Coordinates: 0 ° 24'' 00 "w. W. 37 ° 51'' 00". on the Republic of Kenya - a country in East Africa. A former British colony. In Kenya, the predominant type of sub-equatorial climate. The hottest and driest place in Kenya - the north-eastern plateau and vicinity of Lake Rudolf. In February and March, daytime temperatures reach 36 here .. 38 degrees Celsius, and night drop to 24 .. 26 degrees. In July and August, the day the air is heated to +32 .. +34 degrees, and at night cooled to +22 .. +24 degrees. In the Central Highlands temperature strongly depends on the Read more [...]
The diet of the gopher precedence are two groups of food: green aerial parts of the plant - leaves, stems (with a high content of fiber) and concentrated food - seeds, fruits, flowers as steppe and cultivated plants. Along with the plants eaten by animals and animal feed, mainly insects: ants, leaf beetles, etc., but in their last diet did not play the same role as the vegetative parts of plants and seeds, usually in the stomach of these rodents are found the remains of no more than one to three insects.
Depending on the season and on the biotope in which live squirrels, the ratio of food Read more [...]
General cooling of the body occurs at lower ambient temperature to below 36 ° C. And the water to air has a higher heat capacity (4 times) and thermal conductivity (25 times). The water takes away from the human body is 11 times more heat than air of the same temperature, wet clothes gives 4 times more heat than dry. In finding the man in the water or in wet clothes heat production in the body increases 3-9 times, but it can not compensate for heat loss, which results in hypothermia. When immersed in water with a temperature below +8 ° C in person, clothing may be a reflex cold shock and Read more [...]
With a lack of food pack can hunt. The polar regions are often called ice desert, thereby, highlight the lifelessness of high latitudes. Yet this is not the case. Even in the heart of the Arctic is not often met polar bears, arctic foxes, belugas, narwhals, pinnipeds. It is home to about thirty species of fish and at least twenty species of birds. Among the Arctic animals of interest to the hunting - reindeer, white hare, polar wolf, squirrel, lemmings. Arctic islands are birds - geese, ptarmigan, sandpipers, blackbirds, mergansers, Common Scoter, guillemots, glaucous gulls, guillemots, long-tailed Read more [...]
Roe --- one of the most beautiful animals in the deer family. Within the country it inhabits the forest and steppe zones, as well as places of Crimea and the Caucasus.
No it only in the center of the European part of Russia, outside the southern boundary of the taiga, in the open steppes of the Ukraine, the Volga region and deserts. In recent years, deer from the Urals, Siberia, Baikal, the Far East is gradually moving to the south, and from the west - to the central regions of the country.
Abroad deer inhabit the whole of Western and South-Eastern Europe, in Asia Minor, in the northwestern part Read more [...]
From May to September, in the forests and in urban parks activated ticks. Mites themselves do not carry any risk, but they can be carriers of such severe infections, such as encephalitis and tick-borne Lyme disease.
Not every tick contains a virus encephalitis or Borrelia, an average of 10 mites only 1-2 are contagious (though in appearance infected and not infected ticks are not identical). Mites do not live in the trees, as is commonly believed, and the bushes and tall grass. Mite advance sees infrared radiation coming from the approaching man and prepares to attack him. After skin mite sticks, Read more [...]
In the short-term survival and autonomous existence is fishing is the most affordable way to provide themselves with food. On the one hand, fish - is a more high-calorie product than most plant products. On the other hand - to extract the fish is much easier than living on land game.
If you can not make a fishing rod, you can try to catch fish with his bare hands. To protect the body from cuts, scrapes, and also for its heating, especially when diving, the best fishing in the clothes. To prevent cuts the legs while moving along the bottom, as well as the turbidity of water, be sure to put on Read more [...]
Horsetails easily recognized among other plants for lack of articulation of the stem and green leaf plate. Their function is performed by green stems. Scaly leaves, cloves are whorls on the stem. Flowers, fruits and seeds in the horsetails not. They reproduce by spores. Equisetum is the highest spore plants.
Horsetail Prirechny, perennial herb, lives on the banks of rivers and streams, lakes, ponds and reservoirs, and in shallow water, as well as different types of wetlands. It can grow in water to a depth of two meters, but prefers a smaller depth (30-70 cm). There he is prolific.
In the Read more [...]
A sample of such shelter - a cave. Dig it may, within one or two hours, even an inexperienced person. For all its structural simplicity of the classic cave protection from the cold is not worse than a complex "block" the needle, and perhaps it is even more comfortable.
Dug a snow cave on the slopes with a deep (a thickness of 1.5 m or more) of snow, where lavinoolasnost small. The average construction time single cave - 30-50 minutes, two or three-man - 60-90 minutes. In malozasnezhennyh areas suitable for the snow cave will be found near the natural barriers: the lonely protruding Read more [...]
Annual plant height 8-25 cm, densely covered entirely with short glandular hairs. Stems branched from the base, erect or ascending. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, entire, usually blunt, with short petioles, the lower opposite, upper leaves. Flowers are small, located in the axils of the leaves one on pedicels up to 1 cm bracts half as long peduncles. Calyx length of 3-5 (6) mm and 1 mm wide, deep quinquepartite, thrive at the fruit, with linear blunt lobes of unequal size. Corolla light purple, with a yellow spot in the throat, 6 mm long, two-lipped, with a long tube from the front with a spur Read more [...]
