Many factors affect the life, reproduction and mortality of an animal, and eventually inhibit growth in its population, it is accepted to group into two main categories: abiotic and biotic. The former include: the climate, topography and soils, the second - the relationship of vegetation, predators, parasites, likely competitors for food and love. The latter is often called the anthropic factor. All these factors act on the animals in isolation, but in the aggregate, and a small deviation from the average level of any one of them causes a chain reaction and involves the action of others. The Read more [...]
A perennial herb with erect stem 60-200 cm tall, branching usually above the middle, with obliquely upward directed branches. Basal plate and lower stem leaves are large, 20-50 cm long and 4-10 cm wide, oblong-lanceolate or broadly cuneate at base. Inflorescence paniculate. Pedicels below the middle with a thick joint. Inner perianth segments in fruit triangular-ovate, 5-7 mm long and 4.5-5.5 mm wide at the base shirokozakruglennye, all with zhelvachkami. Fruits are 3.5-4.5 mm in length and a width of 2-2.5 mm, burovatye.Tsvetet in June, fruiting in July.
Mainly European species, are also Read more [...]
During the breeding season males bears are excited. From the "wedding" is heard a roar. Sometimes one female should be some males and between the incidence of violent fights. Their behavior when dealing with people of different: most animal tries to escape, but the aggression is not excluded. Meeting with the wedding procession dangerous, it is possible from May to September, but the most likely period - from July to August.
Cranks. The greatest danger to humans, as already noted, are cranks. Reasons for their occurrence may be few, but most - poor harvest of feed, mainly berries Read more [...]
The principle of operation of this type of trap is that when the animal takes the bait, it drops a load. All are suitable for pigs, foxes and badgers. Larger structures can be used for larger game, such as bears.
Major pitfalls of this type can be very dangerous not only for the animals, for which they are, but for the man himself. Their mechanism is triggered when a small impact on the strained and hidden rope - stretch - and this can happen by chance. Even in an emergency situation need to put all aware of where they are located. Arrange things so that people stay away from them, Read more [...]
Within Kazakhstan is only the western part of the range red-squirrel. This zverok distributed in the following administrative regions of Kazakhstan: in northern Kustanai region, in the North-Kazakhstan, Kokchetav-tion in northern Tselinograd, Pavlodar, Semipalatinsk, in the northern part of the EastKazakhstan region. The northern boundary of its distribution is outside the country.
Areas with the largest number of red-squirrel are the areas of the right bank of the Irtysh (Pavlodar area). A large concentration of rodent burrows (40-140 1 ha) noted in Pavlodar and Máximo Gorki-areas (Tolebaev, Read more [...]
"So charming this wonderful smell of the forest after a spring storm, the smell of birch trees, violet, fallen leaves, morels, cherry, I can not sit in the cart, jumps off steps, ran to the bushes and, despite the fact that I was showering raindrops, ditch wet branches blown cherry, they hit my face and revel in their wonderful smell ... But you smell the smell - I cry.
Describes the strength of flavor cherry blossoms Tolstoy.
Everyone who passes by the spring bush cherry, can not help but exclaim, "What smells good!"
Spring shrub or tall tree covered with cherry, white as snow, Read more [...]
Depending on the methods of hunting for brown bear should be selected and the appropriate equipment. Smoothbore dvuhstvolka - reliable weapon in the right hands, especially when hunting for oats or den, but it requires good preparation. Need to have a special exposure to sitting on a storage shed, patiently wait until the animal closer to the hunter a distance of 40 paces. Shoot the bear out of shotgun on 40-50 steps should not be, because of possible mistakes, even in experienced hands. Bear - a big beast, and the "killer" place in it - but the heart of the brain, and even fatally Read more [...]
Perennial plant 30-70 cm Stems solitary or several, simple, almost round, bluish-green, glabrous. Leaves narrowly linear, fused at the base into a long (10-20 mm) of the vagina, the upper two pairs of leaves are usually enlarged base and swollen vagina. Flowers sit on the top of the stem in a dense inflorescence capitate, surrounded by several pairs of strong expansion in the base and a sharp contraction in the subulate tip of upper leaves. Calyx 10-15 mm long, with lanceolate teeth. Petals of rose-red or purple, the edges serrated, upper side slightly hairy. The fruit - capsule, seeds corymbose, Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 100 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids (including biflavonoidy, leucoanthocyans), steroids (including FN-toekdisteroidy, fitosteriiy), lactones, carbohydrates, and phenolic acids, higher fatty acids and their esters established structure. Marked tannins. Discovered polysaccharides, glycerol, vitamins B and C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelmintic, re-mostaticheskoe - leaves O. japonica Thunb., Subtitle. Part O. regalis L., tonic, diuretic - O. japonica, laxative - O. regalis. Indications - infections / infestations: intestinal Read more [...]
Series on the book of the same name, in which the host of "Man vs. Wild" uses his skills in situations that are possible in the real city life, accident, fire, attack dogs, etc.
