1. The definition of the northern latitudes
Measure the longitude of the day of the onset of the top solar disk above the horizon of the ocean at sunrise until it disappears completely beyond the horizon when approaching. Found on the left scale figure resulting longitude of the day and connect it to the relevant date on the right scale with a ruler or a stretched string. At the intersection of the line or string with a horizontal scale of latitude is required latitude.
Example. August 20 measured length of the day 13 hours 54 min. Breadth of the nomogram 45 ° 30'' s. sh. Read more [...]
In this video series family McPherson introduces basic skills of survival in the lap of Nature.
In this video, John teaches us how to work with stone, process and grind it. And also shows how to make different tools made of stone.
Episode 4: Breaking Rock 1 - Manufacture of stone tools and instruments
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Annual densely pubescent hairs plant height of 5-20 cm, branched from the base of the stem, causing it seems mnogostebelnym. Lower leaves are lance-spatulate, 1-4 cm long, the upper - oblong or lanceolate, much smaller. The flowers are very small, clustered in terminal curls. Fertile wrist straight, with a thick shaft and very short spreading bushy stalk, sticking up, the lower stem are located in the axils of upper leaves, inflorescence why it seems like foliage. Calyx narrow, up to 2/3 cut into lanceolate-linear, pointed teeth, elongating in fruit and converging at the top, densely pubescent Read more [...]
The distribution pattern of the National Assembly on the ice-snow slopes in Fig. 4b. Of the 90 National Assembly on these slopes of 38 people (42%) died in avalanches, and the overwhelming number of avalanches caused by the teams. Athletic skills in distress in avalanches covers discharges: III - 4 people, II-10, I - 9, masters and candidates for the master-15. This gives reason to believe that in this case we are dealing with a mass that is typical for all the flaws.
Analysis of the behavior of groups, caught in an avalanche, shows that we are talking not about the mistakes in the Read more [...]
The main part of the area lies in the Mediterranean subregion, and comes in the Oriental region (Stackelberg, 1937). In Kazakhstan, is found only in the foothills (Almaty, Shymkent), is much more widespread in the Central Asian republics (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan).
Extremely rare. Larval development occurs in the hollows of trees, thus breeding places are extremely limited. Hence it is a rare occurrence and a mosaic distribution. In the conditions of Turkmenistan are usually found in the hollows of walnut and elm (Petrischeva, 1936). In the basal tree holes, located near the Read more [...]
Withhowling experience not considered to be comprehensive and the right one. Just successfully catching bream four decades in different seasons. The accumulated knowledge helps to catch bream, where other anglers can not catch it. By the way, bream - is the lake-water fish, ie is found in almost any body of water with fresh water. In reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers, canals and quarries ... Its number is significant, and the catches of fishermen everywhere negligible, it can be argued, are random. For example, did not see the mass of fishing in rivers Oskol Oskolets, Kotel, Ublya (Belgorod Read more [...]
Herbaceous mnogoletinkn 5-75 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain alkaloids to 0.1% in the underground. Part T. altaicus SA Mey., other nitrogen Comm., flavonoids and other heterocyclic oxygenated Comm., carotenoids and phenolics and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 32.9% of the seeds of T. europaeus L. Found coumarins, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - tonic - flowers T. asiaticus L., haemostatic - Hopes. Part T. ledebourii Rchb. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the jaundice - flowers T. asiaticus, Hopes. Part T. europaeus, Read more [...]
Status. Rare, sometimes common species.
Distribution. In the Saratov region flycatcher inhabits the steppes east of the Volga and the right bank, is found in semi-deserts. In neighboring Penza region - a rare species, found in the south and southwest of the five administrative regions (Ilyin et al, 2006).
Number. For a species characterized by sharp fluctuations in numbers. In some years, the share of mass breeding flycatchers in catches of up to 16% of all small rodents, with high population makes migrations. Sometimes, in the following years as the abundance of lemmings falling, it disappears Read more [...]
Going to Markovo ancient village that stands in the middle reaches of the Anadyr, I had no other purpose, as to meet with Arseny V. Kretschmar - known ornithologist, Wildlife Photography, a master in manufacturing of automatic cameras to take pictures of animals and birds, and now, as I learned from newspapers, and even electronic identikit that enable scientists to conduct experiments on the unique bird life.
Was the height of summer. In Magadan was a thirty-heat, and in the streets, as in the Black Sea resorts, lined up at the barrel of kvas and ice cream stalls. The Institute of Biological Read more [...]
