Animal diseases dangerous to humans

Infectious and parasitic diseases common to humans and animals, called antropozornozami. A person infected by them in contact with sick animals, their carcasses during skinning, butchering carcasses, etc. Infection can also occur as a result of eating the meat of infected animals, contaminated water and by mosquitoes and ticks. Anthrax - acute febrile disease of domestic and wild animals and humans. Animals infected by infected food and to drink. Man - when removing the skins and leather processing of infected animals, often sick with cutaneous. Personal hygiene - reliable protection against Read more [...]
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The dynamics of the temporal and geographical distribution of the beaver

Spread beaver in the Oligocene and Miocene, especially in connection existed contributed Eurasia to North America in the Bering Strait (watch article numbered 1.2). M. Menzbir suggested (cited in Dzyakava, 1975a), which in the Miocene between Europe and North America there is a direct link through the "Atlantic Bridge" (watch article numbered 1.3). According to this "bridge" Beavers could enter Europe, creating forms here, united in the genus Steneofiber. Beavers quickly occupied the central zone of the Eurasian continent and differentiated into two kinds of endemic and Propalaeocastor Read more [...]
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The birth of new nests

One day (That's fine, because it necessarily has to be warm and quiet) on the surface of each nest can be observed unusual movement. Ants scurrying around, gather in groups, though lively and urgent counsel about something very important, and many run on a blade of grass growing in the anthill. And out of the dark output appear large insects with broad transparent wings neatly folded along the back. This male and female ants. You can distinguish them by size: females much larger than males, but the latter are usually more numerous (though, in some ant it is quite the opposite - are emitted Read more [...]
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Terrain orientation

To determine the approximate direction to the south by the sun and watch the arrow, it is necessary to deploy the dial so that the hour hand staring at the sun, and to mind the line, cut in half the angle between the hour hand and 12 o'clock. You can focus on the moon follows. At midnight, the nascent crescent moon is in the west, disappearing (like the letter «C») - in the east, a full moon - in the south. To more accurately focus on the clock and the heavenly bodies, it is necessary to take into account the time zone to which to set the clock, its location in a time zone, as well as different Read more [...]
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Dandelion later

Perennial herb 5-30 cm high, with thick, often many-headed tap root, root neck covered with numerous remnants of leaves, in the axils of which produce abundant brownish voylochek. The leaves are 5-20 cm long and 1.5-6 cm broad, oblong, from an almost solid with teeth along the edges to runcinate-pinnately, almost leathery, prostrate on the ground, gray, with both sides of the rough-haired, gray on the main vein- tomentose. Flower arrows with loose pautinistym voylochkom. Involucre 10-18 mm long, the outer leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, usually a few hiccups on the internal, numerous, Read more [...]
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Survival Island

Islands for shipwrecked special test, especially the small and the ones that do not have good resources. On the island of acute loneliness and isolation. Issues are both psychological and physical aspects. To ease their overcoming, thoroughly explore the island and set the usual routine. Climb to the highest point of the island to make a plan for the surface and note the surrounding countryside. Examine each flowing creek, bay, crevasse on the coastline. Then continue your exploration in the depths of the island, until you know it well. Perhaps, the island was once inhabited - the remains Read more [...]
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Supplementary feeding of birds. Upland game

As a rule, capercaillie, grouse and partly grouse no shortage of winter feed. But where the population density of birds increased, recommended their winter feeding. Hang out sheaves of oats, millet, and other grains, and clover. Of snow on the protected areas spread berries rowan, blueberries, cranberries, etc. To feed one grouse spend a day 30 g and 10 g of oat berries, for grouse - respectively 45 and 15 Mr. Upland game experience before the winter shortage of gravel. Therefore, in the hunting grounds under the canopy of the oil poured heaps of coarse sand and fine gravel (25-50 kg). Read more [...]
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Storm aphids

Gold isilkulskaya autumn. I'm coming from the reserve home. Gently and a little sad sky is blue, but in the quiet corners of even in summer the sun was hot, bright gold only begun to fly around the birch tree planting in nursery gardens. Branches of apple-dichek, on the edge of these bands, weighed down with clusters of bright red fruit plump tight on long stalks. In the air, fly dragonfly, some flies, small winged aphids. Quiet swim in the blue long silver cobwebs. Interested to know: what kind of insects inhabit the rare tough grass in the forest belt itself? The trees in the winter, Read more [...]
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Spyderco Endura steel vg-10 — Test of fish

Description: sharpened knife to shave the hair, cut them fish and sparing was unceremoniously with bones, continued to shave the same, purely for the sake of interest to them pokramsat oochen hard tail (where no scales and meat), pokramsat head to pieces (for Ushica amiss in Finnish) - and continued to shave without changes ... A good knife! Read more [...]
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Sorrel water

Erect perennial with furrowed stem height 30-120 (160) cm plates of basal leaves 10-30 cm long and 4-12 cm wide, ovate, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, cordate at base, with basal lobes directed downwards, stem leaves are small, short. Inflorescence paniculate, with appressed branches and few bracts at the bottom of the side branches on the lower part of the inflorescence is usually away from the axis of three. Inner perianth segments in fruit broadly ovate, 5-6 mm long, entire or bluntly toothed at the bottom, all without zhelvachkov. Fruits are 3-3.5 mm long and 1.5-1.7 mm wide, dark brown. Blooms Read more [...]
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SALVIA L. Rhode — Sage.