Series: 9 - A fall from a bike / running the Rescue / Mountain Bike Disaster / Run for Your Life
Survival expert Bear Grylls shows how to survive if you break a leg in the forest, and how to outwit the man who attacked you and run away from him.
Series on the book of the same name, in which the host of "Man vs. Wild" uses his skills in situations that are possible in the Read more [...]
To solve the problems raised by us at the beginning of studies (see Introduction), required a detailed analysis of the geographical parameters of the study area. For this, as well as design data obtained in the study used the following mapping and other materials:
1) map of the Latvian SSR;
2) map drainage and land areas of the Latvian SSR for 26 sheets, made-Latgiprovodho Thus, M 1: 100 OOO;
3) maps of the Latvian SSR, M 1: 50 and 1 OOO 75 OOO;
4) tablets forest management scale 1: 10 000 and 1: 20 000;
5) taxation descriptions of the materials of forest management;
6) data of annual surveys Read more [...]
This magazine - research illustrated edition of the best fishing areas of the South of Russia, taking into account the specifics of seasonality, the species composition of fish and climatic characteristics of the region, which emphasizes both the modern and the "Aboriginal" gear and gear in demand in waters south of Russia.
Subject content: fishing, fishing tourism, fishing tackle, gear, equipment, transportation, security, law, etc. The concept of content: we are writing about fishing in the waters just south of Russia, gear and techniques demanded in our waters, and we do not learn Read more [...]
tent bag, tent Zdarsky, provides shelter for 2-4 travelers to rest and overnight stay in a sitting or lying position. Made of lightweight water resistant fabric (eg, rubberized nylon). At the closed end B. m is ventilation. valve. An infinitesimal dimensions of about 160x200 cm, weight of 0.5 to 1.5 kg. In dry weather, climb into the bag feet first, leaving his head open, and in inclement weather bag utterly worn so that the valve was against a person. For insulation thermal insulation inserted into the bag cover. Read more [...]
To keep the gun in good condition for a long time and always be sure of reliability and security of its action, it is necessary to protect the gun and take care of him. Every hunter should know the rules firmly savings and care for the weapon and never violate them.
There needs to be a constant concern for the health of the gun. Do not expose the gun to shock, to prevent its falling. In no case should not apply a lot of effort, for example, opening and closing the trunk. Not recommended to lower his gun in vain, as it leads to breakage of strikers drummer. Known fault should be rectified Read more [...]
Annual 5-25 cm tall, with slender roots and spreading-branched stems, pubescent with glandular hairs. The leaves are sessile, 4-7 mm long and 2-3 mm wide, ovate, pointed. Apical leaves and bracts pubescent simple or simple and glandular hairs. The flowers sit in a semi-umbels on long stalks 6-8 mm in length. Sepals 3-4.5 mm long and 1-1.5 mm wide, ovate-lanceolate, acute, with three clear veins, on the edges with a broad scarious margins. Shorter than calyx lobes, white. Fruit - capsule ovoid, slightly longer than the calyx. Blooms from May to August, fruiting in July-September.
Mostly European Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this episode, Bear learns to survive in the jungle. Read more [...]
Ivan - the novice hunter, although the young man can not say that, forty years - quite a mature age. As with most novice hunters, it was no different outfit perfect, but, more importantly, it is not right for him. In particular, the fins were too big in galoshes. Weight belt consisted of goods by two and a half pounds each, and, in the beginning of hunting zone balanced buoyancy suit, in an hour voyage began prita-plivat hunter even on the surface. Gun is quite decent, but for a beginner could take a gun and weaker.
All this, plus a breach of the basic rules of behavior under water ("Do Read more [...]
Snipe snipe much rarer, and most hunters prized above. Usually, snipe referred to as the first, best swamp game. Snipe, sometimes called pyatnachkoy, the bed, and a silence belokuprikom very similar to snipe and differs from it in larger size, solid build, relatively short and high at the base of the beak. Neck grouse shorter than snipe, abdomen not pure white, and gray-dirty, covered with small spots. Snipe weighs up to 300 grams. Grouse nests almost the entire territory of the CIS, not only found east of the Yenisei River and rarely comes across in the steppe regions of the country. Overwinters Read more [...]
Bear ascent - it means to identify the cards and the descriptions of the way to the base camp at the top, selected for the ascent, and then map out a rough diagram of the ascent. When drawing up the route the original data are given geography of the area (and climate): average height of the ridge height and the top of the intended category of difficulty, time of year and month selected for the ascent.
Geography of the region gives information on the nature of the mountain range, its topography, the extent of ice and snow line altitude, climate, and the direction of the ridge. The average Read more [...]
Spread around the South Pole continent, which in size is not inferior to the other continents of the globe, and high in large part up to 6-10 thousand feet (Table translation of English to metric, see p. 351. Approx. Translated) above sea level . His research has been one of the major challenges of modern geographers. Two regions of the continent have been studied relatively well. Present book tells of daring enterprise group of people who wanted to write a new chapter in this important geographical work.
Uninitiated person who does not think geographical categories, it's hard to imagine Read more [...]