Bream body high, laterally compressed, covered with thick, stubborn scales. His head was small, the mouth small, semi-inferior, retractable into a tube. The dorsal fin is high but short anal fin is twice the length of the spinal. Caudal fin with a low-cut and a long lower lobe. Colouring bream depends on habitat conditions. Lake bream, usually darker river. Overall body color is silver. Head, back and upper sides of the blackish-gray. The belly is white. The fins are gray. Colouring young bream lighter older individuals. Males during spawning covered whitish-yellowish bumps wedding attire, Read more [...]
The coastal zone of warm seas and oceans are found crustaceans - lobster (Homarus gammarus, H. americanus) and crayfish (Polinurus vulgaris), which are not inferior lobster size, but stripped of their powerful claws.
Lobster and crayfish caught with harpoons or vertices, woven from ropes, parachute straps, flexible branches, palm leaf fibers. The tricks at the vertices lay rotting meat fish. Richest wildlife tidal zone. During the hours when the ocean recedes, exposing the extensive sand flats, where you can catch crabs and shrimp, collect clinging to boulders, debris, rocks and coral barnacles Read more [...]
The most familiar to all of the family Polygonaceae - knotweed or bird grechishka (Polygonum aviculare), or grass-muravka. You may not know what it's called, but you know it "in person" is mandatory. Even in the center of the city a no-no, but will make its way among asflta thin stalk with small ovate leaves and tiny white or pink flowers. It is an annual plant, vzobnovlyaemoe overwintered in the ground seeds of last year. Knotweed appears later, in June, only rises, but it fully lives up to its name - it is growing very rapidly and within a month of its bushes completely cover Read more [...]
Popular name - little blue flower.
Description. It is a perennial herb of the family bluebells. Has direct bare stem 80-100 cm tall with leaves
sparsely pubescent, krupnopilchatye, lower ovate, upper sessile, lanceolate, acute. Corolla broadly, blue, lavender, rarely pink. Flowers with soft pleasant smell, drooping, collected in a spreading panicle. Flowers in July and August. Fruit - box.
Found in the Perm region, often 4, sometimes in two, rarely in 3 and 5 botanical and geographical areas. It grows in deciduous and mixed forests, forest edges, clearings, scrublands, gypsum Read more [...]
one of the core. of passive insurance from the shore in water T. Designed to deliver end rescuers. rope from the shore to the ship on the river. Is a structure of the two boards dL. 80 - 100 cm wide. 25 - 30 cm, connected in parallel at a distance of 30 - 40 cm with two cross section of at least 5 cm 2. Sleepers are fixed at 10 - 15 cm from the ends of the boards. VGTU harness rope is pulled through the hole e the board closest to the shore. End of the rope is passed through the hole, tied around her grasps node. Board facing to banks, it turns out that about. based on a rope a triangle Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In this series, adventurer Bear Grylls tests his survival Read more [...]
Remember that among the bears are more and more individuals, patients with trichinosis. Meat produced animal veterinarian to be surveyed. There can be only after long cooking - for 6 hours. Preparing food, do not try raw beef, insufficient salting can be removed later.
Trichinosis - a serious condition that can lead to death. If signs of the disease (pain in the head and muscle aches, diarrhea, fever, swelling of the face and limbs) - more to the hospital. Trichinella capsules are stored in human muscle and 30, fail to develop immunity: been ill once, and may become ill again. Read more [...]
Epizootologicheskoei epidemiological significance. Within the Kazakh part of the area median gopher acts as a carrier of several diseases - tularemia, leptospirosis, brucellosis and toxoplasmosis (Galouzeau and Rementsova, 1959).
Abjection tularemia from the body indicates the presence of gophers in Kazakhstan steppe and desert-names foci of tularemia in which the specified rodent mites and desert Rhipicephalus ritSho and Rh. schulzei are the main carriers and transmitters of infection.
This gopher was keeper of Leptospira in southern Kazakhstan.
In the semi-arid zone of a selected Read more [...]
Small tree or shrub with a four-sided stems, hairy so thick that they seem to be covered with gray felt. Fairly high content of essential oils gives all parts of the plant tangy flavor. Palmate-pinnate leaves are arranged opposite. Each leaf consists of 5 - 7 lanceolate leaflets, attached like a fan. Length of leaves varies from 5 to 10 cm, and the average has the greatest length. The underside of the leaves of the same tomentose as runaways. Fragrant pale purple flowers clustered in whorls or ears.
It grows in the Caucasus, on the southern shore of the Crimea, Central Asia, and in southern Read more [...]
In the book, Raymond Priestley talks about the discoveries, adventures and adversities that the party has experienced a well-known North second expedition of British polar explorer Robert Scott (1911 - 1914 years), to conduct their work in the northern and northeastern parts of the coast of Victoria Land. This party, which consisted of six people, led by Lieutenant Navy W. Campbell. Priestley in the party acting geologist and glaciologist.
