable materials by sparks (lint from clothes, feathers of birds, fine wood shavings, dry moss, shredded fibers dry plants, Read more [...]
In this video series family McPherson introduces basic skills of survival in the lap of Nature.
In this series John from school board draws graphs and charts explaining the viewer physical laws and the basic rules of making a bow. After that is taken for making arrows.
Episode 2: The Primitive Bow and Arrow - manufacture of arrows and a bow
Download:letitbit.net Read more [...]
"I was not supposed to survive" - documentary series, which tells about the people who found themselves on the verge of certain death, for which the encounter with death became a crucial episode in the biography, and the ordeal - the beginning of a new life. You will learn about the miraculous powers of the human body that are manifested in the extreme conditions in which a person is on the verge of death. Learn about the mistakes committed by people who, being in despair, for whom death was the best way out of a terrible nightmare.
Episode 5: "The Rape of the minefields" Read more [...]
And so it went. I left before dawn and returned after dark, in the direction of the rag-tag tried not to look, even though the harm they still were many. That Nina, Tatiana again potsapaetsya and ricocheted from Tanya gets me - why these vshivachey brought along. Oleg then handle my hatchet deserved break, but it still will cartridges from my backpack potaskivat when I was there, and then the cartridges at a premium. I was surprised - the hell he wanted them? Raven, perhaps, in a camp fire? Later turned out that not only the crows.
In general, we have turned to them a classic case of Read more [...]
Modern tents leave no stone unturned in the firm opinion that the use of the tent you are doomed to binding inconveniences such as constant moisture whether from rain, or from condensation marred the life weight in a backpack, a broken or twisted frame after a simple trip Pro ... it's all you can start to forget. Like a bad dream recede into the past dull canvas gable houses ("coffins"), giving the market a spacious, light and bright dome tents. Now the domestic and foreign firms offer a stunning selection of tents for all types of active spending time in the open air, but to all Read more [...]