A perennial herb with faceted stem height of 20-100 cm, covered with stiff hairs erect, usually branched at the top. The leaves are lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 1 cm wide, fairly gentle, soft, shaggy bristles erect, sitting on a small white bumps on the edge wavy, angular-toothed. Basal leaves up to 18 cm, narrowed into petiole dry up after flowering, stem - up gradually decreasing, upper - sessile, slightly amplexicaul. Flowers with soft bracts ovate-lanceolate, almost sessile, in dense capitate, later rectified loose curls up to 10 cm long calyx bristly, almost half cut into five lanceolate Read more [...]
A perennial herb with long, thin rhizomes and stalks of 8 to 50 cm Stems weak, ascending, rooting at the bottom. The leaves are opposite, linear or linear-lanceolate, up to 5 cm and a width of 5 mm, sharp, finely spaced, with teeth toward the base sheet and the glands under the teeth, sessile. Flowers in rare flowered brush, located in the axils of leaves (only one of the two opposite). Pedicels filiform, several times higher than a cup. Bracts lanceolate. Calyx with four lobes lanceolate, 2-3 times shorter than the corolla and boxes. Corolla pale blue or off-white, with pink or dark blue Read more [...]
The least favorite boys work is daily brushing. They recognize that it is necessary to brush your teeth, but at every opportunity seek to avoid this unpleasant lesson. Well in the woods - no need to brush your teeth: there is nothing to clean! Well, sorry for the forest people also need clean teeth and rinse their tonic, and for this there are opportunities.
The most simple - clean teeth powdered charcoal to torogo many in the fire. Coal - Good disinfectant and kills bacteria. Through charcoal filter nutrients, bleached sugar. Coal holds poison gas masks. Slices sprinkled with crushed coal Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series, Bear Grylls tries to survive in inhospitable Read more [...]
Shrub 30-120 cm leaves are thin, obratnolantset in kind, tapering to short petioles, are located at the ends of the shoots. The flowers are small, pink or cherry, rarely white, sit close to the stem, fragrant, appear in April before leafing. Fruit - drupe, juicy, bright red or orange-red, densely sit at the ends of the shoots below the crowded leaves, ripen in late July. Wolf's bark is common in the forests of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, growing on forest edges and in damp places, large shrubs not formed.
The whole plant, especially the fruit and bark, Read more [...]
Small creeping thyme or half-shrub creeping thyme at first glance grass, and so his name is - Bogorodskaya grass (Thymus serpillum). But after looking on this small (15 cm) plant height, you will find that barrel and branches, except the young leafy and flowering tips of his woody, became hard and dark brown or even black. In appearance all thymes are very similar, but differ in the shape of the stem, hairs, inflorescence structure. If you're wondering how much thyme exists to this question is no answer. There are several hundred species growing throughout most of Eurasia (except the tropics) Read more [...]
You never thought that a person with any passion, rich in soul? The desire to know more about passion pushes a person to purchase all new theoretical and practical knowledge. By a certain age, having a purpose in life - love of nature and its preservation, I have accumulated experience that gives you access to a new, higher "level" in the hobby. I decided to search for ginseng. Again and re-read a book on healing the root. Malyshev, Grushevitskaya, Elizarov, but I have not enough information and I refer to the old kornevschevikam. It is very difficult to get information Read more [...]
Frequently asked questions: "What to teach in mountaineering?", "How to teach mountaineering," and "Who will teach mountaineering?" With all of the content of the answers are incorporated in the "Program." If the "Program" in the form of wood, and its trunk to take home for the purpose of (direction), the strong twigs and branches will be the first level of subordination of the dominant goal. But wading through the branches, twigs, you can easily get lost in a spreading crown and did not see the barrel. This construction has to do with how the Read more [...]
Having mastered the method of extracting oil from the seeds, you can get oil even from the tree branches.
Four-year linden or birch twigs (age branches known by the number of layers that are visible in cross sections of branches) crush on a grater.
Crushed pulp is poured sulfuric ether or gasoline, and insist closed for two days. After a lot of squeeze, ether or gasoline poured into the flask or cup and at Greve in hot water, driving them away from oil. To make sure that we got a really oil, soak a piece of paper or their fleece, cloth, and light the wick, oil burning.
The oil is obtained Read more [...]
Scope of this extremely rare mountain animal confined southern part of the Far East. And there goral found only in some places. North of the Sikhote-Alin gorals not anymore. Outside Russia, the goral inhabits Mining-rocky areas of Korea, Japan, and most significant, though fragmented pockets, spread in China (from Khingan to Tibet and the Himalayas).
In appearance and habits of the Siberian mountain resembles European chamois, found only in the mountains of Europe (Alps, Balkans, Carpathians, Caucasus). Often called the Amur goral chamois. But it is different from chamois thicker and elongated Read more [...]
Even before the dark to look for place to stay, noting the route sections that are suitable for construction, if necessary, on the trail you can go back to them.
