Types of fire — Nodya

Many people are on duty or other circumstances have often be in nature, to spend the night in hunting cabins, huts, tents and campfires under the stars. This is primarily hunters, gamekeepers, hunters, foresters, geologists ... They almost need to learn a lot and be able to arrange your life nemudreny best as possible under the circumstances. Proper rest in the "comfortable" conditions can quickly recover, protect yourself from hypothermia and many colds. Winter night in the woods in the open, perhaps in severe frost (down to - 40 degrees and below), without exaggeration, can be attributed Read more [...]
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Guidelines for teaching students how to behave in a forced off-existence

Training in the survival in the autonomous existence in the environment - a complex and multifaceted process. There are many factors that complicate it. Take, for example, in television and film. Children see how easy film heroes who find themselves in difficult circumstances without food and supplies, travel long distances, forage, solve other problems. All this creates the impression of lightness in children being in the natural environment. From Scheme 4 shows how many different factors influence the behavior and physical state in autonomous existence in the environment, what requirements Read more [...]
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Hemlock spotted

In the Far East, spotted hemlock imported weed, common in the fences, where it forms thickets along railways. This is a biennial herb with a rod and a high vertical root 60 -180 cm branched in the upper part of the hollow stems. The whole plant is bare, and the stem - with a bluish bloom, especially in the lower and middle parts, and with good, distinctive reddish-brown spots - hence the name "spotted." Leaves petiolate, complex, deeply dissected into small slices. Flowers white, in a complex of numerous umbrellas collected in corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Fruits - broadly Read more [...]
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Resources and facilities for orientation. Methods orientation

It is considered that there are two main ways of orientation - orientation on the map (or the Itinerary) and orientation of the compass (ie, the horizon). But this division is conditional and incomplete. There is, for example, the orientation according to the legend - on "verbal map", that is, using a detailed text description of the path of motion. Same orientation of the compass (ie movement from the known azimuths) is impossible without a map, that is, bearings "in the stores do not sell" - they should get a measure on the map. So the card (even a home-made copy of the Read more [...]
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Rhode BATRACHIUM (DC.) SF Gray Shelkovnikov or the water buttercup.

Aquatic herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. In B. trichophyllum (Chaix) Bosch found saponins. Medicinal. Indications - pain: for headache - V. aquatile (L) Dumort, V. trichophyllum, gastralgia - V. trichophyllum; diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthritis, infections / infestations: for scabies - B. aquatile. Stern. For deer, elk: V. trichophyllum. Environmental significance. Decorative: V. aquatile. And social significance. Abortifacient: V. aquatile. Read more [...]
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Gray groundhog — marmota baibacina kastsch. Distribution and abundance in Kazakhstan

Border of the groundhog in the Kazakh upland shows in general sketch of the range. It consists of many large and smaller plots, usually confined to the most extensive high and dissected mountains, where there are springs, streams, or just wet valley and gully with dolgovegetiruyuschey grassland vegetation. In a given number of animals found in many mountainous areas where there are suitable conditions (Kapitonov, 1966 a.) - So, they are found on the mountain tops Karagaly, Akirek. Tolagay, Besshoky, Zhuankonyr, Ushtogan. Leather, Kazbek and Kytyrseltey. the upstream Zhamshi, Bidaik, Karabidaik Read more [...]
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Gives a way

In Elovka, by our calculations, we had to come in 12 hours, as the track was good. Crossed two clearing overgrown grass taller than a man. 2.5 miles from Elovka trail going influx Erldagou suddenly split up: the right was an old, overgrown, and the left - fresh. Turned left, steps were 200, and our trail disappeared. But looking it up a bit and decided to look for rail-seat center. They were nowhere to be found. Circling in search zatesok we finally lost direction ... Cudi go? We departed from the river so that it could be heard. Therefore, lost. It's a shame, because the village Read more [...]
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Galinzoga ciliated

Annual plant height 10-75 cm, pubescent with white spreading hairs, especially long and thick at the top of the stem. The stem is branched, pubescent like leaves, erect simple and small scattered glandular hairs. The leaves are opposite, ovate, at the base shortly cuneate or somewhat emarginate, entire, short (less plates) petiole, margin serrate-toothed. Baskets are small, hemispherical, 4-5 mm wide, with thin spreading hairy not equal length stalks, gathered in common loose umbellate inflorescences. Bracts entire, broadly, hairy. Rim lozhnoyazychkovyh flowers in each basket 4-6, they are Read more [...]
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Forest fires

Perhaps the biggest problem for the Russian forest - fires. Fire is dangerous not only because it killed the trees, animals, birds, insects ... Often the victims of the fire element are people serious damage is done to the agricultural sites and settlements. Among the most severe fires that occurred in the last 30 years, can be called a disaster in 1972, when the burning forests and peat lands in several areas of central Russia.How to behave in the forest Forest fire always starts from an external cause. Sometimes random lightning ignites a forest, but much more - nearly 97% of the time! Read more [...]
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Food brown bear. Obtaining wasps

In the area of the reserve Tsentralnolesnogo wasps nest, located in the ground, are rare, and these insects should be considered, rather, random food in the diet of the bear. Wasp nest animals are often in the middle of the summer and closer to fall and finds them at the hearing. For example, we present an entry from the diary of August 6, 1975 At 19 h 20 min female Kate (age 19 months)., Quietly grazing at the edge of the field, suddenly twisted his head, alert, and then headed toward the running of a small group of bushes growing in the 15-17 m from the edge of the field. Ran it twice stopped Read more [...]
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Oak porridge