Tree up to 8-10 m in height or shrub. Trunk diameter of up to 25, rarely up to 45 cm trunk and stems are flexible, often, especially on the slopes, you can see the plants with arcuately biased barrel. Side shoots branching off from that trunk, directed vertically upwards. The bark of the trunk and older branches brownish-gray, rough, flaking plates. Young shoots are dark green, hairy at first, later naked, with poorly scheduled faces. The leaves are opposite, ovate or elliptical, with elongated and pointed top, top matt green, paler beneath, on both sides with appressed bristles that easily Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]
Perennial herb 8-30 cm high, with thick brown rhizome and numerous adventitious roots. Basal leaves cordate-ovate, hard-bristle, abruptly narrowed into a long petiole, stem, alternate, oblong, acute, slightly decurrent. Flowers on short stalks collected in few-often paired curls, sometimes collected at the top of the stem in the shield. Calyx campanulate, cut into five short triangular teeth. Corolla up to 20 mm, in early bloom pink, later turning blue, broadly limb it is 10 mm in diameter. Erem black, shiny, 3.5-4 mm long. Blooms in April and May, the fruits ripen in May and June. Development Read more [...]
This simple tool is indispensable for quite Fishing lure, although it may be useful to every angler. However, it is the one who works the road in the literal sense of the dead bait, beyond recovery snags, it is most needed. Unhook may be in the form of rings, spirals, solid, with a slot for the line. His weight also varies. It should be borne in mind that the most effective heavy, solid product. But to carry extra weight in a box no one wants, so you have to compromise. For all that blesnilschiki who frequently fish in troubled areas are unhook up to 0.5 kg.
Struggle with hooks, is not easy. Read more [...]
Magazine "Fishing in Russia"- A full-color trade magazine for amateur and professional fishermen. Edition of the rich become the most advanced anglers in our country, not only repeatedly won national competitions, but the world championship! The magazine is designed for a wide range of readers, and contains a large number of columns: "School of Excellence", "Theory and Practice", "Tourism", the Arsenal, "Survival School", "hands", "The opinion of ichthyology", "Sports", "Cooking "etc.
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Ukrainian magazine for fishermen, which is published in Russian. Founded in 2006. Magazine "Pro Angler", this magazine is not just about those who made fishing interests of the profession, but also of those who seek to understand all the details of this special way of communicating with the world, to become a professional.
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In this group of 15 most important topographical signs, which have been well known.
Sami settlements - villages, villages, farms, villages and cities - complex structures consisting of various buildings and structures. Therefore, there is no simple topographical signs of the village. It consists of a variety of local topographical signs of objects that make up what is called a settlement.
First, it is separate residential and non-residential buildings. They portrayed nemasshtabnym black rectangles (Fig. 68, a). If a building (house) is very large in size, and a large-scale map, the Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant from 5 to 40 cm, similar to zhivuchku creeping, but completely without creeping shoots and with stems hairy on all sides. Leaves densely covered on both sides bristle jointed hairs. Basal leaves (at flowering available) collected in the outlet, they are oblong-spatulate, krupnogorodchatye, sometimes almost entire, up to 12 cm and a width of 5 cm, narrowed into petiole. Stem leaves sessile, wedge-shaped, are moving in-lobed bracts or Tridentata often painted. The flowers are blue (rarely pink or white), sessile, arranged in a 4-6 (8) in the axillary false whorls, Read more [...]
In the forest, we enter the world of trees and shrubs, grasses and moss, a variety of animals. Why more then one, then the other, which explains the different crops of mushrooms, berries, nuts, fluctuations in the number of game animals? The most common laws that
Taiga lives, the same as for other terrestrial natural communities. Some organisms are dying in their place other problems occur. Dead weight of feed animals, fungi, micro-organisms. Organic matter enters the soil. After the complete destruction of the substance (mineralization) corresponding compounds are used again another Read more [...]
Deadly poisonous mushrooms bit. For this reason, poisoning are due to human carelessness mushrooms, or ignorance of mushrooms at all. Let's look at some poisonous mushrooms.
The surest way to avoid poisoning, do not collect suspicious mushrooms. Although there are exceptions. Umbrella looks like a big brown mushroom, and is actually one of the most delicious mushrooms! I myself, for a long time considered it inedible., Painfully, he looks suspicious. However, reading professional literature about mushrooms, learned of his taste. Information on how and where to collect and how to make Read more [...]
All anglers know that the big fish you have to go to the south. The lower reaches of the Don, Dnieper, and, especially, the Volga provide the best chance of catching a record som carp, chub, perch, carp. Almost any fish (burbot - do not count) because the abundance of food and favorable climatic conditions in the southern waters thrive and grow faster than in central and northern Russia. Thousands of fishermen and underwater hunters, including myself with close friends in arms annually sent it there. However, there are no rules without exceptions. That's me last fall in the Kursk region Read more [...]