If it was possible to detect the depth of snow puffing 1.5-2 meters, it is likely that there will be appropriate to dig, and not to build. In this case, using a knife, saws, blades, bowls and other available tools, you can build the simplest shelter - a snow trench or cave.
Snowy trench is dug in deep, sheltered from the wind the snow. Trench width determined by the size of the material, which will serve as a roof. If the material is Read more [...]
If a bear on the way forward by luck turns fallen tree or ka-something-something different obstacles (eg, stream), then the person should be thankful, as noted, it can stop the beast, which he hesitated to attack or even stop. Perhaps this is because each individual has a protected personal space, which in the presence of a specific benchmark as it materializes, becomes the border, and the beast, used to comply with "etiquette" in dealing with their own kind, instinctively takes this rule to the person.
With the expected bear attack man useful to jump over a hurdle, if it close. Read more [...]
Shrub or small shrub up to 100 cm with simple stems, densely covered, as well as leaves, stellate hairs. Leaves are ovate-lantsetnyhdo linear-lanceolate, short, narrow at the base, entire, margin slightly zavorochennye, with one central vein. Unisexual flowers clustered at the ends of branches in a short spike dense inflorescence, bearing pistillate flowers at the bottom and at the top - staminate. Male flowers with four-membered perianth divided by the rounded-ovate share, pubescent with stellate hairs, and four stamens. Female flowers without perianth, enclosed in fused bracteoles, upstairs Read more [...]
Korsak in appearance like a small steppe fox, but differs from it in the color of hair, color of fur on the back corsacs silver-gray or gray-sand. The fur on the lower body - white and yellow-white. At the tip of the tail is not white tassels, which has fox ears are gray, not black as in foxes. Body length corsacs 50 - 60 cm, tail 25-35 cm, height at withers approximately 30 cm
Korsak are found in steppe and desert regions of Central Asia, Kazakhstan, the southern regions of Siberia, Orenburg and Chelyabinsk regions, the Lower Volga and the North Caucasus. Outside the Soviet Union and China Read more [...]
The most useful advice that you can give, goes something like this: the less people in an emergency situation, "bathes" the longer he lives!
Any water, no matter - it's the ocean, the sea or a river, is potentially dangerous. If the spassredstve even the most inexperienced person can resist the elements for weeks, as evidenced by numerous facts, without even a very experienced and physically fit people die in a matter of hours, in exceptional cases - days. If he have the strength and ability to keep from drowning, he later inevitably perish from the general hypothermia, even Read more [...]
In the native range pheasants often have feed and winter. The only exceptions are some snowy winters. But in the more northern areas, where hunting grounds are working on acclimatization of this bird, winter top-dressing needed.
For winter feeding pheasants use approximately the same feed, and partridges, but the rate calculations
per bird doubled. Pheasants and winter feed needs vitamins, so fertilizing sites periodically need to add sprouted seeds crops. Need pheasants and mineral top-dressing (Lime, crushed shells, chalk).
Read more [...]
If the fishing is applied from the bottom of a large number of different baits in design, the universal spinners, especially capacity as it hangs in the water (a typical example - the octopus), the competitors do not have, extending the impact of predatory fish close to magnetic.
Spinners fishing in the upper layers of water are not considered, since their construction differs little from the streamers of similar import. Especially, If the bow is present baits such detail as the propeller. Read more [...]
One of the main tree species in our country.
30-35, sometimes 50 meters high and 1 meter in diameter. Trees of this size usually have an age of 150-200 years. The increase in height does not stop for the entire life of the tree, so spruce up to 250-300 years remains peaked, conical crown. Very Shade-tolerant, but in the thick forest crown is maintained only at the top of the tree. The trees growing in the open, the crown begins almost from the ground. Prickly needles, 4-sided, green, shiny, kept on shoots 6-7, sometimes 12 years.
With 15 years in the dark places from 25-30 years in the forest Read more [...]
Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) - this is one of the most common fish of the family Gadidae, living in the seas of the Arctic Ocean basin. It occurs everywhere here, even goes into much desalinated water of river mouths. Scientists call these fish euryhaline - able to live in salt water, and in very desalted. So, roll penetrated the Gulf of Ob and Yenisei Bay, and catch the small fish around "ledovitomorskomu" coast. Of coast-dwellers of the Russian North, it has long been known as the polar bib.
Her unassuming appearance, however, as the majority of the cod fish. And the size Read more [...]
Heat stroke is the result of a long stay in the sun with his head uncovered. Often sunstroke can occur in calm weather, especially with high humidity. Heat stroke occurs due to overheating of the body under the influence of excessive ambient temperature and body temperature regulation disorders. For example, heavy exercise increases heat production by 4-5 times, and if the clothes tight, it prevents heat. In conditions of high humidity and lack of ventilation, this leads to a rapid overheating of the body. Solar and heat stroke are more common in people unaccustomed to the heat, tired long Read more [...]