One-, herbaceous perennials biennials PLD 10-150 cm Distribution: Arctic, the European part (north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain sesquiterpene laktoiy, triterpenoids, phytosterols, karotnnoidy and phenols and their derivatives (Kisiel, Barszcz, 1996), higher fatty acid esters of n established structure. Isolated rubber. Flavonoids are found. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - wound healing, haemostatic - S. rhoeadifolia M. Bieb., Fever - S. tectorum L. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: for stomach - Hopes. Part C. sibirica L., pecheni1, diarrhea Read more [...]
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Annuals, herbaceous perennials, and 40 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Snbnr, Far East (invasive).

Found alkaloids karotnnoidy, triterpene saponins, vitamin C.

Food. Salad: S. tenella (Pall.) DC.

Stern. For sheep and cattle: S. tenella.

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Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials 10-100 cm tall. Propagation: All. Contain thioglycosides, flavonoids and higher fatty acid established structure. Isolated mustard oil, fatty oil to 36% from seed S. impatiens L. Detected alkaloids, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - the seeds of C. impatiens, C. parviflora L., S. pratensis L., S. uliginosa M. Bieb., Tonic - C. impatiens, S. pratensis, cholagogue, anthelmintic, diaphoretic - flowers of S. pratensis . Indications - hypovitaminosis: in scurvy - S. amara L., leaves of C. impatiens, S. parviflora, S. pratensis, Hopes. Read more [...]
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Herbaceous perennials and 75 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Contain alkaloids and flavonoids established structure. Found steroidal saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - diuretic, de toksikatsionnoe - flowers, seeds A. liliago L., A. ramosum L Indications - poisoning: insect bites, diseases of the reproductive system: the AME-Norrie - flowers, seeds of A. liliago, A ramosum; kidney and urinary tract: kidney disease - flowers, seeds of A. liliago, A. ramosum. In the experiment, the ether extract A. ramosum antitumor activity against Ehrlich carcinoma, Read more [...]
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Orientation in the Arctic and Antarctic

It is known that albatrosses escorted ship in clear water before it approached the multiyear pack ice and only leave the ship. Snow petrel usually flies in the pack ice, so its appearance - the first sign of heavy ice conditions. The appearance of the ship near the Arctic eiders, long-tailed ducks, loons, murres, guillemots, razorbills small, three-toed gulls suggests proximity ice-free spaces, where they feed. Meeting with Lyurik and scrapers to clean water mist on the ground proximity warning or the edge of the ice, as these birds do not fly away from land or ice for more than 15-20 Read more [...]
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Regional Studies and Community Service

In the campaign of any category of problems are the greatest opportunity for local history and community service. The scope and content of the work area defined travel, the main tasks of the group and its composition. Local history is in the comprehensive study of a particular territory, region or area, is "the study of the productive forces and natural resources of the country. raising additional local resources that could be used for the development of socialist construction and the acceleration of the cultural development of the country ... "(from Sovnarkom decree of 30 March Read more [...]
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Ray Mears: The Art of Survival — Sahara

Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people. The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
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Zazharku universal quot;Elbrusquot;

On the one hand, this zazharku nothing special. But on the other - before you had to guess, and someone did. "Elbrus" I called her and why. We recently vacationed at the confluence of the Seversky Donets and Oskol. Place - wonderful, from time immemorial used it for a wild vacation. Here during the warm half of the year are huge tent camps. In the summer, of course, sold out. But tourists are mostly experienced, many have long known, though from different cities of Donbass and Slobozhanshchina. And it's funny, when in the morning from one river bank to the other rushes, "Good Read more [...]
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Poisonous Mushrooms

Higher fungi are divided into edible, conditionally edible, relatively toxic and poisonous (including deadly poisonous). It must be emphasized that the fruiting bodies of virtually all edible mushrooms are usually poorly absorbed because of their content of mitsetina - indigestible protein substance. During certain periods, the growth of fungi fruiting bodies can concentrate a metabolic products, which increases the toxicity of the fungus is damaged by insects, fungi, bacteria (especially in the dry hot weather.) Mushroom growing near industrial plants and roads, can accumulate toxic heavy metals, Read more [...]
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Law — the taiga. Chapter 1

I remember that like to eat so that the bread and lard melted in the mouth like chocolate, and with voluptuous gurgle flew into young throats. And his eyes - his eyes devoured the taiga of the river, just kind of dragged passionately. With cliffs above the harbor survey was like in the song, or a movie, or a dream-half-asleep, and could not believe that all real. Distinct gap got between me and reality. I swear I just doubt overpowered - I or I, and what am I, why am I, why am I in particular - here, although in general it was a home boy, if I remember correctly. Dislocation of a get with Read more [...]
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Preliminary organizational and preventive measures

Leaders mountaineering activities in the process of taking a number of preliminary organizational steps to facilitate and accelerate the rescue. They are: 1) forming spasotryada events and that training of its members so that rescuers caught up in the incident, were not able to lead the team from the bottom part of the rescue operation in a small group; 2) the development of tactical schemes of certain types of rescue operations on the main climbing routes in the area. Tactical scheme is a graphical representation of the route (using international symbols UIAA), broken into stages with Read more [...]
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And in the icy cold of bream cautious and quiet

