Some fungi Siberia

White fungus, boletus (local name: korovyatnik, clean copy, capercaillie, safecracker) grows in birch, fir, pine and oak forests from June to October, often next to the fly-agaric and anthills. In the food consumed in boiled, fried, pickled or dried. Has inedible double - gall fungus (bitter taste) and is similar to a poisonous mushroom Satan (lower cap - red). Pierid usually grows on the edges of young birch forest from August to October. It is highly prized for the delicate flesh and taste good. Is only in the pre-salting after soaking in water or scalding hot water. Very similar to the Read more [...]
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Mountaineering

a trip to the mountains, including the ascent of the mountain peaks. Broadly speaking, Alexander can be seen as a kind mountain tourism. Modern. A sport - a sport that is associated with the rise of the mountain peaks on the routes diff. complexity. Technically difficult route includes steep and long rock, ice and snow slopes, ridges and gullies, and the diff. combination of these areas. A special place is occupied in the ascent to the top height. 6,000 m - Sc. A high-rise, a feature-cerned is to stay in conditions of oxygen starvation (see Adaptation height). Kind of sport. A. - Climbing. Read more [...]
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Silver bream are dense swarms

Bream (Blicca bjoerkna) - fish, which is often confused with a white bream. Its like bream, AP Czechs could well be called stealth predator, which is the appropriate way of life, as if hiding. The capture of white bream lure and bait anglers are usually surprised, but this fish is typical grab everything that comes into view and her in the teeth. It often takes formless cannibalism, decimating flocks of their own young. Ardor with which bream attacks everything that moves, comparable only with the throng that it suits any food. "The first gusterku I caught a small river as a teenager. Read more [...]
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Oak

Oak Gartvisa Close to the summer oak. Grows in the Caucasus in the warm coastal climate Colchis lowlands and foothills. Does not rise above 1200-1400 meters above sea level. It occurs in small groups or single trees in mixed forests of oak Imereti, zelkova, Caucasian hornbeam and other breeds. Outside of Russia is growing in Asia Minor. Svetolyubiv but young plants are about 20 years old can grow under the forest canopy. The wood is very heavy and sturdy.Oak Imereti Close to the summer oak. Found only in Colchis, mainly in the lowlands, not rising above 300 meters above sea level. Usually Read more [...]
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Rhode CASTILLEJA Mutis ex L. f. — KASTILLEYA.

Herbaceous perennials, 5-60 cm high. DISTRIBUTION: All regions, except the Caucasus. In S. pallida (L) Spreng. flavoiondy found.

Medicinal. Indications — cardio-vascular system in diseases of the heart and blood vessels — Hopes. hours, diseases of the reproductive system: eclampsia — S. pallida.

Melliferous. S. pallida.

Environmental significance. Needs protection from arctica Kryl. et Serg.

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Sea perch caught rarely

In the sea can capture two kinds of perch and sea-ordinary. Externally, they are not much different, but their habitats vary greatly. Marine does not tolerate brackish water and sets them infrequently. So his capture lover - it is extremely rare. But migratory and semi- zander ordinary - A common winter road mining, udyaschego in bays, harbors and estuaries of the seas. Search Zander ordinary - A traditional catch in the Baltic, Black, Azov and Caspian Seas. Passing perch caught in highly brackish bays, estuarine areas in Azov - almost the entire area. Sea perch can be caught only in Read more [...]
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Snow den

Snow usually den burelomnoy construction in the forest, in the deep snow. Good for snow dens fallen trees with well-developed root system, where between the trunk, roots and earth formed a niche filled with snow. Comfortable and heaps of several trees, tightly coupled branches together. Such blockages are often formed with vents Sun Depth 2, and even 3 meters Delves into the den as well as the cave. Trunks and branches serve a role supporting armature that supports the ceiling. It should be noted that in gustolese snow cover unstable, and the cave was built without a skeleton, can easily Read more [...]
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Rukzak

Rukzak should be comfortable, roomy, durable and waterproof. He put on the shoulders by the straps. Material for it is easy tarp. Rukzak has three pockets: the average and two long sides. The straps are filed with felt. Weight worn rukzaka should mainly come slightly below the waist. Of great importance is the correct installation of things. Soft things should be laid with a thin layer close to the back. The heaviest items (cans, hooks) to put on the bottom and to the back. Food and equipment that may be needed in the way and at rest stops, it is necessary to stack up. Besides the Read more [...]
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Siberian larch

Description: Monoecious large tree up to 30-40 m needles fall off in autumn, gathered in clusters of 15-20 needles. Male cones are pale yellow, oval. Women's - early purple, then light brown, ovoid. Blooms in May. Seeds are on scales seed cones. Together with pine and cedar forms light coniferous forests. It grows as an impurity in the woods, usually pine in 1, 2, 5, 6, at least 3, 4, botanical and geographical areas. Pure stands almost never occur. Used in medicine buds and young shoots are gathered in the spring. Chemical composition. Needles contains vitamin C, essential Read more [...]
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Rhode VITIS L. — Grapes.

Woody vines up to 20 m long. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus and the Far East. Contain anthocyanins and essential fatty acids, and stilbenes (Reniero et al, 1996) established structure. Allocated fatty oil. Detected organic acids to 3% in the fruits of V. coignetiae Pulliat ex Planch, pectin, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - haemostatic - leaves, cardiotonic - fruits V. coignetiae. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system - the fruits of V. amurensis Rupr., V. coignetiae, diarrhea - the leaves of V. coignetiae, fruits Read more [...]
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Rhode THERMOPSIS R. Br. — Thermopsis.

Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain alkaloids to 4% in oversight. Part T. lanceolata R. Br, flavonoids to 0.3% in the leaves of T. lanceolata (among them isoflavones) karotiioidy and phenolic glikoeidy ustaiovleiioy structure. Found vitamins C, B-carotene, tocopherols. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant - Hopes. Part T. lanceolata (Гос. registry. 2000), antitussive, anthelminthic. analgesic - T. lanceolata. Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory failure - the seeds of T. lanceolata (drug tsititon (Mashkovsky, Read more [...]
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Rhode SISYMBRIUM L. — GULYAVNIK.

Single, dvuletnnkn nln herbaceous perennials 10-100 cm tall. Propagation: All. Thioglycosides contain up to 0.3% in the underground. kardenolndy hours and to 0.2% in the seeds of S. loeselii L., phytosterols, flavonoids and higher fatty acid established structure. Isolated mustard oil to 2.4% NZ seed S. officinale (L.) Scop., fatty oil to 43% NZ seeds called tannins to 7.3% NZ leaves S. loeselii. Glyukoznnolaty detected up to 0.5% in the seeds S. irio L., to 0.1% alkaloids in the flowers called organic acids to 0.4% in the underground. h S. loeselii, triterpene saponins, vitamin C. Medicinal. Read more [...]
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Rhode SAGITTARIA L. — Arrowhead.

Herbaceous perennials, more water up to 70 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. S. sagittifolia L contains diterpenoids, phytosterols, carbohydrates, as well as aliphatic ketones iy established structure. Flavonoids are found. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - healing wounds - Subtitle., Oversight. h S. natans Pall., S. sagittifolia, S. trifolia L., astringent - Subtitle. hours, leaves S. sagittifolia, S. trifolia, antiseptic - Hopes. hours, tonic - Subtitle. h S. trifolia. Indications - infections / infestations: with erysipelas - S. sagittifolia, furious - S. natans, Read more [...]
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Rhode PORTULACA L. — Purslane.

P. oleracea L. - Odioletiik 10-30 cm high. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, and the Far East. Contains alkaloids betapiaiiiy, karotiioidy, phytosterols, triterpenoids, flavonoids, carbohydrates and moioterpeioidy (Sakai et al., 1996), fatty acids (including higher fatty acids and 25% in the leaves), and phenolic acids established structure. Found vitamins C, E, PP. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - choleretic, anti - Hopes. hours, fever - seeds, diuretic, antiseptic - Hopes. h (Selected med. plants, 1999). Indications - disease of the reproductive system: the Read more [...]
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Magazine Fishing in Russia» № 1, 2010

Magazine "Fishing in Russia"- A full-color trade magazine for amateur and professional fishermen. Edition of the rich become the most advanced anglers in our country, not only repeatedly won national competitions, but the world championship! The magazine is designed for a wide range of readers, and contains a large number of columns: "School of Excellence", "Theory and Practice", "Tourism", the Arsenal, "Survival School", "hands", "The opinion of ichthyology", "Sports", "Cooking "etc. Download the magazine: Read more [...]
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Rhode NIGELLA L. — CHERNUSHKA.

Annuals and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Contain alkaloids seskviterpeioidy, triterpene saponins, phytosterols, flavonoids, quinones, and higher fatty acid established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 1.4% and fatty oil to 44.2% of the seeds N. sativa L were found coumarin, vitamins C and E. Drug (seeds). Therapeutic action - lipoliti-cal - N. damascena L. (State registry. 2000), diuretic - N. arvensis L., N. damascena, N. sativa, bracing, tonic, lactogenic, anthelminthic N. sativa. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: chronic Read more [...]
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Rhode MALVA L. — Mallow.

Single, biennials or herbaceous perennials 8-250 cm high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins) karotiioidy, carbohydrates and 2.2% in the leaves of M. sylvestris L (syn. M. mauritiana L.), and coumarin (Tosi et al, 1995), nitrogen Conn., higher fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 19% from seed M. verticillata (L) L. (Syn. M. mohileviensis Downar), tannins to 0.8% from the leaves of M. pusilla Sm, mucus. Detected alkaloids, phytosterols, coumarin, polysaccharides, pectin, vitamins C and E. Medicinal. Read more [...]
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AE Berman Young Tourist. One winter evening. Part 23

It has long ended lone luge track - broke off from the remnants haystacks. We made a mistake: I think the next leads to the village, went to him, ignoring the opposite direction tuft of hay on the bushes, hay it is always driven to the village. Yes, we were wrong, and now the night take us in a hurry. Our team is ready for this: we have a sharp saw, a good ax, sleeping bags, large awning light, litter, campfire equipment products. But the most important thing that we have - warm clothing. We do not know, may be a village nearby, and soon will come out to her, but stop and dress warmly. Only Read more [...]
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Group 3. Hydrography

In this group of 8 main characters, you need to know. They are depicted in blue. With pedestrian travel tourists constantly "talk" to the surface waters of land - put the camp on the banks of rivers and lakes, build trails along the river, pass them wade overcome marshes, ditches, springs used to cook food on a fire. One of the main topographical signs of this group - a sign of the river - may be extensive, and vnemasshtabnym (the width of the river). It all depends on what the river and what the scale of the map. If the river is small, narrow, and then on a large scale it is Read more [...]
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Rhode GENTIANOPSIS Ma — GORECHAVNIK.

Single, dvuletnnkn 60 cm high. Propagation: All. Xanthones contain up to 5.9% in oversight. Part G. barbata (Froel.) Ma, flavonoids and carbohydrates trnterpenondy established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, tannins. Pyrones found in up to 7.9% and to 0.2% alkaloids in oversight. Part G. barbata, coumarins. Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect - anti, metabolism, antipyretic, tonic, stimulating appetite - Hopes. hours, tonic - flowers G. barbata. Indications, diseases of the digestive system: the hypofunction of the stomach, diarrhea, dyspepsia - flowers, diseases of the Read more [...]
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