Herbaceous perennials, annuals and shrubs least 10-125 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, the Far East (invasive). Contain mono-and seskviterpeioidy (including seskvnterpenovye lactones), di-and triterpenoids, quinones, flavonoids, steroids, to 0.1% in the underground. h S. verticillata L (among them phytosterols), coumarins, carbohydrates and phenols, phenolic acids, higher fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Cured essential oil to 1.1% of the flowers S. sclarea L., fatty oil to 40.8% of the fruits of S. glutinosa L, tannins to Read more [...]
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Skullcap squat

Shrub or perennial herb with a woody or oblique creeping rhizome. Stems numerous, ascending, 20-50 cm tall, the bottom of derevyaneyuschie, with long sinuous branches, purple, like the stem, and covered with small white curved hairs (inflorescence - with thick straight hair and stalk glands). The leaves are ovate, 1,8-3,5 cm long and 0,7-2 cm wide at the base truncate or cordate, crenate-toothed at the edges (with 11.6 teeth), on top of almost naked, with the bottom of the dot-iron , with prominent veins, upper leaves are narrower, short sharp-toothed, with fewer teeth. Inflorescence - four-sided Read more [...]
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Siberian spruce

In the north and north-east of European Russia and the Urals spruce replaced Siberian spruce, adapted to more severe climatic conditions. Siberian spruce in appearance very similar to the European, differing from it thicker and short needles. Easier to distinguish between the cones: spruce cone scales on the edge serrated, the Siberian spruce it entire. Siberian spruce forms pure and mixed forests. To the west are the companions ate birch, pine, aspen, in the Urals, and further east to the Yenisei it borders with fir and cedar, and another to the east, over the Yenisei, as well as in the far Read more [...]
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Sharpening on Lansky: Securing the blade (part 2)

Description:Attention to all the "experts"! - This is not a guide to what is official and not the correct way to work with sharpener. THIS IS MY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SHARPENING I checked and choose for themselves.The second video in the series. In this video series I share their experience on the sharpener for sharpening known firm Lansky. I spent many hours in working with her and I am sure that my advice will be useful for those who choose to undertake this sharpener.In this video I talk about the details of the device Read more [...]
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Conditional topographical signs

Topographic map - this is a very interesting and extremely deep drawing. The famous Russian traveler Semenov-Tyan-Shansky said so on this occasion, "Map more important than the text, as is often said much brighter, visually and concisely the best text. " And so it is. Each sheet topographic map contains a wealth of material on the disclosure of which would have required hundreds of pages in a book. Map - a graphical description of the terrain. Just as the letters are made up of individual words and groups of words express thoughts, and by various topographic symbols, arranged Read more [...]
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Saw Sharpening and wiring

Saw on the device are divided into arched, two-handed, hacksaws and recently appeared chain saws. Saw is a steel blade with a cut on one edge of the teeth. Teeth cut the wood fibers and remove chips from the cut. At the two-handed saws, after a certain number of cutting teeth, sometimes make teeth-ejectors filings. These teeth are not sharpened. Give my personal opinion on the saws, as applied to tourism. All these saws, I have been tested in the field. Maybe my opinion is wrong, based on many years of habit to cut certain saws. Bow saws. At Bow saws, stretched canvas with a wooden or metal Read more [...]
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Safety in mountaineering

Every year the number of people active tourists in the mountains. Their attracts a variety of unusual experiences, the opportunity to test himself in a duel with the elements. But the nature of the mountains is difficult, often full of dangers, and while sports organizations each year improve training of mountain climbers and tourists, to put into practice new types of equipment, improve the organizational forms of climbing activities, mountain accidents do happen. Therefore work to ensure security in the highlands can not wear sporadic. Need to constantly replenish their knowledge about the Read more [...]
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Rose and the Briar

What new can write about the benefits of rose hips? And so in every book on medicinal plants it would play a decent place. But try to look at it is useful and beautiful plant with a somewhat unusual point of view. Although according to botanists, and rose hips - the same thing, we have to distinguish between long. Rose was named plant imported, with double flowers. Even the name of this plant, "imported". Rose - Latin name. And in Russia it was called sereborinnikom then rosehip. Wild species of wild rose node mainly Asian plants. In Eastern Europe, the main species have long Read more [...]
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Risk of contact with animals

Few animals attack humans unless it is caused by self-defense, most will be more concerned about how to escape. Chances of finding large animals such as elephants, rhinos, hippos and big cats are generally small outside reserves. However, avoid the device camp on the trail or around watering, where you may find yourself face to face with a herd of elephants or the overly inquisitive mountain lion. Do not provoke COLLISION. Bears northern forests often beg in areas of human settlement, checking the cans, and so can pay a visit to your site for search of easy prey. Try noise to drive them away Read more [...]
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Rhode ULMUS L. — Elm.

Trees up to 35 m high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain sesqui-and triterpenoids, steroids (including phytosterols), flavonoids (including catechins leykoantoiiaiidiny), coumarins, carbohydrates, and phenolic acids, higher fatty acids, fatty alcohols and esters established structure. Marked tannins and 10% from the bark of trunks U. campestris L., zhnrioe oil to 41% IE fruit U. laevis Pall. Detected alkaloids, polysaccharides, pectin, vitamins C and E. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - knitting - bark trunks U. campestris (syn. U. caprinifolia Rupp. ex Suckow), U. glabra Read more [...]
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