Description. Is a shrub with red-brown branches shiny, curved downward spikes in pairs, they are at the base of the petiole of the leaves. Leaves are compound, pinnate, with ovate-lanceolate acute stipules. Flowers solitary, pink or dark red with numerous stamens and pistils. Globose berry-like fruits, sepals remain in fruit after it ripens. Plant height of 100-150 cm Flowering in June.
Found in the Perm region in the mixed forests, meadows, clearings, in river floodplains, grasslands, scrublands.
Grows in the Kama region and is used like Briar echinated. It is a shrub with gray-brown Read more [...]
Amphibian perennial with long creeping rhizome, which has two forms - the water, floating on the water, and land. Aqueous form has long stem, long-stemmed leaves floating, shiny, oblong, acute or obtuse, base rounded or cordate, naked blades 5-17 cm long and 1-5 cm wide, sometimes the ends of shoots and leaves rise above the water. In terrestrial forms of stem up to 70 cm, simple, ascending or erect, leaves with petioles up to 1 cm, plate lanceolate, 5-15 cm long and 1-4 cm wide, hairy on both sides, sharp. Inflorescence - spike-end dense brush length of 3-4 cm Perianth pink. Stamens 5, rarely Read more [...]
Fishing rules established for each region and for each fishing season strictly differentiated, according to the annual increase in population of elk. To determine the fertility rate must know moose, the amount of waste in all ages, as well as age and sex composition. In different places annual moose population growth is 10 to 20% and a few more. While isolated areas where there is a significant influx of migratory elk from neighboring areas (eg, Volgograd, Rostov and other regions) annual growth elk population reaches 50-70%.
In the RSFSR fishing regulations are set in the main load of 10% Read more [...]
Annuals, shrubs rarely 5-200 cm high. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia (south), Far East (Primorye).
Contain triterpenoids, steroids (including phytosterols), as well as higher-fatty acids, phospholipids and galactolipids established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 19% from seed S. altissima (L.) Pall. Alkaloids found to 0.3% in the fruit S. altissima, betatsianiny, betaksan-slime, coumarins, saponins.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect - Hopes laxative. h S. maritima (L) Dumort., S. prostrata Pall., anthelminthic oversight. h S. physo-phora Read more [...]
Annuals, herbaceous perennials, 10-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, Caucasus.
Contain cardenolides, and coumarins (Innocenti et al., 1996) established structure.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect - slabitelnoe1 - leaves S. cretica (L.) Lassen (syn. Coronilla cretica L.), diuretic, kardiotonicheskoe2 - seeds, haemostatic - the leaves of S. varia (L) Lassen (syn. Coronilla varia L.). Indications - diseases of the digestive system: colic, diarrhea, bathygastry, infections / infestations: pulmonary tuberculosis, dysentery, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with diathesis; Read more [...]
Odnoletnnkn or herbaceous perennials to 80 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids, thioglycosides, and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 32.8% R. raphanistrum L.
Drug (R. raphanistrum). Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the hypo stomach diseases of skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin diseases, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism, tumors: tumors, diseases of the nervous system: at the lumbo-sacral bone-tion sciatica - the seeds.
In the experiment, R. raphanistrum exhibits antibacterial activity against Gram-positive Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain alkaloids up to 1% in the stems Ph. orientalis (M. Bieb.) G. Don, phytosterols, triterpenoids, coumarins, flavonoids, chalcones, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids established structure. Marked tannins to 6% of oversight. h Ph. orientalis. Found steroidal saponins, higher fatty acid.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - healing wounds - Subtitle. h Ph. orientalis, Ph. physaloides (L.) G. Don, analgesic, antipyretic, anthelmintic - Ph. physaloides. Indications - diseases Read more [...]
O. aristata (Thunb.) Rydb. (Syn. Urospermum aristatum (Thunb.) Kuntze) - herbaceous perennial, 30-90 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western Siberia (Altai), Far East (Amur, Primorye, Sakhalin. Kuril Islands).
Contains moioterpeioidy and phenols, esters, fatty acids, and aromatic hydrocarbons and established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil 7.3% of fetuses. Coumarins found up to 0.2% in the underground. including steroids, poliatsetileiovye Comm.
Medicinal. In the experiment, Subtitle. h exhibits antitumor activity.
Toxicity. Exhibit insecticidal activity: Subtitle., Read more [...]
By August, the young geese raised on the wing, and the old ends and the molting they get out of supports. At this time the geese begin to fly broods to feed in the fields. On these flights, and could hunting.
On the ways of flights in areas where geese fly low, waiting in ambush hunters suit from which the shot at a passing flocks. In late summer, geese start herds, ready to fly away to the south. In the first days of September, showing a first span geese.
Hunting on migrating geese is based on the fact that they are willing to sit down to a stuffed goose, profiles, and especially to decoy Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant from 40 to 200 cm, with underground runners, which are developing tubers. Stem erect, branched, rough short hairs. The lower leaves are opposite, cordate-ovate, serrate-toothed edges, with petioles, upper - alternate, more elongated, oblong-ovate or lanceolate. Baskets are relatively small, with a diameter of 2-5 cm marginal flowers in each basket 10-15, they are golden yellow, lozhnoyazychkovye, barren, median - yellow, tubular, bisexual. Blooms in August-October, achenes ripen in September and October, but not every year.
Comes from North America. In Central Read more [...]