One must be prepared for the fact that the approach of the bear, he will seem infinitely worse than the distance. This animal is frightened not only a powerful roar, body size, swiftness, and unexpected details of his appearance, clearly visible and felt only near: Disclosure red mouth with huge yellow fangs, flowing from her white head, greenish glow eyes, rampant on the ridge, waves walking coat, uterine bubbling, heavy animal body odor and stinking breath. It should be psychologically prepared for the meeting with the beast up close and not to flinch at heart. Often bear adapted to the man Read more [...]
Many of the supporting characters and features local subjects we have already discussed, when we were studying topographical signs in groups. It remains to say a few words about the different names that are written on the cards, and explore the five special tourist symbols.
On a topographic map, you see a lot of place names, railway stations, industrial facilities, tops of hills and mountains, the names of rivers, lakes, forests, and even in some cases have their own names. Signatures, names get quite a lot, but because they interfere to some extent to read a map - block a part of the image. Read more [...]
Types of settlements. Marmot lives families, usually located no closer than 50 - 60 m from one another. Animals of different families rarely go together and live as normally apart.
But sometimes permanent shelters are in the 20-30 m and the animals often move from one hole to another or even graze together. These features of the distribution are likely to arise when separating juveniles settle near the parent burrow, and between them there is no hostility. Usually the young there is a tendency to resettlement, which contributes to more rapid population areas.
Settlement marmot Read more [...]
Walking on the glacier in the lower free from snow, part climber meets clearly visible cracks. They were formed during the motion of the glacier bed due to irregularities (transverse and longitudinal cracks), different rates of glacier flow along the coast and in the middle (oblique), turning it (radial). A steep fall or narrowing of the glacier appears messy break his body - icefall. There are also so-called glacial rivers, glacial wetlands - water accumulation under the snow, glacier mills - vertical wells washed with water, hazardous great depth.
For the well to overcome the open area Read more [...]
Horsetail (Equisetum awense) popularly called Christmas trees, Pestushko, svinyachnikom, the English call their horse's tail, and the Germans - pewter grass. All these names reflect some of its special characteristics. I always tell my students that nothing did not call, just need to get accustomed to understand the meaning of the name. Let's start with the simplest - firs. Look at the plants - green stem, branches in whorls, like a tree, and the same upward directed, as a young tree, and even the tiny leaves that are almost imperceptible, like its shape on a fir needle. The general Read more [...]
Forests are either simple, in which the trees are about the same height and form a single canopy (level), and complex, consisting of two or more layers, one above the other. In the first stage (upper canopy) are high mature trees, in the second - the younger and less high (adolescents) and in the third - shrubs (undergrowth).
The more light-requiring species that make up the upper canopy, and the richer the soil, the denser and more varied undergrowth: hazel, honeysuckle, euonymus on loamy sands and wet sands, buckthorn in the lowlands, broom in the southern forests.
In the Far East can be found Read more [...]
ligament is often accompanied by their partial and sometimes complete rupture. The most commonly injured ankle. In this extension is important (although sometimes difficult) to exclude ligament rupture, with a rum continued participation in the campaign is impossible. In the absence of the gap is less intense pain, decreases in 1 - 2 day (at break, on the contrary, strengthens), less pronounced and swelling of the joint. In addition, the victim, though in pain, but it can go. First aid for ankle sprains: impose a bandage in the form of "eight", put the victim with one foot and the Read more [...]
Kivkovaya rod - the most common amateur tackle. It uses 99% of all on the ice fishermen. This gear consists of udilnika (with handle or not), lesohranilischa (in which can be used as a coil, and just reel), line with a nod and jig (one or more). Depending on what is lesohranilischem, fishing rod turns with the deaf, where reel-tse, or Beguchev if coil harness. What is the difference between the two types?
Fishing rod with a dull snap usually much more delicate and subtle. It is designed for fishing small fish, not the angler is able to deliver a lot of trouble with hooking and Read more [...]
After being bitten by a snake man a must as soon as possible to deliver in hospital. Only a doctor is specifically serum neutralizes the insidious poison.
Often, however, to get to the hospital, it takes time and needs immediate assistance to the affected. What to do? First of all you need to know what not to do. There used to be very popular these "reliable" methods, such as burning the skin incision in the site of the bite, tug bitten limb tourniquet, etc. But today, it is known that these methods are nothing but harm, do not bring. Moreover, sometimes the cause of death Read more [...]
The main law of the forest - lower tiers higher inhibited. Even within the ruling stand, there is competition for light, water and nutrients. In this fight, kill themselves in the shadow of light-loving species, but they can displace inhibit their trees, if environmental conditions change abruptly. Well known everlasting enmity birch spruce. Young birch trees wither in the shadow of the spruce stand, but once come loggers ... Small volatile birch seeds sows the vacant space, and on the spot spruce grows birch. Under cover of his young fir trees grow well, gradually replacing the birch.
Shrubs Read more [...]