On the "birch slush" you've probably heard. Birch branches, and even more Wicker in the old days, usually at the end of the week, on Saturdays, flogged guilty or received poor grades students. No injuries were told that he had "tasted the porridge of birch." But of oak porridge unheard of, and oak branches nobody was punished. In many cultures oak was considered the most beautiful tree, and he was treated with reverence and love. In Latin, no wonder oak is called: "a beautiful tree"- kverkus (Quercus), from the Celtic words "quer" - "beautiful" Read more [...]
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About applying svetonositeley

I, like many, constantly experimenting anglers keen coloring lures, including crankbaits, phosphorus. It has long been known that phosphorus is not safe for human health, but as in recent years svetonositeli on a different basis, my experience is not without interest inquisitive spinning. The main recommendations relating to the application svetonositelya to catch up to 5 meters are as follows: -the bait completely covered svetonositelem, the fish does not take under any circumstances, and fishing conditions;-when applied to the blade svetonositelya and head wobbler, fish takes only at dawn Read more [...]
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Impregnation and lubricant: Skiing

Sliding surface soaked in hot conditions - the stove, the fire on stove. To impregnate use tar, liquid ski waxes and special formulations for skis hardwood - a mixture of equal amounts of tar, wax and turpentine, a mixture of 1 part of paraffin and 4 parts of pine tar; Ski from softwood - a mixture of 75% tar, 20% and 6% wax shoe pitch.Read more [...]
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N. glaucus (M. Bieb.) Botsch. (Syn. Aellenia glauca (M. Bieb.) Aell.) — Shrub 30-75 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.

Flavonoids and nitrogen Comm. ustaiovleiioy structure. Found alkaloids.

Medicinal. Indications — diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension — Hopes. h

Food. Salad: leaves. Stern. For sheep.

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Everest: The Outer Limits — The First Encounter (Season 3, series-1)

Episode 1: The first meeting Everest does not spare those who challenged him, and severely rewards those who are able to subdue him. Witness how a group of brave climbers under the New Zealander Russell Brice (and others) will storm the slopes of Mount Everest, overcoming superhuman physical and emotional stress. With the latest methods of shooting at high altitude, you can see the exciting and shocking footage from the diary of Bryce team that has managed to do the impossible ... 1. First Summit Rejean Audet and David Tait face personal challenges as they attempt to summit and an avalanche Read more [...]
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Euonymus sacred

It grows in mixed and deciduous forests, among shrubs, at logging sites, grasslands, river valleys and streams, as well as on the slopes of mountains, rising to 400 meters above sea level. Distributed in the Khabarovsk and Primorsky regions in China, Korea and Japan. Shrub 1.5-2 m Young twigs and branches are green, four-sided, with 4 longitudinal thin brownish or gray-winged appendages. Wings sometimes reach 6 mm in width and are often stored on older branches. The bark of old branches gray or brownish. Oblong-obovate or elliptic leaves abruptly narrowed to a pointed tip. Lamina above darker, Read more [...]
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Plants, drives away insects

Travelers usually suffer from various attacks by insects, or, as they say, from the "gnats." In the summer, each of you has experienced mosquitoes and small midges. The task of hunting for plants - protect yourself from them. A common way to protect against midges - is a smokescreen from the fire, but to sit in the smoke, choking and coughing, unpleasant. And these forest dwellers never laid smoky fires, which are visible from a distance and not warm. Insects are well versed in a variety of scents: one to attract, repel others. Better to use your received odorous ve society, such Read more [...]
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Eldar pine

Tree up to 12-15 m in height. Trunk, covered with grayish-brown bark, often curved. Branches extend to the sides, forming a wide crown. Young shoots are reddish in color. Hard green needles lightly pressed to escape and facing forward. The needle length of 6-10 cm, sometimes up to 14 cm Kidney elongated, conical, with a wide base, kidney, brown scales, but with a white fringe edge. Straight, slightly curved shape prodolgovatoyaytsevidnoy cones sit on thick short legs. Shields in the form of inflated cushions, this is especially noticeable in the mature, but still closed cones on the side Read more [...]
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Eared hedgehog

Status. The small species with relatively stable habitat, the size of which does not experience significant fluctuations. Distribution. The area covers the southern steppes, semi-deserts and deserts of Europe, Western Siberia, Kazakhstan, the Caucasus, Middle East and Central Asia. Limitations and security measures. The main factors that currently have reduced the number of big-eared hedgehog, were widespread plowing of steppe landscapes and other human disturbance of its habitat. The natural enemies of the studied species are birds of prey, foxes, wolves, badgers, and stray dogs. However, Read more [...]
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Down the camp

 In the morning, when there is no rain, all things immediately pulled out (on oilcloth coat) not to interfere with each other backpacking. Start it, without waiting for breakfast, otherwise you can not make it, and exit the route delayed. After the removal of items from the bottom of the tent pegs loosen and lift it off the ground with the side extensions. This will enable the dry bottom of the tent. Folding tent, start from the bottom, placed in the middle stretch. This is especially important in bad weather, when the stretch of wet and dirty. Tent insert into the case. If it is set right Read more [...]
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