Although P. Priestley (1886-1974) at the time was only 25 years old, he already had considerable experience of polar travel and expeditions to Antarctica Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant 50-120 (150) cm with horizontal rhizome, densely seated braid adventitious roots. Stem erect, robust, simple, under inflorescence densely glandular-fluffy, thick foliage. The leaves are triangular-reniform or triangular-kopevidye, jagged at the edges, sometimes entire, with the stem. Baskets drooping, with tubular bisexual flowers in general narrow-pyramidal racemose-paniculate inflorescence. Involucre cylindrical. Corolla whitish. Stamens with anthers arrow-shaped at the base; sprigs on top of the column with a crown of hairs. Fruits - light brown achene 4-6 Read more [...]
Alaska to survive the latest features / Alaska: Surviving the Last Frontier / The Alaska Experiment / Season 1 / Episode 3
4 groups of people decide to leave their familiar world and try to live in harsh conditions in the wild within 3 months in Alaska. They will be isolated, and face the challenge of survival. They will be 100 km in the most extreme conditions on the planet trying to get back to civilization. This is a tedious trial will take at least a month. They will fight hunger, fatigue, and severe winter. They have provided the necessary equipment and conducted a 3-day training. They Read more [...]
Depends on the specific conditions of travel. If there is rainy for the year, on the roof of the tent to pull a plastic film or other waterproof material. In the absence of such a cushion in the rain, do not touch the inside of the roof of the flag, for it is in these places will easily flow. If it does about occurred, quickly push the site percolation finger and hold it down the slope - now the water will run down the inside of the roof and walls, not harassing you annoying drops.
Some tourists are constructing ditch around the tent to collect and drain rainwater. It is better not to do it: Read more [...]
Our ancestors came from the forest. It is to him that we should be grateful for the emergence of a completely unique organ of the body - the human hand. Of course, to develop it and finally polished work. But he only enhance our upper limbs, and gave birth to their arboreal lifestyle. Open plains help acquire only hooves. And no work is able to turn them into an instrument suitable for skilled work.
The main value of hands as tools not in five fingers. There could be less, but the fact that one of them is opposed to the others. This allows you to grasp the branches, which significantly Read more [...]
By increasing the length of stay in the changed conditions of existence and the absence of measures to prevent the system of stable relationships in the group becomes a system of unstable relationships (phase unstable mental activity). As already noted, in the extreme conditions on the person has a number of psychogenic factors, including public information and exhaustion, each of which after a certain time may cause asthenia nervous system. Based on the analysis of a large number of our studies we can conclude that the stability of the system of relations in the isolated group is a certain dependence Read more [...]
In order to increase the toxicity of juice Anchar, Malays juice mixed into it other poisonous plants, among which were the trees of the widespread genus Strychnos (Fam. Loganievye).
Chilibuha (Strychnos nux vomica), or "gag nut" - deciduous small tree with oval leaves and small white flowers in the leaf axils semiumbels, a bit like white lilac.
If we translate the Latin name of the plant in the Russian language, it literally means "Ugly nut". Strychnine and brucine - The main alkaloid contained in the seeds chilibuhi, extremely bitter in taste. Strychnine bitterness is felt Read more [...]
Perennial herbaceous climber with creeping rhizome. The stem is climbing, up to 7 m, faceted, seated hooked spines. Leaves are opposite, entire or 3-5-palchatolopastnye, krupnopilchatye, dark-green, bottom rough. The plant is dioecious, flowers gay. Male flowers are gathered in axillary paniculate inflorescences female - in capitate inflorescences, bract them grow and cover the fruit, nuts, forming a so-called "bumps." Blooms in June-July, the seeds ripen in September.
Found in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia and North America. In Russia, widespread in central and southern regions of Read more [...]
Significant factors limiting the number of yellow squirrel, consider the activity of birds (buzzards, buzzard, steppe eagle) and tetrapods (polecat, fox, Korsak, Wolf) predators, and the effect of ecto-and endoparasites and they spread diseases. In addition, the dynamics of the ground squirrel with a year only one crop will depend on the intensity of their reproduction - delay the onset of sexual maturity, litter size, and is particularly noticeable on the number of females participating in reproduction. The timing of sexual maturity of females are more prolific relatively minor forms of ground Read more [...]
A great help in ensuring food are the various methods of hunting are available in the circumstances.
Selecting the method of hunting depends mainly on the experience and the availability of hunting. In the absence of firearms can be hunted in many ways, also, some gear can make yourself.
Once in an extreme situation, and being one on one with aggressive outside world in an uninhabited wilderness areas, it is advisable to produce a semblance of primitive weapons, both for hunting and for protection from predators.
This is particularly useful where a man his invasion has not disturbed Read more [...]
In order not to miss anything at the training camp in the road, make a list of things for the convenience of separating equipment for private, group and special.
It should include personal equipment equivalent to the things, sleeping and washing facilities and a few other items for personal use (mug, bowl, spoon, backpack, etc.).
To group equipment include tents, axes, utensils for cooking, route materials (maps, sketches, compasses) and other items for communities.
For special equipment items include both group and personal use, the need for which is caused by the specifics of a particular Read more [...]