Perennial herb 50-80 cm tall, with thick fleshy cylindrical or terete root throat contracted visible at the base of the stem. Stem erect, somewhat faceted and shallow furrows, often quite thick. Basal and lower stem leaves are heart-shaped, the edges serrate-toothed, with long petioles, upper leaves linear-lanceolate, irregularly toothed on the edges, sessile. Flowers in dense apical spicate inflorescence, cylindrical or oblong-ovate, up 5-7 (8) cm, elongating after flowering. Bracts linear, acute, almost entire. Calyx ovoid, with 10 veins and five triangular-linear deviation teeth. Corolla Read more [...]
Sign language is a so-called non-verbal or nonverbal communication by human activity. It is believed that about 80% of the information about the person we have to posture, gestures and facial expressions. All this is also called body language, and most of the world's people are inclined to trust him more than the usual colloquial. The reason is that all our movements are controlled subconscious, which is not controlled by our mind. Therefore man is seldom aware that his posture, gestures and movements may contradict what informs his voice. Therefore, when a person is lying, even in part, Read more [...]
"Basic Instinct. Hunting and fishing around the world" - informational and educational magazine. Hunting, fishing, active forms of recreation, nature conservation. The target audience of the magazine - the people who are willing to go on a hunting and fishing expedition anywhere in the world or with interest to read about it. The magazine is divided into sections: hunting, fishing, guns, bullets, navigation, knives, hunting and fishing tourism, transport, taxidermy ... Main Columns: - "From the wanderings ..." - reports on hunting and fishing expeditions - "Where Read more [...]
Perhaps the most important piece of equipment in a polar journey - this shoe. Shoes for the high-latitude expedition should be light, durable, comfortable, water resistant, protecting the foot from low temperatures and a variety of vertical and lateral shock, which keep a good grip on any surface at any temperature. To combine these high, sometimes conflicting requirements, the production of such shoes utilize the latest developments in this area. That is why "Extreme" footwear major manufacturers are literally crammed with the latest materials and technologies. Hiking boots for high-need, Read more [...]
This hunting bird inhabits most of the forest and forest-steppe zones of the country. Afforestation valleys of it penetrates the tundra using suitable habitats, rises to the border of subalpine mountain meadows. No grouse in the Crimea, na Sakhalin and Kamchatka.
In the thickets of birch and rhododendron alpine and subalpine zones of the Caucasus meets separate species grouse - Caucasian. It is smaller than usual and has liroobrazny tail.
Grouse inhabit its vast area is very uneven. At various times, he changes the habitat depending on the availability of feed and shelter. Read more [...]
If a wounded animal remained in place, it is necessary to clarify the results carefully shot to avoid useless loss wounded animal, to organize the prosecution and as quickly as possible to stop the suffering of a wounded animal. First of all, carefully inspect the place where the animal at the time of the shot.
Sometimes trace bullets in a tree branch or split it shows a miss. Embossed on the strand of wool is often possible to determine place contact with the animal and find out whether or oanenie bullet was only hurting coat beast.
From the behavior of the animal at the time of and after the Read more [...]
Saw - an indispensable tool for use in the forest area. Indeed, the labor costs for firewood or building shelters such a tool is much lower than the ax. In addition, the saw easier to carry on a long distance, its effectiveness depends more on the quality of design and execution than on the size and weight as the ax. Despite the common principle of operation, construction saws is very diverse. The most simple and effective enough - the saw-string. For example, Giglio. Her twist of wire, and the ends left hinge. In the loop, you can insert circlips and start sawing. For convenience, you Read more [...]
Since the end of the XVIII century. to 1821 the Russian-American Company exported from its territory annually on average 51,349 pelts fur seals from 1821 to 1842 - 21,833 skins and from 1842 to 1862 - 16,392 skins. Local hunters company pays for the seal herd hides very low prices: in 1827, for the bulls, and polusekachey holostyakov1 - 50 kopecks. Unit for young (gray) -40 cop., in 1836 - 75 kopecks. and 50 kopecks. respectively. The main face of fur seals on the Pribilof Islands was made. Thus, from 1842 to 1861 on the island of St. Paul was produced 277,778 seals, and on the island of Read more [...]
Trees or shrubs, 3-15 m high. Distribution: Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Contain cyanogenic Comm. established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 52.4% A. mandshurica (Maxim.) Skvortsov. Detected alkaloids, vitamins P, S.
Drug (seeds). Therapeutic action - normalizing metabolism - A. sibirica (L) Lam. Indications - mental illness: neurasthenia, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with alopecia, hair pigmentation, eye disease: conjunctivitis - fatty oil A. sibirica
Food. Edible in revised form: A. Seeds mandshurica, substitute almond and peach oil: seed Read more [...]
While walking through the woods on a windy day in the eyes can get all sorts of small particles. This causes tearing, pain. In this case, warm clear water, pour it into the saucer, bent over him, so that eye contact with the water and quickly blinked. If this method does not work, you need to seek the assistance of a comrade.
The victim opens his eyes and looks down, but instead to help raise up and inspect the upper eyelid of the eye. In the same way, and looks around the lower part of the eye, and the victim is facing up. If you find a speck of dust or a piece of cotton area handkerchief Read more [...]
