Assisting the wounded, to take all measures to stop bleeding. Blood is X/13 of the weight of the human body, that is about 5-6 liters. The loss of more than 2 liters of blood is life threatening - develops acute anemia. His symptoms: general weakness, pallor and coldness of the skin, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, rapid weak pulse, and, finally, loss of consciousness. By the nature of the damaged vessels bleeding is divided into: 1) blood - the blood flows pulsating jet, color - red, 2) venous blood - blood is dark in color, it follows from the wound gently, and Read more [...]
One of the problems in emergency situations - this production of water, which is used not only for drinking, but also often to wash wounds and cooking. Now a lot of tips on its production, while some of them are harmful, and therefore decided to give their recommendations.
Well, the first thing I decided to reject - is the collection of her in the desert with plastic bags. When the air temperature exceeds 50 degrees, can not be expected until the water builds up in the bag, even to moisten the throat. You lose by evaporation from the body much more. The only way - is to go to one side, the Read more [...]
Fresh air, increased physical and emotional stress increases metabolism in the body. Daily energy expenditure in tourist trips and excursions, on average 3000-5500 calories. Therefore particularly important when traveling is a well-organized food. It is different for the standards, the range of products, methods of their preparation. It is known that limited transport products in forced marches to choose the products that are at low volume and weight have a higher caloric value. Going on a long journey, tourists take with them, as a rule, crackers, biscuits, cereals, pasta, soup concentrates, Read more [...]
Dragonflies are considered a great delicacy. Only difficult to catch them. However, the habit of using dragonflies sit on the tip of the stem or branch, you can catch them in sufficient quantities. We need to take a long stick, spread it thin end of something sticky, like tar, and used as bait, exposing the water or in the field of flight of dragonflies.
Not the most elegant dish - maggots - maggots. However, in extreme conditions, and they will go. In addition, they are rich in protein. Although habitat maggots - rotting scraps of meat (fish), does not look appetizing, but very tasty cooked Read more [...]
Single biennial plant height of 10-30 cm, with numerous lifts stems branching at the base. The leaves are rounded, crenate on the edge, the lower and average length of 10-20 mm and a width of 14-18 mm, with long petioles 1-2 (4) cm, bracts - rounded-reniform, sessile, half (hence the species name), incised 1/3 of the plate into oblong-ovate entire blade. Flowers numerous, collected on 6-10 in spaced whorls on the tips of stems and branches. Bracts about half as long as the calyx, lanceolate-subulate. Calyx campanulate, with oblique jaw, beloopushennaya with five elongated triangular ciliate Read more [...]
movement of vessels through the dangerous places to swim (thresholds, Shiver) generally through the ropes tied to the bow and stern of the vessel. Carried out as a group of participants of Water campaign, with one or several. tourists holding a rope tied to the most loaded stream of the vessel (the one to the paradise upstream, usually to the stern), one holds the bow end of the rope, the other fear. Over long plot P. make preliminary step. exploration. During the AP angle between the flow and the aft end of the rope should be minimal, sometimes, with a sharp increase of the angle and the Read more [...]
C. sativa Mill. - A tree up to 30 m high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Triterpenoids contains up to 0.4% in the leaves, flavonoids (including catechins), phytosterols, carbohydrates and sugar esters, phenols, phenolic and fatty acids, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes established structure. Marked tannins up to 20% of the cupule, fatty oil 7.4% of fetuses. Found saponins, vitamins B, B2, C, H, K, PP, pantothenic acid.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect - knitting - fruits (Cupule), diuretic - fruit. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: for dyspepsia Read more [...]
While fiddling, I warmed the movement, and then soon began to shake, and more and more, until you tremble like a paralytic. I curled up in a ball tight, hold heat, cold hands tucked under his arm, but the tremor was not appeased. An interesting thing I noticed: when a man brutally freezes, it becomes stupid cosmically quickly and inevitably. And feel the brain cells one by one off. Well, nothing worth does not come to mind. Solid entity on the verge of idiocy. About what would be good to fill a face Oleg, about that and say nothing, it is natural and is not discussed, but the rest on the Read more [...]
Spreading shrub up to 2 m in height. Old branches gray, young red-brown. Elliptical or prodolgovatoyaytsevidnye leaves with short petioles, pubescent, margin serrate-toothed, bright green above, pale green below. It flowers in May - June. Flowers are formed on young short leafy twigs in the axils of leaves 1-3. Tubular-campanulate corolla to 4.5 cm long, bright pink and purple, inside, in the expanded part of the tube with a yellow spot. Fruit - woody cylindrical capsule to 2.5 cm long with very small seeds. The fruits ripen in August - September.
It grows on rocky slopes Read more [...]
Primitive fishing rod.
A simple fishing gear - is, of course, a fishing rod. You can make it from any available material. It all depends on the ingenuity of the victims.