In 1746, on the island of Copper for fur animals hunted Vsevidov Andrew, in 1754, were brought to Kamchatka fur hunter Yugov 790 beaver skins, 755 beaver tails, 7044 blue fox pelts and 2222 - seals.
Later, in 1773 navigator PK Zaikov hunted for fur animals for two years on the islands of Attu and Copper, in 1775 - on the Fox Islands, returning in 1779 with a cargo of furs Okhotsk in the amount of 300 thousand . rub. In 1781, with a party of hunters Zaikov of 70 people went to the island Bering, and then, after wintering at island Unalyaska, where he was fishing until 1783, 1784-1788. he again Read more [...]
H. halodendron (Pall.) Voss – shrub 0.5-3 m high. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus, Western Snbnr.
Found alkaloids lektnny, flavonoids, saponins.
Medicinal. Indications – infections / infestations: with erysipelas – fruit.
In the experiment, a decoction of Hopes. h exhibits antibacterial activity. Melliferous.
Stern. For cattle.
Materials. Dye for wool (yellow): Subtitle. h
Environmental significance. Ornamental.
F. alnus Mill. - Shrub nln tree up to 7 m high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia.
Anthraquinones contains up to 5.7% in the cortex, 0.2% alkaloids in the leaves, tsiklitoly, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Marked tannins 10.4% NZ fruit, 29.2% fatty oil from the seeds, essential oil. Found coumarin, naftohnioiy, flavonoids (including anthocyanins, catechins, leucoanthocyans), saponins, pectin, vitamin C, p-carotene.
Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action - purgative, irritant - bark (State registry., Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, hat, high boots. Personal equipment - ice-ax.
Equipment group - a tent, stretch marks, 2-3 avalanche shovels, tent bag, repshnur (6 x 5 m), 5 ice screws, 2 - 3 hammer, rope (1 x 40 m), a snow saw.
Methods of organizing a camp on the difficult snow and ice terrain. Practiced on a snowy ridge, where there is snow pocket, pillow, crack, "deaf" bergschrund.
This crown can work out a single block techniques, and also spread to various hikes, spending organizing a camp on a narrow snow ridge in snow pocket or poluzasypannoy crack bergschrund. Read more [...]
For the healthy ear is not dangerous. The situation is different when the water hit the sore ear. You may suddenly be dizziness, severe pain attack.
It happens while swimming in the sea, a river, a lake - and the situation can be tragic. In addition, contaminated water provokes exacerbation of chronic ear infections and sometimes permanently deprives a person of disability. Those with damaged eardrum or a chronic inflammatory process, must protect your ears from water.
What if the water in the ears does come? Sometimes it is enough to tilt his head to one side and so stand for a few minutes Read more [...]
Annuals 7-60 cm tall Distribution: Caucasus.
Contain diterpeioidy, phytosterols and flavonoids established structure. Marked fatty oil and 30% of the seeds Ch. hierosolymitana Spreng., rubber to 0.2% and to 1.6% resin of Subtitle. h Ch. tinctoria (L) Ant. Juss., Waxes, dyes. Detected alkaloids, saponins.
Toxicity. Toxic: Ch. hierosolymitana, Ch. tinctoria. Materials. Dye for wool and silk (red, yellow, blue for mordant): Ch. hierosolymitana, C. tinctoria. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, biennials least 5-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, tsnklitoly, glitsigy, carbohydrates, nitrogen Comm., And phenolic glycosides and aromatic aldehydes established structure. Marked fatty oil to 18.3% of the fruits S. hispanica L., rubber. Detected alkaloids, fatty acids, vitamins B2, C
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant, laxative - Subtitle. h S. humilis L., wound healing, diaphoretic - S. humilis, antipyretic - Subtitle. hours, lactogenic (Veterinary) - S. Read more [...]
Landin Cody (Cody Lundin) - world-famous professional survival instructor with more than 20 years of practical teaching experience. He taught private and public institutions, and thousands of students and dozens of national and international media companies the art of survival in the wild and urban environments. Cody honed his skills in the deserts and mountains with minimal equipment and support, including two years spent in a regular forest hut of branches, where he slept on pine needles and cooked food on an open fire.
In 1991, founded Landin survival school (Aboriginal Living Skills School) Read more [...]
Annual grayish-woolly-felt, plant height 10-20 cm stem is erect, slender, simple or forked. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, entire, appressed to the stem, to 10 mm long and 1 mm wide. Numerous small (up to 3 mm in length and about 2 mm wide) ovoid baskets crammed by 2-5 in the head (sometimes single basket), forming a total apical spicate inflorescence. Wrap a two-or three-row, outer leaves it among 6-13, keeled, lanceolate or ovate, obtuse, 2.5-3 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, in the middle of the grass at the edges scarious, straw yellow, at the base of the back with a thick felt-pressed hairs, Read more [...]
Woody vines 4-25 m long. Distribution: The Far East (Primorye, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands).
Contain iridoids, triterpenoids, carotenoids, steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids (including leykoantotsianidiny in H), carbohydrates, and tsiklitoly (Chang et al., 1996), phenolic and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 34% from seed A. arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch, ex Miq. Found coumarins, cardenolides, polysaccharides, organic acids up to 5% in the fruit A. arguta, vitamins B2, B6, C, E, PP, nikotnnamid, R-carotene.
Drug (the fruit). Therapeutic action - antihelium-mintnoe Read more [...]