The success of search communities and people in an emergency situation depends on many factors. This ability to orientate correctly detect signs of a human presence, read and decipher the tracks.
Naturally, the problem of access to the people will not be so hard if you know in which area, at least approximately, are. The terrain is not alien to you in the natural attitude, that is, you are in their natural and climatic zone. If an emergency situation has occurred due to loss of orientation during the tourist trip to the remote areas and in other similar cases, that if the card or even a Read more [...]
a trip to the mountains, associated with the passage of relatively complex areas of mountain topography (slopes, ridges, glaciers, passes), the crossing of mountain streams, etc., for the city that is characterized by: a large amount of Financials. loads on the body at reduced atmospheres. pressure and high levels of solar radiation, the need to overcome obstacles using a variety of means and methods of travel and insurance specialist, the tactics of the route. Chap. obstacle in the mountain passes of the campaigns are considered, their number and category of difficulty define sport. complexity Read more [...]
always accompanies the wounds - mech. tissue damage in violation of the integrity of the skin. Depending on the location, depth and extent of injury to the amount of bleeding varies. Most bleeding wounds of the scalp, face and hands, under which you need to quickly stop the bleeding. To this end, we need to impose on the wound folded several times any clean cloth and press it on the 10 - 15 minute hand (when injured her hands give exalted position). Then the tissue is replaced with sterile cloth to-Rui pribintovyvayut pressure bandage. From widely recommended for arterial bleeding before Read more [...]
In the Far East, spotted hemlock imported weed, common in the fences, where it forms thickets along railways. This is a biennial herb with a rod and a high vertical root 60 -180 cm branched in the upper part of the hollow stems. The whole plant is bare, and the stem - with a bluish bloom, especially in the lower and middle parts, and with good, distinctive reddish-brown spots - hence the name "spotted." Leaves petiolate, complex, deeply dissected into small slices. Flowers white, in a complex of numerous umbrellas collected in corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Fruits - broadly Read more [...]
With the gun should always be treated as charged. This is - the most important safety rules when handling firearms. Therefore it is impossible to aim a gun at people and pets, to rely on the muzzle of the gun, etc.
When stored indoors gun must be discharged, and the cartridges are locked to it separately. Rifle hanging on the wall, make sure the strength of the nail (the hook) to prevent the gun from falling. When storing a holster better hang gun barrels down to the channels do not allow dust.
On the road, when traveling by any mode of transport, the gun must be in a case or a hard case. Read more [...]
The group includes 15 topographical signs, most of which are polygonal, and therefore extensive. Forests, fields, meadows, and even vegetable gardens and forest thinnings often occupy a large area and so on large-scale maps can be shown in their actual size, small scale maps, respectively.
The first sign that you need to learn - is the border land, ie acreage of any natural or artificial plants. To each forest has its edge, in fields, meadows, swamps - the edge. That is their boundaries, which are shown on topographic maps of small black dotted line consisting of dots.
Land border does Read more [...]
Poses of this animal (Fig. 72) is very similar to other marmots, but differs from them in color. Catches the eye, above all, a yellowish-brownish back and sides, a relatively light head groundhog Tien Shan subspecies and relatively dark in the Altai. The usual cry - a sharp two-syllable "ku-pyk, Ku pyk." He reminds cry marmot, which can be put into words, "chy-ha, ha-chy." In gray marmot first and second syllables sound loudly. In marmot same first syllable "ha" is more quiet, low, dull and usually can not be heard from a distance, and the second syllable of "Chi" Read more [...]
Tourists on their way to meet not only the liquid, but a solid, frozen water. In active motion accumulation of ice formed during compaction and recrystallization of snow, called glacier.
Glaciers - perhaps the most important factor in shaping mountain relief, at least from the point of view of travelers. Ice employs 11% of the Earth's land area. But unfortunately climbers and tourists, only 0.5% of that area belongs to mountain glaciers. Everything else belongs to the polar regions. The past 15 thousand years the glaciers, on average, are retreating, but from time to time followed by the Read more [...]
Annual plant height of 10-50 cm, slightly pubescent with short hairs (although the upper part of the stem are more densely pubescent). Stems branched from the base, at the top, without glandular hairs or with a few glandular hairs. The leaves are opposite, ovate, toothed or wavy edges, with petioles. Baskets are small, hemispherical, with a diameter of 5 mm, on long stalks, gathered in common loose umbellate inflorescences. Bracts entire, membranous at margins. Marginal flowers in each basket 4-5, they lozhnoyazychkovye, white, wide tongue, wraps a little longer; median tubular flowers are Read more [...]
If wobbler produced Lockers as the aircraft during landing, in our case at the burial, and in the game he would have cleaned them again, then we could have a round-up any depth. Unfortunately, it's still fantastic.
We can say that a good deep-diving lure - a commodity piece. Even 5-6 years ago, they are released only 5-10 models. And now they are no more than 20.1. Wobbler «Down Deep» company Rapala 7 cm long and weighing in '20 has a rattle
and with a strong groove blade. A well-known model, designed for fishing
at 6 pm That company stated in the catalog, is fully consistent with
reality. Read more [...]