If we stick to the fishing terminology, the rod is designed to cast a hook into the water with a nozzle, cuttings and fish playing. The length of the "ideal" rod should be: when fishing from the shore in areas with a swift current - 3.5 - 4.5 m, and when fishing in shallow waters, covered with reeds, even more, when fishing from the raft and similar boats - 2 ,5-3, 5 m at catching on bottom line without a float Read more [...]
High powerful tree 30-35 m tall with a huge shatrovidnoy crown. Thick trunk covered with a light gray longitudinally fissured bark. Young shoots are shiny, olive-gray. The leaves are pinnate, 20-40 cm long, of 7-11 leaves, when grinding with a pleasant characteristic odor. When blossom (April - May) leaves pink, hairy, glandular, summer dark green, shiny, lighter below, dull, autumn, late September and October, and yellowing. Before the appearance of male flowers blossom leaves collected in many-thick green earrings, simultaneously with leaves appear almost invisible female flowers, but sitting Read more [...]
For many diseases, there are natural natural remedies, if you know where to look. For millennia, medicine and drugs were made from various herbs, plants and natural substances, and many of them are currently in use, are made from plant materials. Not all traditional medicines are approved by modern doctors, some were based more on the association with the plant, than on their medicinal properties - although unusual color and appearance are often characteristic. Such plants as pimpernel field and burdock, used to cleanse the blood, are mostly red, and those that are used to treat jaundice, including Read more [...]
Among the diseases that occur in the Arctic, a special place is a kind of poisoning that occurs from eating polar bear liver.
In 1.5-3 hours after a meal is usually a headache, accompanied by phenomena of food poisoning: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe cramping in the stomach and intestines. The body temperature rises to 39-40 ° C. Patients complain of shortness of breath, palpitations. After about 36-72 hours of the skin starts to peel off and leaves intact layers. However, the disease is rapidly on the decline, and on the second or third day of recovery occurs.
The reason for this strange Read more [...]
(German Orientierung, source: Lat, oriens - East), 1), n a m e s t n o s t, and the definition of its position (occupied point) on the horizon and surrounding objects (landmarks) can make the right choice of direction traffic and maintain it in a way.
In the north. and temperate latitudes, especially in winter, the direction of C. - J. quite accurately set the sun and the clock: clock (set local time), turn in the horizontal plane and directed the hour hand to the sun and the angle between the arrow and the numeral 12 is divided in half, with bisector coincides with the direction of St. - south Read more [...]
Many centuries ago, there were science, studying the planet, its foreign surface. These include geodesy, topography, cartography, and others. But most of all phenomena that always touches people studying science topography. It studies the Earth's surface and all sorts of ways of depicting it on paper. The word "topography" is derived from two Greek words: "topos" - which means "place" and "The Count" - "write", "topography" - "description of the terrain."
In more recent times, this science has attracted the attention Read more [...]
Annuals, biennials least 30-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, the Far East.
P. armuum (L.) Dumort. (Syn. Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.) Contains flavonoids seskviterpeioidy and derivatives, pyrone-established structure.
Medicinal. In the experiment, P. strigosum (N. L. Muehl. ex Willd.) Tzvelev (syn. Erigeron strigosum HL Muehl. ex Willd.) has antioxidant properties.
The use of rifles for hunting opens hunters more opportunities than shooting fraction. Range firing a shotgun shot or buckshot does not exceed 40-50 m s range firing a bullet from a hunting rifle - 300-400 m Shooting beads can be made only by birds and medium-sized animals, and bullet (if you have permission) you can shoot the largest animals - tigers, bears, wild boar, elk, deer and others. The accuracy of modern battle rifles admits shooting at p: sstoyanii to 200 m and average and large birds such as grouse, grouse, duck, goose, and bustards.
Shooting hunting bullet closer to the hunter Read more [...]
The seventh day
For two days I stayed at home, but today broke the early morning quiet, came to a clearing. Foggy morning again. Away on pock first filed in morning forest voice snowbird. I sat on the edge of a clearing about young firs, did not move and waited. Right next to me got out of the bushes teterevyata. Teterevyata already large - males are dark, they have penetrated a black pen-osachey adult roosters. Now they are not so friendly roam the woods, do not run and each other. One found an ant pile and set it as a "swim" as chickens bathed in the dust. Another cock Read more [...]
It's not hard to lose the orientation of the debris of dead trees in the forest thicket overgrown with thick bushes, where the untrained eye everything seems monotonous green chaos and difficult to distinguish conspicuous terrain and the dissimilarity of the situation. Astray've both beginners and experience tells taezhnikam.
In such cases, people will start trying to mind a variety of ways of orienteering. He recalls how on the countries of the world are building their dwelling ants, and where abundant stands resin on the bark, and which side of the trees are covered with thick moss. Read more [...]