Bream (Abramis brama) - one of the most popular fish among anglers and gourmets. The range is very extensive and it continues to expand with the help of man. Today you can catch bream in all the rivers, lakes and reservoirs of the Black Sea to the White Sea, and to the eastern coast of the Barents Sea. Bream spread eastward to the Irkutsk region, beyond which the rivers there are already so-called Amur bream. Common bream - the most important commercial species, which occupies a solid position among the freshwater catch. Therefore, it is well known to most, even far from the fishing people. Read more [...]
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Plum splayed, plum

Shrub or tree 4-10 m tall, with broadly crown. Young shoots are thin, bare, green, later reddish-brown perennial branches are covered with dark brown bark. Numerous short shoots end spines. Leaves elliptic or ovate, 5-10 cm long and 2-6 cm wide, dark green, glabrous, pale beneath and pubescent on veins, lemon-yellow in autumn. In March - May, along with foliage or earlier appear white solitary (rarely 2) flowers like snow covering the entire plant. Fruits are up to 3 cm long, yellow, pink, cherry red or almost black, with a light wax coating, ripen from June to November. It grows in the Caucasus, Read more [...]
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Status. The small species with relatively stable habitat and stable numbers. Distribution. Inhabit the forests of southern Europe, on Russian territory in this species does not exist a continuous range. Western section covers the left bank. Dnieper River in the Central Black Earth region, East - South Ural region and the great bend p. Volga Samara Bend (on the left bank, just in the Samara region), South - North Caucasus, Talysh and Lankaran in a small isolated area (Gromov, Erbaeva, 1995). In the Saratov region lives in the northern part of the Right Bank, where there are continuous tracts Read more [...]
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Persimmon virgin

At home, in the eastern part of North America, grows in lowland forests on the slopes of the Allegheny Mountains, reaching a height of 3 m. The culture has moved far to the north beyond its natural range. In Russia, many from the XIX century. Southern Crimea and the Black Sea coast. Growing in Odessa, Dnepropetrovsk, Kiev, Lvov, Ashgabat, Tashkent, Fergana. Ornamental tree with a rounded crown and highly purified stem from branches covered with dark gray bark with longitudinal and transverse cracks. Leaves thin-coriaceous, elliptic, rounded base, in the late summer splash in a bright golden-purple Read more [...]
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Pathfinder — Traces of deer tracks

Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev. Series 14. Trace the tracks of deer. In this series, you'll learn about the features of the tracks of the smallest deer - roe deer, and the biggest - elk. Will see that, oddly enough, the Read more [...]
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Parsnip Sosnowski — Heracleum Sosnowskyj Manden.

Very large, up to 3 m biennial plant. The stem is thick, glubokoborozdchaty rarely pubescent. Basal and lower leaves are trifoliate, three-lobed leaf lobes. All the leaves glabrous above, redkoschetinistye. Inflorescence - cyme, very large, up to 70 cm in diameter. Rays inflorescences bristly. White flowers, the petals of flowers extreme enlarged. Fruits are flat, obovate, 10-12 mm long, 6-8 mm wide. In the wild parsnip Sosnowski is found only in the Caucasus. It has been widely introduced into the culture as a silage plant, easily running wild, quickly forms extensive thickets in fields, Read more [...]
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Mosquito — Cx. (Sh.) theileri Theob.

The bulk of this species is in the Ethiopian region. In the USSR, it covers southern European and Central Asia. In Kazakhstan, distributed in southern and south-eastern regions. Very rare. Previously, according to the EI-beam rail (1939) And E. R. Heller (1939), Is more common. Pulse area, apparently caused climatic factors or reduce breeding sites in relation to the development of cultural districts. According to EA Pletnev (1943), is an attraction to mountain areas. ER Heller (1939), by contrast, found it in flood plains of rivers. We showed up at a constant low-reeded shallow pond. Read more [...]
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Hieracium krupnostolonnaya or ponikloobraznaya

Low-growing perennials creeping long shoot apart and baskets sitting in the axils of stem leaves (where they are laid, but not always develop!). Stems ascending, 10-35 cm tall, 1.5-2 mm thick, from abundant to scarce with simple dark hairs 4-5 mm long, graying of stellate gun with moderate or poor upper glands. Basal leaves in which 7 (2-14), lanceolate, obtuse, up to 11 mm in length, top with single setae 3-5 mm long, the edges sparsely scattered bottom with simple hairs 1.5-2 mm long, stellate hairs available only from the bottom of the plates, stem leaves may be absent or 1-2. The inflorescence Read more [...]
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Ocular estimation

Gs. is carried out by the tablet with a compass and target line. Plate (a piece of cardboard or plywood, size 30x40 cm with an attached sheet of paper, a rum made of the magnetic meridian) at T, p. held horizontally and orient the compass. Lower. edge line of sight is applied to the application point of standing at the top. edge endorse the subject, making sure to sowing. Undocking end of the compass needle was against zero limb, and draws on the bottom. ridge line ahead of the occupied point. Distance to the object is to the eye or measured steps and lay this scale plan. Position remote Read more [...]
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